f10q_081413.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2013
 
or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
[   ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____ to _____
 
Commission File Number:  001-34647

ChinaNet Online Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 Nevada
 
 20-4672080
 
 
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)   
 

No. 3 Min Zhuang Road, Building 6,
Yu Quan Hui Gu Tuspark, Haidian District, Beijing, PRC 100195
 (Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

+86-10-5160-0828
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:   Yes [X] No [   ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [   ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer [   ] Accelerated filer [   ] Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) [   ] Smaller reporting company [X]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes [   ] No [X]

As of August 14, 2013 the registrant had 22,226,540 shares of common stock outstanding.
 
 

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

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PART I. 

 
Item 1. 

CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
 
   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
Assets
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 3,392     $ 5,483  
Term deposit
    3,426       3,357  
Accounts receivable, net
    10,460       8,486  
Other receivables, net
    3,080       3,103  
Prepayment and deposit to suppliers
    14,636       14,596  
Due from related parties
    375       210  
Other current assets
    104       136  
Deferred tax assets-current
    23       50  
Total current assets
    35,496       35,421  
                 
Investment in and advance to equity investment affiliates
    851       959  
Property and equipment, net
    1,417       1,636  
Intangible assets, net
    6,782       7,167  
Deposit for purchasing of software technology
    808       -  
Goodwill
    11,312       11,083  
Deferred tax assets-non current
    1,023       652  
Total Assets
  $ 57,689     $ 56,918  
                 
Liabilities and Equity
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable *
  $ 257     $ 110  
Advances from customers *
    810       1,065  
Accrued payroll and other accruals *
    947       904  
Payable for acquisition *
    -       1,266  
Taxes payable *
    7,564       6,683  
Other payables *
    259       217  
Total current liabilities
    9,837       10,245  
 
F-1

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)
(In thousands, except for number of shares and per share data)
 
   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
Long-term liabilities:
           
Deferred tax liability-non current *
    1,612       1,689  
Long-term borrowing from director
    141       139  
Total Liabilities
    11,590       12,073  
                 
Commitments and contingencies
               
                 
Equity:
               
ChinaNet Online Holdings, Inc.’s stockholders’ equity
               
Common stock (US$0.001 par value; authorized 50,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 22,226,540 shares and 22,186,540 shares at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012)
    22       22  
Additional paid-in capital
    20,029       20,008  
Statutory reserves
    2,296       2,296  
Retained earnings
    19,969       19,505  
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    3,209       2,393  
Total ChinaNet Online Holdings, Inc.’s stockholders’ equity
    45,525       44,224  
                 
Noncontrolling interests
    574       621  
Total equity
    46,099       44,845  
                 
Total Liabilities and Equity
  $ 57,689     $ 56,918  
 

*All of the VIEs' assets can be used to settle obligations of their primary beneficiary. Liabilities recognized as a result of consolidating these VIEs do not represent additional claims on the Company’s general assets (Note 2).
 
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
F-2

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
 
 
   
Six Months Ended June 30,
   
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
Sales
                       
From unrelated parties
  $ 15,767     $ 27,996     $ 8,777     $ 13,076  
From related parties
    174       66       115       51  
      15,941       28,062       8,892       13,127  
Cost of sales
    9,757       21,902       5,290       9,364  
Gross margin
    6,184       6,160       3,602       3,763  
                                 
Operating expenses
                               
Selling expenses
    1,390       1,402       602       713  
General and administrative expenses
    3,146       3,060       1,744       1,817  
 Research and development expenses
    912       756       463       425  
      5,448       5,218       2,809       2,955  
                                 
Income from operations
    736       942       793       808  
                                 
Other income (expenses)
                               
 Interest income
    64       121       32       116  
 Other (expenses)/income
    (2 )     -       (1 )     1  
      62       121       31       117  
                                 
Income before income tax expense, equity method investments and noncontrolling interests
      798         1,063       824       925  
Income tax benefit / (expense)
    (268 )     (14 )     (354 )     222  
Income before equity method investments and noncontrolling interests
    530       1,049       470       1,147  
Share of losses in equity investment affiliates
    (125 )     (297 )     (54 )     (104 )
Net income
    405       752       416       1,043  
Net loss / (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
    59       (223 )     18       (148 )
Net income attributable to ChinaNet Online Holdings, Inc.
    464       529       434       895  
 
F-3

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOMECONTINUED
(In thousands, except for number of shares and per share data)
 
   
Six Months Ended June 30,
   
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
                         
                         
Net income
    405       752       416       1,043  
Foreign currency translation gain
    828       298       613       35  
Comprehensive Income
  $ 1,233     $ 1,050     $ 1,029     $ 1,078  
Comprehensive loss / (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
    47       (266 )     9       (154 )
Comprehensive income attributable to ChinaNet Online Holdings, Inc.
  $ 1,280     $ 784     $ 1,038     $ 924  
 
                               
Earnings per share
                               
Earnings per common share
                               
Basic
  $ 0.02     $ 0.02     $ 0.02     $ 0.04  
Diluted
  $ 0.02     $ 0.02     $ 0.02     $ 0.04  
                                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
                               
Basic
    22,193,391       22,184,562       22,200,166       22,186,540  
Diluted
    22,193,391       22,184,562       22,200,166       22,186,540  
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
F-4

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 
   
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
Cash flows from operating activities
           
Net income
  $ 405     $ 752  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) / provided by operating activities
               
Depreciation and amortization
    840       818  
Share-based compensation expenses
    21       27  
Allowances for doubtful debts
    787       561  
Share of losses in equity investment affiliates
    125       297  
Deferred taxes
    (437 )     (558 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
               
Accounts receivable
    (1,781 )     (5,346 )
Other receivables
    (701 )     226  
Prepayment and deposit to suppliers
    258       1,983  
Due from related parties
    (160 )     43  
Other current assets
    32       26  
Accounts payable
    142       109  
Advances from customers
    (274 )     1,070  
Accrued payroll and other accruals
    32       418  
Due to related parties
    -       (162 )
Other payables
    (45 )     45  
Taxes payable
    736       783  
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
    (20 )     1,092  
                 
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Purchases of vehicles and office equipment
    (60 )     (46 )
Deposit for purchasing of software technology
    (800 )     -  
Project development deposit to a third party
    -       (2,450 )
Payment for acquisition of VIEs
    (1,280 )     (553 )
Net cash used in investing activities
    (2,140 )     (3,049 )
 
 
F-5

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(In thousands)

   
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
(US $)
   
(US $)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
Cash flows from financing activities
           
Dividend paid to convertible preferred stockholders
    -       (5 )
Short-term loan borrowed from an equity investment affiliate
    -       316  
Short-term loan repaid to an equity investment affiliate
    -       (538 )
Net cash used in financing activities
    -       (227 )
                 
Effect of exchange rate fluctuation on cash and cash equivalents
    69       61  
                 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (2,091 )     (2,123 )
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period
    5,483       10,695  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period
  $ 3,392     $ 8,572  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
               
                 
Income taxes paid
  $ 39     $ 73  
                 
Non-cash transactions:
               
Restricted stock and options granted for future service
  $ 21     $ 63  
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
F-6

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
1.  
Organization and nature of operations

ChinaNet Online Holdings, Inc. (formerly known as Emazing Interactive, Inc.) (the “Company”) was incorporated in the State of Texas in April 2006 and re-domiciled to become a Nevada corporation in October 2006. From the date of the Company’s incorporation until June 26, 2009, when the Company consummated the Share Exchange (discussed below), the Company’s activities were primarily concentrated in web server access and company branding in hosting web based e-games.

On June 26, 2009, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”), with (i) China Net Online Media Group Limited, a company organized under the laws of British Virgin Islands (“China Net BVI”), (ii) China Net BVI’s shareholders, Allglad Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (“Allglad”), Growgain Limited, a British Virgin Islands company ("Growgain"), Rise King Investments Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (“Rise King BVI”), Star (China) Holdings Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (“Star”), Surplus Elegant Investment Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (“Surplus”), Clear Jolly Holdings Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (“Clear” and together with Allglad, Growgain, Rise King BVI, Star and Surplus, the “China Net BVI Shareholders”), who together owned shares constituting 100% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of China Net BVI (the “China Net BVI Shares”) and (iii) G. Edward Hancock, the principal stockholder of the Company at that time. Pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Agreement, the China Net BVI Shareholders transferred to the Company all of the China Net BVI Shares in exchange for the issuance of 13,790,800  shares (the “Exchange Shares”) in the aggregate of the Company’s common stock (the “Share Exchange”). As a result of the Share Exchange, China Net BVI became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and the Company is now a holding company, which, through certain contractual arrangements with operating companies in the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”), is engaged in providing advertising, marketing, communication and brand management and sales channel building services to small and medium companies in China.

The Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, China Net BVI was incorporated in the British Virgin Islands on August 13, 2007. On April 11, 2008, China Net BVI became the parent holding company of a group of companies comprised of CNET Online Technology Limited, a Hong Kong company (“China Net HK”), which established and is the parent company of Rise King Century Technology Development (Beijing) Co., Ltd., a wholly foreign-owned enterprise (“WFOE”) established in the PRC (“Rise King WFOE”). The Company refers to the transactions that resulted in China Net BVI becoming an indirect parent company of Rise King WFOE as the “Offshore Restructuring.”

PRC regulations prohibit direct foreign ownership of business entities providing internet content, or ICP services in the PRC, and restrict foreign ownership of business entities engaging in the advertising business. In October 2008, a series of contractual arrangements (the “Contractual Agreements” or “VIE Agreements”) were entered into among Rise King WFOE and Business Opportunity Online (Beijing) Network Technology Co., Ltd. (“Business Opportunity Online”), Beijing CNET Online Advertising Co., Ltd. (“Beijing CNET Online”) (collectively the “PRC Operating Entities”) and its common individual owners (the “PRC Shareholders” or the “Control Group”). The Contractual Agreements allowed China Net BVI, through Rise King WFOE, to, among other things, secure significant rights to influence the PRC Operating Entities’ business operations, policies and management, approve all matters requiring shareholder approval, and receive 100% of the income earned by the PRC Operating Entities.  In return, Rise King WFOE provides consulting services to the PRC Operating Entities.  In addition, to ensure that the PRC Operating Entities and the PRC Shareholders perform their obligations under the Contractual Arrangements, the PRC Shareholders have pledged all of their equity interests in the PRC Operating Entities to Rise King WFOE.  They also entered into an option agreement with Rise King WFOE which provides that at such time as when the current restrictions under PRC law on foreign ownership of Chinese companies engaging in the Internet content, information services or advertising business in China are lifted, Rise King WFOE may exercise its option to purchase the equity interests in the PRC Operating Entities, directly.

Pursuant to the Contractual Agreements, all of the equity owners' rights and obligations of the VIEs were assigned to Rise King WFOE, which resulted in the equity owners lacking the ability to make decisions that have a significant effect on the VIEs, Rise King WFOE's ability to extract the profits from the operation of the VIEs and assume the residual benefits of the VIEs. Due to the fact that Rise King WFOE and its indirect parent are the sole interest holders of the VIEs, the Company included the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of the VIEs in its consolidated financial statements, which is consistent with the provisions of FASB Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 810 “Consolidation”, subtopic 10.
 
F-7

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
As of the date of the Share Exchange, through the Contractual Agreements, the Company operates its business in China primarily through Business Opportunity Online and Beijing CNET Online. Beijing CNET Online owns 51% of Shanghai Borongdingsi Computer Technology Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai Borongdingsi”). Business Opportunity Online, Beijing CNET Online and Shanghai Borongdingsi, were incorporated on December 8, 2004, January 27, 2003 and August 3, 2005, respectively.

Shanghai Borongdingsi is 51% owned by Beijing CNET Online. Beijing CNET Online and Shanghai Borongdingsi entered into a cooperation agreement in June 2008, followed up with a supplementary agreement in December 2008, to conduct a bank kiosk advertisement business. The business is based on a bank kiosk cooperation agreement between Shanghai Borongdingsi and Henan provincial branch of China Construction Bank which allows Shanghai Borongdingsi or its designated party to conduct in-door advertisement business within the business outlets throughout Henan Province. The bank kiosk cooperation agreement has a term of eight years beginning in August 2008. However, Shanghai Borongdingsi was not able to conduct the advertisement business as a stand-alone business due to the lack of an advertisement business license and supporting financial resources. Pursuant to the aforementioned cooperation agreements, Beijing CNET Online committed to purchase equipment and to provide working capital, technical and other related support to Shanghai Borongdingsi. Beijing CNET Online owns the equipment used in the kiosk business, is entitled to sign contracts in its name on behalf of the business, and holds the right to collect the advertisement revenue generated from the bank kiosk business exclusively until it recovers the cost of purchasing the equipment. Thereafter, Beijing CNET Online has agreed to distribute 49% of the net profit generated from the bank kiosk advertising business, if any, to the minority shareholders of Shanghai Borongdingsi.

On June 24, 2010, one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunity Online, together with three other individuals, who were not affiliated with the Company, formed a new company, Shenzhen City Mingshan Network Technology Co., Ltd. (“Shenzhen Mingshan”). Shenzhen Mingshan is 51% owned by Business Opportunity Online and 49% owned collectively by the other three individuals. Shenzhen Mingshan is primarily engaged in developing and designing internet based software, online games and the related operating websites and providing related internet and information technology services necessary to operate such games and websites. On January 6, 2011, as approved by the shareholders of Shenzhen Mingshan, an unaffiliated third party invested RMB15,000,000 (approximately US$2,423,968) into Shenzhen Mingshan in exchange for a 60% equity interest in Shenzhen Mingshan. Therefore, beginning on January 6, 2011, the new investor became the majority shareholder of Shenzhen Mingshan. The Company’s share of the equity interest in Shenzhen Mingshan decreased from 51% to 20.4% and the Company ceased to have a controlling financial interest in Shenzhen Mingshan, but still retains an investment in, and significant influence over, Shenzhen Mingshan. On December 19, 2012, as approved by the shareholders of Shenzhen Mingshan, Shenzhen Mingshan reduced its registered and paid-in capital from RMB25,000,000 (approximately US$4,039,947) to RMB22,000,000 (approximately US$3,555,153), resulted from a decrease in paid-in capital from three other noncontrolling shareholders, except Business Opportunity Online. As a result, the Company’s share of the equity interest in Shenzhen Mingshan increased from 20.4% to 23.18% and the Company continued to retain significant influence over Shenzhen Mingshan.

On December 6, 2010, Rise King WFOE entered into a series of exclusive contractual arrangements, which were similar to the Contractual Agreements discussed above, with Rise King (Shanghai) Advertisement Media Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai Jing Yang”), a company incorporated under the PRC laws in December 2009 and primarily engaged in the advertising business, pursuant to which the Company, through its wholly owned subsidiary, Rise King WFOE obtained all of the equity owners' rights and obligations of Shanghai Jing Yang, and the ability to extract the profits from the operation and assume the residual benefits of Shanghai Jing Yang, and hence became the sole interest holder of Shanghai Jing Yang.  As of the date these contractual agreements were entered into, Shanghai Jing Yang did not have the resources necessary to conduct any business activities by itself and the carrying amount of the net assets of Shanghai Jing Yang which was all cash and cash equivalents approximate its fair value due to their short maturities. Therefore, Shanghai Jing Yang’s accounts were included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements with no goodwill recognized in accordance with ASC Topic 810 “Consolidation”.

The Company, through one of its VIEs, Beijing CNET Online, acquired a 100% equity interest in Quanzhou Zhi Yuan Marketing Planning Co., Ltd. (“Quanzhou Zhi Yuan”) and a 51% equity interest in Quanzhou Tian Xi Shun He Advertisement Co., Ltd. (“Quanzhou Tian Xi Shun He”) on January 4, 2011 and February 23, 2011, respectively.  Quanzhou Zhi Yuan and Quanzhou Tian Xi Shun He are both independent advertising companies based in Fujian province of the PRC, which provide comprehensive branding and marketing services to over fifty small to medium sized companies focused primarily in the sportswear and clothing industry. In June 2011, Beijing CNET Online acquired the remaining 49% equity interest in Quanzhou Tian Xi Shun He. Quanzhou Tian Xi Shun He became a wholly owned subsidiary of Beijing CNET Online accordingly.
 
F-8

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
On January 28, 2011, one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunity Online, formed a new wholly owned subsidiary, Business Opportunity Online (Hubei) Network Technology Co., Ltd. (“Business Opportunity Online Hubei”).  Business Opportunity Online Hubei is primarily engaged in internet advertisement design, production and promulgation.

On March 1, 2011, one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunity Online, together with an individual, who was not affiliated with the Company, formed a new company, Beijing Chuang Fu Tian Xia Network Technology Co., Ltd. (“Beijing Chuang Fu Tian Xia”). Beijing Chuang Fu Tian Xia is 51% owned by Business Opportunity Online and 49% owned by the co-founding individual. In addition to capital investment, the co-founding individual is required to provide the controlled domain names, www.liansuo.com and www.chuangye.com to be registered under the established company. Beijing Chuang Fu Tian Xia is primarily engaged in providing and operating internet advertising, marketing and communication services to small and medium companies through the websites associated the above mentioned domain names.

On April 18, 2011, the Company, through one of its VIEs, Business Opportunity Online Hubei formed a new wholly owned company, Hubei CNET Advertising Media Co., Ltd. (“Hubei CNET”).  Hubei CNET is primarily engaged in advertisement design, production, promulgation and providing the related advertising and marketing consultancy services.

On April 18, 2011, one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunity Online Hubei, together with an individual, who was not affiliated with the Company, formed a new company, Zhao Shang Ke Network Technology (Hubei) Co., Ltd. (“Zhao Shang Ke Hubei”). Zhao Shang Ke Hubei is 51% owned by Business Opportunity Online Hubei and 49% owned by the co-founding individual. Zhao Shang Ke Hubei is primarily engaged in providing advertisement design, production, promulgation and brand management and sales channels building services. On December 29, 2011, as approved by the shareholders of Zhao Shang Ke Hubei, two unaffiliated third party investors invested RMB10,000,000 (approximately US$1,615,979) into Zhao Shang Ke Hubei in exchange for an aggregate 50% equity interest in Zhao Shang Ke Hubei. Therefore, beginning on December 29, 2011, the Company’s share of the equity interest in Zhao Shang Ke Hubei decreased from 51% to 25.5%. As such, the Company ceased to have a controlling financial interest in Zhao Shang Ke Hubei, but still retained an investment in, and significant influence over, Zhao Shang Ke Hubei.

On July 1, 2011, one of the Company’s VIEs, Quanzhou Zhi Yuan, formed a new wholly owned company, Xin Qi Yuan Advertisement Planning (Hubei) Co., Ltd. (“Xin Qi Yuan Hubei”). Xin Qi Yuan Hubei is primarily engaged in advertisement design, production, promulgation and providing the related advertising and marketing consultancy services.

On July 1, 2011, one of the Company’s VIEs, Quanzhou Tian Xi Shun He, formed a new wholly owned company, Mu Lin Sen Advertisement (Hubei) Co., Ltd. (“Mu Lin Sen Hubei”). Mu Lin Sen Hubei is primarily engaged in advertisement design, production, promulgation and providing the related advertising and marketing consultancy services.

On July 1, 2011, one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunity Online Hubei, together with an individual who is not affiliated with the Company, formed a new company, Sheng Tian Network Technology (Hubei) Co., Ltd. (“Sheng Tian Hubei”). Sheng Tian Hubei is 51% owned by Business Opportunity Online Hubei and 49% owned by the co-founding individual. Sheng Tian Hubei is primarily engaged in computer system design, development and promotion, software development and promotion, and providing the related technical consultancy services.

On December 20, 2011, one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunity Online Hubei acquired a 51% equity interest in Sou Yi Lian Mei Network Technology (Beijing) Co. Ltd., (“Sou Yi Lian Mei”).  In September 2012, Business Opportunity Online Hubei acquired the remaining 49% equity interest in Sou Yi Lian Mei. Sou Yi Lian Mei became a wholly owned subsidiary of Business Opportunity Online Hubei accordingly. Sou Yi Lian Mei is primary engaged in providing online advertising and marketing services and operates its business primarily through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Jin Du Ya He (Beijing) Network Technology Co., Ltd (“Jin Du Ya He”).

On April 11, 2013, one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunity Online, formed a new wholly owned company, Quanzhou City Zhi Lang Network Technology Co., Ltd. (“Quanzhou Zhi Lang”). Quanzhou Zhi Lang is primarily engaged in brand management and sales channel building, advertisement design, production and promulgation.

As of June 30, 2013, the Company operated its business primarily in China through its PRC subsidiary and PRC operating entities, or VIEs as described above.
 
F-9

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
2.  
Variable Interest Entities

To satisfy PRC laws and regulations, the Company conducts certain business in the PRC through its Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”). Summarized below is the information related to the consolidated VIEs’ assets and liabilities as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively:

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
 2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
Assets
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 2,381     $ 4,275  
Term deposit
    3,426       3,357  
Accounts receivable, net
    10,349       8,392  
Other receivables, net
    2,952       2,921  
Prepayment and deposit to suppliers
    14,635       14,587  
Due from related parties
    118       49  
Other current assets
    45       35  
Deferred tax assets-current
    23       50  
Total current assets
    33,929       33,666  
                 
Investment in and advance to equity investment affiliates
    808       916  
Property and equipment, net
    1,231       1,389  
Intangible assets, net
    6,778       7,152  
Deposit for purchasing of software technology
    808       -  
Goodwill
    11,312       11,083  
Deferred tax assets-non current
    793       511  
Total Assets
  $ 55,659     $ 54,717  
                 
Liabilities
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 257     $ 110  
Advances from customers
    810       1,065  
Accrued payroll and other accruals
    460       455  
Due to Control Group
    11       11  
Payable for acquisition
    -       1,266  
Taxes payable
    7,052       6,136  
Other payables
    178       196  
Total current liabilities
    8,768       9,239  
                 
Deferred tax Liabilities-non current
    1,612       1,689  
Total Liabilities
  $ 10,380     $ 10,928  

All of the VIEs' assets can be used to settle obligations of their primary beneficiary. Liabilities recognized as a result of consolidating these VIEs do not represent additional claims on the Company’s general assets.

For the six months ended June 30, 2013, the financial performance of the VIEs reported in the Company’s consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income includes sales of approximately US$15,740,000, cost of sales of approximately US$9,756,000, operating expenses of approximately US$4,322,000 and net income before allocation to noncontrolling interests of approximately US$1,245,000.
 
F-10

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2013, the financial performance of the VIEs reported in the Company’s consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income includes sales of approximately US$8,790,000, cost of sales of approximately US$5,289,000, operating expenses of approximately US$2,232,000 and net income before allocation to noncontrolling interests of approximately US$845,000.

For the six months ended June 30, 2012, the financial performance of the VIEs reported in the Company’s consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income includes sales of approximately US$27,979,000, cost of sales of approximately US$21,897,000, operating expenses of approximately US$3,711,000 and net income before allocation to noncontrolling interests of approximately US$2,098,000.

For the three months ended June 30, 2012, the financial performance of the VIEs reported in the Company’s consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income includes sales of approximately US$13,083,000, cost of sales of approximately US$9,361,000, operating expenses of approximately US$2,055,000 and net income before allocation to noncontrolling interests of approximately US$1,865,000.
 
3.  
Summary of significant accounting policies
 
a)  
Basis of presentation
 
The interim consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).
 
The interim consolidated financial information as of June 30, 2013 and for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 have been prepared without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures, which are normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, have been omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations. The interim consolidated financial information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012, previously filed with the SEC.
 
In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present a fair statement of the Company’s consolidated financial position as of June 30, 2013, its consolidated results of operations for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, and its consolidated cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, as applicable, have been made. The interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future periods.
 
b)  
Principles of consolidation
 
The interim consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of all the subsidiaries and VIEs of the Company. All transactions and balances between the Company and its subsidiaries and VIEs have been eliminated upon consolidation. According to the agreements between Beijing CNET Online and Shanghai Borongdingsi, although Beijing CNET Online legally owns 51% of Shanghai Borongdingsi’s interests, Beijing CNET Online only controls the assets and liabilities related to the bank kiosks business, which has been included in the financial statements of Beijing CNET Online, but does not control other assets of Shanghai Borongdingsi, thus, Shanghai Borongdingsi’s financial statements were not consolidated by the Company.
 
c)  
Use of estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of these consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The Company continually evaluates these estimates and assumptions based on the most recently available information, historical experience and various other assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Since the use of estimates is an integral component of the financial reporting process, actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
F-11

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
d)  
Foreign currency translation and transactions
 
The functional currency of the Company is United States dollars (“US$”), and the functional currency of China Net HK is Hong Kong dollars (“HK$”).  The functional currency of the Company’s PRC operating subsidiary and VIEs is Renminbi (“RMB”), and PRC is the primary economic environment in which the Company operates.
 
For financial reporting purposes, the financial statements of the Company’s PRC operating subsidiary and VIEs, which are prepared using the RMB, are translated into the Company’s reporting currency, the United States Dollar (“U.S. dollar”). Assets and liabilities are translated using the exchange rate at each balance sheet date.  Revenue and expenses are translated using average rates prevailing during each reporting period, and stockholders’ equity is translated at historical exchange rates. Adjustments resulting from the translation are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income in stockholders’ equity.
 
Transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions.  The resulting exchange differences are included in the determination of net income of the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the respective periods.
 
The exchange rates used to translate amounts in RMB into US$ for the purposes of preparing the consolidated financial statements are as follows:
 
   
June 30, 2013
   
December 31, 2012
 
             
Balance sheet items, except for equity accounts
    6.1882       6.3161  
 
   
Six Months Ended June 30
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Items in the statements of income and comprehensive income, and statements of cash flows
    6.2479       6.3255  
 
   
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Items in the statements of income and comprehensive income, and statements of cash flows
    6.2105       6.3309  
 
No representation is made that the RMB amounts could have been, or could be converted into US$ at the above rates.
 
e)  
Advertising costs
 
Advertising costs for the Company’s own brand building are not includable in cost of sales, they are expensed when incurred or amortized over the estimated beneficial period and are included in “selling expenses” in the statement of income and comprehensive income. For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, advertising expenses for the Company’s own brand building were approximately US$144,000 and US$168,000, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, advertising expenses for the Company’s own brand building were approximately US$120,000 and US$94,000, respectively.
 
f)  
Research and development expenses
 
The Company accounts for the cost of developing and upgrading technologies and platforms and intellectual property that are used in its daily operations in research and development cost. Research and development costs are charged to expense when incurred. Expenses for research and development for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were approximately US$912,000 and US$756,000, respectively. Expenses for research and development for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were approximately US$463,000 and US$425,000, respectively.
 
F-12

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
g)  
Income taxes
 
The Company follows the guidance of ASC Topic 740 “Income taxes” and uses liability method to account for income taxes.  Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates that will be in effect in the period in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance to offset deferred tax assets, if based on the weight of available evidence, it is more-likely-than-not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in statement of income and comprehensive income in the period that includes the enactment date.
 
h)  
Uncertain tax positions
 
The Company follows the guidance of ASC Topic 740 “Income taxes”, which prescribes a more likely than not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. This Interpretation also provides guidance on recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, accounting for income taxes in interim periods, and income tax disclosures.
 
The Company recognizes interest on non-payment of income taxes under requirement by tax law and penalties associated with tax positions when a tax position does not meet the minimum statutory threshold to avoid payment of penalties. According to the PRC Tax Administration and Collection Law, the statute of limitations is three years if the underpayment of taxes is due to computational errors made by the taxpayer or the withholding agent. The statute of limitations is extended to five years under special circumstances, where the underpayment of taxes is more than RMB100,000. In the case of transfer pricing issues, the statute of limitation is ten years. There is no statute of limitation in the case of tax evasion. The tax returns of the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs are subject to examination by the relevant tax authorities. The Company did not have any material interest or penalties associated with tax positions for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, and did not have any significant unrecognized uncertain tax positions as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
 
i)  
Recent accounting standards
 
In February 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2013-02, “Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income”. The ASU does not change the current requirements for reporting net income or other comprehensive income in financial statements. However, this ASU requires an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, an entity is required to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income but only if the amount reclassified is required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income, an entity is required to cross-reference to other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. The guidance is effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012 for public entities. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.
 
In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-05, “Foreign Currency Matters, (Topic 830): Parent's Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity”, to resolve a diversity in accounting for the cumulative translation adjustment of foreign currency upon derecognition of a foreign subsidiary or group of assets. This ASU requires the parent to apply the guidance in Subtopic 830-30 to release any related cumulative translation adjustment into net income when a reporting entity (parent) ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets within a foreign entity. Accordingly, the cumulative translation adjustment should be released into net income only if the sale or transfer results in the complete or substantially complete liquidation of the foreign entity in which the subsidiary or group of assets had resided. Further, this ASU clarified that the parent should apply the guidance in subtopic 810-10 if there is a sale of an investment in a foreign entity, including both (1) events that result in the loss of a controlling financial interest in a foreign entity and (2) events that result in an acquirer obtaining control of an acquiree in which it held an equity interest immediately before the acquisition date. Accordingly, the cumulative translation adjustment should be released into net income upon the occurrence of those events. The provisions in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.
 
F-13

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-11, “Income Taxes, (Topic 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. The provisions in this update provide guidance on the financial statement presentation of an unrecognized tax benefit when a net operating loss carryforward, similar tax loss, or tax credit carryforward exists. These provisions provide that an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion thereof, should be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward, except to the extent that a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward is not available at the reporting date to settle any additional income taxes that would result from disallowance of a tax position, or the tax law does not require the entity to use, and the entity does not intend to use, the deferred tax asset for such purpose, then the unrecognized tax benefit should be presented as a liability. The provisions in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.
 
Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by the FASB or other standards-setting bodies that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements upon adoption.
 
4.  
Cash and cash equivalent

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Cash
    740       893  
Bank deposit
    2,652       4,590  
      3,392       5,483  
 
5.  
Term deposit

Term deposit as of June 30, 2013 represented the amount of cash placed as a term deposit by one of the Company’s operating VIEs in a major financial institution of China, which management believes is of high credit quality. The interest rate of the term deposit was 3.5% per annual. The term deposit matured on July 5, 2013 and was extended to July 5, 2014.
 
6.  
Accounts receivable, net

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Accounts receivable
    14,164       12,116  
Allowance for doubtful debts
    (3,704 )     (3,630 )
Accounts receivable, net
    10,460       8,486  

All of the accounts receivable are non-interest bearing. Based on the assessment of the collectability of the accounts receivable as of June 30, 2013, the Company provided approximately US$3,704,000 allowance for doubtful debts, which were related to the accounts receivable of the Company’s internet advertising and TV advertising business segments with an aging over six months. For the six and three months ended June 30, 2013, no additional allowance for doubtful debts was provided.
 
F-14

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
7.  
Other receivables, net

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Short-term loan made for marketing campaign
    2,262       2,375  
Short-term loans to unrelated entities
    485       475  
Term deposit interest receivable
    120       59  
Staff advances for normal business purpose
    213       194  
Overdue contract guarantee deposits
    956       158  
Allowance for doubtful debts
    (956 )     (158 )
Other receivables, net
    3,080       3,103  

Short-term loan made for marketing campaign: for one of the major marketing campaigns, the Company made a marketing-related loan of RMB25,000,000 (approximately US$4,039,947) to a TV series of 36 episodes, called “Xiao Zhang Feng Yun.” This TV series was produced in commemoration of “The Republican Revolution of 1911” (the Chinese bourgeois democratic revolution led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen which overthrew the Qing Dynasty). By participating in this TV series, the Company’s logo is shown during the credits at the end of each episode and also shown as a separate card during the closing before the credit screen. This TV series has been broadcasted on CCTV 8 and www.sina.com.cn since September 2011 and continues to sell its broadcasting rights to other provincial TV channels for additional exposure. As of June 30, 2013, the Company has collected an aggregate of RMB11,000,000 (approximately US$1,777,577) from the borrower. In accordance with the an agreement between the Company and the borrower, the Company extended the term of this loan from December 31, 2012 to December 31, 2013, as this TV series is still selling its broadcasting rights to TV stations and other media. The Company will continue to assess the collectability of this loan. If an event occurs or circumstances change that could indicate that the collectability of this loan is remote, a full allowance of bad debts provision will be provided for the remaining outstanding balance of this loan.

For all advertising resources purchasing contracts signed by the Company with its resource providers, the Company is required to make contract guarantee deposits, which are either used to pay the actual contract amount of resources used in the last month of each contract period or to be refunded to the Company of the remaining balance upon expiration of the contract. Overdue contract guarantee deposits represented the portion of the contract guarantee deposits, which related advertising resources purchasing contracts had been completed as of each of the reporting dates. Based on the assessment of the collectability of these overdue contract guarantee deposits as of June 30, 2013, the Company provided approximately US$956,000 allowance for doubtful debts, which was related to the contract guarantee deposits of its internet advertising and TV advertising business segments. For the six and three months ended June 30, 2013, approximately US$787,000 and US$527,000 additional allowance for doubtful debts was provided, respectively.
 
8.  
Prepayments and deposit to suppliers

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Contract execution guarantees to TV advertisement and internet resources providers
    8,044       9,463  
Prepayments to TV advertisement and internet resources providers
    6,529       5,069  
Other deposits and prepayments
    63       64  
      14,636       14,596  
 
F-15

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
Contract execution guarantees to TV advertisement and internet resource providers are paid as contractual deposits to the Company’s resources and services providers.  These amounts will be either applied to the contract amounts and service fees that are needed to be paid for the resources and services provided in the last month of each contract period or refunded to the Company upon expiration of the purchase contracts.
 
According to the contracts signed between the Company and its suppliers, the Company is normally required to pay the contract amounts in advance.  These prepayments will be transferred to cost of sales when the related services are provided.
 
9.  
Due from related parties

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Beijing Fengshangyinli Technology Co., Ltd.
    45       53  
Beijing Saimeiwei Food Equipment Technology Co., Ltd.
    216       87  
Beijing Telijie Century Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
    114       70  
      375       210  
 
These related parties are directly or indirectly owned by Mr. Handong Cheng, Mr. Xuanfu Liu or Ms. Li Sun (acting as nominee for Mr. Zhige Zhang), the owners of the Company’s PRC VIEs, Business Opportunities Online and Beijing CNET Online before the Offshore Restructuring. The Company provides advertising services to these related parties in its normal course of business on the same terms as those provided to its unrelated advertising clients. Due from related parties represented the outstanding receivables for the advertising services that the Company provided to these related parties as of each reporting date.
 
10.  
Investment in and advance to equity investment affiliates

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Investment in equity investment affiliates
    807       916  
Advance to equity investment affiliates
    44       43  
      851       959  
 
The following table summarizes the movement of the investment in and advance to equity investment affiliates for the six months ended June 30, 2013:
 
   
Shenzhen
Mingshan
   
Zhao Shang
Ke Hubei
   
Total
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
                   
Balance as of December 31, 2012 (audited)
    492       467       959  
Share of losses in equity investment affiliates
    (35 )     (90 )     (125 )
Exchange translation adjustment
    8       9       17  
Balance as of June 30, 2013 (unaudited)
    465       386       851  
 
F-16

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
Shenzhen Mingshan:
 
Shenzhen Mingshan was incorporated on June 24, 2010 by one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunities Online and three other individuals who were not affiliated with the Company. Shenzhen Mingshan was 51% owned by the Company and was a consolidated VIE of the Company from the date of incorporation through January 6, 2011. On January 6, 2011, an unaffiliated third party invested RMB15,000,000 (approximately US$2,423,968) into Shenzhen Mingshan in exchange for a 60% equity interest in Shenzhen Mingshan. The Company’s share of equity interest decreased from 51% to 20.4% accordingly. On December 19, 2012, as approved by the shareholders of Shenzhen Mingshan, Shenzhen Mingshan reduced its registered and paid-in capital from RMB25,000,000 (approximately US$4,039,947) to RMB22,000,000 (approximately US$3,555,153), resulted from a decrease of paid-in capital from three other noncontrolling shareholders, except Business Opportunity Online. As a result, the Company’s share of the equity interest in Shenzhen Mingshan increased from 20.4% to 23.18% and the Company continued to retain significant influence over Shenzhen Mingshan.
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company recognized its pro-rata shares of losses in Shenzhen Mingshan of approximately US$35,000 and US$93,000, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company recognized its pro-rata shares of losses in Shenzhen Mingshan of approximately US$9,000 and US$10,000, respectively. These losses recognized were reflected in the caption of “Share of losses in equity investment affiliates” in the Company’s consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income with a corresponding decrease to the carrying value of the investment in Shenzhen Mingshan in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

Zhao Shang Ke Hubei:
 
Zhao Shang Ke Hubei was incorporated on April 18, 2011 by one of the Company’s VIEs, Business Opportunities Online Hubei and a co-founding individual who was not affiliated with the Company. Zhao Shang Ke Hubei was 51% owned by the Company and was a consolidated subsidiary of the Company from the date of incorporation through December 29, 2011. On December 29, 2011, two unaffiliated third party investors invested RMB10,000,000 (approximately US$1,615,979) in cash into Zhao Shang Ke Hubei in exchange for an aggregate 50% equity interest in Zhao Shang Ke Hubei. The Company’s share of equity interest decreased from 51% to 25.5% accordingly.
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company recognized its pro-rata share of losses in Zhao Shang Ke Hubei of approximately US$90,000 and US$204,000, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company recognized its pro-rata share of losses in Zhao Shang Ke Hubei of approximately US$45,000 and US$94,000, respectively. These losses recognized was reflected in the caption of “Share of losses in equity investment affiliates” in the Company’s consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income with a corresponding decrease to the carrying value of the investment in Zhao Shang Ke Hubei in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
 
11.  
Property and equipment, net

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Vehicles
    986       925  
Office equipment
    1,530       1,481  
Electronic devices
    1,230       1,205  
Property and equipment, cost
    3,746       3,611  
Less: accumulated depreciation
    (2,329 )     (1,975 )
Property and equipment, net
    1,417       1,636  
 
F-17

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
Depreciation expenses in the aggregate for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were approximately US$311,000 and $ 295,000, respectively.
 
Depreciation expenses in the aggregate for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were approximately US$156,000 and $147,000, respectively.
 
12.  
Intangible assets, net
   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
           
Trade name
    315       309  
Domain name
    1,561       1,529  
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
               
Contract backlog
    200       196  
Customer relationship
    3,505       3,434  
Non-compete agreements
    1,387       1,358  
Software technologies
    331       325  
Cloud-computing based software platforms
    1,500       1,470  
Other computer software
    77       76  
Intangible assets, cost
    8,876       8,697  
Less: accumulated amortization
    (2,094 )     (1,530 )
Intangible assets, net
    6,782       7,167  
 
Amortization expenses in aggregate for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were approximately US$529,000 and US$523,000, respectively.
 
Amortization expenses in aggregate for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were approximately US$266,000 and US$261,000, respectively.
 
Based on the carrying value of the finite-lived intangible assets recorded as of June 30, 2013, and assuming no subsequent impairment of the underlying intangible assets, the estimated future amortization expenses is approximately US$521,000 for the six months ended December 31, 2013, approximately US$1,043,000 per year through December 31, 2015, approximately US$1,003,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016 and approximately US$506,000 for the year ended December 31, 2017.
 
13.  
Deposit for purchasing of software technology

Deposit for purchasing of software technology: the Company made a deposit to an unrelated technical consulting entity of RMB5,000,000 (approximately US$808,000) for the purchasing of software technology that related to cloud-computing based applications and mobile based applications. As of June 30, 2013, the Company was still in the preliminary selection and valuation stage of these target software applications.
 
F-18

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
14.  
Goodwill

   
Amount
 
   
US$(’000)
 
       
Balance as of December 31, 2012 (audited)
    11,083  
Exchange translation adjustment
    229  
Balance as of June 30, 2013 (unaudited)
    11,312  
 
15.  
Accrued payroll and other accruals

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Accrued payroll and staff welfare
    553       538  
Accrued operating expenses
    394       366  
      947       904  
 
16.  
Payable for acquisition

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Sou Yi Lian Mei
    -       1,266  

Payable for acquisition as of December 31, 2012 represented the outstanding balance payment of approximately RMB8.0 million for the acquisition of the 49% equity interest of Sou Yi Lian Mei that was consummated in September 2012, which was paid to the former shareholder of Sou Yi Lian Mei during the three months ended March 31, 2013.
 
17.  
Taxation
 
1)  
Income tax
 
The entities within the Company file separate tax returns in the respective tax jurisdictions in which they operate.
 
i). The Company is incorporated in the state of Nevada. Under the current law of Nevada, the Company is not subject to state corporate income tax. Following the Share Exchange, the Company became a holding company and does not conduct any substantial operations of its own. No provision for federal corporate income tax has been made in the financial statements as the Company has no assessable profits for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013, or any prior periods. The Company does not provide for U.S. taxes or foreign withholding taxes on undistributed earnings from its non-U.S. subsidiaries because such earnings are intended to be reinvested indefinitely. If undistributed earnings were distributed, foreign tax credits could become available under current law to reduce the resulting U.S. income tax liability.
 
ii). China Net BVI was incorporated in the British Virgin Islands (“BVI”).  Under the current law of the BVI, China Net BVI is not subject to tax on income or capital gains. Additionally, upon payments of dividends by China Net BVI to its shareholders, no BVI withholding tax will be imposed.
 
F-19

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
iii). China Net HK was incorporated in Hong Kong and does not conduct any substantial operations of its own. No provision for Hong Kong profits tax has been made in the financial statements as China Net HK has no assessable profits for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 or any prior periods. Additionally, upon payments of dividends by China Net HK to its shareholders, no Hong Kong withholding tax will be imposed.
 
iv).  The Company’s PRC operating subsidiary and VIEs, being incorporated in the PRC, are governed by the income tax law of the PRC and is subject to PRC enterprise income tax (“EIT”). The EIT rate of PRC is 25%, which applies to both domestic and foreign invested enterprises.
 
l
Rise King WFOE is a software company qualified by the related PRC governmental authorities and was approved by the local tax authorities of Beijing, the PRC, to be entitled to a two-year EIT exemption from its first profitable year and a 50% reduction of its applicable EIT rate, which is 25% to 12.5% of its taxable income for the succeeding three years. Rise King WFOE had a net loss for the year ended December 31, 2008 and its first profitable year was fiscal year 2009 which has been verified by the local tax bureau by accepting the application filed by the Company. Therefore, it was approved to be entitled to a two-year EIT exemption for fiscal year 2009 through fiscal year 2010 and a 50% reduction of its applicable EIT rate which is 25% to 12.5% for fiscal year 2011 through fiscal year 2013. Therefore, for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the applicable income tax rate for Rise King WFOE was all 12.5%. After fiscal year 2013, the applicable income tax rate for Rise King WFOE will be 25% under the current EIT law of PRC.
 
l
Business Opportunity Online was approved by the related PRC governmental authorities as a High and New Technology Enterprise under the current EIT law, and was approved by the local tax authorities of Beijing, the PRC, to be entitled to a favorable statutory tax rate of 15%. Therefore, for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the applicable income tax rate of Business Opportunity Online was all 15%.
 
l
Business Opportunity Online Hubei was incorporated in Xiaotian Industrial Park of Xiaogan Economic Development Zone in Xiaogan City, Hubei province of the PRC in 2011. On June 15, 2012, Business Opportunity Online Hubei was approved by the related PRC governmental authorities to be qualified as a software company and was approved by the local tax authorities of Xiaogan City, Hubei province, the PRC, to be entitled to a two-year EIT exemption from its first profitable year, and a 50% reduction of its applicable EIT rate which is 25% to 12.5% of its taxable income for the succeeding three years. Based on the previous communication between the entity and the local tax authorities of Xiaogan Economic Development Zone, the entity is entitled to a two-year EIT exemption for fiscal 2012 and 2013, and a 50% reduction of its applicable EIT rate which is 25% to 12.5% of its taxable income for the succeeding three years until December 31, 2016. However, during the periodic administrative review conducted by local tax authorities of Xiaogan Economic Development Zone in early August 2013, the local tax authorities determined that the first profitable year of the entity was fiscal 2011 instead of fiscal 2012, despite the fact that a deemed income tax computation method was adopted by the entity as approved by the local tax authorities previously. The deemed income tax computation method is considered as a special tax computation and collection method as compared to the regular actual income/loss method. Although there is no definite guidance set forth in the current EIT law regard this issue, the Company believes it may have a favorable impact of the determination of the entity’s first profitable year. Based on the current circumstances, the Company believes that more likely than not the local tax authorities will determine the first profitable year of Business Opportunity Online Hubei as fiscal 2011, which may result in the increase of the entity’s applicable income tax rate for its fiscal year 2013 to 12.5%. Therefore, the entity accrued its income tax expense based on a 12.5% income tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2013, and an adjustment of approximately US$131,000 income tax expenses due to this determination for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was also recorded during the three months ended June 30, 2013. The Company expects to further communicate with the local tax authorities. A new determination by the local tax authorities may result in a reversal of income tax expense for fiscal 2013 if favorable results achieve. For the six and three months ended June 30, 2012, the applicable income tax rate of Business Opportunity Online Hubei was nil%. For the three months ended March 31, 2012, Business Opportunity Online Hubei was still in the process of applying its software company qualification. Therefore, Business Opportunity Online Hubei accrued its income tax expense for the period using a 25% income tax rate, which was subsequently reversed upon being qualified as a software company in June 2012.
 
l
The applicable income tax rate for other PRC operating entities of the Company is 25% for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012.
 
l
The current EIT law also imposed a 10% withholding income tax for dividends distributed by a foreign invested enterprise to its immediate holding company outside China. A lower withholding tax rate will be applied if there is a tax treaty arrangement between mainland China and the jurisdiction of the foreign holding company. Holding companies in Hong Kong, for example, will be subject to a 5% rate. Rise King WFOE is invested by immediate holding company in Hong Kong and will be entitled to the 5% preferential withholding tax rate upon distribution of the dividends to its immediate holding company.
 
F-20

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
For the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, all of the preferential income tax treatments enjoyed by the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs were based on the current applicable laws and regulations of the PRC and approved by the related government regulatory authorities and local tax authorities where the Company’s respective PRC subsidiary and VIEs operate in. Rise King WFOE, Business Opportunity Online and Business Opportunity Online Hubei were most affected by these preferential income tax treatments within the structure of the Company. The preferential income tax treatments are subject to change in accordance with the PRC government economic development policies and regulations. These preferential income tax treatments are primarily determined by the regulation and policies of the PRC government in the context of the overall economic policy and strategy. As a result, the uncertainty of theses preferential income tax treatments are subject to, but not limited to, the PRC government policy on supporting any specific industry’s development under the outlook and strategy of overall macroeconomic development.
 
2) Turnover taxes and the relevant surcharges
 
From January 1, 2012 through August 31, 2012 (for the Company’s PRC operating entities incorporated in Beijing) or October 31, 2012 (for the Company’s PRC operating entities incorporated in Fujian province) or November 30, 2012 (for the Company’s PRC operating entities incorporated in Hubei province), revenue from advertising services is subject to 5.6%-5.7% business tax (including surcharges), depending on which tax jurisdiction the Company’s PRC operating subsidiary and VIE operate in, and 3% cultural industry development surcharge of the net service income after deducting amount paid to ending media promulgators. Revenue from internet technical services was subjected to 5.6%-5.7% business tax (including surcharges), depending on which tax jurisdiction the Company’s PRC operating subsidiary and VIE operate in.
 
On July 31, 2012, the Ministry of Finance (the “MOF”) and the State Administration of Taxation (the “SAT”) of the PRC jointly promulgated a “Circular on Launching the Pilot Collection of Value Added Tax in lieu of Business Tax in Transportation and Certain Areas of Modern Services Industries in Eight Provinces and Municipalities Including Beijing” (“Circular Cai Shui [2012] No. 71”), pursuant to which a business tax to value added tax (the “VAT”) transformation pilot program was launched. The implementation date for Beijing is September 1, 2012, for Fujian province, November 1, 2012, and for Hubei province, December 1, 2012. Other circulars such as “Circular on Carrying out the Pilot Collection of Value Added Tax in Lieu of Business Tax to be imposed on Transportation Industry and Part of Modern Services Industry in Shanghai” (“Circular Cai Shui [2011] No. 111”) jointly promulgated by the MOF and the SAT on November 16, 2011 which contains detailed implementation measures for such VAT pilot program apply to the locations including Beijing, Fujian province and Hubei province. In accordance with the Circular Cai Shui [2011] No. 111, the VAT rate for provision of modern services (other than lease of corporeal movables) is 6% and for small scale taxpayer, 3%. Therefore, beginning on September 1, 2012, for the Company’s PRC operating subsidiary and VIEs incorporated in Beijing, November 1, 2012, for the Company’s PRC operating VIEs incorporated in Fujian province, and December 1, 2012, for the Company’s PRC operating VIEs incorporated in Hubei province, service revenues are subject to VAT at a rate of 6%, after deducting the VAT paid for the services purchased from suppliers, or at a rate of 3% without any deduction of VAT paid for the services purchased from suppliers. The surcharges of the VAT is 12%-14% of the VAT, depending on which tax jurisdiction the Company’s PRC operating subsidiary and VIE operate in.
 
Business tax is a price including tax in the PRC turnover tax system, which is calculated based on the revenue inclusive of turnover tax. Therefore, revenues achieved by the Company which are subject to business tax are presented on a gross basis inclusive of business tax, and on the other hand, business tax was included in cost of revenues upon recognition of services revenues. Contrastively, VAT is a price excluding tax in the PRC turnover tax system, which is calculated based on the revenue exclusive of turnover tax. Therefore, revenues achieved by the Company which are subject to VAT are presented on a net basis exclusive of VAT.
 
F-21

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, taxes payable consists of:
 
   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Turnover tax and surcharge payable
    2,733       2,609  
Enterprise income tax payable
    4,831       4,074  
      7,564       6,683  
 
For the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company’s income tax benefit / (expense) consisted of:

   
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
             
Current-PRC
    (705 )     (572 )
Deferred-PRC
    437       558  
      (268 )     (14 )

   
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
             
Current-PRC
    (475 )     (379 )
Current-PRC-adjustment due to new tax rate enactment
    (131 )     424  
Deferred-PRC
    252       177  
      (354 )     222  
 
The Company’s deferred tax liabilities at June 30, 2013 and changes for the six months then ended were as follows:
 
   
Amount
 
   
US$(’000)
 
       
Balance as of December 31, 2012 (audited)
    1,689  
Reversal during the period
    (112 )
Exchange  translation adjustment
    35  
Balance as of June 30, 2013 (unaudited)
    1,612  
 
Deferred tax liabilities arose on the recognition of the identifiable intangible assets acquired from acquisition transactions and deconsolidation of subsidiaries consummated in 2011. Reversal for the six and three months ended June 30, 2013 of approximately US$112,000 and US$57,000, respectively, was due to amortization of the acquired intangible assets.
 
F-22

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
The Company’s deferred tax assets at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 were as follows:

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Tax effect of net operating losses carried forward
    3,360       2,929  
Bad debts provision
    946       824  
Valuation allowance
    (3,260 )     (3,051 )
      1,046       702  

   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Deferred tax assets reclassified as current asset
    23       50  
Deferred tax assets reclassified as non-current asset
    1,023       652  
      1,046       702  

The net operating losses carried forward incurred by the Company (excluding its PRC operating subsidiary and VIEs) were approximately US$6,611,000 and US$6,363,000 at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, which loss carry forwards gradually expire over time, the last of which expires in 2033. A full valuation allowance has been recorded because it is considered more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be realized through sufficient future earnings of the entity to which the operating losses relate.

The net operating losses carried forward (excluding bad debts provision and non-deductible expenses) incurred by the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs were approximately US$6,606,000 and US$4,093,000 at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, which loss carry forwards gradually expire over time, the last of which expires in 2018. The related deferred tax assets was calculated based on the respective net operating losses incurred by each of the PRC subsidiary and VIEs and the respective corresponding enacted tax rate that will be in effect in the period in which the differences are expected to reverse. No valuation allowance has been recorded because it is considered more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will be realized through sufficient future earnings of the entities to which the operating losses relate.

Valuation allowance to bad debts provision related deferred tax assets were recorded because it is considered more likely than not that this portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized through bad debts verification by the local tax authorities where the PRC subsidiary and VIEs operate in.

The Company’s non-current portion of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities were attributable to different tax-paying components of the entity, which were under different tax jurisdictions. Therefore, in accordance with ASC Topic 740 “Income taxes”, the non-current portion of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities were presented separately in the Company’s balance sheets.

The tax authority of the PRC government conducts periodic and ad hoc tax filing reviews on business enterprises operating in the PRC after those enterprises had completed their relevant tax filings, hence the Company’s tax filings may not be finalized. It is therefore uncertain as to whether the PRC tax authority may take different views about the Company’s tax filings which may lead to additional tax liabilities.
 
F-23

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
18.  
Long-term borrowing from director
 
   
June 30,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
Long-term borrowing from director
    141       139  
 
Long-term borrowing from director is a non-interest bearing loan from a director of the Company relating to the original paid-in capital contribution in the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary Rise King WFOE.
 
19.  
Warrants
 
The Company issued warrants in its August 2009 Financing. Warrants issued and outstanding at June 30, 2013 and changes during the six months then ended are as follows:

 
 
Warrants Outstanding
 
 
Warrants Exercisable
 
 
 
Number of
underlying
shares
 
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
 
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
 
 
Number of
underlying
shares
 
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
 
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
 
Balance, December 31, 2012 (audited)
 
 
2,363,456
   
$
         3.52
     
1.63
     
2,363,456
   
$
      3.52
     
1.63
 
Granted / Vested
 
 
-
 
 
 
         
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
         
 
Forfeited
 
 
-
 
 
 
         
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
         
 
Exercised
 
 
-
 
 
 
         
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
         
 
Balance, June 30, 2013 (unaudited)
   
2,363,456
   
$
           3.52
     
1.14
     
2,363,456
   
$
        3.52
     
1.14
 
 
20.  
Restricted Net Assets

As most of the Company’s operations are conducted through its PRC subsidiary and VIEs, the Company’s ability to pay dividends is primarily dependent on receiving distributions of funds from its PRC subsidiary and VIEs. Relevant PRC statutory laws and regulations permit payments of dividends by its PRC subsidiary and VIEs only out of their retained earnings, if any, as determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations and after it has met the PRC requirements for appropriation to statutory reserves. Paid in capital of the PRC subsidiary and VIEs included in the Company’s consolidated net assets are also non-distributable for dividend purposes.

In accordance with the PRC regulations on Enterprises with Foreign Investment, a WFOE established in the PRC is required to provide certain statutory reserves, namely general reserve fund, the enterprise expansion fund and staff welfare and bonus fund which are appropriated from net profit as reported in the enterprise’s PRC statutory accounts. A WFOE is required to allocate at least 10% of its annual after-tax profit to the general reserve until such reserve has reached 50% of its registered capital based on the enterprise’s PRC statutory accounts. Appropriations to the enterprise expansion fund and staff welfare and bonus fund are at the discretion of the board of directors. The aforementioned reserves can only be used for specific purposes and are not distributable as cash dividends. Rise King WFOE is subject to the above mandated restrictions on distributable profits. Additionally, in accordance with the Company Law of the PRC, a domestic enterprise is required to provide a statutory common reserve of at least 10% of its annual after-tax profit until such reserve has reached 50% of its registered capital based on the enterprise’s PRC statutory accounts. A domestic enterprise is also required to provide for a discretionary surplus reserve, at the discretion of the board of directors. The aforementioned reserves can only be used for specific purposes and are not distributable as cash dividends. All of the Company’s PRC VIEs are subject to the above mandated restrictions on distributable profits.

As a result of these PRC laws and regulations, the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs are restricted in their ability to transfer a portion of their net assets to the Company. As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, net assets restricted in the aggregate, which include paid-in capital and statutory reserve funds of the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs that are included in the Company’s consolidated net assets, was approximately US$5.8 million and US$5.5 million, respectively.
 
F-24

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
The current PRC Enterprise Income Tax (“EIT”) Law also imposed a 10% withholding income tax for dividends distributed by a foreign invested enterprise to its immediate holding company outside China. A lower withholding tax rate will be applied if there is a tax treaty arrangement between mainland China and the jurisdiction of the foreign holding company. Holding companies in Hong Kong, for example, will be subject to a 5% rate. Rise King WFOE is invested by its immediate holding company in Hong Kong and will be entitled to the 5% preferential withholding tax rate upon distribution of the dividends to its immediate holding company.

The ability of the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs to make dividends and other payments to the Company may also be restricted by changes in applicable foreign exchange and other laws and regulations.

Foreign currency exchange regulation in China is primarily governed by the following rules:

l
Foreign Exchange Administration Rules (1996), as amended in August 2008, or the Exchange Rules;
l
Administration Rules of the Settlement, Sale and Payment of Foreign Exchange (1996), or the Administration Rules.

Currently, under the Administration Rules, Renminbi is freely convertible for current account items, including the distribution of dividends, interest payments, trade and service related foreign exchange transactions, but not for capital account items, such as direct investments, loans, repatriation of investments and investments in securities outside of China, unless the prior approval of the State Administration of Foerign Exchange (the “SAFE”) is obtained and prior registration with the SAFE is made. Foreign-invested enterprises like Rise King WFOE that need foreign exchange for the distribution of profits to its shareholders may effect payment from their foreign exchange accounts or purchase and pay foreign exchange rates at the designated foreign exchange banks to their foreign shareholders by producing board resolutions for such profit distribution. Based on their needs, foreign-invested enterprises are permitted to open foreign exchange settlement accounts for current account receipts and payments of foreign exchange along with specialized accounts for capital account receipts and payments of foreign exchange at certain designated foreign exchange banks.

Although the current Exchange Rules allow the convertibility of Chinese Renminbi into foreign currency for current account items, conversion of Chinese Renminbi into foreign exchange for capital items, such as foreign direct investment, loans or securities, requires the approval of SAFE, which is under the authority of the People’s Bank of China. These approvals, however, do not guarantee the availability of foreign currency conversion. The Company cannot be sure that it will be able to obtain all required conversion approvals for its operations or the Chinese regulatory authorities will not impose greater restrictions on the convertibility of Chinese Renminbi in the future. Currently, most of the Company’s retained earnings are generated in Renminbi. Any future restrictions on currency exchanges may limit the Company’s ability to use its retained earnings generated in Renminbi to make dividends or other payments in U.S. dollars or fund possible business activities outside China.

As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, there was approximately US$39.6 million and US$38.1 million retained earnings in the aggregate, respectively, which was generated by the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs in Renminbi included in the Company’s consolidated net assets, aside from US$2.5 million and US$2.4 million statutory reserve funds as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, that may be affected by increased restrictions on currency exchanges in the future and accordingly may further limit the Company’s PRC subsidiary’s and VIEs’ ability to make dividends or other payments in U.S. dollars to the Company, in addition to the approximately US$5.8 million and US$5.5 million restricted net assets as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, as discussed above.
 
21.  
Related party transactions
 
Revenue from related parties:
   
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
             
-Beijing Saimeiwei Food Equipment Technology Co., Ltd,
    122       55  
-Beijing Fengshangyinli Technology Co., Ltd.
    6       1  
-Beijing Telijie Century Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
    46       10  
      174       66  
 
F-25

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
   
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
   
US$(’000)
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
             
-Beijing Saimeiwei Food Equipment Technology Co., Ltd,
    78       41  
-Beijing Fengshangyinli Technology Co., Ltd.
    4       -  
-Beijing Telijie Century Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
    33       10  
      115       51  
 
22.  
Employee defined contribution plan
 
Full time employees of the Company in the PRC participate in a government mandated defined contribution plan, pursuant to which certain pension benefits, medical care, employee housing fund and other welfare benefits are provided to employees. Chinese labor regulations require that the PRC subsidiaries of the Company make contributions to the government for these benefits based on certain percentages of the employees’ salaries. The employee benefits were expensed as incurred. The Company has no legal obligation for the benefits beyond the contributions made. The total amounts for such employee benefits were approximately US$231,000 and US$195,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The total amounts for such employee benefits were approximately US$111,000 and US$91,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
 
23.  
Concentration of risk
 
Credit risk
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other receivables and prepayments and deposits to suppliers. As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, substantially all of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents were held by major financial institutions located in Mainland China and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC, which management believes are of high credit quality.
 
Risk arising from operations in foreign countries
 
All of the Company’s operations are conducted within the PRC. The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to various political, economic, and other risks and uncertainties inherent in the PRC. Among other risks, the Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to the risks of restrictions on transfer of funds, changing taxation policies, foreign exchange restrictions; and political conditions and governmental regulations.
 
Currency convertibility risk
 
Significant part of the Company’s businesses is transacted in RMB, which is not freely convertible into foreign currencies. All foreign exchange transactions take place either through the People’s Bank of China or other banks authorized to buy and sell foreign currencies at the exchange rates quoted by the People’s Bank of China. Approval of foreign currency payments by the People’s Bank of China or other regulatory institutions requires submitting a payment application form together with suppliers’ invoices and signed contracts. These exchange control measures imposed by the PRC government authorities may restrict the ability of the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIEs to transfer its net assets, which to the Company through loans, advances or cash dividends.
 
F-26

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
Concentration of customers
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2012, two customers accounted for 15% and 14% of the Company’s sales, respectively. Except for the aforementioned customers, there was no other single customer who accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s sales for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2012, one customer accounted for 13% of the Company’s sales. Except for the aforementioned customer, there was no other single customer who accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s sales for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
 
As of June 30, 2013, one customer accounted for 11% of the Company’s accounts receivables. As of December 31, 2012, one customer accounted for 10% of the Company’s accounts receivables. Except for the aforementioned customer, there was no other single customer who accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s accounts receivable as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
 
Concentration of suppliers
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2013, three suppliers individually accounted for 34%, 29% and 14% of the Company’s cost of sales, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2012, two suppliers accounted for 62% and 13% of the Company’s cost of sales, respectively. Except for the afore-mentioned, there was no other single supplier who accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s cost of sales for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2013, three suppliers individually accounted for 34%, 23% and 19% of the Company’s cost of sales, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2012, two suppliers accounted for 57% and 13% of the Company’s cost of sales, respectively. Except for the afore-mentioned, there was no other single supplier who accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s cost of sales for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
 
24.  
Commitments
 
The following table sets forth the Company’s operating lease commitment as of June 30, 2013:
 
   
Office Rental
 
   
US$(’000)
 
   
(Unaudited)
 
Six months ending December 31,
     
-2013
    182  
Year ending December 31,
       
-2014
    299  
-2015
    299  
-2016
    75  
Total
    855  
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, rental expenses under operating leases were approximately US$249,000 and US$233,000, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, rental expenses under operating leases were approximately US$112,000 and US$121,000, respectively.
 
25.  
Segment reporting
 
The Company follows ASC Topic 280 “Segment Reporting”, which requires that companies disclose segment data based on how management makes decisions about allocating resources to segments and evaluating their performance. Reportable operating segments include components of an entity about which separate financial information is available and which operating results are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess each operating segment’s performance.
 
F-27

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2013 (Unaudited)
 
   
 
 
Internet
Ad.
   
 
 
TV
Ad.
   
 
 
Bank
kiosk
   
Brand
management
and sales
channel
building
   
 
 
Others
   
Inter-
segment and
reconciling
item
   
 
 
 
Total
 
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
 
                                           
Revenue
    9,247       5,127       140       1,427       -       -       15,941  
Cost of sales
    4,264       4,743       -       750       -       -       9,757  
Total operating expenses
    3,274       755       105       551       763 *     -       5,448  
Depreciation and amortization expense included in total operating expenses
    516       25       105       109       85       -       840  
Operating income (loss)
    1,709       (371 )     35       126       (763 )     -       736  
                                                         
Share of  losses  in equity investment affiliates
    -       -       -       (90 )     (35 )     -       (125 )
Expenditure for long-term assets
    853       -       -       -       7       -       860  
Net income (loss)
    1,510       (431 )     35       5       (714 )     -       405  
Total assets – June 30, 2013
    39,936       15,532       503       7,813       15,550       (21,645 )     57,689  

*Including approximately US$21,000 share-based compensation expenses.
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2013 (Unaudited)

   
 
 
Internet
Ad.
   
 
 
TV
Ad.
   
 
 
Bank
kiosk
   
Brand
management
and sales
channel
building
   
 
 
 
Others
   
Inter-
segment and
reconciling
item
   
 
 
 
Total
 
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
 
                                           
Revenue
    5,436       2,489       71       896       -       -       8,892  
Cost of sales
    2,620       2,243       -       427       -       -       5,290  
Total operating expenses
    1,691       373       52       307       386 *     -       2,809  
Depreciation and amortization expense included in total operating expenses
      259         13         52         55         43         -         422  
Operating income (loss)
    1,125       (127 )     19       162       (386 )     -       793  
                                                         
Share of  losses  in equity investment affiliates
    -       -       -       (45 )     (9 )     -       (54 )
Expenditure for long-term assets
    847       -       -       -       2       -       849  
Net income (loss)
    845       (172 )     19       77       (353 )     -       416  
Total assets – June 30, 2013
    39,936       15,532       503       7,813       15,550       (21,645 )     57,689  

*Including approximately US$11,000 share-based compensation expenses.
 
F-28

 
CHINANET ONLINE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 (Unaudited)

   
 
 
Internet
Ad.
   
 
 
TV
Ad.
   
 
 
Bank
kiosk
   
Brand
management
and sales
channel
building
   
 
 
 
Others
   
Inter-
segment and
reconciling
item
   
 
 
 
Total
 
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
   
US$
(‘000)
 
                                           
Revenue
    9,703       16,513       142       1,704       -       -       28,062  
Cost of sales
    4,925       16,357       12       608       -       -       21,902  
Total operating expenses
    3,353       467       103       474       821 *     -       5,218  
Depreciation and amortization expense included in total operating expenses
      521         35         103         107         52         -