PRELIMINARY INFORMATION STATEMENT
Table of Contents

 

 

SCHEDULE 14C INFORMATION

Information Statement Pursuant to Section 14(c) of the

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

(Amendment No.         )

 

Check the appropriate box:

x

 

Preliminary Information Statement

¨

 

Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14c-5(d)(2))

¨

 

Definitive Information Statement

GOLFSMITH INTERNATIONAL HOLDINGS, INC.
(Name of Registrant As Specified In Its Charter)

Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):

¨

 

No fee required

x

 

Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14c-5(g) and 0-11

 

(1)

 

Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:

 

 

Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc. Common Stock, $0.001 par value.

   

 

 

(2)

 

Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:

 

 

18,931,675 shares of Common Stock, which includes 15,932,186 shares of Common Stock outstanding, 2,490,625 shares of Common Stock subject to options with exercise prices below $6.10 per share and 508,864 deferred stock units, performance shares and restricted stock units granted pursuant to the company’s equity plans.

   

 

 

(3)

 

Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):

 

 

The filing fee was determined based upon the sum of (a) 15,932,186 shares of Common Stock outstanding multiplied by $6.10 per share; (b) 2,490,625 shares of Common Stock subject to options with exercise prices below $6.10 per share multiplied by $3.40 (which is the difference between $6.10 and the weighted average exercise price of such options of $2.70 per share); and (c) 508,864 deferred stock units, performance shares and restricted stock units granted pursuant to the company’s equity plans multiplied by $6.10 per share. In accordance with Section 14(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the filing fee was determined by multiplying 0.0001146 by the sum of the preceding sentence.

   

 

 

(4)

 

Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:

 

$108,758,530.00

   

 

 

(5)

 

Total fee paid:

    $12,463.73
   

 

¨

 

Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.

¨

 

Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.

 

(1)

 

Amount Previously Paid:

 

 

   

 

 

(2)

 

Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:

 

 

   

 

 

(3)

 

Filing Party:

 

 

   

 

 

(4)

 

Date Filed:

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 


Table of Contents

LOGO

11000 North IH-35

Austin, TX 78753

NOTICE OF ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT AND APPRAISAL RIGHTS

AND

INFORMATION STATEMENT

WE ARE NOT ASKING YOU FOR A PROXY AND

YOU ARE REQUESTED NOT TO SEND US A PROXY

Fellow Stockholders:

This Notice of Action by Written Consent and Appraisal Rights and Information Statement is being furnished to the holders of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”), of Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc., which we refer to as “Golfsmith,” in connection with the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), dated as of May 11, 2012, among Golfsmith, Golf Town USA Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Golf Town”) and Major Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Golf Town (“Merger Sub”). Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub will merge with and into Golfsmith and the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub will cease (the “Merger”). At the effective time of the Merger, each share of Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger, other than shares owned by Golf Town or any of its direct or indirect subsidiaries, shares owned by Golfsmith or any of its direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and shares owned by any stockholder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights under Section 262 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (“DGCL”), will be converted into the right to receive $6.10 per share in cash, without interest (the “Per Share Merger Consideration”, and the aggregate amount for all such shares, the “Merger Consideration”). A copy of the Merger Agreement is attached as Annex A to the accompanying Information Statement.

The Transaction Committee (the “Transaction Committee”) formed by Golfsmith’s Board of Directors (the “Golfsmith Board”) to consider and evaluate a potential sale of Golfsmith, unanimously adopted resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement and (ii) recommending the Golfsmith Board approve the Merger and the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement. The Golfsmith Board, having considered the recommendation of the Transaction Committee and having reviewed and evaluated the merits of the Merger, unanimously adopted resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, (ii) resolving that the adoption of the Merger Agreement be submitted to Golfsmith’s stockholders for a vote and (iii) resolving to recommend to Golfsmith’s stockholders that they adopt the Merger Agreement.

The adoption of the Merger Agreement required the affirmative vote or written consent of the holders of a majority of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock. On May 11, 2012, Atlantic Equity Partners III, L.P. (“AEP”), Martin Hanaka, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of Golfsmith, and Sue Gove, President, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer of Golfsmith (collectively, the “Supporting Stockholders”), together owning approximately 51.1% of our issued and outstanding shares


Table of Contents

of Common Stock on such date, each delivered a written consent, among other things, adopting the Merger Agreement and authorizing the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger. As a result, no further action by any other Golfsmith stockholder is required to adopt the Merger Agreement or to authorize the transactions contemplated thereby. Additionally, on May 23, 2012, each of Carl Paul, Franklin Paul and trusts of, and certain members of, their family (collectively, the “Paul Stockholders”, and, collectively with the Supporting Stockholders, the “Consenting Stockholders”) executed and delivered a written consent, among other things, adopting the Merger Agreement and authorizing the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger. The Consenting Stockholders together own approximately 60.8% of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock as of the date of the accompanying Information Statement. Golfsmith has not solicited and will not be soliciting your authorization and adoption of the Merger Agreement and does not intend to convene a stockholders meeting for the purposes of voting on the authorization and adoption of the Merger Agreement. Accordingly, your vote in favor of the adoption of the Merger Agreement is not required and is not being requested. This notice and the accompanying Information Statement constitute notice to you from Golfsmith of the action by written consent taken by the Supporting Stockholders, as contemplated by Section 228 of the DGCL.

Under Section 262 of the DGCL, if the Merger is completed, subject to compliance with the requirements of Section 262 of the DGCL, holders of shares of Common Stock, other than the Consenting Stockholders, will have the right to seek an appraisal for the “fair value” of their shares of Common Stock (as determined by the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware) instead of receiving the Merger Consideration. To exercise your appraisal rights, you must demand in writing appraisal by June [    ], 2012, which is the date that is 20 days following the date of mailing of the accompanying Information Statement and comply with the procedures set forth in Section 262 of the DGCL, which are summarized in the accompanying Information Statement. A copy of Section 262 of the DGCL is attached to the accompanying Information Statement as Annex C.

This notice and the accompanying Information Statement constitute notice to you from Golfsmith of the availability of appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL. In view of the complexity of the DGCL, stockholders who may wish to pursue appraisal rights should consult their legal and financial advisors promptly.

We urge you to read the entire Information Statement and its annexes carefully. Please do not send in your stock certificates at this time. If the Merger is completed, you will receive instructions regarding the surrender of your stock certificates and payment for your shares of Common Stock.

By Order of the Golfsmith Board.

/s/ Martin Hanaka

Martin Hanaka

Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board


Table of Contents

Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities regulatory agency has approved or disapproved the Merger, passed upon the merits or fairness of the Merger or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of the information contained in this notice or the accompanying Information Statement. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

This Information Statement is dated [            ] [    ], 2012 and is first being mailed to our stockholders on [            ] [    ], 2012.


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

SUMMARY

     1   

Parties to the Merger

     1   

The Merger

     2   

The Transaction Committee

     3   

Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board

     3   

Stockholder Action by Written Consent

     4   

Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC

     4   

Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger

     5   

Financing

     5   

Merger Agreement

     6   

Regulatory Filings Required in Connection with the Merger

     8   

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger

     9   

Appraisal Rights of Existing Stockholders

     9   

Market Price of Our Common Stock

     9   

Litigation Related to the Merger

     10   

Delisting and Deregistration of Our Common Stock

     10   

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE MERGER

     11   

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

     15   

THE MERGER

     18   

Parties to the Merger

     18   

The Merger

     18   

The Transaction Committee

     18   

The Merger

     20   

The Per Share Merger Consideration

     20   

Background of the Merger

     20   

Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board

     41   

Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC

     50   

Projected Financial Information

     59   

Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger

     62   

Financing

     70   


Table of Contents

Regulatory Filings Required in Connection with the Merger

     70   

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger

     71   

Litigation Related to the Merger

     73   

THE MERGER AGREEMENT

     74   

Explanatory Note Regarding the Merger Agreement and the Summary of the Merger Agreement

     74   

Effects of the Merger; Directors and Executive Officers; Certificate of Incorporation; Bylaws

     74   

Closing and Effective Time

     75   

Treatment of Common Stock, Options and Awards

     75   

Exchange and Payment Procedures

     76   

Representations and Warranties

     77   

Conduct of Our Business Pending the Merger

     80   

Restrictions on Solicitation

     82   

Stockholder Action by Written Consent

     85   

Further Action; Efforts

     86   

Indemnification; Directors’ and Officers’ Insurance

     88   

Employment and Employee Benefit Matters

     88   

Conditions to the Merger

     88   

Termination

     90   

Termination Fees

     91   

VOTING AGREEMENT AND WRITTEN CONSENT

     92   

MARKET PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

     94   

APPRAISAL RIGHTS

     95   

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

     98   

HOUSEHOLDING OF MATERIALS

     101   

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

     102   

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

     102   


Table of Contents

SUMMARY

The following summary highlights selected information from this information statement (this “Information Statement”) and may not contain all of the information that is important to you. Accordingly, we encourage you to read this entire Information Statement and its annexes carefully, as well as those additional documents to which we refer you. Items in this summary include a page reference directing you to a more detailed description of that item in this Information Statement. You may obtain the information incorporated by reference into this Information Statement without charge by following the instructions set forth in the section entitled “Where You Can Find More Information” beginning on page 102.

Unless we otherwise indicate or unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this Information Statement to Golfsmith, “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc. and, where appropriate, its subsidiaries; all references to “Golf Town” refer to Golf Town USA Holdings Inc.; all references to “Merger Sub” refer to Major Merger Sub, Inc.; all references to the “Merger Agreement” refer to the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of May 11, 2012, among Golfsmith, Golf Town and Merger Sub, as it may be amended from time to time, a copy of which is attached as Annex A to this Information Statement; all references to the “Merger” refer to the merger of Merger Sub with and into Golfsmith, with Golfsmith as the surviving corporation, as contemplated by the Merger Agreement; all references to the “Per Share Merger Consideration” refer to the consideration of $6.10 per share in cash, without interest and subject to any required withholding taxes, to be delivered to the holders of our Common Stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement; all references to the “Golfsmith Board” refer to Golfsmith’s Board of Directors; all references to the “Transaction Committee” refer to the Transaction Committee of the Golfsmith Board as constituted as of the date of such reference; and all references to “Common Stock” refer to Golfsmith’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share.

Parties to the Merger (Page 18)

Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc.

Golfsmith, a Delaware corporation, has been in business for 45 years and is a specialty retailer of golf equipment and related apparel and accessories. Golfsmith operates as an integrated multi-channel retailer, offering its customers the convenience of shopping in 88 retail locations across the United States, through its internet site and from its assortment of catalogs. Golfsmith offers an extensive product selection that features premier branded merchandise, as well as its proprietary products, clubmaking components and pre-owned clubs.

Our mailing address is 11000 North IH-35, Austin, Texas 78753, and our telephone number is (512) 837-8810.

Golf Town USA Holdings Inc.

Golf Town and its affiliates are a 13-year-old specialty golf equipment, apparel and accessories retailer. Golf Town and its affiliates are Canada’s largest golf retailer and have 54 stores throughout the country. Golf Town and its affiliates expanded into the US market in 2011 and 2012 by opening 7 stores in the Greater Boston area. Golf Town and its affiliates offer a superior selection of brand names as well as proprietary brands. Golf Town and its affiliates were acquired by OMERS Private Equity Inc. (“OMERS”) in September 2007.

 

1


Table of Contents

Golf Town’s mailing address is 90 Allstate Parkway, Suite 800, Markham, Ontario, Canada, and its telephone number is (416) 864-3227.

Major Merger Sub, Inc.

Merger Sub is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Golf Town formed solely for the purpose of completing the Merger. Merger Sub has not carried on any activities to date, except for activities incidental to its incorporation and activities undertaken in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement.

Merger Sub’s mailing address is c/o Golf Town, 90 Allstate Parkway, Suite 800, Markham, Ontario, Canada, and its telephone number is (416) 864-3227.

The Merger (Page 18)

On May 11, 2012, Golfsmith entered into the Merger Agreement with Golf Town and Merger Sub. Upon the terms and subject to the conditions of the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger (the “Effective Time”), Merger Sub will merge with and into Golfsmith, with Golfsmith continuing as the surviving corporation of the Merger (the “Surviving Corporation”) and as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Golf Town. We expect to complete the Merger in the third quarter of 2012; however, because the Merger is subject to conditions which are beyond our control, the precise timing for completion of the Merger cannot be predicted with certainty. After the Merger is completed, each Golfsmith stockholder (other than as set forth below under the heading “Merger Consideration”) will have the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration for each share held by such stockholder, but will no longer have any rights as a Golfsmith stockholder or any ongoing interest in the continuing operations of Golfsmith. We urge you to read the entire Merger Agreement, which is attached to this Information Statement as Annex A.

Merger Consideration

At the Effective Time, each share of Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, other than shares owned by Golf Town or any of its direct or indirect subsidiaries, shares owned by Golfsmith or any of its direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and shares owned by any stockholder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights under Section 262 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (“DGCL”), will be converted into the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 in cash, without interest, less any applicable withholding taxes.

Treatment of Company Options and Awards

At the Effective Time:

 

   

each outstanding option to purchase shares granted under Golfsmith’s 2006 Incentive Compensation Plan and Golfsmith’s 2002 Incentive Plan (collectively, the “Stock Plan”), whether vested or unvested (each, a “Company Option”), will be cancelled and will only entitle the holder thereof to receive an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the total number of shares subject to such Company Option multiplied by (y) the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over the exercise price per share under such Company Option, less applicable taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment; and

 

2


Table of Contents
   

each (i) outstanding deferred stock unit issued pursuant to a Deferred Stock Unit Award Agreement, (ii) performance share award issued pursuant to a Performance Share Award Agreement (a “Performance Share Award Agreement”) and (iii) outstanding restricted stock unit award issued pursuant to a Restricted Stock Award Agreement, in each case under the Stock Plan (each, a “Company Award” and collectively, the “Company Awards”), will be cancelled and will only entitle the holder thereof to receive an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the number of shares subject to such Company Award immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by (y) the Per Share Merger Consideration (or, if such Company Award contemplates the payment of a specified exercise price, the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over such exercise price), less applicable taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment.

The Transaction Committee (Page 18)

The Transaction Committee was formed in June 2011 by the Golfsmith Board (i) to manage and supervise the process of soliciting and considering potential business combinations or similar transactions involving a sale of all or a substantial portion of the assets or equity securities of Golfsmith (a “Sale Transaction”) on a day-to-day basis, with the advice and assistance of Golfsmith’s counsel, (ii) to review and evaluate any proposals for Sale Transactions and, if the Transaction Committee deems advisable, to negotiate the terms and conditions of the best available Sale Transaction and (iii) to make recommendations to the Golfsmith Board with respect to any potential Sale Transaction arising from the conduct of the process described above. From the earliest stages of the process, the Transaction Committee included two members not affiliated with AEP or management (such two members, the “Unaffiliated Members”) and the vote of both such Unaffiliated Members was required for the Transaction Committee to recommend a Sale Transaction to the Golfsmith Board. For further discussion of the Transaction Committee, see the section entitled “The Merger—The Transaction Committee” beginning on page 18.

Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board (Page 41)

After consideration of various factors described in the section entitled “The Merger—Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board,” beginning on page 41, both the Transaction Committee (comprised at that time entirely of the Unaffiliated Members) and the Golfsmith Board unanimously determined that the Merger Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement are advisable and in the best interest of Golfsmith’s stockholders. The Transaction Committee unanimously adopted resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement and (ii) recommending the Golfsmith Board approve the Merger and the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement. The Golfsmith Board, having considered the recommendation of the Transaction Committee and having reviewed and evaluated the merits of the Merger, unanimously adopted resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, (ii) resolving that the adoption of the Merger Agreement be submitted to Golfsmith’s stockholders for a vote and (iii) resolving to recommend to Golfsmith’s stockholders that they adopt the Merger Agreement.

 

3


Table of Contents

For a discussion of the material factors considered by the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board in reaching its conclusions, see the section entitled “The Merger—Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board” beginning on page 41.

Stockholder Action by Written Consent (Page 85)

The adoption of the Merger Agreement required the affirmative vote or written consent of the holders of a majority of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock. On May 11, 2012, Atlantic Equity Partners III, L.P. (“AEP”), Martin Hanaka, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of Golfsmith, and Sue Gove, President, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer of Golfsmith (collectively, the “Supporting Stockholders”), together owning approximately 51.1% of the 15,927,536 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding on such date, each delivered a written consent, among other things, adopting the Merger Agreement and authorizing the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger (such written consents collectively, the “Written Consent”). As a result, no further action by any other Golfsmith stockholder is required to adopt the Merger Agreement or to authorize the transactions contemplated thereby. Additionally, on May 23, 2012, each of Carl Paul, Franklin Paul and trusts of, and certain members of, their family (collectively, the “Paul Stockholders”, and, collectively with the Supporting Stockholders, the “Consenting Stockholders”) executed and delivered a written consent, among other things, adopting the Merger Agreement and authorizing the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger. The Consenting Stockholders together own approximately 60.8% of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock as of [                    ], 2012. Golfsmith has not solicited and will not be soliciting your adoption of the Merger Agreement and does not intend to convene a stockholders meeting for the purpose of voting on the adoption of the Merger Agreement.

Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC (Page 50)

On May 11, 2012, Lazard Middle Market LLC (“LMM”) delivered its oral opinion (subsequently confirmed in writing, dated May 11, 2012) to the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board that, subject to and based upon the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth therein, as of May 11, 2012, the Per Share Merger Consideration to be paid to the holders of the shares of Common Stock in the Merger (other than shares of Common Stock held by (i) Golf Town or any of its subsidiaries, (ii) Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries and, (iii) holders who are entitled to and properly demand an appraisal of their shares of Common Stock ((i) through (iii) collectively, the “Excluded Shares”) is fair, from a financial point of view, to holders of Common Stock (other than holders of the Excluded Shares and the Supporting Stockholders (holders of Excluded Shares and the Supporting Stockholders are collectively referred to as the “Excluded Holders”)).

The full text of the written opinion of LMM, dated May 11, 2012, which sets forth assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and limitations on the review undertaken in connection with the opinion, is attached as Annex B. LMM provided its opinion for the information and assistance of the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board in connection with its consideration of the Merger. LMM’s opinion was not intended to, and does not, constitute a recommendation to any stockholder as to how such stockholder should vote or act with respect to the Merger or any matter relating thereto. For a further discussion of LMM’s opinion, see “The Merger—Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC” beginning on page 50.

 

4


Table of Contents

Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger (Page 62)

You should be aware that certain of our directors and officers may have interests in the Merger that may be different from, or in addition to, your interests as a holder of Common Stock. The Golfsmith Board and the Transaction Committee were aware of and considered these interests, among other matters, in evaluating and negotiating the Merger Agreement and the Merger, and in recommending that the Merger Agreement be adopted by the stockholders of Golfsmith. These interests include:

 

   

the vesting and cash-out of all Company Options and Company Awards held by our officers and directors resulting in aggregate payments of $5,987,849;

 

   

potential payments pursuant to current employment agreements with Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove and Mr. Larkin of up to $9,773,381, in the aggregate, payable to Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove and Mr. Larkin if they are terminated by Golfsmith after consummation of the Merger without cause or by the executive, in the case of Mr. Hanaka, or by the executive for good reason in the case of Ms. Gove);

 

   

non-binding offer letters between OMERS and Messrs. Hanaka, Larkin and Getson and Ms. Gove:

 

   

providing that such officers shall remain employed by the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business after the closing of the Merger;

 

   

setting forth the salary, bonus, equity incentives (as applicable) and other terms of employment; and

 

   

establishing terms by which certain officers will invest in, and participate in the potential increase in value of, the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business following the Merger; and

 

   

continued indemnification, exculpation and officers’ and directors’ liability insurance coverage for our directors and executive officers following the Effective Time with respect to acts or omissions occurring at or prior to the Effective Time.

For a more detailed description of such interests, see “The Merger—Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger” beginning on page 62.

Financing (Page 70)

The merger is not conditioned on Golf Town obtaining financing. Omers Administration Corporation (“OAC”) has provided an equity commitment letter in the amount of $117,370,000 (the “Equity Commitment Letter”) to fund all of the Merger Consideration, make payments with respect to Company Options and Company Awards and pay all transaction expenses of Golf Town and Golfsmith not previously paid prior to the Effective Time. The Equity Commitment Letter is conditioned only on the

 

5


Table of Contents

closing of the Merger. Golfsmith has obtained an amendment and waiver from General Electric Capital Corporation with respect to the existing credit facility by and among Golfsmith International, L.P., Golfsmith NU, L.L.C. and Golfsmith USA, L.L.C., as borrowers, Golfsmith and its subsidiaries identified as credit parties and General Electric Capital Corporation, as administrative agent and lender (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) that consents to the Merger and waives any default that would otherwise result from the consummation of the Merger (the “Waiver”). The Waiver is not subject to any conditions and became effective immediately upon execution of the Merger Agreement. OAC has provided to Golfsmith a limited guarantee (the “Limited Guarantee”) guaranteeing payment of any termination fees payable by Golf Town, should such fees become payable under the Merger Agreement.

Merger Agreement (Page 74)

Restrictions on Solicitation (Page 82)

Golfsmith has agreed not to, and not to permit or authorize its directors, officers, employees or representatives to, solicit, initiate or take any action to knowingly facilitate or knowingly encourage the submission of any acquisition proposal, participate in any discussions or negotiations or furnish information with respect to any acquisition proposal or otherwise knowingly cooperate with any acquisition proposal, effect a change of recommendation, enter into an agreement with respect to an alternative transaction or amend or terminate confidentiality or standstill provisions with third parties. Golfsmith may however:

 

   

amend or terminate confidentiality or standstill provisions if the failure to do so could reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with the Golfsmith Board’s fiduciary duties;

 

   

engage in discussions and provide information in response to an unsolicited acquisition proposal that constitutes or could reasonably be expected to lead to a superior proposal;

 

   

change its recommendation if it receives a superior proposal or becomes aware of any material fact or circumstance unrelated to an acquisition proposal and, in either case, the Golfsmith Board determines that failure to change its recommendation would reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with its fiduciary duties, subject to the payment of a termination fee of $3,800,000 and provided Golfsmith provides Golf Town with notice and the opportunity to submit an offer at least as favorable to Golfsmith’s stockholders as such superior proposal; and

 

   

terminate the Merger Agreement to enter into a transaction with respect to a superior proposal after following the procedures set forth in the Merger Agreement as described in more detail in “The Merger Agreement—Termination” beginning on page 90 and payment of a termination fee of $3,800,000.

Conditions to the Merger (Page 88)

Each of Golfsmith’s, Golf Town’s and Merger Sub’s obligations to complete the Merger is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the following conditions, among other things:

 

   

the distribution of this Information Statement to our stockholders and the passage of at least 20 calendar days following such distribution;

 

6


Table of Contents
   

the expiration or termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended (the “HSR Act”) and any required approvals thereunder having been obtained; and

 

   

no laws or injunctions restraining or otherwise prohibiting consummation of the Merger are in effect.

In addition, Golf Town’s and Merger Sub’s obligations to complete the Merger are subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the following additional conditions:

 

   

the representations and warranties of Golfsmith being true and correct in the manner described in the section entitled “The Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Merger” beginning on page 88; and

 

   

Golfsmith having performed, in all material respects, all of its obligations under the Merger Agreement.

In addition, Golfsmith’s obligation to complete the Merger is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the following additional conditions:

 

   

the representations and warranties of Golf Town and Merger Sub being true and correct in the manner described in the section entitled “The Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Merger” beginning on page 88; and

 

   

Golf Town and Merger Sub having performed, in all material respects, all of their obligations under the Merger Agreement.

The obligations of Golfsmith, Golf Town and Merger Sub are not subject to the approval of Golfsmith’s stockholders because such stockholder approval has already been obtained from the Supporting Stockholders.

Termination; Termination Fees (Page 90)

The Merger Agreement may be terminated by Golfsmith or Golf Town and the Merger may be abandoned at any time prior to the Effective Time under the circumstances described in the section entitled “The Merger Agreement—Termination” beginning on page 90. Such termination may be subject to the payment of termination fees, which are summarized below.

Golfsmith must pay Golf Town a fee of $3,800,000 (the “Company Termination Fee”) under the following circumstances:

 

   

Golf Town terminates the Merger Agreement because the Golfsmith Board has made a change of recommendation;

 

   

Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement because the Golfsmith Board, subject to complying with certain obligations (including its obligations described under “The Merger Agreement—Restrictions on Solicitation” beginning on page 82), authorizes Golfsmith to enter into a written agreement to effectuate a superior proposal; or

 

7


Table of Contents
   

Golf Town terminates the Merger Agreement because an intentional breach of the Merger Agreement by Golfsmith causes the failure of the conditions to Golf Town’s or Merger Sub’s obligations under the Merger Agreement, such breach is not curable or cured prior to the earlier of (i) 20 days after written notice is given by Golf Town to Golfsmith or (ii) November 12, 2012 (the “Outside Date”), and prior to the earlier of the date of such termination or the Effective Time, an acquisition proposal is publicly announced or communicated to Golfsmith’s stockholders and within one year following such termination, Golfsmith enters into a definitive agreement with respect to or completes the acquisition proposal.

Golf Town must pay Golfsmith a fee of $8,200,000 (the “Purchaser Breach Termination Fee”) under the following circumstances:

 

   

The Merger Agreement is terminated by Golfsmith because either Golf Town or Merger Sub causes the failure of the conditions to Golfsmith’s obligations under the Merger Agreement and such breach is not curable or cured prior to the earlier of (i) 20 days after written notice is given by Golfsmith to Golf Town or (ii) the Outside Date; or

 

   

Golfsmith is ready, willing and able to consummate the Merger and all applicable conditions under the Merger Agreement have been satisfied or waived, but Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement because (i) Golf Town and Merger Sub fail to consummate the Merger despite the fact that the Waiver is in full force and effect or alternative financing is available, or (ii) the Waiver is not in full force and effect, and alternative financing is unavailable, due to a breach by Golf Town or Merger Sub.

Golf Town must pay Golfsmith a fee of $6,500,000 (the “Purchaser Financing Termination Fee”) under the following circumstances:

 

   

Golfsmith is ready, willing and able to consummate the Merger and all applicable conditions under the Merger Agreement have been satisfied or waived, but Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement because Golf Town and Merger Sub fail to consummate the Merger and the Waiver is not in full force and effect.

Regulatory Filings Required in Connection with the Merger (Page 70)

Completion of the Merger is conditioned on the expiration or termination of the applicable waiting period relating to the Merger under the HSR Act and any required approvals thereunder having been obtained.

Golfsmith and Golf Town each filed its required HSR notification and report form with respect to the Merger on May 18, 2012. Early termination of the waiting period under the HSR Act was granted on May 29, 2012.

 

8


Table of Contents

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger (Page 71)

The exchange of shares of our Common Stock for cash pursuant to the Merger or due to the exercise of appraisal rights will be treated as a taxable sale for U.S. federal income tax purposes (and also may be taxed under applicable state, local and foreign tax laws), so that stockholders who are U.S. Holders (as defined in the section entitled “The Merger—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger” beginning on page 71) will generally recognize capital gain or loss in an amount equal to the difference, if any, between the cash payments made pursuant to the Merger or due to the exercise of appraisal rights and their adjusted tax basis in their shares of Common Stock. Any such gain will be long-term capital gain subject to tax at capital gain rates if you have held the Common Stock for more than one year or as short term capital gain subject to tax at ordinary income rates if you have held the Common Stock for one year or less.

You should read “The Merger—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger” beginning on page 71 for a more detailed discussion of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Merger. We urge you to consult your own tax advisor to determine the particular U.S. federal, state, local and foreign tax consequences to you of the receipt of the aggregate merger consideration in exchange for shares of our Common Stock pursuant to the Merger or pursuant to exercising appraisal rights in connection with the Merger.

Appraisal Rights of Existing Stockholders (Page 95)

Under the DGCL, stockholders who do not wish to accept the Per Share Merger Consideration are entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Merger, provided that such stockholders demand in writing appraisal by June [    ], 2012, which is the date that is 20 days following the date of mailing of this Information Statement, and meet all of the other conditions set forth in Section 262 of the DGCL. This means that you are entitled to elect not to accept the Per Share Merger Consideration and instead seek the fair value of your shares of Common Stock, exclusive of any elements of value arising from the accomplishment or expectation of the Merger, as determined by the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (the “Delaware Court”) and to receive payment for your shares based on that valuation. The ultimate amount that you receive in an appraisal proceeding may be less than, equal to or more than the amount that you would have received under the Merger Agreement.

To exercise your appraisal rights, you must demand in writing appraisal by June [    ], 2012, which is the date that is 20 days following the date of mailing of this Information Statement. Your failure to follow exactly the procedures specified under the DGCL may result in the loss of your appraisal rights. See the section entitled “Appraisal Rights” beginning on page 95 and the text of the Delaware appraisal rights statute, which is reproduced in its entirety as Annex C to this Information Statement and incorporated by reference herein. If you hold your shares of Common Stock through a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee and you wish to exercise your appraisal rights, you should consult with your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee to determine the appropriate procedures for the making of a demand for appraisal by the nominee. In view of the complexity of the DGCL, stockholders who may wish to pursue appraisal rights should consult their legal and financial advisors promptly.

Market Price of Our Common Stock (Page 94)

The closing price of our Common Stock on the NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”), on May 11, 2012, the last trading day prior to public announcement of the execution of the Merger Agreement, was

 

9


Table of Contents

$4.71 per share. On [                    ], 2012, the most recent practicable date before this Information Statement was mailed to our stockholders, the closing price of our Common Stock on NASDAQ was $[    ] per share. You are encouraged to obtain current market quotations for our Common Stock.

Litigation Related to the Merger (Page 73)

A putative stockholder class action lawsuit challenging the Merger has been filed in the District Court of Travis County, Texas. Among other things, the lawsuit alleges that the Golfsmith Board breached its fiduciary duties to Golfsmith’s stockholders. This lawsuit is described in more detail under “The Merger—Litigation Related to the Merger” beginning on page 73.

Delisting and Deregistration of Our Common Stock

If the Merger is completed, Golfsmith’s Common Stock will be delisted from NASDAQ and deregistered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). As such, we would no longer file periodic reports with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on account of our Common Stock or otherwise.

 

10


Table of Contents

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE MERGER

The following questions and answers are intended to address briefly some commonly asked questions regarding the Merger Agreement and the Merger. These questions and answers may not address all questions that may be important to you as a Golfsmith stockholder. Please refer to the “Summary” beginning on page 1 and the more detailed information contained elsewhere in this Information Statement, the annexes to this Information Statement and the documents referred to or incorporated by reference in this Information Statement, each of which you should read carefully. You may obtain the information incorporated by reference in this Information Statement without charge by following the instructions set forth in the section entitled “Where You Can Find More Information” beginning on page 102.

Q: What is the proposed transaction?

A: The proposed transaction is the acquisition of Golfsmith by Golf Town pursuant to the Merger Agreement. Upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions under the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub will merge with and into Golfsmith, with Golfsmith being the surviving corporation of the Merger and becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Golf Town.

Q: What will I be entitled to receive if the Merger is completed?

A: Upon completion of the Merger, you will be entitled to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 in cash, without interest, less any applicable withholding taxes, for each share of Common Stock that you own, unless you have properly exercised and not withdrawn your appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL, in which case you will be entitled to receive the fair value of your shares as determined by the Delaware Court. For example, if you own 100 shares of Common Stock, you will be entitled to receive $610.00 in cash in exchange for your shares of Common Stock, without interest, less any applicable withholding taxes. Upon completion of the Merger, you will not own any shares of the capital stock in the Surviving Corporation.

Q: When do you expect the Merger to be completed?

A: We are working to complete the Merger as soon as practicable and expect it to close in the third quarter of 2012, assuming that all of the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement have been satisfied or waived. However, because the Merger is subject to conditions which are beyond the control of Golf Town and Golfsmith, the precise timing for completion of the Merger cannot be predicted with certainty. See the section entitled “The Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Merger” beginning on page 88.

Q: When can I expect to receive the cash Merger Consideration for my shares?

A: After the Merger is completed, you will be sent a letter of transmittal with detailed written instructions for exchanging each of your shares of Common Stock for the Per Share Merger Consideration. When you properly complete and return the required documentation described in the written instructions, you will receive from the paying agent a payment of the aggregate merger consideration for your shares. If your shares are held in “street name” by a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee, you will receive instructions from your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee as to how to effect the surrender of your “street name” shares in exchange for the aggregate merger consideration for such shares.

 

11


Table of Contents

Q: Will the Merger be a taxable transaction to me?

A: Yes. The exchange of shares of Common Stock for cash pursuant to the Merger or as a result of exercising appraisal rights in connection with the Merger generally will be a taxable transaction to U.S. Holders (as defined in the section entitled “The Merger—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger” beginning on page 71) for U.S. federal income tax purposes (and may also be taxable under applicable state, local and foreign tax laws). If you are a U.S. Holder and you exchange your shares of Common Stock in the Merger or as a result of exercising appraisal rights in connection with the Merger, you will generally recognize gain or loss in an amount equal to the difference, if any, between the cash payments made pursuant to the Merger or pursuant to the exercise of appraisal rights and your adjusted tax basis in your shares of Common Stock. Backup withholding may also apply to such cash payments made unless the U.S. Holder or other payee complies with the backup withholding rules. You should read the section entitled “The Merger—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger” beginning on page 71 for a more detailed discussion of certain material U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Merger. You should also consult your tax advisor for a complete analysis of the effect of the Merger on your U.S. federal, state, local and/or foreign taxes.

Q: Did the Golfsmith Board approve and recommend the Merger Agreement?

A: Yes. The Golfsmith Board, at a meeting duly called and held, upon the recommendation of its Transaction Committee, unanimously adopted resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth therein, (ii) resolving that the adoption of the Merger Agreement be submitted to the stockholders of Golfsmith for a vote and (iii) resolving to recommend to the stockholders of Golfsmith that they adopt the Merger Agreement.

Q: Has stockholder approval and adoption of the Merger Agreement been obtained?

A: Yes. Each of the Supporting Stockholders executed and delivered the Written Consent adopting the Merger Agreement and approving the transactions contemplated thereby, including the Merger. No further action by any Golfsmith stockholder is required to adopt the Merger Agreement. Additionally, on May 23, 2012, the Paul Stockholders executed and delivered a written consent, among other things, adopting the Merger Agreement and authorizing the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger. The Consenting Stockholders together owned approximately 60.8% of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock as of May 23, 2012. For more information, see “Voting Agreement and Written Consent” beginning on page 92.

Q: Do any of Golfsmith’s directors or officers have interests in the Merger that may differ from those of Golfsmith’s stockholders?

A: Yes. You should be aware that Golfsmith’s directors and officers may have interests in the Merger that are different from, or in addition to, the interests of Golfsmith’s stockholders generally. The Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board were aware of, and considered, these differing interests, to the extent such interests existed at the time, in evaluating and negotiating the Merger Agreement and the Merger, and in unanimously recommending that the Merger Agreement be adopted by the stockholders of Golfsmith. See “The Merger—Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger” beginning on page 62 for a more detailed discussion of these interests.

 

12


Table of Contents

Q: What happens if the Merger is not completed?

A: If the Merger is not completed for any reason, stockholders will not receive any payment for their shares in connection with the Merger. Instead, Golfsmith will remain a publicly-traded company and the Common Stock will continue to be listed and traded on NASDAQ. Under specified circumstances, in connection with the termination of the Merger Agreement, Golfsmith or Golf Town (or their designees) may be required to pay a termination fee, as described under “The Merger Agreement—Termination Fees” beginning on page 91.

Q: Why am I not being asked to vote on the Merger?

A: Consummation of the Merger required the adoption of the Merger Agreement by the holders of a majority of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock. The requisite stockholder approval has been obtained because the Supporting Stockholders have executed and delivered the Written Consent adopting and approving in all respects the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, including the Merger. As a result, no further approval of the stockholders of Golfsmith is required to approve and adopt the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, including the Merger.

Q: Why am I receiving this Information Statement?

A: You may be receiving this Information Statement because you owned shares of Common Stock on the close of business on May 11, 2012. As a result of entering into the Merger Agreement, applicable laws and securities regulations require us to provide you with notice that the Written Consent has been delivered by the Supporting Stockholders, as well as other information regarding the Merger, even though your vote or consent will neither be required nor requested to authorize and adopt the Merger Agreement or complete the Merger. You may also be receiving this Information Statement because you owned shares of Common Stock on the close of business on the date preceding the date this Information Statement is being sent to notify stockholders of their appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL, which date is the record date for determining which of our stockholders are entitled to such notification. This Information Statement constitutes notice to you of the availability of such appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL, a copy of which is attached to this Information Statement as Annex C.

Q: What happens if I sell my shares before the completion of the Merger?

A: If you transfer your shares before the Effective Time, you will have transferred the right to receive the merger consideration for your shares pursuant to the Merger. In order to receive such merger consideration, you must hold your shares through completion of the Merger.

Q: Should I send in my stock certificates now?

A: No. Promptly after the Merger is completed, you will be sent a letter of transmittal with related instructions describing how you may exchange each of your shares of Common Stock for the Per Share Merger Consideration. If your shares of Common Stock are held in “street name” by your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee, you will receive instructions from your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee as to how to effect the surrender of each of your “street name” shares of Common Stock in exchange for the Per Share Merger Consideration. Please do NOT return your stock certificate(s) to Golfsmith.

 

13


Table of Contents

Q: Am I entitled to exercise appraisal rights under the DGCL instead of receiving the Merger Consideration for my shares of Common Stock?

A: Yes, provided that you comply with all applicable requirements and procedures. As a holder of Common Stock, you are entitled to appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL in connection with the Merger if you take certain actions and meet certain conditions. See the section entitled “Appraisal Rights” beginning on page 95.

Q: Who can help answer my other questions?

A: If you have more questions about the Merger or need additional copies of this Information Statement, please contact Golfsmith’s General Counsel at (512) 821-4140.

 

14


Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

This Information Statement, and the documents to which we refer you in this Information Statement, contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Exchange Act of 1934, including with respect to the expected completion of the transaction and expected growth of the combined business, benefits and synergies of the proposed transaction, future opportunities for the combined business, and any other statements about future expectations, beliefs, goals, plans or prospects. These forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions, and expectations of future events, taking into account the information currently available to us. These statements may include, among others, expectations for completing the transaction, statements regarding our expected business outlook, anticipated financial and operating results, our business strategy and means to implement the strategy, our objectives, the amount and timing of future store openings, store remodels and capital expenditures, the likelihood of our success in expanding our business, financing plans, working capital needs and sources of liquidity. The words “may,” “should,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “estimate,” “potential,” “target,” “project,” “intend,” and similar statements are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance, or financial condition to differ materially from the expectations of future results, performance, or financial condition we express or imply in any forward-looking statements. We note these factors pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance. Given the risks and uncertainties surrounding forward-looking statements, you should not place undue reliance on these statements. Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this filing. Other than as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results referred to in the forward-looking statements contained in this Information Statement. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results referred to in the forward-looking statements we make in this Information Statement include, but are not limited to, the risks detailed in our filings with the SEC, including our most recent filings on Forms 10-Q and 10-K, factors and matters contained or incorporated by reference in this Information Statement, and the following factors:

 

   

the state of the economy;

 

   

the level of discretionary consumer spending;

 

   

changes in consumer preferences and demographic trends;

 

   

the number of golf participants and spectators, and general demand for golf;

 

   

our ability to successfully execute our multi-channel strategy;

 

   

expansion into new markets;

 

   

the intense competition in the sporting goods industry and actions by our competitors;

 

   

the cost of our products;

 

15


Table of Contents
   

adverse or unseasonal weather conditions;

 

   

inadequate protection of our intellectual property;

 

   

our ability to protect our proprietary brands and reputation;

 

   

credit and equity markets, availability of credit and other financing, and financial markets in general;

 

   

the timing, amount and composition of future capital expenditures;

 

   

the timing and number of new store openings and our expectations as to the costs associated with new store openings;

 

   

assumptions regarding demand for our products and the introduction of new product offerings;

 

   

the timing and completion of the remodeling of our existing stores;

 

   

the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the termination of the Merger Agreement, including a termination under circumstances that could require us to pay the Company Termination Fee of $3,800,000;

 

   

the failure to obtain, delays in obtaining or adverse conditions contained in any required regulatory or other approvals in connection with the Merger;

 

   

the failure to close or delay in consummating the Merger for any other reason;

 

   

risks that the proposed Merger disrupts current plans and operations and the potential difficulties in employee retention as a result of the Merger;

 

   

the outcome of any legal proceedings that have been or may be instituted against Golfsmith and/or others relating to the Merger Agreement;

 

   

the diversion of our management’s attention from our ongoing business concerns;

 

   

the effect of the announcement, pendency or anticipated consummation of the Merger on our business relationships, operating results and business generally;

 

   

the amount of the costs, fees, expenses and charges related to the Merger; and

 

   

other factors that we may not have currently identified or quantified.

Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements we make in this Information Statement are qualified by the information contained or incorporated by reference herein, including, but not limited to, (a) the information contained under this heading and (b) the information contained under the heading “Business” and in our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our most recent filings on Form 10-Q and Form 10-K filed with the SEC that are incorporated by reference herein (see the

 

16


Table of Contents

sections entitled “Where You Can Find More Information” beginning on page 102 and “Incorporation by Reference” beginning on page 102). We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revision to any forward-looking statement contained or incorporated herein to reflect any future events or occurrences.

You should carefully consider the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that may be issued by us or persons acting on our behalf.

 

17


Table of Contents

THE MERGER

This discussion of the Merger is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Merger Agreement, which is attached to this Information Statement as Annex A. You should read the entire Merger Agreement carefully as it is the legal document that governs the Merger.

Parties to the Merger

Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc.

Golfsmith, a Delaware corporation, has been in business for 45 years and is a specialty retailer of golf equipment and related apparel and accessories. Golfsmith operates as an integrated multi-channel retailer, offering its customers the convenience of shopping in 88 retail locations across the United States, through its internet site and from its assortment of catalogs. Golfsmith offers an extensive product selection that features premier branded merchandise, as well as its proprietary products, clubmaking components and pre-owned clubs. For more information about Golfsmith, see “Where You Can Find More Information” beginning on page 102.

Golf Town USA Holdings Inc.

Golf Town and its affiliates are a 13-year-old specialty golf equipment, apparel and accessories retailer. Golf Town and its affiliates are Canada’s largest golf retailer and have 54 stores throughout the country. Golf Town and its affiliates expanded into the US market in 2011 and 2012 by opening 7 stores in the Greater Boston area. Golf Town and its affiliates offer a superior selection of brand names as well as proprietary brands. Golf Town and its affiliates were acquired by OMERS Private Equity Inc. (“OMERS”) in September 2007.

The Merger

Merger Sub was formed by Golf Town solely for the purpose of completing the Merger. Merger Sub is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Golf Town and has not carried on any activities to date, except for activities incidental to its incorporation and activities undertaken in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement.

The Transaction Committee

The Golfsmith Board determined to form the Transaction Committee in June 2011 after discussing, together with White & Case LLP, the Golfsmith Board’s outside legal counsel (“White & Case”), the potential benefits of forming a transaction committee to manage the Golfsmith Board’s consideration of strategic alternatives and the solicitation of offers to acquire Golfsmith. The benefits considered by the Golfsmith Board included: the efficiency of having an active and experienced committee of directors facilitating decision making in a potentially fast-paced deal environment without the potentially cumbersome need for frequent meetings of the full Golfsmith Board; ensuring that directors with valuable transactional and financial experience were available on a day-to-day basis to our management and advisors; ensuring that directors who were independent of management comprised a majority of such a committee in light of the potential that management could be retained by a potential buyer who would

 

18


Table of Contents

request or require them to invest in the business (although there was no expectation at the time of formation of the Transaction Committee that management would participate in any transaction as investors); ensuring that directors who were independent of AEP comprised a majority of such a committee in light of the potential need for AEP to generate a liquidity event for its Golfsmith investment and the potential that AEP could be requested or required to invest in the business by a potential buyer (although Mr. Buaron, who is an affiliate of AEP, had informed the Golfsmith Board that he did not expect AEP would participate as an investor in any transaction); ensuring that the views of AEP (whose approval would be needed in light of AEP’s significant shareholdings) with respect to any proposed transaction would be taken into account during negotiations; and the ability to obtain independent advice from legal, financial and other advisors that could be retained directly by such a committee. Initially, the Transaction Committee consisted of Mr. Martin Hanaka (Chairman and Chief Executive Officer), Mr. Roberto Buaron and Mr. Robert Allen. Messrs. Hanaka and Allen are not affiliates of AEP and Messrs. Buaron and Allen are not members of Golfsmith’s management. In July 2011, the Transaction Committee was expanded to include Ms. Glenda Flanagan because the Golfsmith Board considered Ms. Flanagan’s financial and public company experience to be a valuable resource for the Transaction Committee. Ms. Flanagan is not affiliated with either Golfsmith’s management or AEP. Coincident with Ms. Flanagan’s appointment, the Golfsmith Board resolved that the Golfsmith Board could not approve a Sale Transaction unless first recommended by the Transaction Committee and the Transaction Committee could not approve or recommend a Sale Transaction except by action of a majority of its members, including both Mr. Allen and Ms. Flanagan. Therefore, from the earliest stages of the process, the Transaction Committee included two Unaffiliated Members and the vote of both such Unaffiliated Members was required for the Transaction Committee to recommend a Sale Transaction to the Golfsmith Board. The Unaffiliated Members had the opportunity to, and did, meet separately with the financial and legal advisors during the course of negotiations with Golf Town.

The purpose of the Transaction Committee was (i) to manage and supervise the process of soliciting and considering a potential business combination or Sale Transaction on a day-to-day basis, with the advice and assistance of Golfsmith’s counsel, (ii) to review and evaluate any proposals for Sale Transactions and, if the Transaction Committee deems advisable, to negotiate the terms and conditions of the best available Sale Transaction and (iii) to make recommendations to the Golfsmith Board with respect to any potential Sale Transaction arising from the conduct of the process described above.

The Transaction Committee was granted all the resources and authority appropriate to discharge its duties and responsibilities, including the authority to select, retain and terminate outside legal, financial, accounting or other experts and advisors without seeking the approval of the Golfsmith Board or management, and was granted the full authority of the Golfsmith Board while acting within the scope of its purposes. Accordingly, the Transaction Committee engaged LMM and its parent, Lazard Frères & Co. LLC (“LFC” and, together with LMM, “Lazard”), in July 2011 to serve as its financial advisor.

The size of the Transaction Committee was decreased by the Golfsmith Board from four members to three members on January 17, 2012, following Mr. Hanaka’s resignation from the Transaction Committee on December 4, 2011, after Golf Town requested, and Mr. Hanaka agreed, that he would be part of Golfsmith’s management post-closing of the Merger. Following his resignation on December 2011, Mr. Hanaka did not participate in the negotiations between the Transaction Committee and Golf Town, although he continued to attend Transaction Committee meetings at the invitation of the Transaction Committee to provide the Transaction Committee with important information concerning Golfsmith’s business and operations.

 

19


Table of Contents

As described in more detail under “Background of the Merger” beginning on page 20, in January 2012, Golf Town and Golfsmith had reached an impasse in negotiations regarding the amount of the Per Share Merger Consideration. In an effort to resolve the price difference, in late January, Golf Town first proposed to Mr. Buaron a possible transaction structure that would require AEP to forego cash consideration on a portion of its shareholdings in Golfsmith in order to roll over a portion of its investment in Golfsmith and make an investment in the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business, thereby reducing the number of shares on which the Per Share Merger Consideration would be paid. Such reduction in the AEP shares participating in the Merger Consideration might have enabled Golf Town to offer an increase in the cash merger consideration that Golf Town was prepared to pay at such time. After several discussions between Golf Town and Golfsmith regarding such structure, Mr. Buaron indicated to the Transaction Committee at its meeting on February 4, 2012 that AEP would be willing to accept such a structure subject to negotiating specific terms. Consequently, Mr. Buaron immediately resigned from the Transaction Committee and thereafter did not participate in the negotiations between the Transaction Committee and Golf Town (although he did engage in discussions with OMERS on behalf of AEP in an attempt to negotiate the proposed alternative structure). Ultimately, the proposed alternative structure could not be agreed between Golfsmith, Golf Town and AEP. Mr. Buaron continued to attend Transaction Committee meetings at the invitation of the Transaction Committee to inform the Transaction Committee about the progress of discussions on the alternative structure and to provide the Transaction Committee with his insights and experience as well as his deep knowledge of Golfsmith and its operations. Neither Mr. Hanaka nor Mr. Buaron participated in the Transaction Committee’s decision to recommend the Merger to the Golfsmith Board. Thus, at the time it made its determination, the Transaction Committee was comprised only of the Unaffiliated Members.

The Merger

If the Merger is consummated, the Merger Agreement provides that at the Effective Time, Merger Sub will merge with and into Golfsmith. Golfsmith will be the surviving corporation of the Merger and will continue as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Golf Town. Golfsmith will cease to be an independent publicly-traded company. You will not own any shares of the capital stock of the Surviving Corporation.

The Per Share Merger Consideration

At or immediately prior to the Effective Time, each share of Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than shares owned by Golf Town or any of its direct or indirect subsidiaries, shares owned by Golfsmith or any of its direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and shares owned by any stockholder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL) will be converted into the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 in cash, without interest, less any applicable withholding taxes.

Background of the Merger

As part of its normal strategic review process as well as in response to inquiries from interested third parties regarding a potential sale of the business, the Golfsmith Board together with Golfsmith’s senior management assesses Golfsmith’s competitive position and direction on an ongoing basis and, from time-to-time, has considered Golfsmith’s financial and strategic alternatives, including a potential sale of Golfsmith.

 

20


Table of Contents

During 2009 and 2010, Golfsmith engaged in various exploratory discussions and meetings with OMERS, Golf Town, and other parties interested in pursuing a potential transaction with Golfsmith, including a major competitor of Golfsmith.

In March 2009, Martin Hanaka, Golfsmith’s Chief Executive Officer, met with the then-Chief Executive Officer of Golf Town, Stephen Bebis, in Naples, Florida for the purpose of discussing a potential licensing arrangement with respect to one of Golfsmith’s proprietary brands. During the meeting, Mr. Bebis raised the possibility of considering a strategic combination transaction between the two companies. No terms were discussed and no commitments were made. The conversation between the parties was conceptual in nature. Subsequent communications between John Young of OMERS and James Grover, a director of Golfsmith and representative of AEP, resulted in a meeting on May 14, 2009 between Mr. Hanaka, Mr. Grover, Mr. Bebis and Mr. Young in Toronto, Ontario, at which meeting the parties had further conceptual discussions about a potential strategic business combination. Golf Town Canada Inc. and Golfsmith executed a mutual confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement on May 26, 2009 to facilitate an exchange of information. After initial information exchanges, the parties did not pursue further meaningful discussions until a telephone call in late December 2009 among Mr. Young and various representatives of Golfsmith during which the parties had further conceptual discussions regarding a potential strategic combination. It was clear from the information exchanges and discussion that OMERS and Golf Town valued Golfsmith at a level that was well below any price that Golfsmith would entertain and well below the Per Share Merger Consideration. Consequently, the parties did not engage in further exploration of a potential transaction in 2009 and most of 2010.

In the fall of 2010, a representative of OMERS contacted Mr. Grover seeking to determine if Golfsmith would be willing to resume discussions about a strategic business combination. This initial outreach resulted in a telephone call on December 7, 2010 during which representatives of Golfsmith, including Mr. Grover and Roberto Buaron, a director of Golfsmith and a representative of AEP, presented certain financial information to Benson Li and Don Morrison of OMERS that they believed would support a valuation of Golfsmith that was higher than that which OMERS had preliminarily discussed during the 2009 conversations. The discussion was exploratory in nature. Subsequently, Mr. Buaron received a request from Mr. Bebis of Golf Town for a meeting with Golfsmith to discuss a potential strategic business combination. Mr. Buaron informed the Golfsmith Board of the request, but the Golfsmith Board determined not to pursue the overture at that time.

In early 2011, Mr. Bebis contacted Mr. Hanaka to again propose that Golf Town and Golfsmith discuss a potential business combination. This initial contact resulted in further exploratory conversations between Mr. Buaron and Mr. Grover, on the one hand, and Mr. Morrison and Mr. Bebis, on the other hand. During these conversations Mr. Morrison indicated that OMERS would have to conduct a more comprehensive investigation of Golfsmith to determine if it could justify an increase in Golf Town’s valuation of Golfsmith. Golf Town sought to arrange further meetings with Golfsmith’s management to facilitate this exploration.

In February 2011, the Golfsmith Board met and discussed the contacts between representatives of Golf Town and Golfsmith and Golf Town’s continuing interest in additional meetings and information. The Golfsmith Board determined that it would be appropriate to pursue further discussions with Golf Town and to facilitate Golf Town’s investigation of Golfsmith to determine if there was a basis for pursuing a strategic transaction at a valuation that Golfsmith could support. Consequently, it was determined that Golfsmith should engage a financial advisor to assist in this effort and Mr. Buaron was asked to oversee that task.

 

21


Table of Contents

On May 20, 2011, the Golfsmith Board met and discussed Golfsmith’s progress with respect to evaluating and hiring a financial advisor to assist Golfsmith in its consideration of a potential sale of Golfsmith. The Golfsmith Board reviewed several potential advisors that had been contacted, and discussed the qualifications and potential interest of other financial advisors, including Lazard. The Golfsmith Board was focused on ensuring that any financial advisor Golfsmith might engage would devote sufficient resources to the assignment, in light of Golfsmith’s market capitalization, in addition to being highly skilled and experienced in advising public company boards with respect to strategic alternatives. Additionally, the Golfsmith Board discussed and considered how to respond to Golf Town’s outstanding request for a meeting with Golfsmith and the best means by which Golfsmith could encourage Golf Town to improve its valuation of Golfsmith. In light of these issues, the Golfsmith Board discussed and considered direct negotiations for a sale transaction with a very small number of potential buyers, a broad solicitation of indications of interest for a sale transaction and a more targeted solicitation process. The Golfsmith Board determined that a broad solicitation process would ensure maximum competition among potential bidders for Golfsmith (including Golf Town) and a comprehensive market check of all parties likely to have an interest in Golfsmith. The Golfsmith Board reviewed with its legal counsel, White & Case, the fiduciary duties and responsibilities of the Golfsmith Board in considering and pursuing a sale transaction, including the potential benefits of establishing a committee of the Golfsmith Board to oversee the consideration of potential transactions involving a sale of Golfsmith.

In light of the fact that the May 26, 2009 mutual confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement was expiring by its terms, on June 8, 2011, Golfsmith entered into a second mutual confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement with Golf Town Canada Inc., which included a customary mutual standstill provision. On that same day and on June 9, 2011, Mr. Hanaka, Sue E. Gove, Golfsmith’s Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer at that time, Mr. Buaron and Mr. Grover met with Mr. Bebis and David Spence of Golf Town and Mr. Morrison, Benson Li and Michael Lank, of OMERS, in Atlanta, Georgia to discuss financial and operational matters related to Golfsmith. Mr. Bebis indicated that Golf Town expected to make a proposal for the acquisition of Golfsmith. The participants discussed additional information about Golfsmith that would be necessary to structure the proposal.

On June 14, 2011, Mr. Hanaka, Mr. Grover, Mr. Buaron, James Long, a director of Golfsmith, and for portions of the meetings, Thomas Hardy, a director of Golfsmith, reviewed presentations from five potential financial advisors, including Lazard.

On June 17, 2011, the Golfsmith Board met and discussed the meetings with Golf Town on June 8 and June 9, 2011. The Golfsmith Board also discussed potential financial advisors. Additionally, the Golfsmith Board further discussed, together with White & Case, the benefit of forming a committee of the Golfsmith Board to oversee the consideration of potential transactions involving a sale of Golfsmith and resolved to form the Transaction Committee. The Golfsmith Board determined that Mr. Hanaka, Mr. Buaron and Robert Allen, a director of Golfsmith, would serve as the initial members of the Transaction Committee. Mr. Hanaka had informed the Golfsmith Board that he did not intend to continue to serve as an officer of Golfsmith following consummation of a sale transaction if one were to be completed and did not otherwise intend to remain as part of the combined business. For a more detailed discussion regarding the factors considered by the Golfsmith Board in its determination to form the Transaction Committee see “The Merger—The Transaction Committee” beginning on page 18.

 

22


Table of Contents

On June 20, 2011, Mr. Grover delivered to OMERS certain non-public financial and operating information about Golfsmith.

On June 25, 2011, the Transaction Committee met and determined to retain Lazard, subject to negotiation of a satisfactory engagement letter, to act as its financial advisor because of its qualifications, experience, reputation and familiarity with Golfsmith and its business. In particular, the Transaction Committee determined that Lazard would devote experienced and skilled resources to any potential transaction regardless of the size of the potential transaction.

On July 1 and July 5, 2011, the Transaction Committee met and reviewed the potential process for pursuing a sale of Golfsmith. In particular, the Transaction Committee discussed with Lazard and White & Case at the July 5, 2011 meeting the breadth of the market solicitation process and determined to seek indications of interest from a broad group of strategic and financial purchasers to maximize competition and to ensure a comprehensive market check. In light of this, the Transaction Committee and its advisors discussed the importance of maximizing confidentiality to mitigate the possibility that the uncertainty caused by a market solicitation process could result in employee departures and have a negative impact on others with commercial relationships with Golfsmith. Following the July 5, 2011 Transaction Committee meeting, Lazard contacted Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS to acknowledge Golf Town’s previously expressed interest in Golfsmith and to inform OMERS of the market solicitation process being pursued by Golfsmith. In that meeting, a representative of OMERS inquired as to how OMERS could preempt the market solicitation process and instead pursue exclusive negotiations with Golfsmith. Lazard informed such representative that Golfsmith would pursue its market solicitation process and encouraged OMERS to be competitive in the process.

On July 7, 2011, upon completion of the negotiation of Lazard’s engagement letter, the Transaction Committee met and officially engaged Lazard as its financial advisor. Additionally, the Golfsmith Board met and approved the engagement letter with Lazard. The Transaction Committee updated the Golfsmith Board on its deliberations regarding the manner and scope of the market solicitation process, the type of potential purchasers that would be approached and the potential timing of the process. The Golfsmith Board adopted a charter for the Transaction Committee to formalize its role and added Glenda Flanagan, a director of Golfsmith, to the Transaction Committee because the Golfsmith Board considered Ms. Flanagan’s financial and public company experience to be a valuable resource for the Transaction Committee. Mr. Allen was appointed chairman of the Transaction Committee. Therefore, from the earliest stages of the process, the Transaction Committee included two Unaffiliated Members and, according to the Transaction Committee charter, the vote of both such Unaffiliated Members was required for the Transaction Committee to recommend a Sale Transaction to the Golfsmith Board. For a more detailed discussion regarding the Transaction Committee see “The Merger—The Transaction Committee” beginning on page 18.

In early July 2011, Messrs. Morrison, Li and Bebis requested a meeting with representatives of Golfsmith at Golfsmith’s headquarters in Austin, Texas, but such request was denied at that time.

On July 10 and July 15, 2011, the Transaction Committee met to discuss and provide comments on drafts of a Confidential Information Memorandum to be used in the solicitation of indications of interest for a possible acquisition of Golfsmith. On July 11, 2011, at the direction of the Transaction Committee, Lazard sent to Golf Town a draft of the Confidential Information Memorandum. The Transaction Committee also authorized representatives of Golfsmith to attend a meeting requested by OMERS to discuss Golfsmith and a potential transaction so as to maintain Golf Town’s interest in Golfsmith while allowing the market solicitation process to develop.

 

23


Table of Contents

From July 13 through August 29, 2011, at the direction of the Transaction Committee, Lazard distributed preliminary solicitation materials, containing only public information with respect to Golfsmith (without identifying Golfsmith by name), to 62 potential bidders, including 25 strategic and 37 financial bidders, to determine if each such bidder would be interested in entering into a confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement and considering an initial indication of interest with respect to a potential purchase of Golfsmith. Golfsmith, together with its counsel, negotiated and executed confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with 30 potential bidders (in addition to Golf Town). Each bidder who executed a confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement received from Golfsmith a copy of the Confidential Information Memorandum.

On July 26, 2011, representatives of Golfsmith, including Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove, Mr. Larkin, Senior Vice President, Direct, and Mr. Getson, Senior Vice President, General Merchandise Manager, together with representatives of Lazard, engaged in due diligence meetings with Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS as well as Mr. Bebis and other Golf Town executives and representatives of BMO Capital Markets, Golf Town’s financial advisor, in New York. The meetings included management presentations and discussions regarding Golfsmith’s operating and financial performance, strategic initiatives, competition and opportunities. During these meetings the representatives of OMERS did not have any individual meetings with Mr. Hanaka or Ms. Gove or any other member of Golfsmith’s management.

Following these meetings, Mr. Li of OMERS and David Solomon, of Lazard, arranged for Golf Town and OMERS to tour Golfsmith’s facilities and conduct additional due diligence with respect to Golfsmith in Austin, Texas on August 15, 2011.

From August 5 through August 22, 2011, at the direction of the Transaction Committee, Lazard distributed the Confidential Information Memorandum to the 30 potential bidders who had entered into confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with Golfsmith at that time and also distributed it to OMERS. Additionally, Lazard delivered, together with the Confidential Information Memorandum, a letter asking the recipients of the Confidential Information Memorandum to submit to Lazard written, non-binding preliminary indications of interest in a possible transaction no later than August 23, 2011. On August 3 and August 12, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to discuss the status of the market solicitation process.

On August 15, 2011, Mr. Morrison, Mr. Lank and Mr. Li met with representatives of Golfsmith, including Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove, with representatives of Lazard present, and toured Golfsmith’s headquarters in Austin, Texas to conduct due diligence. Following the tour and due diligence meeting, the representatives of OMERS, Golfsmith and Lazard engaged in further discussions over dinner, primarily with respect to the business, key personnel and the challenges of integrating the two companies.

On August 19, 2011, the Transaction Committee met to discuss with Lazard and White & Case the progress being made in negotiating confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with potential bidders and to review the outcome of the tour recently completed by OMERS. The Transaction Committee also received an update from Lazard on the progress of the market solicitation process.

 

24


Table of Contents

On August 22, 2011, Lazard had a review call with a representative of Bidder B, who indicated that Bidder B would participate in the first round bids. Lazard discussed valuation drivers and possible synergies with Bidder B and the expectation of other interest in the process.

On August 23, 2011, the initial deadline for submissions of preliminary indications of interest, three potential strategic bidders (Golf Town, “Bidder B” and “Bidder C”) submitted preliminary indications of interest. OMERS offered a range of $6.00-6.50 per share, Bidder B offered $5.50-$7.00 per share and Bidder C did not indicate a price per share, but rather offered a multiple of 6.5-7.5 times Golfsmith’s adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“Adjusted EBITDA”) over the preceding twelve months. The OMERS proposal included a request for a period of exclusive negotiations with Golfsmith. As of that date, two potential financial bidders had not yet completed negotiating an acceptable confidentiality agreement and ten potential financial bidders continued to review the Confidential Information Memorandum because they had only recently executed confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements. One potential strategic bidder who did not submit an initial indication of interest continued to discuss with Lazard a potential bid for Golfsmith.

On August 25, 2011, the Transaction Committee discussed, together with White & Case and Lazard, the three preliminary indications of interest that had been received and the status of discussions with other potential bidders. The Transaction Committee determined to continue discussions with all three bidders and compared various strategies to achieve that objective while also improving the prices offered. Additionally, the Transaction Committee determined to allow the potential bidders who had recently completed or were still negotiating confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements more time to submit an indication of interest. Ultimately, however, no other party submitted an indication of interest.

Following the Transaction Committee meeting, at the direction of the Transaction Committee, Mr. Solomon of Lazard called Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS to discuss OMERS’s preliminary indication of interest and understand the basis and rationale for the pricing. Mr. Solomon informed Messrs. Morrison and Li that their proposed price was insufficient and that, as a result, Golfsmith would not move forward in the process with OMERS and requested that OMERS return all confidential information that Golfsmith had provided to OMERS (although, in light of subsequent discussions, this request was not pursued). Additionally, Mr. Solomon contacted each of Bidder B and Bidder C to discuss their respective preliminary indications of interest and understand the basis and rationale for their pricing. During those discussions, Mr. Solomon also informed Bidder B and Bidder C that their indicated value ranges were unsatisfactory and encouraged them to rethink their valuations. Later that day, Mr. Bebis called Mr. Hanaka and expressed Golf Town’s interest in remaining in the bidding process and inquired as to what actions OMERS should take to preempt Golfsmith’s market solicitation process and gain exclusivity of negotiations. Mr. Hanaka indicated to Mr. Bebis that he would advise the Transaction Committee of his request.

On August 26, 2011, at the direction of the Transaction Committee and in response to OMERS’s inquiry of August 25th, Mr. Solomon of Lazard called Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS and informed them that the Transaction Committee would consider Golf Town’s exclusivity request, but only at a price level significantly in excess of Golf Town’s proposed range, premised on completing a definitive merger agreement within twenty business days.

On August 29, 2011, the Golfsmith Board met and received an update from the Transaction Committee, Lazard and White & Case regarding the progress of the market solicitation process. The

 

25


Table of Contents

Golfsmith Board discussed the preliminary indications of interest of the three bidders and the management presentations scheduled for these bidders. Additionally, Mr. Hanaka provided an update to the Golfsmith Board with respect to Golfsmith’s recent financial and operating performance.

On August 30, 2011, OMERS responded to the August 26, 2011 proposal by indicating that they will not be willing to entertain such proposal and instead delivered to Lazard a revised indication of interest in the range of $7.50-$8.50 per share.

On August 31, 2011, Don Morrison and Benson Li of OMERS called Mr. Solomon of Lazard to discuss OMERS’s revised bid and next steps. Mr. Solomon indicated that the Transaction Committee determined to allow OMERS to move forward at the higher value range. OMERS anticipated undertaking extensive due diligence activities and in light of the lack of exclusivity, requested that Golfsmith reimburse OMERS for some or all of the expenses expected to be incurred by OMERS in connection with its consideration of a potential acquisition of Golfsmith.

On August 31, 2011 and September 8, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard to discuss the status of the market solicitation process, Lazard’s communications with potential bidders regarding expectations for final bids and the ongoing due diligence activities of the active bidders.

Between September 13 and September 20, 2011, representatives of each of Golf Town, OMERS and Bidders B and C attended management presentations by Golfsmith’s senior management, including Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove and Messrs. Larkin and Getson, as part of their due diligence investigation in preparation for submitting offers for the acquisition of Golfsmith. Lazard was present at all such meetings. Additionally, as part of their due diligence, each of OMERS, Bidder B and Bidder C reviewed additional information made available to them by Golfsmith.

On September 16, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and discussed OMERS’s request for expense reimbursement and determined not to accede to such request at that time. The Transaction Committee also discussed certain due diligence matters including how and when Golfsmith would make available to potential bidders certain commercially sensitive information such as vendor pricing data. Golf Town had indicated that this information was important for valuation purposes.

On September 22, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to discuss the status of discussions with the three potential bidders. The Transaction Committee decided to extend the date by which final bids were due until October 25, 2011 at the request of OMERS to allow time for final bids to be more completely developed. The Transaction Committee discussed the potential timing and structure of a transaction in the context of White & Case’s discussion regarding a draft merger agreement. White & Case described for the Transaction Committee differences between proceeding with a transaction as a tender offer or a one-step merger so that the Transaction Committee could provide guidance on the proposed merger agreement that would be presented to the three potential bidders. The determination was made that the merger agreement would reflect a two-step tender offer followed by a merger on the expectation that this structure would potentially require less time to complete the acquisition of Golfsmith and any impact on one or more of the bidders’ abilities to finance such a structure could be managed.

On September 23, 2011, Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS and senior executives of Golf Town, including Mr. Bebis, met with Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove and Ryan Hays of Lazard in New York, to discuss potential synergies that could be achieved by a combination of Golf Town and Golfsmith, as well as

 

26


Table of Contents

Golfsmith’s potential opportunities in Korea. The participants also discussed means by which Golf Town and OMERS could access important commercial information as part of its due diligence process without compromising Golfsmith’s competitive position with Golf Town. There was a suggestion to provide access to OMERS’s consultant, Bain Consulting (“Bain”), on a confidential basis so that Bain could prepare a financial analysis that could be shared with OMERS and Golf Town that reflected, but did not disclose, such sensitive information.

On September 27, 2011, Golfsmith and Golf Town USA Inc. entered into an agreement with Bain, pursuant to which Bain would be provided access to certain competitively sensitive data of Golfsmith for the purpose of conducting various due diligence financial analyses, including with respect to store growth. The agreement provided that reports of Bain’s analysis could be shared with OMERS only if approved by Golfsmith and if the data in the report was sufficiently aggregated so as not to be competitively sensitive. This agreement was a means by which Golfsmith could make competitively sensitive information available to OMERS so that OMERS could factor it into its valuation analysis without compromising Golfsmith’s competitive position.

On September 28, 2011, at the direction of the Transaction Committee, Lazard delivered to each of OMERS, Bidder B and Bidder C an instruction letter requiring the potential bidders to submit their final offers for an acquisition of Golfsmith no later than October 25, 2011. The instruction letter indicated that Golfsmith would provide to the bidders a draft merger agreement and bidders were requested to propose any changes to the merger agreement that they would require by October 18, 2011. The draft merger agreement was made available to OMERS, Bidder B and Bidder C on September 30, 2011.

On September 30, October 7 and October 13, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and Lazard provided updates on the due diligence activities of each of the remaining bidders and their perceived levels of interest arising from such activities.

On October 3, 2011, Lazard and senior management of Golfsmith met with senior management of Bidder B for an all-day due diligence session at Golfsmith’s headquarters in Austin, Texas. Functional area teams from both Golfsmith and Bidder B were present, including human resources, distribution, information technology, finance/accounting and legal.

On October 11, 2011, a representative of Bidder B called Lazard and indicated that Bidder B did not intend to proceed in Golfsmith’s market solicitation process, noting that its diligence suggested lower potential synergies, a longer post-merger integration timeframe and greater execution risk than previously believed.

On October 17, 2011, Mr. Solomon of Lazard and Mr. Hanaka met with Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS and Mr. Bebis of Golf Town for dinner in Toronto, Ontario. The participants at the dinner discussed the status of OMERS’s due diligence activities and Mr. Morrison expressed OMERS’s concern that Golfsmith would not meet its fourth quarter forecasted results. Mr. Solomon and Mr. Hanaka sought to reassure Messrs. Morrison and Li about certain factors that had contributed to recent weakness in Golfsmith’s financial performance. Mr. Morrison signaled that the offer OMERS intended to submit might be below the range reflected in its preliminary indication of interest. Mr. Solomon engaged in a discussion with the other participants at the dinner regarding the basis for OMERS’s views and highlighted information that would support a higher bid and reinforce the value of Golfsmith as presented in the market solicitation process.

 

27


Table of Contents

On October 18, 2011, in accordance with Lazard’s September 28, 2011 instruction letter, OMERS delivered to Lazard a draft merger agreement proposed by Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP, Golf Town’s counsel (“Weil”), reflecting changes to the draft merger agreement made available to all bidders, pursuant to which Golf Town would be prepared to acquire Golfsmith. Although Bidder C did not timely deliver mark-ups of the draft merger agreement, on October 20, 2011, a representative of Bidder C called Lazard and indicated that Bidder C would deliver a mark-up of the draft merger agreement together with Bidder C’s final offer for an acquisition of Golfsmith on October 25, 2011.

On October 21, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with White & Case and Lazard to discuss the status of the market solicitation process, issues raised in Weil’s mark-up of the proposed merger agreement and OMERS’s expressed concerns about Golfsmith’s recent financial performance. White & Case described and discussed with the Transaction Committee the material issues raised by the merger agreement proposed by OMERS, namely: OMERS’s preference to proceed with the transaction as a one-step merger with a written consent to the transaction signed by AEP upon execution of the merger agreement; OMERS’s requirements in the event the transaction were to be structured as a tender offer, including indefinite extensions to the tender offer and limitations on Golfsmith’s ability to require Golf Town to extend in certain circumstances; the requirement to have additional significant stockholders execute a voting agreement in support of the transaction; the absence of acceptable debt commitment letters in support of OMERS’s financing requirements and inadequacy of the equity commitment; the deletion of the Golfsmith Board’s ability to change its recommendation in favor of the transaction if circumstances changed that would make Golfsmith more valuable; Golfsmith’s obligation to reimburse OMERS’s and Golf Town’s expenses in certain circumstances; changes that sought to allocate some of the antitrust risk of the proposed transaction to Golfsmith; the level and circumstances of the termination fees and reverse termination fees and the limitation of Golfsmith’s remedies; and the addition of a condition to Golf Town’s obligations that AEP shall not have breached its voting agreement. The Transaction Committee authorized White & Case to discuss these and other issues with Weil in advance of the submission of OMERS’s final offer.

On October 22, 2011, White & Case called Weil to express the Transaction Committee’s concerns regarding Golf Town’s proposed changes to the draft merger agreement and suggest improvements that needed to be made when OMERS submitted its final offer.

On October 25, 2011, the final offers were due from the remaining bidders. Golfsmith received two final bids; one from OMERS at $6.50 per share and the second from Bidder C at a price that was not competitive with the offer from OMERS and included a suggested mark-up of the draft merger agreement that contained numerous suggested changes. OMERS’s final offer included certain adjustments to their required merger agreement provisions, including: proposing a termination fee of 3.9% payable by Golfsmith and a reverse termination fee of 6.0% payable by OMERS in certain circumstances; removal of the condition to Golf Town’s obligations that AEP shall not have breached its voting agreement; the reinsertion of the Golfsmith Board’s ability to change its recommendation in favor of the transaction if circumstances changed that would make Golfsmith more valuable; and allocation of antitrust risk primarily to Golf Town.

On October 26, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to review the final offers. The Transaction Committee engaged in extensive discussions regarding the results of the solicitation process. It was agreed that Bidder C’s offer was not competitive. The Transaction Committee discussed extensively the material elements of OMERS’s offer, including the price, contingencies,

 

28


Table of Contents

structure and the timing of the transaction. The Transaction Committee also discussed whether determining not to sell Golfsmith and, instead, to pursue a strategy of independence was advisable in light of the price proposed by OMERS. The Transaction Committee discussed with Lazard and White & Case the numerous contingencies contained in OMERS’s proposal, including: further due diligence that would require at least an additional twenty business days; a requirement that Golfsmith’s senior management agree to reinvest 50% of their after-tax proceeds from the transaction and enter into employment agreements with Golf Town; additional internal approvals; and that further development of OMERS’s financing commitments would be required. The Transaction Committee also discussed OMERS’s request for a period of exclusive negotiations while it completed its due diligence and negotiated a definitive merger agreement. The Transaction Committee weighed these issues against the risk of losing the bid by OMERS if Golfsmith decided to terminate the auction at that time and the risks involved in continuing to operate the business and pursue a strategic transaction at some point in the future. The Transaction Committee discussed the competitive and operational risks faced by Golfsmith in continuing to pursue its business plan and the uncertainty that a strategic transaction would be available in the future at a more attractive price. Additionally, the Transaction Committee discussed the synergies to be achieved by Golf Town in a merger with Golfsmith and the possibility of convincing OMERS to increase its offer price. Mr. Allen and Ms. Flanagan, the Unaffiliated Members, then met separately with Lazard and White & Case and discussed Lazard’s preliminary financial perspective with respect to the price proposed by OMERS. After extensive discussion, the Unaffiliated Members determined to recommend to the full Transaction Committee that the Transaction Committee revert to OMERS with a counterproposal.

On October 27, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and after further discussion and consideration of the bid by OMERS and the position of Bidder C, determined that Lazard should inform OMERS that the Transaction Committee was not prepared to recommend the bid by OMERS, but that it would be prepared to recommend a transaction at a price of $7.50 per share (subsequently increased to $7.75 per share following further discussions among Lazard and the members of the Transaction Committee following the meeting). Additionally, the Transaction Committee instructed Lazard to contact Bidder C and B and make the same proposal to each of them. The Transaction Committee also discussed OMERS’s request for exclusivity and determined to decline that request in light of the valuation concerns with OMERS’s bid.

On October 29, 2011, Mr. Solomon called Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS and relayed Golfsmith’s counterproposal of $7.75 per share. OMERS promptly rejected the counterproposal and indicated that OMERS would not increase its offer of $6.50 per share. On that same day, Mr. Solomon called a representative of Bidder B and a representative of Bidder C and suggested that they should each consider submitting an offer at $7.75 per share. Bidder C immediately rejected the $7.75 proposal.

On October 31, 2011, a representative of Bidder B called Mr. Solomon and indicated that Bidder B was not going to change its position and was still not interested in making an offer.

On November 1, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to discuss OMERS’s offer. The Transaction Committee discussed at length the execution risks and competition risks facing Golfsmith if it continued to pursue its business plan. This discussion included Golfsmith’s prospects for the next several years in the absence of a transaction; how the stock price might reflect such prospects; risks to Golfsmith’s financial plans (arising from both general economic circumstances and from anticipated competitive developments within Golfsmith’s industry, including new store openings by a major competitor); valuations attributed to other public companies and other transactions, and the

 

29


Table of Contents

possibility of a follow-on offering of Golfsmith’s stock. The Transaction Committee noted the significant uncertainties associated with these issues as compared to the certainty of OMERS’s cash proposal. The Transaction Committee discussed with Lazard and White & Case certain terms of OMERS’s offer and potential responses if Golfsmith were to continue negotiating with OMERS, including: (a) reducing the size of Golfsmith’s termination fee to 3%; (b) increasing the reverse termination fee payable by OMERS to 10%; (c) the need to provide customary debt commitment letters with close alignment between the commitment conditions and the conditions contained in the merger agreement; (d) the scope of the definition of “material adverse effect”; (e) the request to reimburse OMERS’s expenses; (f) limiting the officers with whom OMERS would be permitted to engage prior to signing a definitive merger agreement; and (g) granting a short exclusive negotiation period in light of the extensive market solicitation process undertaken and the absence of proposals competitive with OMERS’s proposal. The Transaction Committee authorized Lazard and White & Case to negotiate these points to see if an acceptable transaction with OMERS could be reached on the valuation parameters proposed by OMERS. The Transaction Committee authorized Lazard to first make an additional counterproposal to each of OMERS, Bidder B and Bidder C for a transaction at $7.00 per share in cash.

After the Transaction Committee’s meeting, the Golfsmith Board met to discuss the results of the market solicitation process and OMERS’s proposal. The Transaction Committee reported to the Golfsmith Board that OMERS’s proposal was within parameters that the Transaction Committee could ultimately recommend to the Golfsmith Board subject to negotiating certain important matters. Later that day, Lazard called Mr. Morrison of OMERS to convey the Transaction Committee’s views and the counterproposal. Additionally, Lazard called representatives of each of Bidder B and Bidder C to propose to each of them a transaction at $7.00 per share. Bidder B and Bidder C rejected the counterproposal that same day.

On November 3, 2011, Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS called Mr. Solomon to inform him that OMERS had rejected the counterproposal of $7.00 per share. Mr. Morrison reiterated OMERS’s proposal of $6.50 per share and insisted OMERS had no flexibility to increase its offer price. Mr. Morrison stated that OMERS also proposed to reduce Golfsmith’s termination fee to 3.5%, indicated its willingness to relent on its request for expense reimbursement in certain circumstances, agreed to the definition of “material adverse effect” proposed by Golfsmith and agreed to tighten the financing conditions in the debt financing commitment to track the conditions in the merger agreement as closely as possible. Additionally, Mr. Morrison proposed a two-tier reverse termination fee, pursuant to which the reverse termination fee in the event OMERS could not close the merger because financing was unavailable would be reduced to 5% while permitting a higher reverse termination fee of 7.5% if OMERS breached the merger agreement. OMERS continued to insist on twenty business days of exclusive negotiations.

On November 3, 2011, the Transaction Committee (other than Ms. Flanagan) met with Lazard and White & Case and discussed the revised terms proposed by OMERS. The Transaction Committee instructed Lazard to pursue a transaction with OMERS on such revised terms except that the reverse termination fee, if financing was unavailable, should be 6% and not 5%; this would include OMERS’s preference for a one-step merger to be approved by a written consent executed by AEP. The Transaction Committee also discussed the possibility that OMERS might still try to negotiate a lower price at the end of the exclusivity period based on further due diligence. Consequently, the Transaction Committee believed it was important to withhold commercially sensitive information about vendor pricing until such time as the Transaction Committee was convinced that OMERS was prepared to execute on its proposal. The Transaction Committee later confirmed with Ms. Flanagan that she was in agreement with the proposed course of action. Before contacting OMERS, as instructed by the Transaction Committee, Mr. Solomon of

 

30


Table of Contents

Lazard participated in a call with a representative of Bidder B to inquire again if Bidder B was interested in pursuing a transaction with Golfsmith at $6.50 per share. Bidder B’s representative indicated that he would discuss the matter internally and revert to Lazard. Subsequently, Bidder B informed Lazard that its position had not changed. On November 3, 2011, Lazard contacted Bidder C to inquire as to their interest in pursuing a transaction at $6.50 per share. Bidder C indicated that the price would need to be below $5.00 per share to re-engage.

On November 4, 2011, Mr. Solomon called Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS and informed them that the Transaction Committee had agreed to work with OMERS in an effort to reach a deal at $6.50 per share and informed them of their acceptance of the revised terms that OMERS had proposed, except for the proposed reverse termination fee of 6% if financing was not available. Mr. Solomon also conveyed that Golfsmith would accept the single-step structure and exclusivity for 20 business days, starting November 7, 2011, with a “fiduciary out” that would allow Golfsmith to terminate to pursue a superior proposal.

Lazard and White & Case negotiated the terms of the exclusivity agreement with OMERS and Weil over the course of the succeeding week. On November 7 and November 11, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to discuss the negotiations. During the November 7, 2011 meeting, the Transaction Committee also discussed Golf Town’s request to meet with Golfsmith’s senior management to negotiate the terms of their participation in management of the combined company. The Transaction Committee weighed the risk that such discussions would cause a conflict and distraction for such officers against Golf Town’s insistence that such discussions and agreements were a critical component of any final agreement. The Transaction Committee determined to allow the negotiations with management subject to oversight by Lazard. On November 14, 2011, Golfsmith entered into an exclusivity agreement providing for exclusive negotiations with OMERS through December 5, 2011 and expense reimbursement for OMERS up to $1,000,000 if Golfsmith terminated the exclusivity agreement in certain limited circumstances to pursue an alternative transaction. The exclusivity agreement also permitted Golfsmith to terminate the exclusivity period if Golf Town changed any of the key deal terms.

During the next several weeks, representatives of OMERS and Golf Town continued OMERS’s due diligence review of Golfsmith, including with respect to operational, financial and information technology matters.

On November 9 and 10, 2011, Ms. Gove, together with Lazard, met individually with Mr. Li and Mr. Bebis of OMERS in Naples, Florida to discuss existing roles and responsibilities of Ms. Gove and Mr. Larkin, the possible investment by Ms. Gove, Mr. Getson and Mr. Larkin in the combined company and potential future roles and responsibilities with the combined company.

On November 17, 2011, the Chief Executive Officer of a competitor of Golfsmith called Mr. Hanaka to explore Golfsmith’s interest in acquiring that competitor. Mr. Hanaka indicated that Golfsmith was not in a position to entertain such an investment at that time.

On November 19, 2011, White & Case delivered to Weil a revised draft of the merger agreement, reflecting the revised structure of a one-step merger to be approved by written consent and other terms reflecting the negotiations with OMERS.

 

31


Table of Contents

On November 21, 2011, OMERS met with Mr. Hanaka, Golfsmith’s management team and Lazard to discuss the organizational structure of the combined company following the proposed merger and potential reinvestment by Golfsmith’s management. OMERS did not provide Golfsmith’s management with written proposals at that time. Following this meeting, representatives of OMERS continued to meet with Ms. Gove, Mr. Larkin and Mr. Getson to discuss the terms of their future employment and equity participation in the combined company.

Prior to the expiration of the initial exclusivity period, OMERS contacted Lazard to request an extension of the exclusivity period by two weeks to facilitate additional due diligence, including a review of sensitive vendor pricing data.

On November 25, 2011, White & Case engaged in negotiations with Weil regarding the terms of the merger agreement reflected in the November 19, 2011 draft previously delivered by White & Case, including: carve outs from the definition of “material adverse effect” and the requirement that the representation regarding the absence of a material adverse effect on Golfsmith be brought down to the closing of the merger; parameters around Golfsmith’s year-end compensation and bonus award process; Golfsmith’s obligation not to solicit alternative transactions; OMERS’s financing plans, which no longer contemplated new debt financing, but instead entailed agreement from Golfsmith’s existing lender to waive defaults under the Revolving Credit Facility related to a change of control of Golfsmith; OMERS’s obligation to provide director and officer insurance and indemnification; and the termination provisions, termination fees and related remedies.

On November 28, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to consider OMERS’s requests. The Transaction Committee determined that, because of the competitive sensitivity of the vendor pricing data and the continuing risk that a deal might not be reached, the vendor data should not be made available until OMERS reached agreements in principle with Golfsmith’s management team with respect to employment and equity participation arrangements post-closing. In light of the progress made and the absence of alternative competitive offers, the Transaction Committee agreed to accept OMERS’s request for a two-week extension of exclusivity. The Transaction Committee also discussed a request by OMERS to amend the confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement to allow OMERS to share Golfsmith’s confidential information with potential high yield lenders who might provide financing to Golfsmith following the closing of a merger (not to finance the merger transaction itself). The Transaction Committee decided to allow such amendment, subject to the Transaction Committee’s prior approval of the recipients of such confidential information and instructed White & Case to negotiate the terms of the extension. White & Case reviewed with the Transaction Committee the status of negotiations with respect to the merger agreement.

Between November 28 and December 2, 2011, White & Case negotiated the terms of the revised confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement with OMERS, including a six-month extension of the standstill provision in light of the time elapsed since the original confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement with OMERS was executed.

On December 2, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and discussed the status of OMERS’s negotiations with management. On that day, Golfsmith entered into an amendment to the confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement between Golfsmith and Golf Town, for the purpose of allowing Golf Town to share confidential information with potential high yield lenders. The amendment further provided for a six-month extension of the standstill and non-solicitation provisions of such agreement.

 

32


Table of Contents

On December 3, 2011, Mr. Morrison of OMERS called Mr. Hanaka and asked him to consider becoming the chief executive officer of the combined company on an interim basis so as to oversee the transition to a new chief executive officer post-merger. Mr. Morrison indicated to Mr. Hanaka that OMERS viewed Mr. Hanaka’s involvement post-closing as critical to the transaction. On December 4, 2011, Mr. Hanaka informed Mr. Allen of such development and immediately resigned from the Transaction Committee because he indicated he would be willing to fulfill the requested role to facilitate the transaction. On December 4, 2011, Mr. Morrison of OMERS also spoke with Ms. Gove about this development.

On December 5, 2011, the Transaction Committee met to discuss this development. Mr. Hanaka informed the Transaction Committee that he was willing to continue as interim chief executive because of OMERS’s view of the critical importance of his participation to the success of the merger. The Transaction Committee accepted his resignation but, because of Mr. Hanaka’s knowledge of Golfsmith and the industry, the Transaction Committee agreed that he would continue to be invited as necessary to future Transaction Committee meetings. At this meeting, Mr. Buaron expressed a desire to contact OMERS, on behalf of AEP as a stockholder, to exert pressure for a price increase in light of Golf Town’s reliance on the Golfsmith management team and OMERS’s high yield financing plans which suggested to AEP that OMERS may be willing to provide additional value to Golfsmith’s stockholders. The Transaction Committee discussed this request with Mr. Buaron, White & Case and Lazard, at which point, Mr. Buaron, and two other directors who had been invited to the meeting, Mr. Long and Mr. Grover, excused themselves from the meeting. Mr. Allen and Ms. Flanagan then further discussed this request with White & Case and Lazard and determined that they would have no objection to Mr. Buaron’s initiative so long as he kept the Transaction Committee fully informed, but instructed the legal and financial advisors to continue seeking resolution of an agreement with OMERS on the existing parameters despite the recent development. The Transaction Committee also agreed to allow further meetings between OMERS, Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove, subject to oversight by Lazard.

On December 6 and December 7, 2011, Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove met with representatives of OMERS in Toronto, Ontario. Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove delivered a management presentation to various OMERS representatives. The parties also discussed the post-merger management team. At the conclusion of such discussions, OMERS reached an agreement in principle with Ms. Gove regarding her employment arrangements and equity participation in the combined company. OMERS engaged in further discussions with Messrs. Larkin and Getson.

On December 7, 2011, Weil delivered to White & Case a revised draft of the merger agreement. During December 2011, White & Case and Weil had several telephone discussions to negotiate the merger agreement, the terms of OMERS’s equity commitment and limited guaranty of Golf Town’s obligations with respect to reverse termination fees and the terms of the waiver of the change of control provision in the Revolving Credit Facility. The primary issues were the scope and conditionality of the waiver, the ability to borrow under the Revolving Credit Facility in the period between signing and closing, the definition of “material adverse effect”, the size of OMERS’s equity commitment and certain provisions related to remedies in the event that Golf Town failed to close.

 

33


Table of Contents

On December 7, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with White & Case, Lazard and Mr. Hanaka and discussed the status of ongoing discussions between OMERS and Golfsmith’s management. Mr. Hanaka reported the agreement in principle with Ms. Gove but that discussions with Mr. Getson and Mr. Larkin were not yet complete. The Transaction Committee also discussed OMERS’s high yield financing plans and the consequences of certain termination scenarios under the merger agreement.

Promptly following the public announcement by Golf Town of the departure of their Chief Executive Officer, a representative of Bidder B called Lazard seeking information about Golfsmith’s market solicitation process. In light of the exclusivity agreement in place at the time between Golf Town and Golfsmith, but without making any reference to such agreement, Mr. Solomon of Lazard declined to provide any information to Bidder B at that time.

On December 12, 2011, Messrs. Morrison and Li and James Orlando of OMERS contacted Lazard and requested a further extension of exclusivity through January 6, 2012, indicating that the departure of Golf Town’s Chief Executive Officer and additional internal issues had caused delays in their due diligence activities. On that day, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and discussed OMERS’s request. The Transaction Committee decided to reject OMERS’s request for the extension, but determined to continue to work with OMERS in good faith on a non-exclusive basis.

On December 13, 2011, White & Case delivered to Weil revised drafts of the merger agreement, voting agreement and equity commitment letter and on December 19, 2011, participated on a conference call with Weil to discuss the revised draft of the merger agreement and seek resolution of the remaining issues.

On December 14, 2011, Mr. Morrison of OMERS called Mr. Solomon of Lazard to discuss Golfsmith’s recent underperformance as compared to forecasted EBITDA. This issue had been identified in connection with OMERS’s due diligence investigation.

On December 16, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to discuss, among other things, OMERS’s concern with the identified EBITDA shortfall and the possible explanations as well as the potential impact on the negotiations with OMERS.

On December 21, 2011, Weil delivered to White & Case revised drafts of the merger agreement, the AEP voting agreement and the OMERS equity commitment letter.

On December 22, 2011, Mr. Morrison of OMERS called Mr. Solomon of Lazard and highlighted once more Golfsmith’s potential EBITDA underperformance for 2011. Additionally, Mr. Morrison indicated that Golf Town would not be prepared to sign a definitive merger agreement by January 6, 2012. OMERS requested time to complete additional financial due diligence and indicated that it would need year-end financial information before Golf Town could reach an agreement. During this conversation, Mr. Solomon emphasized that Golfsmith would not entertain a price reduction based on additional financial due diligence.

On December 23, 2011, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and discussed the recent developments and the possibility that OMERS would seek a price reduction. The Transaction Committee discussed OMERS’s position and its requests for extensions. The Transaction Committee also discussed strategies by which it could avert a price reduction (or perhaps increase the price) by focusing OMERS on the improvement in Golfsmith’s trailing twelve months EBITDA since

 

34


Table of Contents

OMERS made its offer and the benefit of delivering a strong management team for the combined company in light of the recent departure of Golf Town’s chief executive officer. The Transaction Committee authorized Lazard to argue for an increase in the price based on these factors. Additionally, the Transaction Committee determined that it would not permit management to be indefinitely distracted by continuous delays and determined to schedule a meeting of the Golfsmith Board for January 17, 2012, by which time OMERS must either be prepared to agree to a transaction that could be recommended to the Golfsmith Board or abandon discussions. The Golfsmith Board would decide whether or not to support a transaction with OMERS at that meeting.

On December 28, 2011, Mr. Solomon delivered an email to Mr. Morrison conveying the Transaction Committee’s position including a request for an unspecified price increase.

Over the next week, OMERS continued its due diligence efforts and together with its accountants, KPMG, engaged in numerous telephonic meetings with Golfsmith’s management with respect to Golfsmith’s financial results through the end of November.

On January 6, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and Mr. Hanaka provided an update to the Transaction Committee regarding preliminary year-end financial performance. Mr. Hanaka indicated that management had informed OMERS that the December revenues and margins would be lower than the forecasted information upon which OMERS had based its offer. The Transaction Committee discussed the possibility that, based on the intensity of OMERS’s due diligence investigation of such financial information, Golf Town might seek a price reduction and discussed strategies to avoid such a reduction. Mr. Buaron revisited an earlier suggestion that he contact OMERS, on behalf of AEP as a stockholder, to seek to exert pressure for a price increase. The Transaction Committee, following discussion regarding alternatives to increase the offered price or avert a price reduction, authorized Mr. Buaron to contact Mr. Morrison and exert pressure for a price increase.

During the weeks of January 2, 2011 and January 9, 2011, representatives of OMERS worked with their accounting consultants, Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove and Lazard to resolve open diligence items related to Golfsmith’s December and year-end financial results.

On January 7, 2012, Mr. Buaron called Mr. Morrison and requested that OMERS consider a price increase based on Golfsmith’s overall financial performance.

On January 9, 2012, White & Case delivered to Weil a revised draft of the merger agreement. At that point the most significant unresolved issues in the merger agreement and related documents related to the definition of “material adverse effect”, the ability of Golfsmith to borrow under the Revolving Credit Facility between signing and closing, the size of OMERS’s equity commitment and the scope of the waiver of the change of control default under the existing Revolving Credit Facility. Additionally, a price reduction remained a possibility.

On January 13, 2012, Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS called Mr. Solomon of Lazard and informed him that OMERS would seek final internal approval on January 16, 2012 to approve the transaction with the goal of meeting Golfsmith’s deadline of January 17, 2012. Mr. Morrison indicated that OMERS would not increase the offer price despite Lazard’s request and Mr. Morrison’s conversation with Mr. Buaron and that OMERS had not yet determined its final offer price.

 

35


Table of Contents

On January 13, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to discuss the status of OMERS’s due diligence efforts, the timing of OMERS’s internal approvals and the actions that would have to be taken if Golf Town and Golfsmith were to reach agreement on a transaction.

On the evening of January 16, 2012, Messrs. Morrison and Li of OMERS delivered to Lazard a revised offer, reflecting a reduction of the price per share from $6.50 to $5.75 in cash.

On January 17, 2012, the Transaction Committee met as planned. The other directors were invited to attend the initial portions of the meeting, at which Golfsmith’s recent financial progress, the market solicitation process and discussions with OMERS were discussed. The Transaction Committee then met without other directors present and determined to reject OMERS’s revised offer. The full Golfsmith Board then reconvened and Mr. Allen explained that the Transaction Committee had rejected the offer by OMERS and that, consequently, there was no transaction for the Golfsmith Board to consider. Ms. Gove and Mr. Hanaka presented Golfsmith’s December and fourth quarter results.

Later that evening, at the direction of the Transaction Committee, White & Case sent a termination letter to OMERS, notifying OMERS of the termination of all discussions regarding the transaction and requesting that OMERS and Golf Town return to Golfsmith’s possession all materials obtained in the negotiation process in accordance with the terms of the confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement.

On January 25, 2012, Ms. Gove and Ron Hornbaker of Golf Town coincidentally came across each other at an industry conference in Orlando, Florida. Mr. Hornbaker indicated to Ms. Gove that Golf Town’s board had met earlier that day and that they remained very interested in reaching a deal with Golfsmith.

On January 26, 2012, Scott Humphrey of BMO Capital Markets called Mr. Buaron and indicated that OMERS remained interested in pursuing an acquisition of Golfsmith and was likely to be willing to increase the offer price, but not to $6.50 per share. Mr. Humphrey further indicated that OMERS might consider a structure that included not only cash, but the opportunity for upside that could take the form of stock or an earn-out.

On January 27 and January 29, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and discussed the recent developments and considered alternative structures including a proposed merger in which Golfsmith stockholders could elect cash or a combination of cash and equity as the merger consideration.

On February 2, 2012, Mr. Buaron and Mr. Solomon met with Mr. Humphrey and Mr. Morrison in Toronto, Ontario to discuss possible transaction structures. Mr. Buaron and Mr. Solomon explained the Transaction Committee’s view that any proposed structure should enable each stockholder of Golfsmith to elect between all cash and a combination of cash and equity as the merger consideration. OMERS rejected any structure that would result in the surviving corporation remaining publicly traded and, therefore, rejected such cash and stock election for all stockholders. OMERS indicated that it would consider a structure pursuant to which stockholders other than AEP would receive cash while AEP, and possibly certain other major stockholders, could receive equity in the combined company, or a combination of cash and equity. The discussions focused on exploring a structure in which there was sufficient rollover equity such that OMERS’s blended acquisition price was acceptable to OMERS while ensuring an acceptable level of cash consideration for the non- rollover stockholders.

 

36


Table of Contents

On February 4, February 5, and February 7, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to discuss the status of the discussions with OMERS arising out of the February 2, 2012 meeting and alternative transaction scenarios. Lazard updated the Transaction Committee regarding the ongoing discussions and Mr. Buaron and Lazard presented various transaction structures and discussed with the Transaction Committee the complexity of structuring a transaction providing an equity investment acceptable to AEP, acceptable cash consideration for the non-AEP stockholders and a blended acquisition price acceptable to Golf Town. At the February 4, 2012 meeting the Transaction Committee discussed with White & Case the legal considerations of the proposed structure. In light of the discussions regarding a potential equity investment by AEP in the combined company, Mr. Buaron resigned from the Transaction Committee. The Transaction Committee also established guidelines at the February 4, 2012 meeting for the participation of representatives of AEP in discussions with OMERS regarding a new structure, including: Lazard must monitor all conversations between OMERS and AEP; White & Case and Lazard were to represent only the interests of Golfsmith and not AEP; AEP would not disclose any new non-public information to OMERS or divulge any internal Golfsmith discussions and would keep such information confidential; and Golfsmith’s management would be available to assist in the discussions with OMERS, but AEP would not have any discussions with management about management’s ongoing role.

Between February 5, 2012 and February 13, 2012, representatives of AEP, together with Lazard, continued discussions with OMERS to determine if there was a transaction structure that was acceptable to AEP and OMERS. These discussions were conducted in accordance with the guidelines established by the Transaction Committee. Mr. Buaron engaged in ongoing discussions with Mr. Allen, the Chairman of the Transaction Committee, to update him on these discussions and to discuss the impact of potential transaction structures on the cash consideration to non-AEP stockholders.

On February 10, 2011, a representative of Bidder B called Mr. Solomon and inquired about the current state of Golfsmith’s sale process. In particular, Bidder B inquired about price parameters. Bidder B also asked about the intentions of Mr. Hanaka with respect to his position. Mr. Solomon refused to comment on the current state of a transaction with OMERS or price parameters but noted Golfsmith could entertain further discussions. On that same day, Mr. Hanaka called the chief executive officer of Bidder B to explore Bidder B’s interest in acquiring Golfsmith at a cash price of $6.50 per share. The chief executive officer of Bidder B inquired about how long Mr. Hanaka would be willing to remain in the chief executive officer role at Golfsmith, and indicated that Bidder B would discuss the opportunity internally, but noted that Bidder B generally lacked enthusiasm for investing further in the golf industry because it had doubts about the industry’s health.

On February 13, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard, White & Case, Mr. Buaron and Mr. Grover. Messrs. Buaron and Grover reported on the progress of AEP’s discussions with OMERS. Mr. Buaron indicated that he had sought, without success, to obtain a transaction structure that AEP could support and that would require OMERS to pay a blended price in excess of $6.00 per share. Mr. Buaron and Mr. Grover then were excused from the meeting. The Transaction Committee discussed with Lazard, White & Case and Mr. Hanaka the limited sale options available to Golfsmith and the challenges posed to Golfsmith if it were to continue as a standalone company. The Transaction Committee determined to encourage AEP to continue seeking an acceptable transaction structure that would provide a level of cash consideration for the non-AEP stockholders acceptable to the Transaction Committee.

 

37


Table of Contents

On February 15, 2012, the Golfsmith Board met and formally reduced the size of the Transaction Committee to two members, to take into account Mr. Buaron’s resignation on February 4, 2012, requiring the unanimous approval of both Mr. Allen and Ms. Flanagan to take any action.

On February 16, 2012, the chief executive officer of Bidder B called Mr. Hanaka and indicated that Bidder B would not pursue a transaction with Golfsmith because Bidder B was not interested in further investing in the golf industry due to Bidder B’s concerns about the industry’s health. On that day, a representative of Bidder B also called Mr. Solomon and delivered the same message.

On February 16, February 17 and February 24, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to further discuss developments in the negotiation of the new transaction structure.

Between February 24 and March 2, 2012, OMERS and AEP, together with Lazard, continued to negotiate the terms of a transaction that would be acceptable to AEP as a stockholder of Golfsmith involving a rollover investment by AEP in the combined company. The open issues continued to relate to AEP’s rollover investment including governance, tax equalization, valuation methodology with respect to AEP’s investment, the form of AEP’s investment (debt or equity) and exit opportunities for AEP. During these discussions, OMERS raised the possibility of an all-cash transaction for all Golfsmith stockholders at a price of $6.00 per share as all parties involved had begun to conclude that the rollover investment presented a number of execution and valuation challenges.

Although AEP was not initially interested in a transaction at $6.00 per share, as these discussions continued, OMERS again proposed the more simplified transaction structure whereby OMERS would offer an all-cash transaction for all Golfsmith stockholders, but at a price of $6.10 per share. These developments were reported to the Transaction Committee at its meeting on March 2, 2012. At this meeting Mr. Buaron indicated that he would further consider the $6.10 per share proposal internally with AEP to determine if such price could be supported by AEP as a stockholder of Golfsmith.

On March 4, 2012, in a conversation between Mr. Buaron and Mr. Humphrey, with Lazard present, OMERS again offered $6.10 per share in cash for all stockholders. Mr. Buaron and Lazard indicated that the offer would be considered by the Transaction Committee. Mr. Solomon subsequently contacted Mr. Humphrey seeking a price higher than $6.10 per share, but Mr. Humphrey indicated that no higher offer would be made. Following this meeting, AEP internally discussed the potential transaction structures that had been negotiated with OMERS and determined that AEP would be willing to support the simplified all-cash proposal for $6.10 per share. This was reported to Mr. Solomon.

On March 6, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case to review the developments in the negotiations between OMERS and AEP. Mr. Grover, a director and representative of AEP was also present. Mr. Solomon reported AEP’s willingness to support the proposed $6.10 cash consideration for all stockholders. The Transaction Committee determined to pursue the revised OMERS proposal of $6.10 per share in cash for all Golfsmith stockholders. Later that day, Mr. Solomon called Mr. Humphrey and indicated that Golfsmith would proceed at $6.10 per share in cash, with a target signing date of March 27, 2012. The parties discussed the outstanding items for completion of due diligence review and the timeline leading to a March 27, 2012 signing.

On March 12, 2012, representatives of OMERS called Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove and indicated that the terms of the offers of employment and, with respect to Ms. Gove, equity investment in the combined

 

38


Table of Contents

company previously communicated to each of them and to Mr. Larkin and Mr. Getson in late 2011, would not change. OMERS continued its financial due diligence with respect to Golfsmith’s 2011 year-end results.

On March 16 and March 23, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and discussed a potential for further delay in the targeted signing because of OMERS’s ongoing due diligence with respect to Golfsmith’s January and February financial information and the schedule for completion of Golfsmith’s audited financial statements. White & Case informed the Transaction Committee that there were limited issues remaining with respect to the merger agreement from the January 2012 discussions with OMERS’s counsel and that those issues could be resolved swiftly. Consequently, the Transaction Committee determined that further negotiations with respect to the merger agreement would await further progress on OMERS’s financial due diligence.

On March 29, 2012, Ms. Gove and Mr. Getson met with Golf Town’s management team and were provided with the opportunity to conduct due diligence regarding Golf Town in connection with their equity investments in the combined company. Ms. Gove reported to OMERS that Mr. Larkin decided that he would not be making an investment in the combined company.

On March 29, 2012, the Golfsmith Board met and among other things, the Transaction Committee provided the Golfsmith Board with an update of the status of matters related to the negotiations with OMERS. On March 30, 2012, the Transaction Committee met with Lazard and White & Case and Ms. Gove and Mr. Hanaka updated the Transaction Committee regarding OMERS’s diligence efforts and outstanding financial due diligence matters.

Over the following month, OMERS continued its financial due diligence efforts and worked with KPMG, its accounting consultant, and Ernst & Young, Golfsmith’s accountant, to answer questions and assist OMERS in completing its financial due diligence with respect to 2011 and the first quarter of 2012. On March 30, April 6, April 13 and April 20, 2012, the Transaction Committee was updated by Lazard and Golfsmith’s management with respect to the efforts of OMERS and Golfsmith to complete OMERS’s financial due diligence.

On April 27, 2012, the Transaction Committee met, and Ms. Gove and Mr. Solomon reported that there were no outstanding financial due diligence items subject to (i) KPMG’s final confirmation following a meeting with Ernst & Young and (ii) OMERS’s review of the vendor pricing data that continued to be withheld. The Transaction Committee discussed the timing for release of the vendor data in light of the challenges experienced to date with respect to completing due diligence and negotiations with OMERS, and again decided that such data would be released only after the Transaction Committee received OMERS’s confirmation of price and terms of the transaction and confirmation that no other due diligence items were outstanding.

On May 1, 2012, White & Case and Weil discussed certain open issues with respect to the merger agreement including the definition of “material adverse effect”, remedies upon OMERS’s breach and the ability of Golfsmith to borrow under its Revolving Credit Facility between signing and closing. During this discussion, White & Case indicated to Weil that AEP’s ownership had dipped slightly below a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock as a result of an increase in the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock and suggested that, in addition to AEP’s execution of the stockholder written consent approving the transaction, Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove also execute a stockholder written consent to ensure approval by a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock. Additionally, on May 2, 2012, Golfsmith’s and Golf Town’s respective legal counsel participated in a confirmatory due diligence call.

 

39


Table of Contents

On May 3, 2012, White & Case and Weil negotiated the remaining material issues in the merger agreement subject to consideration and approval by OMERS and Golfsmith. Additionally, Mr. Li of OMERS called Mr. Solomon to report that OMERS had completed its financial due diligence and had confirmed that it was going to recommend to its investment transaction committee to approve the transaction at a price of $6.10 per share but that the process for obtaining such approval would take approximately one week. Following such confirmation, the Transaction Committee met with White & Case and Lazard and White & Case provided an update on the status of the merger agreement discussions and other legal documents, reporting that the merger agreement was very close to being finalized. The Transaction Committee approved the release of vendor data to OMERS.

On Friday, May 11, 2012, the Transaction Committee held a telephonic meeting. White & Case reviewed with the Transaction Committee members the terms of the transaction and the proposed post-closing management arrangements with Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove, Mr. Larkin and Mr. Getson. LMM reviewed with the Transaction Committee its financial analysis of the transaction and presented its oral opinion (subsequently confirmed in writing) that, subject to and based upon, the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth therein, as of May 11, 2012, the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 per share, in cash, to be paid to the holders of Common Stock (other than holders of Excluded Shares) pursuant to the Merger Agreement was fair, from a financial point of view, to holders of Common Stock (other than the Excluded Holders). The Transaction Committee discussed the terms of the proposed transaction and following such discussion, the Transaction Committee determined to recommend that the Golfsmith Board approve the transaction. Following the Transaction Committee meeting, the Golfsmith Board met. White & Case reviewed the fiduciary duties and responsibilities of the Golfsmith Board and the terms of the transaction, as well as the proposed post-closing management arrangements with Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove, Mr. Larkin and Mr. Getson. LMM reviewed with the Golfsmith Board its financial analysis of the transaction and presented its oral opinion (subsequently confirmed in writing) that, subject to and based upon, the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth therein, as of May 11, 2012, the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 per share, in cash, to be paid to the holders of the shares of Common Stock (other than holders of Excluded Shares) in the Merger is fair, from a financial point of view, to holders of Common Stock (other than the Excluded Holders). This analysis and opinion are summarized below in the section entitled “Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC” beginning on page 50. The Golfsmith Board adopted resolutions approving and adopting the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger.

Later that evening, the Merger Agreement was executed by Golfsmith, Golf Town and Merger Sub. Golfsmith and Golf Town issued a press release before the market opened on Monday, May 14, 2012, announcing entry into the Merger Agreement.

Following the execution of the merger agreement, AEP, Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove, each in its capacity as a stockholder of Golfsmith, collectively holding 51.1% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, executed written consents adopting the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, including the Merger. Additionally, on May 23, 2012, the Paul Stockholders executed and delivered written consents, among other things, adopting the Merger Agreement and authorizing the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger. The Consenting Stockholders together own approximately 60.8% of Golfsmith’s issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock.

 

40


Table of Contents

Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith Board

The Transaction Committee

The Transaction Committee was formed by the Golfsmith Board to consider and evaluate potential Sale Transactions. The Transaction Committee, acting with the advice and assistance of its financial advisor, Lazard, and Golfsmith’s outside legal counsel, White & Case, evaluated the Merger Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement. In recommending to the Golfsmith Board that it approve the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated thereby, on the terms and conditions contained therein, the Transaction Committee considered a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the following:

Financial Terms; Opinion of Financial Advisor; Certainty of Value

 

   

Historical market prices, volatility and trading information with respect to Common Stock, including that the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 in cash:

 

   

was significantly higher than any of the other offers or indications of interest that Golfsmith had received in the solicitation process;

 

   

represented a premium of approximately 29.5% over the closing price of Common Stock on May 10, 2012, which was the last day of trading prior to the Transaction Committee’s recommendation of the Merger Agreement to the Golfsmith Board;

 

   

represented a premium of approximately 34.3%, 38.8% and 48.2% over the thirty, sixty and ninety day, respectively, volume-weighted average closing prices of Common Stock based on the May 10, 2012 closing stock price; and

 

   

exceeded, by approximately 16.9%, the 52-week high closing price of Common Stock for the period ending May 10, 2012.

 

   

The uncertainty as to whether the trading price of Common Stock would reach and sustain a trading price at least equal to the Per Share Merger Consideration, particularly in light of the historically limited liquidity in the market for Common Stock.

 

   

The opinion of LMM. See “The Merger—Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC” beginning on page 50.

 

   

The form of consideration to be paid in the Merger is cash, which provides certainty of value and immediate liquidity to Golfsmith’s stockholders without brokerage costs typically associated with market sales.

Transaction Consideration and Approval Process

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee, formed by the Golfsmith Board to consider and evaluate a potential sale of Golfsmith, included the Unaffiliated Members and at the time it made its determination and recommendation regarding the Merger to the Golfsmith Board, was comprised solely of such Unaffiliated Members.

 

41


Table of Contents
   

The fact that the vote of both of the Unaffiliated Members was required for the Transaction Committee to recommend a Sale Transaction to the Golfsmith Board.

 

   

The fact that no member of the Transaction Committee, at the time it made its determination and recommendation, had an interest in the transaction different from that of Golfsmith’s stockholders except that (i) each member of the Transaction Committee will receive customary director and officer insurance coverage, indemnification and exculpation and (ii) certain Company Options and Company Awards held by members of the Transaction Committee will automatically vest upon a change of control. For more information, see “Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger” beginning on page 62.

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee’s recommendation was required for the Golfsmith Board to approve the Merger.

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee retained Lazard as its own financial advisor, was advised by White & Case, Golfsmith’s legal counsel, and was empowered to engage its own legal and financial advisors.

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee sought offers to purchase from a broad group of potential bidders, including both financial and strategic investors, 31 of which entered into confidentiality agreements with Golfsmith.

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee met, together with its outside legal and financial advisors, on a weekly basis throughout the solicitation and negotiation process.

 

   

The fact that the Merger and Merger Agreement were supported by the Supporting Stockholders who indicated they were prepared to execute a written consent approving the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated thereby.

Financial Condition; Prospects of Company

 

   

Golfsmith’s current and historical financial condition, results of operations, competitive position, strategic options and prospects, as well as the financial plan and prospects if Golfsmith were to remain an independent public company, and the potential impact of those factors on the trading price of Common Stock (which cannot be quantified numerically).

 

   

The prospective risks to Golfsmith as a stand-alone public entity, including the risks and uncertainties with respect to:

 

   

achieving its growth plans in light of the current and foreseeable market conditions, including the risks and uncertainties in the U.S. and global economy generally and the specialty sporting goods retail industry specifically;

 

42


Table of Contents
   

the potential risks facing Golfsmith in light of continuing negative trends in the golf industry, including declining rounds of golf played, declining number of golf players, greater number of golf course closures and lower expenditures on golf equipment and travel-related golf products, and the highly uncertain future growth potential in the golf industry in general; and

 

   

the “risk factors” set forth in Golfsmith’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 1, 2012.

 

   

The potential competitive risks facing Golfsmith as its competitors expand in trade areas where Golfsmith operates, potentially impacting Golfsmith’s sales in such locations.

 

   

Golfsmith’s share price performance over the past three years, specifically that Golfsmith’s earnings multiples did not fully reflect Golfsmith’s operational performance.

 

   

The significant capital expenditures that are required to implement Golfsmith’s plan to enhance existing stores and open 45 new stores in the next 4 years and the risks that are associated with executing such plan.

Results of the Solicitation Process and Consideration of Other Strategic Alternatives

 

   

The results of the comprehensive market solicitation process conducted by the Transaction Committee, with the assistance of the Transaction Committee’s financial advisor, in which 62 potential bidders, including 25 strategic bidders and 37 financial bidders were contacted regarding their interest in a transaction with Golfsmith, 31 parties entered into confidentiality agreements with Golfsmith, only two final bids were received, including the final offer from OMERS, which was the highest proposed price, and other potential bidders indicated they would not be in a position to provide a value in excess of that offered by OMERS.

 

   

The Transaction Committee also considered the possibility of Golfsmith continuing as an independent public company or pursuing a secondary offering of Common Stock at a later time. The Transaction Committee believed that such alternatives presented significant risks in light of global economic conditions, competitive risk, execution risk of Golfsmith’s strategic plan and stock trading history. Consequently, the Transaction Committee determined that these alternatives were not reasonably expected to create superior opportunities for Golfsmith to create greater value for Golfsmith’s stockholders than the Merger, particularly in light of the cash Merger Consideration which provides immediate and certain value.

Merger Agreement Terms

Financing-Related Terms

 

   

Golfsmith has received the Waiver, which eliminates the need to refinance Golfsmith’s outstanding indebtedness in connection with the Merger and the risk that such refinancing might not be completed.

 

43


Table of Contents
   

OMERS has provided the Equity Commitment Letter to fund the purchase price of the equity and transaction expenses of Golfsmith.

 

   

The equity commitment letter is conditioned only on the satisfaction of the conditions to the Merger contained in the Merger Agreement and there are no conditions to the continued effectiveness of the Waiver.

 

   

The fact that (i) Golf Town will be required to pay to Golfsmith the Purchaser Breach Termination Fee of $8,200,000 (equal to approximately 7.5% of the aggregate equity value of the Merger) if the Merger Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances because Golf Town has breached its obligations under the Merger Agreement or the Purchaser Financing Termination Fee of $6,500,000 (equal to approximately 6.0% of the aggregate equity value of the Merger) if the Merger Agreement is terminated because Golf Town fails to complete the Merger and the Waiver is not in full force and effect and (ii) Golfsmith will not need to prove damages as a condition to receiving the Purchaser Breach Termination Fee or the Purchaser Financing Termination Fee (collectively, the “Purchaser Termination Fees”).

 

   

Golfsmith’s right to seek specific performance of Golf Town’s obligations under the Merger Agreement, including, under certain circumstances, specific performance of Golf Town’s obligations to fund the cash equity contribution to Golf Town pursuant to the Equity Commitment Letter.

 

   

OAC has provided the Limited Guarantee in favor of Golfsmith guaranteeing the payment of the Purchaser Termination Fees.

Company Stockholder Approval and Fiduciary Out

 

   

The fact that although adoption of the Merger Agreement by the holders of a majority of the shares entitled to vote on such matter at a stockholders meeting duly called and held for such purpose or acting by written consent in lieu of a stockholders meeting (the “Company Stockholder Approval”) is a condition to closing the Merger, the Supporting Stockholders, who collectively hold approximately 51.1% of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock, supported the Merger and indicated to the Transaction Committee their intention to execute and deliver the Written Consent (and ultimately did execute the Written Consent).

 

   

Notwithstanding the Written Consent, the terms of the Merger Agreement and the Voting Agreement, dated May 11, 2012, between Golf Town and AEP (the “Voting Agreement”) do not preclude third parties from making a superior proposal and the Golfsmith Board is not prohibited from considering and accepting such a superior proposal subject to compliance with the terms of the Merger Agreement.

 

   

The fact that the Voting Agreement automatically terminates if the Merger Agreement is terminated, including in the event that the Golfsmith Board determines to terminate the Merger Agreement to accept a superior proposal.

 

   

Prior to the Effective Time, the Golfsmith Board can furnish information or enter into discussions with respect to an acquisition proposal if, upon the recommendation of the

 

44


Table of Contents
 

Transaction Committee, it determines in good faith, after consultation with its outside legal and financial advisors, that such acquisition proposal constitutes, or could reasonably be expected to lead to, a superior proposal.

 

   

If, prior to the Effective Time, the Golfsmith Board receives an acquisition proposal that, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, the Golfsmith Board determines in good faith, after consultation with its outside legal and financial advisors, constitutes a superior proposal, and the Golfsmith Board, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, determines in good faith after consultation with its outside legal and financial advisors, that failure to take an action in connection with such proposal would reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with its fiduciary duties, the Golfsmith Board may change its recommendation or terminate the Merger Agreement to concurrently enter into an agreement with respect to the superior proposal, after giving Golf Town notice and opportunity to match the terms contained in the Merger Agreement to the terms of such proposal.

 

   

The Golfsmith Board may, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, subject to the occurrence of certain intervening events, withdraw or modify its recommendation to Golfsmith’s stockholders to adopt the Merger Agreement if it determines in good faith, after consultation with its outside legal and financial advisors, that failure to take such action would reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with the directors’ fiduciary duties (whether or not in response to a takeover proposal).

 

   

The Merger Agreement requires Golfsmith to pay a termination fee of $3,800,000 (equal to approximately 3.5% of the aggregate equity value of the Merger) if, prior to the Effective Time, (i) Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement to enter into an agreement with respect to a superior proposal or (ii) Golf Town terminates the Merger Agreement due to (a) an uncured intentional breach by Golfsmith, and, prior to the earlier of such termination and the Effective Time, an acquisition proposal is made by a third party and, within one year of such termination, Golfsmith enters into an agreement for such acquisition proposal or consummates that transaction or (b) a change of recommendation by the Golfsmith Board.

 

   

The fact that the Supporting Stockholders will be receiving the same form and amount per share of Merger Consideration as Golfsmith’s other stockholders.

 

   

The availability of statutory appraisal rights under Delaware law in the Merger for stockholders who do not execute the Written Consent and who comply with the requirements set forth in Section 262 of the DGCL.

 

   

The fact that the Merger Agreement contains customary terms and was the product of arm’s-length negotiations.

Likelihood of Consummation

 

   

Although the Company Stockholder Approval is a condition to closing the Merger, the Supporting Stockholders’ indication to the Transaction Committee that they would execute and deliver the Written Consent within one business day following the execution of the Merger Agreement made it highly likely that the Company Stockholder Approval would be obtained (and it subsequently was obtained).

 

45


Table of Contents
   

The fact that the acquisition is not debt-financed by new lenders, the Waiver would be obtained simultaneously with the execution of the Merger Agreement and obtaining new financing or alternative financing is not a condition to the consummation of the Merger.

 

   

The Transaction Committee’s belief that the equity financing required for the Merger would be obtained, because (i) Golf Town has obtained the customary commitment for the equity financing and (ii) the limited number and nature of the conditions to such equity financing.

 

   

The likelihood and anticipated timing of completing the Merger in light of the limited scope of the conditions to closing the Merger and the fact that they are not within the control or discretion of Golf Town, Merger Sub or OMERS and, in the Transaction Committee’s judgment, are likely to be satisfied.

 

   

The fact that no significant antitrust or other regulatory issue exists that would be expected to prevent or delay the Merger.

 

   

The fact that there are no third party consents, the receipt of which are conditions to the transaction.

 

   

The likelihood, considering OMERS’s reputation, proven experience in completing similar transactions, and financial and capital resources, that the Merger would be completed in a reasonably prompt timeframe.

 

   

The fact that the Merger is not conditioned on any member of Golfsmith’s management entering into any employment, equity contribution, or other agreement, arrangement or understanding with Golf Town or Golfsmith.

The Transaction Committee also considered a number of uncertainties and risks in its deliberations concerning the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the following:

 

   

Golfsmith’s current stockholders would not have the opportunity to participate in any possible growth and profits of Golfsmith following the completion of the transaction, including the benefits of any synergies that might be gained by combining Golfsmith with Golf Town.

 

   

The risk that the proposed transaction might not be completed and the effect of the resulting public announcement of termination of the Merger Agreement on:

 

   

The market price of Common Stock, which could be affected by many factors, including (i) the reason for which the Merger Agreement was terminated and whether such termination results from factors adversely affecting Golfsmith, (ii) the possibility that the marketplace would consider Golfsmith to be an unattractive acquisition candidate, and (iii) the possible sale of shares of Common Stock by short-term investors following an announcement of termination of the Merger Agreement.

 

46


Table of Contents
   

Golfsmith’s operating results, particularly in light of the costs incurred in connection with the transaction.

 

   

The ability to retain and attract key personnel.

 

   

Relationships with customers, suppliers and other business partners of Golfsmith.

 

   

The possible disruption to Golfsmith’s business that may result from the announcement of the Merger and the resulting distraction of the attention of Golfsmith’s management and employees and the impact of the Merger on customers, suppliers and other business partners of Golfsmith.

 

   

The terms of the Merger Agreement, including (i) the operational restrictions imposed on Golfsmith between signing and closing (which may delay or prevent Golfsmith from undertaking business opportunities that may arise pending the completion of the transaction), and (ii) the termination fee, that could become payable by Golfsmith under certain circumstances, including if Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement to accept a superior proposal.

 

   

The restriction on soliciting acquisition proposals.

 

   

The fact that Golfsmith’s remedy in connection with a breach of the Merger Agreement by Golf Town, under certain circumstances, is limited to the applicable Purchaser Termination Fee, in accordance with the two-tier reverse termination fee structure and may not be sufficient to compensate Golfsmith for all losses suffered as a result of a breach of the Merger Agreement by Golf Town or Merger Sub.

 

   

The interests of certain members of Golfsmith’s senior management in the Merger, including certain potential change of control payments, and the understandings with OMERS regarding employment with, or the right to invest or participate in the equity of, the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business.

 

   

The fact that the gains from the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement would generally be taxable to Golfsmith’s stockholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and any gains from any appraisal proceeding would generally be taxable for U.S. federal income tax purposes to stockholders who perfect their appraisal rights.

 

   

The fact that the Merger does not require approval of at least a majority of Golfsmith’s stockholders unaffiliated with AEP. Nevertheless, the Transaction Committee believed that sufficient procedural safeguards were and are present to permit the Transaction Committee to represent effectively the interests of Golfsmith’s unaffiliated stockholders, including:

 

   

The fact that, from the earliest stages of the market solicitation process, the Transaction Committee included the Unaffiliated Members, could not recommend a merger or acquisition of Golfsmith without the approval of the Unaffiliated Members, and, at the time it made its determination, was comprised only of the Unaffiliated Members and the vote of both such Unaffiliated Members was required to recommend the Merger to the Golfsmith Board. The Transaction Committee’s recommendation was required for the Golfsmith Board to approve the Merger.

 

47


Table of Contents
   

The fact that Mr. Hanaka, who originally was a member of the Transaction Committee, promptly resigned from the Transaction Committee after Golf Town requested, and Mr. Hanaka agreed, that he would be part of Golfsmith’s management post-closing and thereafter did not participate in the negotiations between the Transaction Committee and OMERS. Additionally, Mr. Hanaka did not participate in the Transaction Committee’s decision to recommend the Merger to the Golfsmith Board.

 

   

The fact that Mr. Buaron, who originally was a member of the Transaction Committee, resigned from the Transaction Committee upon engaging with Golf Town in discussions with respect to a potential alternative transaction structure that was ultimately not pursued. Additionally, Mr. Buaron did not participate in the Transaction Committee’s decision to recommend the Merger to the Golfsmith Board.

 

   

The fact that each of the Unaffiliated Members of the Transaction Committee voted to approve and declare advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated thereby.

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee was advised by its own financial advisors, was advised by Golfsmith’s legal advisors and was empowered to engage its own legal and financial advisors.

 

   

The fact that the Unaffiliated Members at all times had the opportunity to meet separately, and did in fact meet separately with Lazard and White & Case during the course of negotiations with OMERS to review the proposal and Golfsmith’s process for considering the proposed terms.

 

   

The fact that completion of the Merger would require antitrust clearance and the satisfaction of certain other closing conditions that are not within Golfsmith’s control, including that Golfsmith has not experienced a material adverse effect.

The foregoing discussion of the information and factors considered by the Transaction Committee is not intended to be exhaustive, but includes the material factors considered by the Transaction Committee. In view of the variety of factors considered in connection with its evaluation of the Merger, the Transaction Committee did not find it practicable to, and did not, quantify or otherwise assign relative weights to the specific factors considered in reaching its determinations and recommendations. In addition, each of the members of the Transaction Committee applied his or her own personal business judgment to the process and may have given differing weights to different factors.

The Board of Directors

The Golfsmith Board, acting with the advice and assistance of Lazard and White & Case has approved and declared advisable the Merger and the Merger Agreement and recommended that Golfsmith’s stockholders adopt the Merger Agreement. The Golfsmith Board expressly adopted the analyses and determinations of the Transaction Committee in its evaluation of the Merger and the Merger Agreement. In determining the reasonableness of the Transaction Committee’s analysis, the Golfsmith Board considered and relied upon the following factors, among others:

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee, formed by the Golfsmith Board to consider and evaluate a potential sale of Golfsmith, included the Unaffiliated Members and, at the time it made its determination and recommendation regarding the Merger to the Golfsmith Board, was comprised solely of such Unaffiliated Members.

 

48


Table of Contents
   

The fact that the vote of both of the Unaffiliated Members was required in order for the Transaction Committee to recommend a transaction to the Golfsmith Board.

 

   

The fact that the Transaction Committee’s recommendation was required in order for the Golfsmith Board to approve the Merger.

 

   

The Transaction Committee’s unanimous determination approving and declaring advisable the Merger Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated thereby and its unanimous recommendation that the Golfsmith Board approve the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated thereby, on the terms and conditions contained therein.

 

   

That no member of the Transaction Committee, at the time it made its determination and recommendation to the Golfsmith Board, had an interest in the transaction different from that of Golfsmith’s stockholders except that (i) each member of the Transaction Committee will receive customary director and officer insurance coverage, indemnification and exculpation and (ii) certain Company Options and Company Awards held by the members of the Transaction Committee will automatically vest upon a change of control (for more information, see “Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger” beginning on page 62).

 

   

The process undertaken by the Transaction Committee and Golfsmith’s advisors in connection with evaluating the transaction.

 

   

The oral opinion of LMM Board that, subject to and based upon the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth therein, as of May 11, 2012, the Per Share Merger Consideration to be paid to the holders of the shares of Common Stock in the Merger (other than holders of Excluded Shares) is fair, from a financial point of view, to holders of Common Stock (other than the Excluded Holders), which was confirmed in a written opinion dated May 11, 2012, as more fully described in “The Merger—Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC” beginning on page 50.

 

   

The availability of appraisal rights under Delaware law for Golfsmith’s stockholders who oppose the Merger.

The foregoing discussion of the information and factors considered by the Golfsmith Board is not intended to be exhaustive, but includes the material factors considered by the Golfsmith Board, including the substantive and procedural factors considered by the Transaction Committee discussed above. In view of the variety of factors considered in connection with its evaluation of the Merger, the Golfsmith Board did not find it practicable to, and did not, quantify or otherwise assign relative weights to the specific factors considered in reaching its conclusion. In addition, each of the members of the Golfsmith Board applied his or her own personal business judgment to the process and may have given differing weights to different factors. The Golfsmith Board approved the Merger Agreement and unanimously recommended it to Golfsmith’s stockholders based on the totality of the information presented to, and considered by, it. It

 

49


Table of Contents

should be noted that this explanation of the reasoning of the Golfsmith Board and certain information presented in this section is forward-looking in nature and should be read in light of the factors set forth in the section entitled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information” beginning on page 15 of this Information Statement.

Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC

The Transaction Committee retained Lazard to act as its financial advisor with respect to a possible sale of Golfsmith, including in connection with the Merger as contemplated by the Merger Agreement. See “Background of the Merger” beginning on page 20 for a description of the process by which the Transaction Committee selected Lazard to act as its financial advisor. As part of the engagement, the Transaction Committee requested an opinion to the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board with respect to the fairness, from a financial point of view, to the holders of shares of Common Stock (other than Excluded Holders) of the Per Share Merger Consideration. On May 11, 2012, LMM delivered its oral opinion to the members of the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board, in their capacities as such, which opinion was subsequently confirmed by the delivery of a written opinion, dated May 11, 2012, to the effect that, as of that date and based upon and subject to the assumptions, procedures, factors, limitations and qualifications set forth therein, the Per Share Merger Consideration to be paid to the holders of the shares of Common Stock (other than holders of the Excluded Shares) in the Merger was fair, from a financial point of view, to holders of Common Stock (other than the Excluded Holders).

The full text of the written opinion of LMM, dated May 11, 2012, which sets forth the procedures followed, assumptions made, factors considered and limitations and qualifications on the review undertaken in connection with its opinion, is attached to this Information Statement as Annex B and is incorporated herein by reference. The description of LMM’s opinion set forth in this Information Statement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of LMM’s opinion attached as Annex B to this Information Statement. LMM’s opinion was not intended to, and does not, constitute a recommendation to any stockholder as to how such stockholder should vote or act with respect to the Merger or any matter relating thereto. Holders of shares of Common Stock are urged to read LMM’s opinion carefully in its entirety for a description of the procedures followed, assumptions made, factors considered and limitations and qualifications on the review undertaken by LMM in connection with its opinion.

In connection with rendering its opinion described above and performing its related financial analysis, LMM:

 

   

Reviewed the financial terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, dated May 11, 2012;

 

   

Reviewed certain publicly available historical business and financial information relating to Golfsmith;

 

   

Reviewed various financial Forecasts (as defined in “The Merger—Projected Financial Information” beginning on page 59) and other data provided to LMM by Golfsmith relating to the business of Golfsmith and discussed with the Golfsmith Board certain sensitivities to such Forecasts and other data;

 

50


Table of Contents
   

Held discussions with members of senior management of Golfsmith with respect to the business and prospects of Golfsmith;

 

   

Reviewed public information with respect to certain other companies in lines of business that LMM believed to be generally relevant in evaluating the business of Golfsmith;

 

   

Reviewed the financial terms of certain business combinations involving companies in lines of business LMM believed to be generally relevant in evaluating the business of Golfsmith;

 

   

Reviewed historical stock prices and trading volumes of the Common Stock; and

 

   

Conducted such other financial studies, analyses and investigations as LMM deemed appropriate.

LMM assumed and relied upon the accuracy and completeness of the foregoing information, without independent verification of such information. LMM did not conduct any independent valuation or appraisal of any of the assets or liabilities (contingent or otherwise) of Golfsmith or concerning the solvency or fair value of Golfsmith, and LMM was not furnished with any such valuation or appraisal. With respect to the financial Forecasts utilized in LMM’s analyses, LMM assumed, with the consent of Golfsmith, that they were reasonably prepared on bases reflecting the best currently available estimates and judgments as to the future financial performance of Golfsmith. LMM assumed no responsibility for and expressed no view as to any such Forecasts or the assumptions on which they were based.

Further, LMM’s opinion was necessarily based on economic, monetary, market and other conditions as in effect on, and the information made available to LMM as of, the date of its opinion. LMM assumed no responsibility for updating or revising its opinion based on circumstances or events occurring after the date of its opinion. LMM did not express any opinion as to the price at which shares of Common Stock may trade at any time subsequent to the announcement of the Merger. LMM’s opinion did not address the relative merits of the Merger as compared to any other transaction or business strategy in which Golfsmith might engage or the merits of the underlying decision by Golfsmith to engage in the Merger.

In rendering its opinion, LMM assumed, with the consent of Golfsmith, that the Merger would be consummated on the terms described in the Merger Agreement, without any waiver or modification of any material terms or conditions. LMM also assumed, with the consent of Golfsmith, that obtaining the necessary governmental, regulatory or third party approvals and consents for the Merger would not have an adverse effect on Golfsmith or the Merger. LMM did not express any opinion as to any tax or other consequences that might result from the Merger, nor did LMM’s opinion address any legal, tax, regulatory or accounting matters, as to which LMM understood that Golfsmith obtained such advice as it deemed necessary from qualified professionals. LMM expressed no view or opinion as to any terms or other aspects (other than the Per Share Merger Consideration to the extent expressly specified in LMM’s opinion) of the Merger, including, without limitation, the form or structure of the Merger or any agreements or arrangements entered into in connection with, or contemplated by, the Merger. In addition, LMM expressed no view or opinion as to the fairness of the amount or nature of, or any other aspects relating to, the compensation to any officers, directors or employees of any parties to the Merger, or class of such persons, relative to the Merger Consideration or otherwise.

 

51


Table of Contents

In preparing its opinion, LMM performed a variety of financial and comparative analyses. The following is a summary of the material financial and comparative analyses that LMM deemed to be appropriate for this type of transaction and that were reviewed with the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board by LMM in connection with rendering its opinion. The summary of LMM’s analyses described below is not a complete description of the analyses underlying LMM’s opinion. The preparation of a fairness opinion is a complex analytical process involving various determinations as to the most appropriate and relevant methods of financial analysis and the application of those methods to the particular circumstances and, therefore, is not readily susceptible to partial or summary description. In arriving at its opinion, LMM considered the results of all of the analyses undertaken by it and assessed as a whole and did not draw, in isolation, conclusions from or with regard to any one factor or method of analysis considered by it. Rather, LMM made its determination as to fairness based on its experience and professional judgment after considering the results of all the analyses. Accordingly, LMM believes that its analyses must be considered as a whole and that selecting portions of its analyses and factors or focusing on information presented in tabular format, without considering all analyses and factors or the narrative description of the analyses, could create a misleading or incomplete view of the processes underlying its analyses and opinion.

In its analyses, LMM considered industry performance, regulatory, general business, economic, market and financial conditions and other matters, many of which are beyond the control of Golfsmith. No company or transaction used in the below analyses as a comparison is directly comparable to Golfsmith or the Merger. Rather, the analyses involve complex considerations and judgments concerning financial and operating characteristics and other factors that could affect the acquisition, public trading or other values of the companies, business segments or transactions analyzed. The estimates contained in LMM’s analyses and the ranges of valuations resulting from any particular analysis are not necessarily indicative of actual values or predictive of future results or values, which may be significantly more or less favorable than those suggested by the analyses. In addition, analyses relating to the value of businesses or securities do not purport to be appraisals or to reflect the prices at which businesses or securities actually may be sold. Accordingly, the estimates used in, and the results derived from, LMM’s analyses and estimates are inherently subject to substantial uncertainty.

LMM’s opinion was one of many factors taken into consideration by the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board in connection with their consideration of the Merger Agreement. Consequently, the analyses described below should not be viewed as determinative of the opinion of the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board with respect to the Merger Consideration or of whether the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board would have been willing to determine that a different Per Share Merger Consideration was fair. The Per Share Merger Consideration to be paid to the holders of shares of Common Stock pursuant to the Merger was determined through arm’s-length negotiations between Golfsmith and representatives of OMERS and Golf Town, and was approved by the Golfsmith Board. LMM did not recommend any specific merger consideration to the Transaction Committee or the Golfsmith Board or that any given merger consideration constituted the only appropriate consideration for the Merger.

The following is a summary of the material financial and comparative analyses that were performed by LMM in connection with rendering its opinion. LMM prepared these analyses for the purpose of providing an opinion to the Transaction Committee and the Golfsmith Board as to the fairness, from a financial point of view, to the holders of shares of Common Stock (other than the Excluded Holders) of the Per Share Merger Consideration to be paid to such holders pursuant to the Merger. These analyses do not

 

52


Table of Contents

purport to be appraisals or necessarily reflect the prices at which businesses or securities actually may be sold. Analyses based upon Forecasts of future results are not necessarily indicative of actual future results, which may be significantly more or less favorable than suggested by these analyses. Because these analyses are inherently subject to uncertainty, being based upon numerous factors or events beyond the control of the parties or their respective advisors, LMM does not assume any responsibility if future results are materially different from those Forecasts. The following summary does not purport to be a complete description of the financial analyses performed by LMM. Some of the summaries of the financial analyses include information presented in tabular format. The tables must be read together with the full text of each summary and are alone not a complete description of LMM’s financial analyses. Except as otherwise noted, the following quantitative information, to the extent that it is based on market data, is based on market data as it existed on or before May 10, 2012, and is not necessarily indicative of current market conditions.

Selected Public Companies Analysis

LMM performed the following selected public companies analyses. Financial data of the selected companies was based on public filings, publicly available research and financial information.

LMM reviewed certain financial and stock market information of Golfsmith and the following eight selected publicly-traded companies in the sporting goods retail industry:

 

   

Big 5 Sporting Goods

 

   

Cabela’s

 

   

Dick’s Sporting Goods

 

   

Dover Saddlery

 

   

The Finish Line

 

   

Foot Locker

 

   

Hibbett Sports

 

   

Sport Chalet

Although none of the selected companies are directly comparable to Golfsmith, the companies included are publicly-traded companies with operations, financial metrics, and/or other criteria, such as lines of business, markets, business risks or size or scale of business, which LMM considered similar to Golfsmith for purposes of analysis.

 

53


Table of Contents

LMM calculated various multiples and ratios of the above referenced companies, including, among other things (i) the enterprise value of each company as a multiple of its earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) for the last twelve months based on public information available as of May 10, 2012 (“LTM”), and its projected EBITDA for calendar year 2012 and (ii) the ratio of each company’s May 10, 2012, closing share price to its LTM earnings per share (“EPS”), and its estimated EPS for calendar year 2012. The following table summarizes the results of this review:

 

     Enterprise
Value

(in  millions)
     Enterprise Value
to LTM
EBITDA(a)
     Enterprise
Value to 2012E
EBITDA
    Share Price to
LTM EPS(a)
    Share Price to
2012E EPS
 

Big 5 Sporting Goods

   $ 215.5         6.0x         5.1x        14.8x        12.8x   

Cabela’s

   $ 4,375.9         13.2x         11.9x        16.1x        14.0x   

Dick’s Sporting Goods

   $ 5,709.1         10.4x         8.9x        23.7x        20.3x   

Dover Saddlery (b)

   $ 34.0         7.1x         NM        13.6x        NM   

The Finish Line

   $ 839.6         5.2x         5.1x        13.4x        13.5x   

Foot Locker

   $ 3,786.6         6.9x         5.7x        16.0x        12.9x   

Hibbett Sports

   $ 1,534.4         14.4x         12.8x        26.9x        23.6x   

Sport Chalet (b)

   $ 45.0         4.6x         NA (c)      NM (d)      NM (d) 

High

   $ 5,709.1         14.4x         12.8x        26.9x        23.6x   

75th Percentile

   $ 3,933.9         12.5x         11.1x        21.8x        18.7x   

Mean

   $ 2,067.5         9.3x         8.2x        18.5x        16.2x   

Median

   $ 1,187.0         8.6x         7.3x        16.0x        13.8x   

25th Percentile

   $ 172.9         6.2x         5.2x        15.1x        13.1x   

Low

   $ 34.0         5.2x         5.1x        13.4x        12.8x   

 

(a)

Represents LTM results based on public information available as of May 10, 2012

(b)

Enterprise Value to LTM EBITDA and Share Price to LTM EPS for Dover Saddlery and Sport Chalet were not included in the aggregate multiples analysis due to low trading volume, small market capitalization, and lack of equity research analyst estimates for 2012E results.

(c)

“NA” denotes data not publicly available.

(d)

“NM” denotes data not meaningful.

Based on an analysis of the range of multiples summarized above and LMM’s professional judgment, LMM selected a reference range of:

 

   

6.2x to 8.6x for enterprise value to LTM EBITDA;

 

   

5.2x to 7.3x for enterprise value to 2012 estimated EBITDA;

 

54


Table of Contents
   

15.1x to 16.0x for share price to LTM EPS; and

 

   

13.1x to 13.8x for share price to 2012 estimated EPS.

LMM applied each such range of enterprise value to EBITDA multiples and share price to EPS multiples for the selected companies to LTM ended March 31, 2012, adjusted EBITDA, 2012 estimated adjusted EBITDA, LTM ended March 31, 2012, adjusted EPS, and 2012 estimated adjusted EPS of Golfsmith.

From this analysis, LMM estimated an implied price per share range for the shares of Common Stock as follows, as compared to the $6.10 Per Share Merger Consideration provided in the Merger Agreement:

 

Multiple

  Implied Price Per Share
Range

Enterprise Value to LTM ended March 31, 2012, Adjusted EBITDA

  $2.40 to $4.40

Enterprise Value to 2012 Estimated Adjusted EBITDA

  $3.91 to $6.52

Share Price to LTM ended March 31, 2012, Adjusted EPS

  $0.50 to $0.53

Share Price to 2012 Estimated Adjusted EPS

  $3.32 to $3.49

Precedent Transactions Analysis

LMM reviewed certain publicly available financial information of target companies in selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions involving selected retail companies it viewed as relevant. In performing its analyses, LMM reviewed certain financial information and transaction multiples relating to the target companies involved in the selected transactions and compared such information to the corresponding information for Golfsmith.

Although none of the selected precedent transactions or the target companies party to such transactions are directly comparable to the Merger or to Golfsmith, all of the transactions were chosen because they involve transactions that, for purposes of analysis, may be considered similar to the Merger and/or involve targets that, for purposes of analysis, may be considered similar to Golfsmith.

 

55


Table of Contents

LMM reviewed the transactions set forth in the following table. For each of the transactions, LMM calculated and compared the implied enterprise value as a multiple of LTM EBITDA. The results of the analysis were as follows:

 

Announcement Date

 

Acquiror

 

Target Company

  Implied
Enterprise

Value
(in millions)
    Implied
Enterprise
Value/LTM
EBITDA
 

October 2011

  Ares Management   99¢ Only Stores   $ 1,356        9.1x   

May 2011

  Canadian Tire Corp.   Forzani Group   $ 860        8.0x   

December 2010

  Leonard Green & Partners   Jo-Ann   $ 1,450        6.9x   

November 2010

  Leonard Green & Partners, TPG Capital   J. Crew   $ 2,679        8.4x   

October 2010

  Bain Capital Private Equity   Gymboree   $ 1,630        7.5x   

August 2009

  Advent International Corporation   Charlotte Russe   $ 311        6.6x   

July 2009

  Golden Gate Capital   Eddie Bauer   $ 505        10.4x   

September 2007

  Amscan Holdings   Factory Card & Party Outlet   $ 69        9.6x   

September 2007

  Redcats USA   United Retail Group   $ 147        7.1x   

August 2007

  OMERS Capital Partners   Golf Town   $ 238        9.3x   

July 2007

  Lee Equity Partners   Deb Shops   $ 260        7.8x   

June 2007

  Bain Capital Private Equity   Guitar Center   $ 2,121        12.5x   

May 2007

  Payless Shoesource   The Stride Rite Corp.   $ 834        11.1x   

March 2007

  Apollo Global Management   Claire’s Stores   $ 2,739        8.7x   

November 2006

  Dick’s Sporting Goods   Golf Galaxy   $ 226        11.8x   

January 2006

  Leonard Green & Partners   The Sports Authority   $ 1,223        6.8x   
        High        12.5x   
        75th Percentile        9.8x   
        Mean        8.9x   
        Median        8.6x   
        25th Percentile        7.4x   
        Low        6.6x   

 

56


Table of Contents

Based on the foregoing analyses and LMM’s professional judgment and industry knowledge, LMM applied multiples of 7.4x to 8.6x to Golfsmith’s LTM ended March 31, 2012, adjusted EBITDA to calculate an implied equity value per share range for Golfsmith of $3.38 to $4.37, compared to the $6.10 Per Share Merger Consideration provided in the Merger Agreement.

Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

LMM performed a discounted cash flow analysis of Golfsmith, deriving free cash flows via customary accounting and financial analysis from the May 2012 Projections provided by Golfsmith, to calculate the estimated present value of the standalone unlevered, after-tax free cash flows for the period of June 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 and the fiscal years ending December 31, 2013 through 2015 based on the May 2012 Projections provided to LMM by Golfsmith’s management using an after-tax discount rate range of 17.2% to 19.2%, as determined by LMM, an assumed tax rate of 35%, and reflecting the estimated weighted average cost of capital of the selected companies listed above under “—Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLCSelected Public Companies Analysis.” Based upon management estimates, LMM calculated a total enterprise value reference range for Golfsmith, resulting in a range of implied equity values per share of $4.06 to $5.62 (calculated on a fully-diluted shares basis to take into account all outstanding Company Options and Company Awards that will be cancelled and converted into the right to receive a portion of the Merger Consideration in connection with the Merger).

 

57


Table of Contents

Additional Analyses of Golfsmith

Premia Paid Analysis

LMM also performed a premia paid analysis, which is designed to provide a valuation of Golfsmith based on the premia paid in all-cash acquisition transactions involving United States targets announced from January 1, 2010 to May 10, 2012 involving a total transaction value of $50 million to $500 million. LMM’s analysis was not industry specific. The implied premia in this analysis were calculated comparing the per share acquisition prices to the relevant target companies’ closing stock prices one day, thirty days, and sixty days prior to the announcement of the respective transaction. The results of these calculations are as follows:

 

     High     75th
Percentile
    Mean     Median     25th
Percentile
    Low  

1-Day Premia

     222.9     55.6     46.0     36.3     20.4     (8.2 %) 

30-Day Premia

     235.0     64.8     53.3     39.4     27.2     (3.1 %) 

60-Day Premia

     318.8     68.1     55.1     46.4     25.2     (33.6 %) 

Using the thirty-day implied premia of the aforementioned transactions, LMM, based on its experience with merger and acquisition transactions, applied a range of premia based on these transactions of 27.2% to 64.8% of Golfsmith’s closing stock price on May 10, 2012 and February 29, 2012 (the day prior to Golfsmith’s announcement that it was pursuing strategic alternatives including a possible sale of Golfsmith) to derive reference ranges of $5.99 to $7.76 per share and $5.20 to $6.74 per share, respectively.

52-Week Low to High Closing Stock Prices Analysis

LMM reviewed the historical price performance of the closing stock price of the Common Stock for the 52-week period ending May 10, 2012. During this period, the closing prices of the Common Stock ranged from $2.76 to $5.22, as compared to the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 per share.

Miscellaneous

Pursuant to the terms of Lazard’s engagement letter, dated July 7, 2011, Golfsmith has agreed to pay Lazard the following fees:

 

  (a)

a consulting fee of $80,000, to be offset against any fee subsequently payable pursuant to clause (c) below;

 

  (b)

an additional fee of $150,000 payable upon the rendering of the fairness opinion described above, to be offset against any fee subsequently payable pursuant to clause (c); and

 

  (c)

a fee of approximately $1.95 million, payable upon consummation of a transaction.

In addition, Golfsmith also agreed to reimburse Lazard for its reasonable expenses incurred in connection with the engagement. In a separate letter also dated July 7, 2011, Golfsmith also agreed to indemnify Lazard and certain related parties against certain liabilities under certain circumstances that may arise out of the rendering of its advice, including certain liabilities under U.S. federal securities laws.

 

58


Table of Contents

LFC and its affiliates (including LMM), as part of their investment banking business, are continually engaged in the valuation of businesses and their securities in connection with mergers and acquisitions, negotiated underwritings, secondary distributions of listed and unlisted securities, private placements, leveraged buyouts, and valuations for estate, corporate and other purposes. LFC and its affiliates (including LMM) in the past (but not within the past two years) may have provided certain other investment banking services to Golfsmith, certain of Golfsmith’s affiliates, OMERS, Golf Town and certain of Golf Town’s affiliates, for which LFC and its affiliates have received compensation. In the ordinary course of their respective businesses, LFC, LFCM Holdings LLC (an entity indirectly owned in large part by managing directors of LFC) and certain of their respective affiliates may actively trade in securities of Golfsmith, certain of Golfsmith’s affiliates, OMERS, Golf Town and certain of Golf Town’s affiliates for their own accounts and for the accounts of their customers and, accordingly, may at any time hold a long or short position in such securities, and also may trade and hold securities on behalf of Golfsmith, certain of Golfsmith’s affiliates, OMERS, Golf Town and certain of Golf Town’s affiliates. As of the date of LMM’s opinion, none of LFC, LFCM Holdings LLC or their respective affiliates had any proprietary holdings in Golfsmith, any of Golfsmith’s affiliates, OMERS, Golf Town or any of Golf Town’s affiliates.

Lazard is an internationally recognized investment banking firm providing a full range of financial advisory and securities services. Lazard was selected to act as financial advisor to the Transaction Committee because of its qualifications, experience, reputation and familiarity with Golfsmith and its business.

Projected Financial Information

Golfsmith does not, as a matter of general practice, develop or publicly disclose detailed financial projections due to the unpredictability of the underlying assumptions and estimates inherent in preparing financial projections. In evaluating a possible transaction with Golf Town, management of Golfsmith provided certain financial forecasts to Golf Town and to the Transaction Committee, the Golfsmith Board and LMM prior to the execution of the Merger Agreement. A summary of the forecasts is included in this Information Statement. You should note that the two forecasts summarized below, the “July 2011 Projections” and the “May 2012 Projections”, constitute forward-looking statements. See “Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Information” on page 15.

Golfsmith’s management initially prepared financial forecasts in July 2011 for fiscal years 2011 through 2015 based on Golfsmith’s long-range plan using estimated fiscal year 2011 results. These forecasts were prepared in contemplation of the market solicitation process and were provided to the Transaction Committee, Golf Town and the Golfsmith Board in July 2011 (the “July 2011 Projections”). In May 2012, in connection with the Transaction Committee’s and the Golfsmith Board’s consideration of the Merger and LMM’s financial analysis with respect thereto, Golfsmith’s management revised the July 2011 Projections for fiscal years 2012 through 2015 (the “May 2012 Projections” and, together with the July 2011 Projections, the “Forecasts”). The projections for fiscal year 2012 in the May 2012 Projections differed from the projections for 2012 in the July 2011 Projections in that the former incorporated the actual results for Golfsmith’s first fiscal quarter of 2012 and reflected the last three fiscal quarters of 2012 based on the budget prepared by Golfsmith’s management, which had been provided to Golf Town in

 

59


Table of Contents

March 2012 as part of Golf Town’s financial due diligence. The May 2012 Projections were provided to LMM for use in its financial analysis of the Merger presented at the May 11, 2012 meeting of the Golfsmith Board and the Transaction Committee at which LMM orally delivered its opinion described in “The Merger—Opinion of Lazard Middle Market LLC” beginning on page 50.

The Forecasts were not prepared for public disclosure. Nonetheless, a summary of the Forecasts is provided in this Information Statement only because the Forecasts were made available to the Transaction Committee, the Golfsmith Board and LMM in evaluating a potential transaction with Golf Town and the July 2011 Projections were made available to Golf Town and OMERS as part of their financial due diligence in evaluating a potential transaction with Golfsmith. The Forecasts are subjective in many respects. There can be no assurance that the Forecasts will be realized or that actual results will not be significantly higher or lower than projected. The Forecasts also cover multiple years and such information by its nature becomes subject to greater uncertainty with each successive year. Economic and business environments can and do change quickly, which adds an additional significant level of uncertainty as to whether the results portrayed in the Forecasts will be achieved. The inclusion of the Forecasts in this Information Statement does not constitute an admission or representation by Golfsmith that the information is material.

In addition, the Forecasts were not prepared with a view toward public disclosure or toward complying with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), the published guidelines of the SEC regarding projections and the use of non-GAAP financial measures, or the guidelines established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants for preparation and presentation of prospective financial information. Neither Golfsmith’s independent registered public accounting firm, nor any other independent accountants, have compiled, examined, or performed any procedures with respect to the Forecasts, nor have they expressed any opinion or any other form of assurance on such information or its achievability.

The Forecasts were based on numerous variables and assumptions that are inherently uncertain and may be beyond the control of Golfsmith. Golfsmith believes the assumptions that its management used as a basis for the Forecasts were reasonable at the time management prepared the Forecasts and reflected the best available estimates and judgments at the time, taking into account the relevant information available to management at the time and presented at the time, to the best of Golfsmith’s knowledge and belief, a reasonable projection of future financial performance of Golfsmith. Important factors that may affect actual results and cause the Forecasts not to be achieved include, but are not limited to, risks and uncertainties relating to our business (including its ability to achieve strategic goals, objectives and targets over applicable periods), industry performance, general business and economic conditions and other factors described or referenced under “Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Information” beginning on page 15. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that the Forecasts will be realized or that future financial results will not materially vary from the Forecasts, and the Forecasts should not be relied upon as being indicative of future results and you are cautioned not to rely on this forward-looking information.

In addition, the Forecasts also reflect assumptions that are subject to change and do not reflect revised prospects for Golfsmith’s business, changes in general business or economic conditions, or any other transaction or event that has occurred or that may occur after the date the Forecasts were prepared and that was not anticipated at the time the Forecasts were prepared. Some or all of the assumptions that have been made regarding, among other things, the timing of certain occurrences or impacts, may have changed since the date the Forecasts were prepared, including decisions not to pursue certain courses of

 

60


Table of Contents

action in light of the pending Merger. Except as may be required by law, Golfsmith disclaims any obligation to update or otherwise revise the Forecasts to reflect circumstances, economic conditions or other developments existing or occurring after the date the Forecasts were prepared or to reflect the occurrence of future events, even if any or all of the assumptions on which the Forecasts were based are no longer appropriate. These considerations should be taken into account in reviewing the Forecasts, which were prepared as of an earlier date.

The following is a summary of the Forecasts prepared by management of Golfsmith and given to the Golfsmith Board and LMM:

May 2012 Projections

 

     Fiscal Year Ending December 31, (a)  
     2011A     2012E(b)     2013P     2014P     2015P  

Net Revenue

   $ 387.3      $ 448.1      $ 528.6      $ 613.1      $ 712.6   

% Growth

     10.1     15.7     18.0     16.0     16.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross Profit

   $ 135.1      $ 158.5      $ 191.5      $ 224.7      $ 266.4   

% Margin

     34.9     35.4     36.2     36.7     37.4

Total Operating Expenses

   $ 133.2      $ 150.8      $ 173.6      $ 197.1      $ 223.4   

OpEx % of Net Revenue

     34.4     33.6     32.8     32.1     31.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBIT

   $ 1.9      $ 7.8      $ 17.9      $ 27.7      $ 43.0   

% Margin

     0.5     1.7     3.4     4.5     6.0

Depreciation & Amortization

   $ 11.9      $ 14.2      $ 12.8      $ 13.3      $ 14.0   

EBITDA

   $ 13.8      $ 22.0      $ 30.7      $ 41.0      $ 57.0   

% Margin

     3.6     4.9     5.8     6.7     8.0

Adjustments(c)

   $ 1.7      $ 0.5      $ 0.0      $ 0.0      $ 0.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 15.5      $ 22.5      $ 30.7      $ 41.0      $ 57.0   

% Margin

     4.0     5.0     5.8     6.7     8.0

Capital Expenditures

   $ 11.7      $ 16.2      $ 13.1      $ 12.1      $ 13.9   

Change in Working Capital

   $ (0.5   $ (13.0   $ (6.9   $ (7.1   $ (7.9

 

(a)

Fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to December 31 and consists of either 52 weeks or 53 weeks.

(b)

Except Change in Working Capital and Capital Expenditures, calculated as first quarter 2012 actual results plus the last three quarters of the 2012E management budget; adjusted for one-time charges in first quarter 2012.

(c)

Adjusted for one-time charges.

July 2011 Projections

 

     Fiscal Year Ending December 31, (a)  
     2011E(b)     2012P     2013P     2014P     2015P  

Net Revenue

   $ 386.4      $ 450.3      $ 525.0      $ 608.6      $ 708.0   

%Growth

     9.8     16.5     16.6     15.9     16.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross Profit

   $ 134.4      $ 159.7      $ 188.8      $ 222.5      $ 263.5   

% of Margin

     34.8     35.5     36.0     36.6     37.2

Total Operating Expenses

   $ 131.5      $ 148.0      $ 167.8      $ 189.6      $ 215.4   

OpEx % of Revenue

     34.0     32.9     32.0     31.2     30.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBIT

   $ 2.9      $ 11.7      $ 21.1      $ 32.9      $ 48.1   

% Margin

     0.8     2.6     4.0     5.4     6.8

Depreciation & Amortization

   $ 11.6      $ 14.3      $ 13.7      $ 14.2      $ 15.0   

EBITDA

   $ 14.5      $ 26.0      $ 34.7      $ 47.1      $ 63.1   

% Margin

     3.8     5.8     6.6     7.7     8.9

Adjustments(c)

   $ 1.4      $ 0.0      $ 0.0      $ 0.0      $ 0.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 16.0      $ 26.0      $ 34.7      $ 47.1      $ 63.1   

% Margin

     4.1     5.8     6.6     7.7     8.9

Capital Expenditures

   $ 8.7      $ 12.0      $ 13.1      $ 12.1      $ 13.9   

Change in Working Capital

   $ 0.0      $ (3.6   $ (4.9   $ (5.2   $ (6.0

 

(a)

Fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to December 31 and consists of either 52 weeks or 53 weeks.

(b)

Based on preliminary December 2011 month-end results.

(c)

Adjusted for one-time charges.

 

61


Table of Contents

Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger

Certain of our directors and officers may be deemed to have interests in the Merger that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of Golfsmith’s stockholders generally. The Golfsmith Board and Transaction Committee were aware of and considered these interests, among other matters, in evaluating and negotiating the Merger Agreement and the Merger. You should consider these and other interests of our directors and officers that are described in this Information Statement.

Treatment of Common Stock

At or immediately prior to the Effective Time, each share of Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than shares owned by Golf Town or any of its direct or indirect subsidiaries, shares owned by Golfsmith or any of its direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and shares owned by any stockholder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL) will be converted into the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 in cash, without interest. After the Effective Time, each holder of a certificate representing any shares of our Common Stock (other than any holder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL) will no longer have any rights with respect to the shares, except for the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration. All shares of Common Stock that have been converted into the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration will be automatically cancelled and cease to exist.

Treatment of Stock Options and Company Awards

Golfsmith has awarded Company Options and Company Awards under the Stock Plan.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, at the Effective Time, each Company Option granted under the Stock Plan that is outstanding and unexercised as of the Effective Time, whether vested or unvested, will be cancelled and the holder of each such Company Option will only be entitled to receive an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the total number of shares subject to such Company Option multiplied by (y) the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over the exercise price per share under such Company Option, less applicable taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, at the Effective Time, each Company Award shall be cancelled and shall only entitle the holder thereof to receive an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the number of shares subject to such Company Award immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by (y) the Per Share Merger Consideration (or, if such Company Award contemplates the payment of a specified exercise price, the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over such exercise price), less applicable taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment.

 

62


Table of Contents

The following table reflects the consideration expected to be received by each of Golfsmith’s directors and officers in connection with the Merger:

 

Name

   Cash to be
Received for
Common Stock
     Cash to be Received for Company
Options
     Cash to be
Received for
Company
Awards
     Total
Consideration
 
      Vested
Company
Options
     Company
Options That
Will Vest as a
Result of the
Merger
       

Martin Hanaka

Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board

   $ 876,930       $ 1,440,180       $ 960,120       $ 919,550       $ 4,196,779   

Sue Gove

President, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer

   $ 460,105       $ 433,647       $ 427,113       $ 197,747       $ 1,518,612   

Steve Larkin

Senior Vice President of Direct to Consumer

   $ 20,026       $ 36,765       $ 111,375       $ 40,015       $ 208,181   

Eli Getson

Senior Vice President and General Merchandise Manager

   $ 20,026       $ 13,671       $ 54,684       $ 40,015       $ 128,397   

Joseph Kester

Senior Vice President of Store Operations

   $ 27,224       $ 58,065       $ 83,717       $ 45,987       $ 214,993   

Robert Allen

Director

   $ 366,000         —           —         $ 239,460       $ 605,460   

Thomas Berglund

Director

   $ 9,150         —           —           —         $ 9,150   

Roberto Buaron

Director

   $ 67,100         —           —           —         $ 67,100   

Thomas Hardy

Director

   $ 20,283         —           —         $ 296,277       $ 316,560   

Glenda Flanagan

Director

   $ 6,100         —           —         $ 293,184       $ 299,284   

James Grover

Director

   $ 12,200         —           —           —         $ 12,200   

Marvin Lesser

Director

   $ 21,350         —           —         $ 296,277       $ 317,627   

James Long

Director

   $ 240,950         —           —           —         $ 240,950   

Emilio Pedroni

Director

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

TOTAL

   $ 2,147,444       $ 1,982,328       $ 1,637,008       $ 2,368,513       $ 8,135,292   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Existing Employment Agreements

Martin Hanaka has an existing employment agreement with Golfsmith which was entered into on June 13, 2008, was amended and restated as of December 28, 2009, and was further amended as of

 

63


Table of Contents

December 29, 2011. Subject to earlier termination, the employment agreement extends until July 1, 2013 with automatic successive one-year extension, unless terminated by either party. Pursuant to this agreement if, on or after a change of control, the Golfsmith Board terminates Mr. Hanaka’s employment without cause or cancels an automatic extension of his employment term, or Mr. Hanaka resigns under any circumstances, Mr. Hanaka will be entitled to receive (i) his earned but unpaid base salary and earned but unpaid annual bonus for any completed fiscal year; (ii) a prorated bonus for the fiscal year in which his employment terminates, and (iii) severance payments totaling 200% of an amount equal to the sum of his then-current base salary plus his then-current target annual bonus payable in equal installments in accordance with customary payroll procedures over a two-year period, commencing on the first payroll date to occur 60 days after the date his employment is terminated. In each such case, Golfsmith will make payments of continuation coverage premiums under the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (“COBRA”) for Mr. Hanaka and his dependents for two years following such termination of employment or, if earlier, until he is eligible to be covered under another substantially equivalent medical insurance plan; provided, however, that the applicable period of “continuation coverage” for purposes of COBRA will be deemed to commence on the date of termination. Mr. Hanaka’s receipt of these post-termination benefits is contingent on Mr. Hanaka executing an effective general release of claims against Golfsmith and its affiliates. Mr. Hanaka’s employment agreement also provides that if Mr. Hanaka’s employment is terminated following a change of control, all of the Company Options described in the employment agreement will become fully exercisable.

Sue Gove has an existing employment agreement with Golfsmith which was entered into on September 29, 2008, was amended and restated as of December 28, 2009, and was further amended as of December 29, 2011. Subject to earlier termination, the employment agreement extends for three years from September 29, 2008 with automatic successive one-year extension, unless terminated by either party. Pursuant to this agreement, if Golfsmith’s Chief Executive Officer or the Golfsmith Board terminates Ms. Gove’s employment without cause or cancels an automatic extension of her employment term, or Ms. Gove resigns for good reason, whether prior to or following a change of control, Ms. Gove will be entitled to receive (i) her earned but unpaid base salary and earned but unpaid annual bonus for any completed fiscal year; (ii) her prorated annual bonus for the fiscal year in which her employment is terminated; and (iii) severance payments totaling 200% of an amount equal to her then-current base salary, payable in equal installments in accordance with customary payroll procedures during a 24-month period, commencing on the first payroll date to occur 60 days after the date her employment is terminated, or until she accepts other employment, whichever is sooner. In each such case, Golfsmith will make payments of continuation coverage premiums under COBRA for Ms. Gove and her dependents for two years following such termination of employment, or, if earlier, until she is eligible to be covered under another substantially equivalent medical insurance plan; provided, however, that the applicable period of “continuation coverage” for purposes of COBRA will be deemed to commence on the date of termination. Ms. Gove’s receipt of these post-termination benefits is contingent on Ms. Gove executing an effective general release of claims against Golfsmith and its affiliates. Ms. Gove’s employment agreement also provides that if Ms. Gove’s employment is terminated following a change of control, all of the Company Options described in the employment agreement will become fully exercisable.

The transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger, will constitute a change of control under each of Mr. Hanaka’s and Ms. Gove’s existing employment agreements, and the above-described change of control provisions are not amended by the terms of the Non-Binding Letter Agreements, as described below.

 

64


Table of Contents

Steve Larkin has an existing Confidentiality, Intellectual Property and Non-Compete Agreement with Golfsmith which was entered into on January 19, 2010. Pursuant to this agreement, if Mr. Larkin’s employment is terminated without cause, he will be entitled to receive severance payments in an amount equal to his annual base salary in effect upon termination, payable in equal installments in accordance with customary payroll procedures during the 24-month period following the termination of his employment. Mr. Larkin’s receipt of these post-termination benefits is contingent on Mr. Larkin executing a general release of claims against Golfsmith and its affiliates.

Employment Agreements Following the Merger

Simultaneous with the execution of the Merger Agreement, OMERS entered into non-binding letter agreements (the “Non-Binding Letter Agreements”) with each of Martin Hanaka, Sue Gove, Steve Larkin and Eli Getson, in each case, with respect to such employee’s employment by Golfsmith upon the closing of the Merger. OMERS intends that Golf Town or its affiliate will negotiate and enter into binding employment agreements with such employees at, and subject to, the occurrence of the closing of the Merger. Mr. Hanaka’s and Ms. Gove’s binding employment agreements would, if executed, amend the existing employment agreements between Golfsmith and each such individual. Unless otherwise noted in this summary, the terms of the existing employment agreements generally will remain unchanged. Mr. Larkin’s and Mr. Getson’s employment agreements, if executed, would replace each of the existing Confidentiality, Intellectual Property and Non-Compete Agreements between Golfsmith and each such individual.

It is intended that Mr. Hanaka will serve as Chief Executive Officer of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business post-Merger during the transitional period from the closing of the Merger until and including December 31, 2012 (the “Term”). Mr. Hanaka’s involvement with the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business may be further extended, upon 90 days’ notice and subject to mutual agreement, for an additional eight months after the expiration of the Term in the position of non-executive Chairman.

OMERS anticipates that Golf Town and its affiliates will offer Ms. Gove the position of Chief Executive Officer beginning on January 1, 2013, following a transition period expected to last until December 31, 2012. Assuming a successful transition, and subject to the mutual agreement of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business and Ms. Gove, the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business anticipates offering Ms. Gove, as Chief Executive Officer, a base salary of $700,000, a target annual bonus set at 100% of base salary, and a special grant of options in the amount of $1,080,000. Should Ms. Gove not assume such position at that time for reasons other than for cause, Golf Town or one of its affiliates will purchase Ms. Gove’s shares at the greater of cost or fair market value.

 

65


Table of Contents

Initial Base Salary and Annual Bonus

The following table sets forth the initial base salary and annual bonus that the parties to each of the Non-Binding Letter Agreements have agreed:

 

Name

   Amount of
Base Salary
    

Target Bonus

as a

Percentage of

Base Salary

  

Percentage of

Bonus

Guaranteed

   Percentage of
Bonus Based on
Achievement of
Goals
   

Percentage of

Bonus Based

on Other

Criteria

  

Miscellaneous

Martin Hanaka

   $ 750,000       100% (prorated in accordance with actual number of days elapsed during the Term)    50% (subject to continued service)      25   25% (based on facilitation of a successful transition to the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business, including with respect to a successor CEO)   

Generally, receipt of the bonus is subject to Mr. Hanaka’s continued employment through the end of the Term.

 

Mr. Hanaka also expects to receive any earned portion of the “Annual Bonus” pursuant to Section 4(c) of his existing employment agreement for the period beginning January 1, 2012 and ending upon the Closing.

Sue Gove

   $ 600,000       90%    50% (subject to continued service)      50   —      —  

Steve Larkin

   $ 330,000       50%    —        100   —      —  

Eli Getson

   $ 300,000       50%    50% (subject to continued service)      50   —      —  

Contemplated Post-Merger Option Plan

The Non-Binding Letter Agreements for Mr. Larkin, Mr. Getson and Ms. Gove contemplate the future establishment of an option plan and a subsequent grant of incentive equity awards in the form of stock options, 50% of which vest over a 4-year period (with 20% of such time-based options vesting on the date of grant, and an additional 20% vesting each year thereafter until year 4) and 50% of which vest based on the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business’s achievement of annual EBITDA targets to be set by the Board of Directors of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business. Each recipient of options must agree to enter into a restrictive covenant agreement, to be in force for so long as such employee is an optionholder and for 2 years after ceasing to be an optionholder (in the event such options are forfeited and not exercised). Mr. Hanaka is not eligible to participate in any equity or equity-based plans.

The size of the option plan will be approximately $7,500,000, representing approximately 3.6% of the estimated $208,000,000 equity value of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business. OMERS and Golf Town and its affiliates expect that Ms. Gove will be the most significant participant in this program, with an initial allocation of approximately 29% of the pool ($2,170,000), representing approximately 1% of the equity value of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business. If Ms. Gove becomes Chief Executive Officer, she will receive an additional option grant of $1,080,000. Mr. Getson

 

66


Table of Contents

and Mr. Larkin will receive an initial allotment of 5.3% of the pool ($400,000 each), representing approximately 0.2% of the equity value of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business. All of the percentages in this paragraph represent ownership levels for the expected level of initial grants on a fully diluted basis.

Direct Ownership

Ms. Gove is expected to reinvest $484,767 in the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business, which will represent approximately 0.2% of its equity value. In addition to direct ownership purchased via such investment, Ms. Gove’s ownership level will be additionally increased through a one-time grant of equity of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business upon completion of the Merger, in an amount to be mutually determined.

Mr. Getson is expected to invest an amount equal to 50% (approximately $50,000) of Mr. Getson’s after-tax proceeds from the Merger, in respect of any stock options and performance share awards owned by Mr. Getson. Such investment will purchase approximately 0.02% of the equity value of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business. In addition to direct ownership purchased via such investment, Mr. Getson’s ownership level will be additionally increased through a one-time grant of common stock of the combined Golf Town and Golfsmith business upon completion of the Merger, in an amount to be mutually determined.

Golden Parachute Compensation

The following table shows the aggregate dollar value of the various elements of compensation that each named executive officer would receive in connection with the Merger, assuming that (i) the Effective Time occurred on August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs, (ii) with respect to Company Options and Company Awards, the Per Share Merger Consideration is $6.10, and (iii) Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove and Mr. Larkin were each terminated by Golfsmith on August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs, without cause or (iv) Mr. Hanaka resigns under any circumstances or Ms. Gove resigns for good reason, in either case on August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs.

 

Name

   Cash ($)(1)      Equity  ($)(2)      Pension/
NQDC
($)(3)
     Perquisites/
Benefits
($)(4)
     Tax
Reimbursement
($)(5)
     Other
($)
     Total ($)(6)  

Martin Hanaka

     3,437,500         3,319,850         0         41,686         0         0         6,799,036   

Sue Gove

     1,389,375         1,058,507         0         23,309         0         0         2,471,191   

Steve Larkin

     315,000         188,154         0         0         0         0         503,154   

 

(1)

(a) For Mr. Hanaka, this amount represents the pre-tax aggregate dollar value of the “double-trigger” cash payments that Mr. Hanaka would be entitled to receive from Golfsmith upon a termination by Golfsmith without cause or by cancellation of the automatic extension of the employment agreement, or by the executive under any circumstances on or following a change of control, which includes (i) a prorated bonus for the fiscal year in which his employment terminates (which is estimated to equal $437,500 as of August 1, 2012, the assumed day the

 

67


Table of Contents
 

Merger occurs), and (ii) severance payments totaling 200% of an amount equal to the sum of his then-current base salary plus his then-current target annual bonus (which is equal to $3,000,000 as of August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs) payable in equal installments in accordance with customary payroll procedures during a two-year period commencing on the first payroll date to occur after 60 days following the date his employment is terminated.

(b) For Ms. Gove, this amount represents the pre-tax aggregate dollar value of the “double-trigger” cash payments that Ms. Gove would be entitled to receive from Golfsmith upon a termination by Golfsmith without cause or by cancellation of the automatic extension of the employment agreement, or by the executive for good reason, which includes (i) a prorated annual bonus for the fiscal year in which her employment is terminated (which is estimated to equal $249,375 as of August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs), and (ii) severance payments totaling 200% of an amount equal to her then-current base salary (which is equal to $1,140,000 as of August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs), payable in equal installments in accordance with customary payroll procedures during a 24-month period commencing on the first payroll date to occur after 60 days following the date her employment is terminated, or until she accepts other employment, whichever is sooner.

(c) For Mr. Larkin, this amount represents the pre-tax aggregate dollar value of cash payments that Mr. Larkin would be entitled to receive from Golfsmith upon a termination by Golfsmith without cause, which is equal to his annual base salary in effect upon termination and is $315,000 as of August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs, payable in equal installments in accordance with customary payroll procedures during the 24-month period following the termination of his employment.

In each case, in order to receive the above-described severance and post-termination benefits, the named executive officers are required to execute a general release of claims against Golfsmith and its affiliates.

 

(2)

Represents the aggregate dollar value of the “single-trigger” cancellation and cash out of all vested and unvested Company Options and all Company Awards held by the named executive officers as of August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs, as described in “Treatment of Stock Options and Company Awards” above and assuming Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10. Set forth below are the dollar values of each type of Company Option and Company Award that will be cancelled and cashed out upon the consummation of the Merger:

 

Name

   Cash to be Received for Company
Options
     Cash to be Received for
Company Awards
     Total Consideration  
   Vested Company
Options
     Company Options
That Will Vest as a
Result of the
Merger
       

Martin Hanaka

   $ 1,440,180       $ 960,120       $ 919,550       $ 3,319,850   

Sue Gove

   $ 433,647       $ 427,113       $ 197,747       $ 1,058,507   

Steve Larkin

   $ 36,765       $ 111,375       $ 40,015       $ 188,155   

 

68


Table of Contents
(3)

The Merger will not have any impact on the rights of the named executive officers under the terms of any pension or non-qualified deferred compensation plans maintained by Golfsmith.

(4)

Represents the aggregate dollar value of Golfsmith’s “double-trigger” payment of COBRA continuation coverage premiums for the executive and any dependents for the twenty-four month period following the termination date. For purposes of quantifying the value of the continuation benefit, Golfsmith has used assumptions used for financial reporting purposes under generally accepted accounting principles. The value of the COBRA coverage is based upon the type of insurance Golfsmith carried for Mr. Hanaka and Ms. Gove as of August 1, 2012, the assumed day the Merger occurs, and the expected cost to continue such coverage for a period of twenty-four months. To receive this benefit, the executive is required to execute a general release of claims against Golfsmith and its affiliates. Mr. Larkin is not entitled to any benefits continuation pursuant to the terms of his existing Confidentiality, Intellectual Property and Non-Compete Agreement.

(5)

The named executive officers are not entitled to any gross-up payments in connection with the Merger.

(6)

Represents the total aggregate dollar value of the golden parachute payment to be made to each named executive officer. With respect to each executive, only the equity portion is single-trigger; the remaining payments are double trigger (i.e., the payment is conditioned on the executive’s termination of employment by Golfsmith without cause or by cancellation of the automatic extension of the employment agreement, or resignation by the executive under any circumstances (in the case of Mr. Hanaka) or by the executive with good reason (in the case of Ms. Gove)).

Director and Officer Exculpation, Indemnification and Insurance

The indemnification, advancement of expenses and insurance requirements set forth in the Merger Agreement relating to Golfsmith executive officers and directors are described under “The Merger Agreement—Indemnification; Directors’ and Officers’ Insurance” beginning on page 88.

 

69


Table of Contents

Certain Directors

The Golfsmith Board consists of ten members, five of whom (Thomas Berglund, Roberto Buaron, James Grover, James Long and Emilio Pedroni) are affiliated with AEP. AEP commenced activities on September 28, 1999 with a ten-year term subject to extension for three additional one-year periods. The term of AEP has been extended for three years until September 28, 2012. Further extensions are available with the approval of a super majority of the limited partners in AEP. To date, an extension has not been requested. Due to the upcoming expiration of AEP’s term, such directors affiliated with AEP may have an interest in creating a liquidity event prior to September 28, 2012.

Financing

The merger is not conditioned on Golf Town obtaining financing. OAC has provided an equity commitment letter for $117,370,000 to fund all of the Merger Consideration, payments with respect to Company Options and Company Awards and pay all transaction expenses of Golf Town and Golfsmith that were not previously paid prior to completing the Merger. The equity commitment letter is conditioned only on the closing of the Merger. Golfsmith has obtained an amendment and waiver from General Electric Capital Corporation with respect to the Revolving Credit Facility that consents to the Merger and waives any default that would otherwise result from the consummation of the Merger. The Waiver is not subject to any conditions and became effective immediately upon execution of the Merger Agreement. OAC has provided the Limited Guarantee which guarantees payment of any termination fees payable by Golf Town, should such fees become payable under the Merger Agreement.

Regulatory Filings Required in Connection with the Merger

The following is a summary of the material regulatory requirements for the completion of the Merger. There can be no guarantee if and when any of the consents or approvals described below, or any other regulatory consents or approvals that might be required to consummate the Merger, will be obtained, or as to the conditions that such consents and approvals may contain.

U.S. Antitrust Requirements

The Merger is subject to the HSR Act and the rules promulgated thereunder, which prevent transactions such as the Merger from being completed until (a) certain filings are made with the U.S. Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (the “Antitrust Division”) and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) and (b) the applicable waiting period is terminated or expires. On May 18, 2012, the parties made the requisite filings with the FTC and Antitrust Division pursuant to the HSR Act. Early termination of the waiting period under the HSR Act was granted on May 29, 2012. At any time before or after the consummation of the Merger, notwithstanding the early termination or expiration of the applicable waiting period under the HSR Act, the Antitrust Division or the FTC could take such action under the antitrust laws as it deems necessary or desirable in the public interest, including seeking to enjoin the consummation of the Merger or seeking a divestiture of a substantial portion of Golfsmith’s assets or seeking other conduct relief. At any time before or after the consummation of the Merger, notwithstanding the early termination or expiration of the applicable waiting period under the HSR Act, any state or private party could seek to enjoin the consummation of the Merger or seek other structural or conduct relief or damages.

 

70


Table of Contents

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger

TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE WITH TREASURY DEPARTMENT CIRCULAR 230, STOCKHOLDERS ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED THAT: (a) ANY DISCUSSION OF U.S. FEDERAL TAX ISSUES IN THIS INFORMATION STATEMENT IS NOT INTENDED TO BE RELIED UPON, AND CANNOT BE RELIED UPON BY SUCH STOCKHOLDERS FOR THE PURPOSE OF AVOIDING PENALTIES THAT MAY BE IMPOSED ON SUCH STOCKHOLDERS UNDER FEDERAL, STATE OR LOCAL TAX LAWS; (b) SUCH DISCUSSION IS INCLUDED HEREIN IN CONNECTION WITH THE PROMOTION OR MARKETING BY GOLFSMITH OF THE TRANSACTIONS AND MATTERS ADDRESSED HEREIN; AND (c) STOCKHOLDERS SHOULD SEEK ADVICE BASED ON THEIR PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES FROM AN INDEPENDENT TAX ADVISOR.

The following is a summary of material U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Merger that are generally applicable to U.S. Holders (as defined below) of our Common Stock who will not own (actually or constructively) any shares of Common Stock after the Merger. This summary is based on the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), final, proposed and temporary regulations promulgated thereunder, administrative rulings and pronouncements issued by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and judicial decisions, all as now in effect. All of these authorities are subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect so as to result in tax consequences different from those described below. We have not sought (and do not intend to seek) any ruling from the IRS with respect to statements made and conclusions reached in this discussion, and the statements and conclusions in this Information Statement are not binding on the IRS or any court. We can provide no assurances that the tax consequences described below will not be challenged by the IRS or will be sustained by a court if so challenged.

This summary does not address all of the U.S. federal income tax consequences that may be applicable to a particular holder of our Common Stock. In addition, this summary does not address the U.S. federal income tax considerations that may be relevant to the individual stockholders in light of each stockholder’s particular circumstances or to all categories of stockholders, some of whom may be subject to special rules, including, without limitation: banks and other financial institutions; insurance companies; cooperatives; tax-exempt investors; U.S. expatriates or former long-term residents of the United States; dealers in securities or foreign currency; traders in securities who elect the mark-to-market method of accounting for their securities; partnerships, S corporations and any other entities treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes; regulated investment companies, real estate investment trusts; holders who hold their Common Stock as part of a hedge, straddle, conversion, or other risk reduction transaction; holders whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar; tax-qualified retirement plans, individual retirement accounts or other tax-deferred accounts, holders who acquired our Common Stock through the exercise of employee stock options, a stock purchase or award plan, other compensatory arrangements, or in connection with the performance of services; and holders who do not hold their shares of our Common Stock as “capital assets” within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code. This summary also does not consider the effect of any applicable foreign, state, local or other tax laws, alternative minimum tax considerations, or any U.S. federal tax laws other than income tax laws (such as estate or gift tax laws or the Medicare tax on certain investment income) for any holders. In addition, the following discussion does not address the tax consequences of transactions effectuated prior or subsequent to, or concurrently with, the Merger (whether or not such transactions are in connection with the Merger), including, without limitation, transactions in which shares of Golfsmith’s capital stock are acquired through the exercise of options or warrants. Moreover, this summary does not address the tax consequences of the Merger or related transactions to holders of options, warrants or other rights to purchase or acquire Golfsmith’s capital stock.

 

71


Table of Contents

For purposes of this summary, a “U.S. Holder” means a beneficial owner of Common Stock that is, for U.S. federal income tax purposes: (a) an individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States; (b) a corporation (or other entity classified as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes) created or organized in the United States or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof, or the District of Columbia; (c) an estate, the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source; or (d) a trust if (i) a court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over its administration and one or more U.S. persons have the authority to control all of the substantial decisions of the trust, or (ii) the trust has a valid election in effect under applicable U.S. Treasury Regulations to be treated as a U.S. person. This discussion does not address the U.S. federal income tax consequences to any holder of our Common Stock who or which, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, is not a U.S. Holder, such as a nonresident alien individual, a foreign corporation, a foreign partnership or a foreign estate or trust. Accordingly, such holders are urged to consult their own tax advisors regarding the specific U.S. federal income tax consequences to them of the Merger.

If a partnership or other pass-through entity (including any entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) is a beneficial owner of our Common Stock, the tax treatment of a partner in the partnership generally will depend upon the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. A beneficial owner that is a partnership and partners in such a partnership should consult their tax advisors about the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Merger.

This summary is provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for individual tax advice. Each holder of our Common Stock should consult the holder’s tax advisor as to the particular tax consequences of the Merger to such holder, including the application and effect of any state, local, foreign or other tax laws and the possible effect of changes to such laws.

Exchange of Common Stock for Cash

Generally, the Merger will be a taxable transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A U.S. Holder of our Common Stock receiving cash pursuant to the Merger or pursuant to the exercise of appraisal rights generally will recognize gain or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes in an amount equal to the difference between the amount of cash received and the U.S. Holder’s adjusted tax basis in our Common Stock surrendered. Any such gain or loss generally will be capital gain or loss if our Common Stock is held as a capital asset at the Effective Time of the Merger. Any capital gain or loss will be taxed as long-term capital gain or loss if the U.S. Holder has held our Common Stock for more than one year prior to the Effective Time. If the U.S. Holder has held our Common Stock for one year or less prior to the Effective Time, any capital gain or loss will be taxed as short-term capital gain or loss. Currently, long-term capital gains for non-corporate taxpayers are taxed at a maximum U.S. federal tax rate of 15%. The deductibility of capital losses is subject to certain limitations. If a U.S. Holder acquired different blocks of our Common Stock at different times and different prices, such holder must determine the adjusted tax basis and holding period separately with respect to each such block of our Common Stock.

Information Reporting and Backup Withholding

Generally, U.S. Holders of our Common Stock will be subject to information reporting on the cash received pursuant to the Merger or pursuant to exercising appraisal rights in connection with the Merger, and may be subject to backup withholding, unless such a holder is a corporation or other exempt recipient.

 

72


Table of Contents

Under the U.S. federal backup withholding tax rules, the paying agent will be required to withhold a percentage of all cash payments to which a holder of Common Stock is entitled in connection with the Merger unless the holder (a) furnishes a correct taxpayer identification number and certifies that he, she, or it is not subject to backup withholding on the IRS Form W-9 or successor form, (b) is otherwise exempt from backup withholding. The current back-up withholding rate is 28%. Backup withholding is not an additional tax. Any amount withheld from a payment to a U.S. Holder of Common Stock under these rules will be allowed as a credit against such holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability and may entitle such holder to a refund, provided that the required information is furnished timely to the IRS.

HOLDERS OF OUR COMMON STOCK ARE STRONGLY URGED TO CONSULT THEIR OWN TAX ADVISORS AS TO THE SPECIFIC TAX CONSEQUENCES TO THEM OF THE MERGER, INCLUDING THE APPLICABILITY AND EFFECT OF U.S. FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL AND FOREIGN AND OTHER TAX LAWS IN THEIR PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES.

Litigation Related to the Merger

On May 15, 2012, a putative class action complaint was filed in the District Court of Travis County, Texas against Golfsmith, Merger Sub and the members of the Golfsmith Board. The complaint alleges, among other things, that the members of the Golfsmith Board breached their fiduciary duties owed to Golfsmith’s public stockholders because they did not take all steps necessary to obtain a full, fair and adequate price for Golfsmith’s shares and failed to maximize shareholder value. The complaint seeks, among other things, injunctive relief concerning the alleged fiduciary breaches and prohibiting defendants from consummating the Merger, other forms of equitable relief, and compensatory and/or rescissory damages. Golfsmith believes that these claims are without merit and intends to vigorously contest the lawsuit.

 

73


Table of Contents

THE MERGER AGREEMENT

This section describes the material terms of the Merger Agreement. The description in this section and elsewhere in this Information Statement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the Merger Agreement, a copy of which is attached as Annex A and is incorporated by reference into this Information Statement. We encourage you to read the Merger Agreement carefully and in its entirety.

Explanatory Note Regarding the Merger Agreement and the Summary of the Merger Agreement

The Merger Agreement and the summary of its terms in this Information Statement have been included to provide you with information regarding its terms. The terms and information in the Merger Agreement are not intended to provide any other public disclosure of factual information about Golfsmith, Golf Town or any of their respective subsidiaries or affiliates. Such information can be found elsewhere in this Information Statement and in the public filings we make with the SEC, which may be obtained by following the instructions set forth in the section entitled “Where You Can Find More Information,” beginning on page 102. The representations, warranties and covenants contained in the Merger Agreement were made by Golfsmith, Golf Town and Merger Sub only for the purposes of the Merger Agreement and were qualified and subject to important limitations and exceptions agreed to by the contracting parties in connection with negotiating the terms of the Merger Agreement. In particular, in your review of the representations and warranties contained in the Merger Agreement and described in this summary, it is important to bear in mind that the representations and warranties were made solely for the benefit of the parties to the Merger Agreement and were negotiated with the principal purposes of establishing the circumstances under which a party to the Merger Agreement may have the right not to close the Merger if the representations and warranties of the other party prove to be untrue due to a change in circumstance or otherwise, and allocating risk between the parties to the Merger Agreement, rather than establishing matters as facts. The representations and warranties may also be subject to a contractual standard of materiality different from those generally applicable to stockholders and reports and documents filed with the SEC and in some cases were qualified by disclosures made by Golfsmith, which disclosures were not reflected in the Merger Agreement. Moreover, information concerning the subject matter of the representations and warranties, which do not purport to be accurate as of the date of this Information Statement, may have changed since the date of the Merger Agreement and subsequent developments or new information qualifying a representation or warranty may have been included in or incorporated by reference into this Information Statement.

For the foregoing reasons, the representations, warranties and covenants or any descriptions of those provisions should not be read alone or relied upon as characterizations of the actual state of facts or condition of Golfsmith, Golf Town or any of their respective subsidiaries or affiliates. Instead, such provisions or descriptions should be read only in conjunction with the other information provided elsewhere in this document or incorporated by reference into this Information Statement.

Effects of the Merger; Directors and Executive Officers; Certificate of Incorporation; Bylaws

At the Effective Time, upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions of the Merger Agreement and in accordance with the DGCL, Merger Sub will merge with and into Golfsmith, the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub will cease and Golfsmith will be the surviving corporation of the Merger and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Golf Town. The directors of Merger Sub immediately prior to the Effective Time will be the initial directors of the Surviving Corporation until their successors

 

74


Table of Contents

shall have been duly elected or appointed and qualified or until their earlier death, resignation or removal. At the Effective Time, (i) the bylaws of Golfsmith will be amended to read in the form of the bylaws of Merger Sub in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time and (ii) the certificate of incorporation of Golfsmith will be amended and restated to read as set forth in Exhibit A to the Merger Agreement. The officers of Golfsmith immediately prior to the Effective Time will continue as the officers of the Surviving Corporation, until their successors shall have been duly elected or appointed and qualified or until their earlier death, resignation or removal.

Closing and Effective Time

Unless another date and time are agreed by Golfsmith and Golf Town, the closing of the Merger (the “Closing”) will take place and the parties will file a certificate of merger with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware no more than three business days following the day on which the last of the conditions to the Merger is satisfied or waived (other than those conditions that by their terms are to be satisfied at the Closing but subject to the satisfaction or waiver of those conditions).

As of the date of this Information Statement, we expect the Merger to close in the third quarter of 2012. However, completion of the Merger is subject to the satisfaction (or waiver, to the extent permissible) of conditions to the Merger, which are summarized below. Because some of these conditions are beyond the control of Golfsmith and Golf Town, there can be no assurances as to when, or if, the Merger will occur. If the Merger is not completed on or before November 12, 2012, either Golfsmith or Golf Town may terminate the Merger Agreement, unless the party wishing to terminate the Merger Agreement breached its obligations under the Merger Agreement in any manner that proximately caused the failure of a condition to the consummation of the Merger. See “The Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Merger” and “The Merger Agreement—Termination” beginning on pages 88 and 90, respectively.

Treatment of Common Stock, Options and Awards

Common Stock

At or immediately prior to the Effective Time, each share of Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than shares owned by Golf Town or any of its direct or indirect subsidiaries, shares owned by Golfsmith or any of its direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and shares owned by any stockholder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL) will be converted into the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration of $6.10 in cash, without interest, less any applicable withholding taxes. After the Effective Time, each certificate representing any shares of our Common Stock and each uncertificated share (other than shares owned by Golf Town or any of its direct or indirect subsidiaries, shares owned by Golfsmith or any of its direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and shares owned by any stockholder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL) will no longer represent any rights with respect to the shares, except for the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration. All shares of Common Stock that have been converted into the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration will be automatically cancelled and cease to exist.

 

75


Table of Contents

Stock Options and Awards

At the Effective Time, each Company Option granted under the Stock Plan that is outstanding and unexercised as of the Effective Time, whether vested or unvested, will be cancelled and the holder of each such Company Option will only be entitled to receive an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the total number of shares subject to such Company Option multiplied by (y) the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over the exercise price per share under such Company Option, less applicable taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment.

At the Effective Time, each Company Award shall be cancelled and shall only entitle the holder thereof to receive an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the number of shares subject to such Company Award immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by (y) the Per Share Merger Consideration (or, if such Company Award contemplates the payment of a specified exercise price, the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over such exercise price), less applicable taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment. For purposes of the foregoing, the number of shares of Common Stock treated as previously subject to a performance stock unit will be equal to the number of shares of Common Stock which the holder would have been entitled to receive had performance criteria applicable to such performance stock unit been achieved (as determined by the Golfsmith Board, in accordance with the Stock Plan prior to the Effective Time).

Exchange and Payment Procedures

The conversion of Common Stock into the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration will occur automatically at the Effective Time. Prior to the Effective Time, Golf Town, with Golfsmith’s prior approval, will appoint a paying agent to handle the exchange of certificates or uncertificated shares representing shares of Common Stock for the Merger Consideration. At or prior to the Effective Time, Golf Town will cause to be deposited with such paying agent sufficient funds to pay our stockholders the aggregate Merger Consideration to which they are entitled under the Merger Agreement.

Promptly (but not later than three business days) after the Effective Time, the Surviving Corporation will cause the paying agent to mail a letter of transmittal to each stockholder of record as of the Effective Time for use in the exchange and instructions explaining how to surrender certificates or uncertificated shares representing shares of Common Stock to the paying agent for payment of the Merger Consideration. No interest will be paid or accrued on the Merger Consideration payable in respect of surrendered shares for the benefit of stockholders of Golfsmith. The Merger Consideration and any other consideration paid under the Merger Agreement may be reduced by any applicable withholdings as required by law. You should not return your stock certificates to the paying agent without a letter of transmittal.

If a payment is to be made to a person other than the person in whose name the surrendered certificates or uncertificated shares are registered, it will be a condition of payment that the certificates or uncertificated shares so surrendered are endorsed properly or otherwise in proper form for transfer, and that the person requesting the payment has paid all applicable taxes required by reason of the payment of Merger Consideration to a person other than the registered holder of the certificates or uncertificated shares surrendered or has established that such taxes either have been paid or are not applicable. Until shares are surrendered, each certificate or uncertificated share representing shares of Common Stock will be deemed after the Effective Time to represent only the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration upon such surrender.

 

76


Table of Contents

If any stockholder is unable to surrender such holder’s certificate because such certificate has been lost, stolen or destroyed, such holder may deliver in lieu thereof an affidavit, and, if required by Golf Town, the posting of an indemnity bond in a reasonable amount and upon such terms as may be reasonably required by Golf Town and the paying agent will deliver the Per Share Merger Consideration represented by such lost, stolen or destroyed certificate to such holder.

At the Effective Time, the stock transfer books of Golfsmith will be closed and thereafter there will be no further registration of transfers of our Common Stock.

Representations and Warranties

The Merger Agreement contains a number of representations and warranties made by Golfsmith, Golf Town and Merger Sub.

In the Merger Agreement, Golfsmith has made customary representations and warranties that are subject, in some cases, to specified exceptions and qualifications, to Golf Town and Merger Sub, including representations with respect to:

 

   

due organization, valid existence, good standing, and qualification to do business of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries;

 

   

capitalization of Golfsmith;

 

   

authority to enter into the Merger Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated thereby and the enforceability of the Merger Agreement against Golfsmith;

 

   

approval by the Golfsmith Board of the Merger Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, and the Company Stockholder Approval;

 

   

governmental filings, approvals and consents and noncontravention;

 

   

SEC filings and financial statements;

 

   

internal controls;

 

   

absence of certain changes or events since January 1, 2012;

 

   

absence of material litigation and undisclosed liabilities;

 

   

certain employee benefits matters and ERISA;

 

   

compliance with laws and licensing requirements;

 

   

certain of Golfsmith’s material contracts;

 

77


Table of Contents
   

Golfsmith’s owned and leased real property;

 

   

applicability of state takeover statutes;

 

   

environmental matters;

 

   

tax matters;

 

   

labor and employment matters;

 

   

intellectual property matters;

 

   

insurance matters;

 

   

broker fees;

 

   

opinion of Golfsmith’s financial advisor;

 

   

accuracy of information in this Information Statement; and

 

   

certain business practices.

Many of Golfsmith’s representations and warranties are qualified as to materiality or “Company Material Adverse Effect.” For purposes of the Merger Agreement, “Company Material Adverse Effect,” with respect to Golfsmith, means a material adverse effect on the assets, liabilities, business, financial condition or results of operations of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, except no effect resulting from any of the following will constitute a Company Material Adverse Effect or be taken into account in determining whether or not there has been or is or would be reasonably expected to be a Company Material Adverse Effect:

 

   

general economic, business or political conditions, except to the extent materially disproportionately affecting Golfsmith;

 

   

conditions or changes in the securities markets, credit markets, currency markets or other financial markets in the United States or any other country or region in the world;

 

   

any change in any applicable laws or GAAP;

 

   

changes or developments affecting generally the industries or markets in which Golfsmith conducts business, except to the extent materially disproportionately affecting Golfsmith;

 

   

the announcement of the Merger Agreement or the Voting Agreement or any communication by Golf Town or Merger Sub of their plans or intentions with respect to any of the businesses of Golfsmith;

 

   

the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement or the Voting Agreement or any actions by Golf Town, Merger Sub or Golfsmith taken as required by such agreements or any failure to take action that is restricted by such agreements;

 

78


Table of Contents
   

political conditions or any natural or man-made disaster or any acts of terrorism, sabotage, military action or war, except to the extent materially disproportionately affecting Golfsmith;

 

   

changes in the market price or trading volume of Golfsmith’s shares or the credit rating of Golfsmith or failure by Golfsmith to meet published or internally prepared estimates or expectations of revenue, earnings or other financial performance or results of operations;

 

   

any action taken or not taken at the written request of, or with the written consent or waiver of, Golf Town or Merger Sub;

 

   

litigation relating to the Merger Agreement or the Voting Agreement; or

 

   

any failure to satisfy a condition to borrowing, any default, or any prepayment or termination under the Revolving Credit Facility.

In the Merger Agreement, Golf Town and Merger Sub have also made customary representations and warranties that are subject, in some cases, to qualifications, to Golfsmith, including representations with respect to:

 

   

due organization, valid existence, good standing, and qualification to do business of Golf Town and Merger Sub;

 

   

the authority of each of Golf Town and Merger Sub to enter into the Merger Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement and the enforceability of the Merger Agreement against each of Golf Town and Merger Sub;

 

   

governmental filings, approvals and consents and noncontravention,

 

   

the Equity Commitment Letter and the Waiver;

 

   

solvency of Golf Town and Merger Sub;

 

   

absence of material litigation;

 

   

capitalization of Merger Sub;

 

   

broker fees;

 

   

Golf Town’s or Merger Sub’s contacts with officers, directors, employees, stockholders, franchisees, suppliers, distributors, customers or other material business relations of Golfsmith;

 

   

certain affiliate arrangements;

 

   

no ownership of Common Stock;

 

79


Table of Contents
   

accuracy of information provided by Golf Town or Merger Sub and included in this Information Statement; and

 

   

no other representations and warranties and independent investigation by Golf Town and Merger Sub.

Many of Golf Town’s and Merger Sub’s representations and warranties are qualified as to materiality or “Purchaser Material Adverse Effect.” For purposes of the Merger Agreement, “Purchaser Material Adverse Effect,” with respect to Golf Town or Merger Sub, means any effect that would reasonably be expected to prevent or materially delay or impede consummation by Golf Town or Merger Sub of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement or the Voting Agreement.

The representations and warranties of Golfsmith, Golf Town and Merger Sub do not survive the closing of the Merger.

The representation and warranties in the Merger Agreement are complicated and are not easily summarized. You are urged to read carefully and in their entirety the sections of the Merger Agreement entitled “Representations and Warranties of the Company” and “Representations and Warranties of Purchaser and Merger Sub” in Annex A to this Information Statement. See also “The Merger Agreement—Explanatory Note Regarding the Merger Agreement and the Summary of the Merger Agreement” beginning on page 74 of this Information Statement.

Conduct of Our Business Pending the Merger

Under the Merger Agreement, between the execution date of the Merger Agreement and the Effective Time, except as (i) required or permitted by the Merger Agreement or the Voting Agreement, (ii) approved in writing by Golf Town (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned), (iii) set forth in the disclosure letter made by Golfsmith and (iv) required by applicable law, Golfsmith has agreed to certain restrictions on the operation of its, and its subsidiaries’, businesses. In general, Golfsmith has agreed, and agreed to cause each of its subsidiaries, to conduct their respective businesses in the ordinary and usual course in all material respects and use their reasonable best efforts to preserve their business organizations intact and maintain existing relations and goodwill with governmental entities, customers, suppliers, distributors, creditors, lessors, employees and business associates and keep available the services of the present employees and agents of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries.

Additionally, under the Merger Agreement, Golfsmith has agreed, between the execution date of the Merger Agreement and the Effective Time, to be subject to customary operating covenants and restrictions, and, except as (i) required or permitted by the Merger Agreement or the Voting Agreement, (ii) approved in writing by Golf Town (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned), (iii) set forth in the disclosure letter made by Golfsmith and (iv) required by applicable law, Golfsmith will not, and will not permit its subsidiaries to:

 

   

adopt or propose any change in its certificate of incorporation or bylaws or other applicable governing documents;

 

80


Table of Contents
   

subject to certain exceptions, acquire or agree to acquire any business, corporation, partnership or other business organization or any assets that would be material to Golfsmith and its subsidiaries taken as a whole;

 

   

completely or partially liquidate Golfsmith;

 

   

issue, sell, pledge, dispose of or grant any capital stock (subject to certain exceptions, including the issuance of Common Stock upon the exercise of Company Options or Company Awards and as may be required by the Revolving Credit Facility);

 

   

subject to certain exceptions, make any loans, advances or capital contributions to or investments in any person other than in the ordinary course;

 

   

declare, set aside, make or pay any dividend or other distribution (except by wholly-owned subsidiaries of Golfsmith) or enter into any agreement with respect to the voting of its capital stock;

 

   

reclassify, split, combine, subdivide or redeem, purchase or otherwise acquire any of its capital stock (other than transactions involving wholly-owned subsidiaries of Golfsmith and other than pursuant to the Stock Plan and the Company Awards);

 

   

incur or guarantee any indebtedness or issue or sell any debt securities or warrants or other rights to acquire any debt security of Golfsmith or its subsidiaries except for (i) indebtedness for borrowed money incurred in the ordinary course of business pursuant to the Revolving Credit Facility up to the projected borrowing base balance disclosed by Golfsmith plus an additional $5,000,000 and (ii) guarantees of indebtedness of any wholly-owned subsidiary of Golfsmith;

 

   

subject to certain exceptions, make or authorize any capital expenditures in the aggregate in excess of $500,000;

 

   

make any changes with respect to accounting policies or procedures, except as required by law or changes in applicable GAAP;

 

   

waive, release, assign, settle or compromise any material legal action other than in the ordinary course of business in an amount not to exceed $250,000 or if the loss resulting from such waiver, release, assignment settlement or compromise is reasonably expected to be reimbursed to Golfsmith by an insurance policy;

 

   

except in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, (i) make, revoke or change any material tax election, (ii) settle or finally resolve any tax contest with respect to a material amount of tax, (iii) file any amended income or other material tax return that reflects a material increase in the tax liability of Golfsmith, (iv) prepare or file any material tax return other than in a manner consistent in all material respects with past practice, (v) consent to any extension or waiver of the limitation period applicable to any material tax return or any claim or assessment in respect of a material amount of taxes, (vi) enter into any closing agreement relating to any material tax liability, or (vii) give or request any waiver of a statute of limitation with respect to any material tax return;

 

81


Table of Contents
   

subject to certain exceptions, sell, lease, license, transfer, pledge, mortgage, encumber, grant or dispose of or enter into negotiations with respect to the disposition of any material assets of Golfsmith;

 

   

enter into any (i) contract containing any “change of control” or similar provision that would be triggered by the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, or (ii) affiliate transactions;

 

   

except as required pursuant to contracts or benefit plans in effect prior to the date of the Merger Agreement, or as otherwise required by applicable law and, at any time after April 30, 2012, awards under the Stock Plan consistent with past practice, (i) grant or provide any severance or termination payments or material benefits to any of Golfsmith’s existing or former directors, officers, employees or consultants, (ii) increase the compensation, bonus or pension or other benefits of Golfsmith’s current or former directors, officers, employees or independent contractors, (iii) establish, adopt, amend or terminate any benefit plan, or amend the terms of any outstanding equity-based awards, (iv) take any action to accelerate the vesting or payment, or fund or in any other way secure the payment of compensation or benefits under any benefit plan, (v) change any actuarial or other assumptions used to calculate funding obligations with respect to any benefit plan or to change the manner in which contributions to such plans are made or the basis on which such contributions are determined, except as may be required by GAAP or (vi) forgive any loans to any of Golfsmith’s current or former directors, officers, employees or independent contractors; or

 

   

agree, authorize or commit to take any of the actions listed above.

Restrictions on Solicitation

Golfsmith agreed that it will not, and will cause its subsidiaries and the directors, officers, employees, affiliates, agents, investment bankers, attorneys, accountants and other advisors or representatives of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries not to:

 

   

solicit, initiate or take any action to knowingly facilitate or knowingly encourage, whether publicly or otherwise, any Acquisition Proposal;

 

   

enter into or participate in any discussions or negotiations, furnish any information relating to Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries or afford access to the business, properties, assets, books or records of Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries, or otherwise knowingly cooperate with any Acquisition Proposal;

 

   

make a Change of Recommendation;

 

   

enter into any agreement, agreement in principle, letter of intent, term sheet or other similar instrument relating to an Alternative Transaction (other than an Acceptable Confidentiality Agreement); or

 

   

amend, terminate or release any third party from the confidentiality, standstill or similar provisions of any agreement to which Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries is a party.

 

82


Table of Contents

An “Alternative Transaction” means any of the following events: (i) any tender or exchange offer (including a self-tender offer or exchange offer) that, if consummated, would result in a third party beneficially owning fifteen percent (15%) or more of any class of equity or voting securities of Golfsmith or of all of the equity or voting securities of any of its subsidiaries whose assets, individually or in the aggregate, constitute fifteen percent (15%) or more of the consolidated assets of Golfsmith, (ii) any merger, consolidation, share exchange, business combination, reorganization, recapitalization, liquidation, dissolution, sale of substantially all the assets or other similar transaction involving Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries whose assets individually or in the aggregate, constitute fifteen percent (15%) or more of the consolidated assets of Golfsmith or (iii) the acquisition by a third party of fifteen percent (15%) or more of any class of equity or voting securities of Golfsmith or of all of the equity or voting securities of any of its subsidiaries whose assets individually or in the aggregate, constitute fifteen percent (15%) or more of the consolidated assets of Golfsmith, or of fifteen percent (15%) or more of the consolidated assets or operations of Golfsmith in a single transaction or a series of related transactions.

An “Acquisition Proposal” is any inquiry, proposal or offer that constitutes, or would reasonably be expected to lead to, any Alternative Transaction.

A “Change of Recommendation” means to (i) withhold, withdraw, amend, modify or qualify (or publicly propose to or publicly state the intention to withhold, withdraw, amend, modify or qualify) in any manner adverse to Golf Town or Merger Sub the Company Recommendation, (ii) approve, recommend or declare advisable (or publicly propose to or publicly state the intention to approve, recommend or declare advisable) any Acquisition Proposal or Alternative Transaction, (iii) resolve by action of the Golfsmith Board or the Transaction Committee to take any such actions, or (iv) cause or permit Golfsmith to enter into any agreement, agreement in principle, letter of intent, term sheet or other similar instrument (other than an Acceptable Confidentiality Agreement) related to any Alternative Transaction. Neither the determination by the Golfsmith Board or Transaction Committee that an Acquisition Proposal constitutes or could reasonably be expected to lead to a Superior Proposal or the disclosure by Golfsmith of such determination shall constitute a Change of Recommendation.

A “Superior Proposal” is a written Acquisition Proposal (except that for purposes of this definition, references in the definition of Alternative Transaction to “fifteen percent (15%)” shall be “fifty percent (50%)”) which is otherwise on terms which the Golfsmith Board, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, determines in good faith, after consultation with its outside legal counsel and a financial advisor, and taking into account all the terms and conditions of the Acquisition Proposal, (i) would result in a transaction that, if consummated, is more favorable to Golfsmith’s stockholders from a financial point of view than the Merger (or, if applicable, any proposal by Golf Town to amend the terms of the Merger Agreement) and (ii) is reasonably likely to be completed on the terms proposed, taking into account all financial, regulatory, legal and other aspects of such proposal.

The “Company Recommendation” is the adoption by the Golfsmith Board of resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth therein, (ii) resolving that the adoption of the Merger Agreement be submitted to the stockholders for a vote and (iii) to recommend to the stockholders that they adopt the Merger Agreement.

An “Acceptable Confidentiality Agreement” is a confidentiality agreement between Golfsmith and any person making an Acquisition Proposal entered into prior to the date of the Merger Agreement, or if

 

83


Table of Contents

entered into on or after the date of the Merger Agreement, that contains confidentiality provisions that are no less favorable in the aggregate to Golfsmith than those contained in the Confidentiality Agreement, dated June 8, 2011 between Golfsmith and Golf Town Canada, Inc.

Notwithstanding the above restrictions, if at any time following the date of the Merger Agreement and prior to the Effective Time, Golfsmith receives a written Acquisition Proposal from a third party without breaching its obligations above, and the Golfsmith Board, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, determines in good faith, after consultation with outside legal counsel and a financial advisor, that such Alternative Transaction constitutes or such Acquisition Proposal could reasonably be expected to lead to a Superior Proposal from such third party, then Golfsmith may (i) furnish information with respect to Golfsmith and its subsidiaries and afford access to the business, properties, assets, books or records of Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries to such third party making such Acquisition Proposal and (ii) enter into, participate and maintain discussions or negotiations with, such third party making such Acquisition Proposal. Golfsmith may also amend, terminate or release any third party from the confidentiality, standstill or similar provisions of any agreement if Golfsmith determines in good faith after consultation with outside legal counsel that its failure to take such action could reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with the Golfsmith Board’s fiduciary duties. Golfsmith will not, and will not allow any of its representatives to, disclose any non-public information to such third party without entering into an Acceptable Confidentiality Agreement and will provide to Golf Town any non-public information concerning Golfsmith or its subsidiaries provided to such third party which was not previously provided to Golf Town as promptly as practicable.

Golfsmith must notify Golf Town within 48 hours upon receipt of any Acquisition Proposal or any request for non-public information relating to Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries in connection with any Acquisition Proposal, indicating the identity of the person or group making such Acquisition Proposal or request and the material terms and conditions (including copies of any written Acquisition Proposal or request, including proposed agreements) and thereafter must keep Golf Town reasonably informed, on a prompt basis, of any material developments or modifications to the terms and the status of such events.

If prior to the Effective Time, Golfsmith receives an Acquisition Proposal without breaching its obligations above, that the Golfsmith Board, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, determines in good faith, after consultation with outside legal counsel and a financial advisor, constitutes a Superior Proposal and the Golfsmith Board determines in good faith, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, after consultation with its outside legal counsel that the failure to take such action would reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with its fiduciary duties under applicable law, the Golfsmith Board may effect a Change of Recommendation and/or terminate the Merger Agreement to enter into a definitive agreement with respect to such Superior Proposal. The Golfsmith Board may not effect a Change of Recommendation or terminate the Merger Agreement unless (i) it gives Golf Town 3 business days’ prior written notice, or if there are less than 3 business days prior to the proposed Effective Date, as much notice as is reasonably practicable (the “Notice Period”) of its intention to do so attaching the most current version of all relevant proposed transaction agreements and other material documents, (ii) during the Notice Period, Golfsmith, if requested by Golf Town, engages in good faith negotiations to amend the Merger Agreement (including by making its officers, its legal and financial advisors reasonably available to negotiate in good faith) so that such Alternative Transaction would cease to constitute a Superior Proposal and (iii) Golf Town does not make, within such Notice Period, an offer that the Golfsmith Board determines in good faith, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, after consultation with

 

84


Table of Contents

its legal and financial advisors, is at least as favorable to Golfsmith’s stockholders as such Superior Proposal. In the event of any material revisions to the applicable Superior Proposal, Golfsmith shall be required to deliver a new written notice to Golf Town and to comply with the requirements in this paragraph with respect to such new written notice.

Nothing in the Merger Agreement will prevent Golfsmith from issuing a “stop, look and listen” statement or making any required disclosure to Golfsmith’s stockholders if, in the good faith judgment of the Golfsmith Board, after consultation with its outside legal counsel, the failure to do so could reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with its fiduciary duties to Golfsmith’s stockholders under applicable law. In no event will the issuance of a “stop, look and listen” or similar statement by Golfsmith constitute a Change of Recommendation.

If prior to the Effective Time, without breaching its obligations above, there occurs any material fact, change, event, circumstance, occurrence, effect or development that affects or would be reasonably expected to affect the business, assets, liabilities, financial condition or results of operations of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries, does not involve or relate to an Acquisition Proposal and was not known to the Golfsmith Board as of the date of the Merger Agreement, the Golfsmith Board may make a Change of Recommendation if, upon the recommendation of the Transaction Committee, it determines in good faith, after consultation with outside legal counsel, that the failure to do so would reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with its fiduciary duties to Golfsmith’s stockholders under applicable law.

As further discussed in “The Merger Agreement—Termination” beginning on page 90, if the Golfsmith Board makes a Change of Recommendation, Golf Town may terminate the Merger Agreement and require payment of a termination fee of $3,800,000. Golfsmith may also terminate the Merger Agreement to enter into a transaction with respect to a Superior Proposal after following the procedures set forth in the Merger Agreement as described in more detail in “—Termination of the Merger Agreement” on payment of the termination fee.

Stockholder Action by Written Consent

Golfsmith, acting through the Golfsmith Board and in accordance with the DGCL and its bylaws, was required to take all actions necessary to seek and obtain the Written Consent from the Supporting Stockholders, which was delivered on May 11, 2012 and provided the required stockholder approval to adopt the Merger Agreement. For additional information, see “Voting Agreement and Written Consent” beginning on page 92.

In connection with stockholder approval of the Merger Agreement, Golfsmith is required pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement to prepare and deliver to Golfsmith’s stockholders this Information Statement and give prompt notice of the taking of the actions described in the Written Consent in accordance with Section 228 of the DGCL to all holders of Common Stock not executing the Written Consent, together with any additional information required by the DGCL, including a description of the appraisal rights of holders of Common Stock available under Section 262 of the DGCL. THIS NOTICE OF WRITTEN CONSENT AND APPRAISAL RIGHTS AND INFORMATION STATEMENT CONSTITUTES THE NOTICE REQUIRED UNDER SECTION 228 OF THE DGCL AND THE NOTICE OF AVAILABILITY OF APPRAISAL RIGHTS REQUIRED UNDER SECTION 262 OF THE DGCL.

 

85


Table of Contents

Financing Cooperation

While the closing of the Merger is not subject to any financing condition, Golfsmith has agreed to provide to Golf Town and Merger Sub cooperation as reasonably requested by Golf Town, using its commercially reasonable efforts, in connection with the arrangement of any alternative financing for the Merger, including participating in meetings and presentations, providing certain financial information, making available its assets, cash management and accounting systems to prospective financing sources and using its good faith efforts to obtain customary officers certificates and other similar documents. Additionally, without Golf Town’s written consent, Golfsmith may not amend, modify or waive any provision of the Waiver or other provision of the Revolving Credit Facility in a manner constituting a Purchaser Material Adverse Effect. Golfsmith’s cooperation is required only so long as it does not (i) unreasonably interfere with the ongoing operations of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries, (ii) cause any representation or warranty in the Merger Agreement to be breached, or (iii) cause the failure of any condition to consummation of the Merger or the breach of certain contracts to which Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries is a party. Neither Golfsmith nor any of its subsidiaries will be required to take any action that would subject them to any liability or expense or to pay any commitment or other similar fee in connection with arranging such alternative financing. From and after the Closing Date or promptly after termination of the Merger Agreement pursuant to its terms, Golf Town will reimburse Golfsmith for all out-of-pocket costs incurred in good faith by Golfsmith and its subsidiaries in connection with such cooperation and will indemnify and hold harmless Golfsmith and its affiliates and representatives from and against any and all liabilities or losses incurred by them in connection with the arrangement of such alternative financing.

Further Action; Efforts

Upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement and in accordance with applicable law, each of the parties agreed to cooperate with each other and use their respective reasonable best efforts to take or cause to be taken all actions, and do or cause to be done all things, reasonably necessary, proper or advisable on its part under the Merger Agreement and applicable laws to consummate and make effective the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement as soon as practicable, including preparing and filing as promptly as practicable all documentation to effect all necessary notices, reports and other filings and to obtain as promptly as practicable all consents, registrations, approvals, permits and authorizations in order to consummate the Merger.

Antitrust Laws

Each of Golfsmith and Golf Town filed on May 18, 2012 their respective notification and report form required under the HSR Act with respect to the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement with the Antitrust Division and FTC and requested early termination of the waiting period. Early termination of the waiting period was granted on May 29, 2012. Golfsmith and Golf Town agreed to take all necessary actions to obtain the required consents from such antitrust authorities as promptly as practicable and consult and cooperate with one another in connection with the preparation of such antitrust filings. Golf Town will be responsible for the payment of all filing fees under the HSR Act.

Each of Golfsmith and Golf Town will use its reasonable best efforts to resolve any objections that may be asserted with respect to the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement under any antitrust law. Such “reasonable best efforts” shall include, without limitation:

 

   

complying at the earliest practicable date with any formal request for additional information or documentary material;

 

86


Table of Contents
   

providing the other party with a complete copy of any filing with the antitrust authorities and responding to any request by the other party for information or documentation;

 

   

promptly informing the other party of and furnishing any written communication made to or received from such party from any antitrust authority or other governmental entity and consulting with the other parties in advance or any substantive meeting or discussion with any such antitrust authority or governmental entity in respect of any filing, investigation or inquiry, and to the extent permitted by such antitrust authority or governmental entity, giving the other parties the opportunity to attend;

 

   

complying with all restrictions and conditions, at such party’s sole cost, of any restrictions and conditions imposed or requested by any antitrust authority in connection with granting any necessary clearance or terminating any applicable waiting period, including (i) agreeing to sell, divest, hold separate, license, cause a third party to acquire, or otherwise dispose of, any subsidiary, operations, divisions, business, product lines, customers or assets of Golf Town, its affiliates, Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries contemporaneously with or after the Closing and regardless as to whether a third party purchaser has been identified or approved prior to the Closing, (ii) taking such other actions that may limit Golf Town, its affiliates, Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries’ freedom of action with respect to, or its ability to retain, one or more of its operations, divisions, businesses, product lines, customers or assets, and (iii) entering into any order, consent decree or other agreement to effectuate any of the foregoing; and

 

   

opposing fully and vigorously any request for, the entry of, and seek to have vacated or terminated, any order, judgment, decree, injunction or ruling of any antitrust authority that could restrain, prevent or delay the Closing, including by defending any action through litigation, provided that Golfsmith will be permitted to participate (at its cost) in all aspects of the defense of such proceedings and Golf Town and Merger Sub will be responsible for the payment of their own expenses, including legal fees and expenses, in seeking to prevent the entry of any such order.

Additionally, Golf Town will not, and will cause its affiliates not to, acquire any business, corporation, other business organization or division or assets, if such acquisition could reasonably be expected to (i) impose any delay in the obtaining of, or increase the risk of not obtaining, any consents of any governmental entity necessary to consummate the Merger or any other transaction contemplated by the Merger Agreement or the expiration or termination of any applicable waiting period, (ii) increase the risk of any governmental entity entering an order prohibiting the consummation of the Merger or any other transaction contemplated by the Merger Agreement, (iii) increase the risk of not being able to remove any such order on appeal or otherwise, or (iv) delay or prevent the consummation of the Merger or any of the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement.

 

87


Table of Contents

Indemnification; Directors’ and Officers’ Insurance

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, for six years after the Effective Time, Golf Town will, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, cause the Surviving Corporation to indemnify or exculpate any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or employee benefit plan fiduciary of Golfsmith or its subsidiaries against any costs or expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses), judgments, fines, losses, claims, damages or liabilities, including amounts paid in settlement incurred in connection with any claim, action, suit, proceeding or investigation, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, arising out of or pertaining to matters existing or occurring at or prior to the Effective Time based on or arising out of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer or employee of Golfsmith or any of its subsidiaries, or serves or served as a fiduciary under any employee benefit plan maintained by or contributed by Golfsmith any of its subsidiaries.

Golf Town will, or will cause the Surviving Corporation to, obtain a single premium directors’ and officers’ liability insurance “tail” policy with policy terms, limits, amounts and conditions at least as favorable to any beneficiary thereof than those of such policy in effect on the date of the Merger Agreement. Golf Town will not be required to pay aggregate premiums in excess of 300% of the amount per annum Golfsmith paid in its last full fiscal year.

The parties further agreed that, for a period of six years from the Effective Time, the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of the Surviving Corporation will contain provisions no less favorable with respect to limitation of certain liability of directors, officers, employees and agents and indemnification than are set forth in Golfsmith’s certificate of incorporation and bylaws as of the date of the Merger Agreement.

Employment and Employee Benefit Matters

Golf Town has agreed to provide Golfsmith employees who continue to be employed by Golfsmith and its subsidiaries after the Closing Date, for at least one year following the Closing Date, with (i) a salary or wage level and bonus opportunity comparable in the aggregate to the salary or wage level and bonus opportunity to which they were entitled immediately prior to the Closing Date and (ii) employee benefits that, in the aggregate, are comparable to the employee benefits that they were entitled to receive immediately prior to the Closing Date (excluding equity or equity-based compensation, change in control arrangements, retention arrangements, transaction bonuses and similar arrangements triggered in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement).

In lieu of the foregoing, Golf Town may arrange for the employees of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries to participate in Golf Town’s or its subsidiaries’ employee benefit plans on substantially the same terms and conditions as similarly situated employees of Golf Town, taking into account for purposes of eligibility, benefits (excluding accruals under a defined benefit pension plan) and vesting thereunder service by employees of Golfsmith and its subsidiaries as if such service were with Golf Town or its subsidiaries, subject to certain customary exceptions.

Conditions to the Merger

Each of Golfsmith’s, Golf Town’s and Merger Sub’s obligations to complete the Merger is subject to the satisfaction (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of the following conditions:

 

   

the approval by Golfsmith’s stockholders, which approval occurred when the Supporting Stockholders executed and delivered the Written Consent;

 

88


Table of Contents
   

the distribution of this Information Statement to Golfsmith’s stockholders and the passage of at least 20 days following such distribution;

 

   

the expiration or termination of the waiting period under the HSR Act and any required approvals thereunder have been obtained; and

 

   

no laws or injunctions restraining or otherwise prohibiting consummation of the Merger are in effect.

In addition, Golf Town’s and Merger Sub’s obligations to complete the Merger are subject to the satisfaction (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

(i) the accuracy in all respects as of the date of the Merger Agreement of representations and warranties by Golfsmith regarding the absence of certain changes or events since January 1, 2012 through the date of the Merger Agreement, (ii) the accuracy in all respects (except where the failure to be so true and correct would not reasonably be expected to result in additional Merger Consideration and Company Award Consideration of more than $500,000 in the aggregate) of representations and warranties made by Golfsmith regarding capitalization, (iii) the accuracy in all material respects as of the date of the Merger Agreement and as of the Closing Date as if made on and as of such dates (except to the extent any such representation or warranty is made as of a specified date, which such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects as of such specified date) of representations and warranties made by Golfsmith regarding corporate authority and approval, non-contravention, takeover statutes and broker fees and (iv) the accuracy of all other representations and warranties (disregarding any materiality or material adverse effect qualifications contained in such representations and warranties) made by Golfsmith as of the date of the Merger Agreement and as of the Closing Date as if made on and as of such dates (except to the extent any such representation or warranty is made as of a specified date, which such representation or warranty shall be true and correct as of such specified date), except for any such inaccuracies that have not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect; and

 

   

Golfsmith having performed, in all material respects, all of its obligations under the Merger Agreement.

In addition, Golfsmith’s obligation to complete the Merger is subject to the satisfaction (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

the accuracy of all representations and warranties made in the Merger Agreement by Golf Town and Merger Sub (disregarding any materiality or material adverse effect qualifications contained in such representations and warranties) as of the date of the Merger Agreement and as of the Closing Date as if made on and as of such dates (or, in the case of representations and warranties that by their terms address matters only as of another specified time, as of that time), except for any such inaccuracies that have not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Purchaser Material Adverse Effect; and

 

89


Table of Contents
   

Golf Town and Merger Sub having performed, in all material respects, all of their obligations under the Merger Agreement.

Termination

The Merger Agreement may be terminated and the Merger may be abandoned at any time prior to the Effective Time:

 

   

by mutual written consent of Golfsmith and Golf Town;

 

   

by either Golfsmith or Golf Town (provided the party wishing to terminate hasn’t breached its obligations under the Merger Agreement in any manner that proximately caused the failure of a condition to the consummation of the Merger), if:

 

   

the Merger has not been consummated on or before the Outside Date, whether before or after the Company Stockholder Approval has been obtained;

 

   

the Company Stockholder Approval has not been obtained by 11:59 PM, New York time, on the first business day following the date of the Merger Agreement; or

 

   

any order permanently restraining, enjoining or otherwise prohibiting consummation of the Merger has become final and non-appealable, whether before or after the Company Stockholder Approval has been obtained;

 

   

by Golfsmith, either before or after the Company Stockholder Approval has been obtained, if:

 

   

the Golfsmith Board, in compliance with Golfsmith’s obligations and the terms and conditions under the Merger Agreement, authorizes Golfsmith to enter into a written agreement to effectuate a Superior Proposal, subject to paying the Company Termination Fee and provided that Golfsmith complies in all respects with its obligations described under “The Merger Agreement—Restrictions on Solicitation” beginning on page 82;

 

   

a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement in the Merger Agreement by Golf Town or Merger Sub causes the failure of the conditions to the obligations of Golfsmith under the Merger Agreement and such breach is not curable or cured prior to the earlier of (i) 20 days after written notice is given by Golfsmith to Golf Town or (ii) the Outside Date, provided that Golfsmith is not then in material breach of the Merger Agreement, subject to Golf Town paying the Purchaser Breach Termination Fee;

 

   

Golfsmith is ready, willing and able to consummate the Merger and has confirmed in writing to Golf Town that all applicable conditions under the Merger Agreement have been satisfied (or that it would be willing to waive any applicable unsatisfied

 

90


Table of Contents
 

conditions), but Golf Town and Merger Sub fail to consummate the Merger and the Waiver is not in full force and effect, subject to Golf Town paying the Purchaser Financing Termination Fee; or

 

   

Golfsmith is ready, willing and able to consummate the Merger and has confirmed in writing to Golf Town that all applicable conditions have been satisfied (or that it would be willing to waive any applicable unsatisfied conditions), but Golf Town and Merger Sub fail to consummate the Merger despite the fact that (i) the Waiver is in full force and effect or alternative financing is available, or (ii) the Waiver is not in full force and effect, and alternative financing is unavailable because of a breach by Golf Town or Merger Sub, subject to Golf Town paying the Purchaser Breach Termination Fee;

 

   

By Golf Town, either before or after the Company Stockholder Approval has been obtained, if:

 

   

the Golfsmith Board has made a Change of Recommendation; or

 

   

there has been a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement made by Golfsmith in the Merger Agreement, such that either of the conditions to Golf Town’s and Merger Sub’s obligations would not be satisfied, and such breach or condition is not curable or, if curable, is not cured prior to the earlier of (i) 20 days after written notice is given by Golfsmith to Golf Town or (ii) the Outside Date, provided that Golf Town is not then in material breach of the Merger Agreement.

If the Merger Agreement is validly terminated, the Merger Agreement will become void without any liability on the part of any party and its representatives, except that no party will be relieved from liability or damages for any willful or knowing breach of the Merger Agreement.

Termination Fees

Golfsmith must pay Golf Town the Company Termination Fee of $3,800,000 under the following circumstances:

 

   

Golf Town terminates the Merger Agreement because the Golfsmith Board has made a Change of Recommendation;

 

   

Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement because the Golfsmith Board, subject to complying with Golfsmith’s obligations and the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, authorizes Golfsmith to enter into a written agreement to effectuate a Superior Proposal (provided that Golfsmith complies in all respects with its obligations described under “The Merger Agreement—Restrictions on Solicitation” beginning on page 82); or

 

   

Golf Town terminates the Merger Agreement because there has been a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement made by Golfsmith in the Merger Agreement, such that either of the conditions to Golf Town’s and Merger Sub’s obligations would not be satisfied, and such breach or condition is not curable or, if curable, is not cured prior to the

 

91


Table of Contents
 

earlier of (i) 20 days after written notice is given by Golfsmith to Golf Town or (ii) the Outside Date, (but only if the failure to satisfy the condition specified therein results from an intentional breach by Golfsmith of any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements contained herein), and after the date of the Merger Agreement and prior to the earlier of the date of such termination and the Effective Time, an Acquisition Proposal has been publicly announced or otherwise communicated to Golfsmith’s stockholders, and within one year following the date of such termination, Golfsmith has entered into a definitive agreement with respect to such Acquisition Proposal or such Acquisition Proposal has been consummated. For purposes of this paragraph, all references to “15%” in the definition of “Alternative Transaction” shall be deemed to be references to “50%”.

Golf Town must pay Golfsmith the Purchaser Breach Termination Fee of $8,200,000 under the following circumstances:

 

   

The Merger Agreement is terminated by Golfsmith because a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement in the Merger Agreement by Golf Town or Merger Sub causes the failure of the conditions to the obligations of Golfsmith under the Merger Agreement and such breach is not curable or cured prior to the earlier of (i) 20 days after written notice is given by Golfsmith to Golf Town or (ii) the Outside Date; or

 

   

Golfsmith is ready, willing and able to consummate the Merger and has confirmed in writing to Golf Town that all applicable conditions under the Merger Agreement have been satisfied (or that it would be willing to waive any applicable unsatisfied conditions), but Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement because (i) Golf Town and Merger Sub fail to consummate the Merger despite the fact that the Waiver is in full force and effect or alternative financing is available, or (ii) the Waiver is not in full force and effect, and alternative financing is unavailable, due to a breach by Golf Town or Merger Sub.

Golf Town must pay Golfsmith the Purchaser Financing Termination Fee of $6,500,000 under the following circumstances:

 

   

Golfsmith is ready, willing and able to consummate the Merger and has confirmed in writing to Golf Town that all applicable conditions under the Merger Agreement have been satisfied (or that it would be willing to waive any applicable unsatisfied conditions), but Golfsmith terminates the Merger Agreement because Golf Town and Merger Sub fail to consummate the Merger and the Waiver is not in full force and effect.

VOTING AGREEMENT AND WRITTEN CONSENT

Concurrently with the execution of the Merger Agreement, AEP, who is the record and/or beneficial owner of 7,934,418 shares of Common Stock entitled to vote on the adoption of the Merger Agreement, entered into the Voting Agreement with Golf Town. The Voting Agreement provides that, so long as it had not previously been terminated in accordance with its terms, AEP was required to deliver the Written Consent adopting the Merger Agreement. On May 11, 2012, the Supporting Stockholders, including AEP, together owning approximately 51.1% of the 15,927,536 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding on such date, executed and delivered the Written Consent. Additionally, on May 23, 2012, the Paul Stockholders executed and delivered a written consent, among other things, adopting the Merger Agreement and authorizing the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, including the Merger. As a result of the delivery of the Written Consent, no further action by any Golfsmith stockholder is required to adopt the Merger Agreement.

 

92


Table of Contents

The Voting Agreement further provides that, during the term of the Voting Agreement, AEP must vote all of its shares of Common Stock against, among other things, (i) any action or agreement that would result in a material breach of the Merger Agreement or the Voting Agreement, (ii) any action that would materially interfere with, delay or adversely affect in any material respect the Merger or any other transaction contemplated by the Merger Agreement and (iii) any Alternative Transaction.

The Principal Stockholder has also agreed not to exercise any rights to demand appraisal of any shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by such person in connection with the Merger.

To the extent that AEP acquires beneficial ownership of any shares of Common Stock during the term of the Voting Agreement, such shares will become subject to the terms of the Voting Agreement to the same extent as though such shares were owned by such person as of the date of the Voting Agreement.

While the Voting Agreement remains in effect, AEP is prohibited from transferring any shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by AEP, subject to certain exceptions. The Principal Stockholder has also agreed not to solicit, initiate or take any action to knowingly facilitate or encourage proposals for Alternative Transactions, participate in discussions or furnish information or otherwise knowingly cooperate with any proposals for Alternative Transactions, enter into an agreement with respect to an Alternative Transaction or publicly propose to do any of the foregoing, except that AEP may do any of the foregoing to the extent Golfsmith is permitted to take such actions under the Merger Agreement. The Principal Stockholder’s portfolio companies are not restricted from taking such actions so long as they are not acting at the direction of AEP.

The Voting Agreement will terminate upon the earliest of (i) the Effective Time, (ii) the termination of the Merger Agreement in accordance with its terms, (iii) any Change of Recommendation by Golfsmith, and (iv) the making of any material change, by amendment, waiver, or other modification to any provision of the Merger Agreement that reduces the amount or changes the form of the Merger Consideration or is otherwise materially adverse to AEP.

On May 11, 2012, Golfsmith adopted an amendment to its bylaws so as to add a new section, Section 9.8, “Forum”, providing that unless Golfsmith consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain actions or proceedings concerning Golfsmith. The complete text of Golfsmith’s bylaws is included as Exhibit 3.1 to Golfsmith’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 14, 2012, and is incorporated herein by reference.

Golfsmith is required pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement to prepare and deliver to Golfsmith’s stockholders this Information Statement and give prompt notice of the adoption of the Merger Agreement by stockholder written consent in accordance with Section 228 of the DGCL to all holders of Common Stock not executing the Written Consent, together with any additional information required by the DGCL, including a description of the appraisal rights of holders of Common Stock available under Section 262 of the DGCL. THIS NOTICE OF WRITTEN CONSENT AND APPRAISAL RIGHTS AND INFORMATION STATEMENT CONSTITUTES THE NOTICE REQUIRED UNDER SECTION 228 OF THE DGCL AND THE NOTICE OF AVAILABILITY OF APPRAISAL RIGHTS UNDER SECTION 262 OF THE DGCL.

 

93


Table of Contents

MARKET PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

General

Our certificate of incorporation provides that we may issue up to 25,000,000 shares of Common Stock and up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock. As of [                    ], 2012, there were 15,932,186 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding and no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding.

Principal Trading Market; High and Low Sales Prices

Our Common Stock is listed for trading on NASDAQ under the symbol “GOLF”. The closing price of our Common Stock on NASDAQ, on May 11, 2012, the last trading day prior to public announcement of the execution of the Merger Agreement, was $4.71 per share. On [                    ], 2012, the most recent practicable date before this Information Statement was mailed to our stockholders, the closing price of our Common Stock on NASDAQ was $[    ] per share. You are encouraged to obtain current market quotations for our Common Stock.

The following table sets forth, for the fiscal quarters indicated, the high and low closing price per share, as reported on NASDAQ, for our Common Stock.

 

     2012 (1)      2011      2010  
     High      Low      High      Low      High      Low  

First Quarter

   $ 4.47       $ 3.20       $ 4.41       $ 2.42       $ 4.20       $ 2.16   

Second Quarter

     —           —         $ 5.50       $ 3.42       $ 5.14       $ 3.35   

Third Quarter

     —           —         $ 4.15       $ 2.76       $ 4.08       $ 2.75   

Fourth Quarter

     —           —         $ 4.20       $ 3.07       $ 3.25       $ 2.40   

 

(1)

Through First Quarter 2012.

Following the Merger there will be no further market for the Common Stock and our Common Stock will be delisted from NASDAQ and deregistered under the Exchange Act.

Dividends

We have not paid any dividends on our Common Stock. The terms of the Merger Agreement do not allow us to declare or pay any dividend (except for dividends paid by any direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiary to Golfsmith or to any other direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiary) between the date of the Merger Agreement and the Effective Time.

 

94


Table of Contents

APPRAISAL RIGHTS

Under the DGCL, holders of our Common Stock who do not wish to accept the Merger Consideration and who follow the procedures set forth in Section 262 of the DGCL will be entitled to have their shares appraised by the Delaware Court and to receive payment in cash of the “fair value” of those shares, exclusive of any element of value arising from the accomplishment or expectation of the Merger. In order to exercise and perfect appraisal rights, a record holder of our Common Stock must follow the steps summarized below properly and in a timely manner.

Under Section 262 of the DGCL, where a merger agreement relating to a proposed merger is adopted by stockholders acting by written consent in lieu of a meeting of the stockholders, the corporation must notify each of its stockholders who was a stockholder on the record date set by the board of directors for such notice (or if no such record date is set, on the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice is given), with respect to such shares for which appraisal rights are available, that appraisal rights are so available, and must include in each such notice a copy of Section 262 of the DGCL. This Information Statement constitutes such notice to the holders of our Common Stock and a copy of Section 262 of the DGCL is attached to this Information Statement as Annex C.

Section 262 of the DGCL is reprinted in its entirety as Annex C to this Information Statement. The following summary describes the material aspects of Section 262 of the DGCL, and the law relating to appraisal rights and is qualified in its entirety by reference to Annex C. All references in Section 262 of the DGCL and this summary to “stockholder” are to the record holder of the shares of our Common Stock. Failure to comply strictly with the procedures set forth in Section 262 of the DGCL may result in the loss of appraisal rights.

Holders of shares of our Common Stock who decide to exercise their appraisal right must demand in writing from Golfsmith appraisal of their shares of Common Stock by June [    ], 2012, which is the date that is 20 days following the date of mailing of this Information Statement. A demand for appraisal will be sufficient if it reasonably informs Golfsmith of the identity of the stockholder and that such stockholder intends thereby to demand appraisal of such stockholder’s shares of Common Stock. If you wish to exercise your appraisal rights you must be the record holder of such shares of our Common Stock on the date the written demand for appraisal is made and you must continue to hold such shares through the Effective Time. Accordingly, a stockholder who is the record holder of shares of Common Stock on the date the written demand for appraisal is made, but who thereafter transfers such shares prior to the Effective Time, will lose any right to appraisal in respect of such shares.

Only a holder of record of shares of our Common Stock is entitled to assert appraisal rights for such shares of our Common Stock registered in that holder’s name. A demand for appraisal should be executed by or on behalf of the holder of record and must state that such person intends thereby to demand appraisal of his, her or its shares. If the shares are owned of record in a fiduciary capacity, such as by a trustee, guardian or custodian, execution of the demand for appraisal should be made in that capacity, and if the shares are owned of record by more than one person, as in a joint tenancy or tenancy in common, the demand should be executed by or on behalf of all joint owners. An authorized agent, including one for two or more joint owners, may execute the demand for appraisal on behalf of a holder of record; however, the agent must identify the record owner or owners and expressly disclose the fact that, in executing the demand, he or she is acting as agent for such owner or owners.

 

95


Table of Contents

A record holder such as a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee who holds shares as nominee for several beneficial owners may exercise appraisal rights with respect to the shares of our Common Stock held for one or more beneficial owners while not exercising such rights with respect to the shares held for other beneficial owners; in such case, the written demand should set forth the number of shares as to which appraisal is sought. Where the number of shares of our Common Stock is not expressly stated, the demand will be presumed to cover all shares held in the name of the record owner.

A beneficial owner of shares held in “street name” who desires appraisal should take such actions as may be necessary to ensure that a timely and proper demand for appraisal is made by the record holder of such shares. Shares held through brokerage firms, banks and other financial institutions are frequently deposited with and held of record in the name of a nominee of a central security depository, such as Cede & Co. Any beneficial holder desiring appraisal who holds shares through a brokerage firm, bank or other financial institution is responsible for ensuring that the demand for appraisal is made by the record holder. The beneficial holder of such shares should instruct such firm, bank or institution that the demand for appraisal be made by the record holder of the shares, which may be the nominee of a central security depository if the shares have been so deposited. As required by Section 262, a demand for appraisal must reasonably inform Golfsmith of the identity of the holder(s) of record (which may be a nominee as described above) and of such holder’s intention to seek appraisal of such shares.

All written demands for appraisal of shares must be mailed or delivered to: Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc., 11000 N IH 35, Austin, TX 78753, Attention: James Eliasberg, Corporate Secretary.

Within ten days after the Effective Time, we, as the Surviving Corporation, will notify each stockholder who properly asserted appraisal rights under Section 262 of the DGCL of the Effective Time. Within 120 days after the Effective Time, but not thereafter, we or any stockholder who has complied with the statutory requirements summarized above may commence an appraisal proceeding by filing a petition in the Delaware Court demanding a determination of the fair value of the shares held by all dissenting stockholders (with a copy served on us in the case of a petition filed by a stockholder). If no such petition is filed, appraisal rights will be lost for all stockholders who had previously demanded appraisal of their shares. We are not under any obligation, and we have no present intention, to file a petition with respect to appraisal of the fair value of the shares. Accordingly, if you wish to exercise your appraisal rights, you should regard it as your obligation to take all steps necessary to perfect your appraisal rights in the manner prescribed in Section 262 of the DGCL.

Within 120 days after the Effective Time, any stockholder who has complied with the provisions of Section 262 of the DGCL will be entitled, upon written request, to receive from us a statement setting forth the aggregate number of shares of our Common Stock not voted in favor of the Merger and with respect to which demands for appraisal were received by us, and the aggregate number of holders of such shares. Such statement must be mailed within ten days after the written request therefor has been received by us or within ten days after expiration of the period for delivery of appraisal demands, whichever is later. A person who is the beneficial owner of shares of such stock held either in a voting trust or by a nominee on behalf of such person may, in such person’s own name, file an appraisal petition or request from us the statement described in this paragraph.

If a petition for an appraisal is timely filed and a copy thereof served upon us, we will then be obligated, within 20 days of such service, to file with the Delaware Register in Chancery a duly verified list containing the names and addresses of the stockholders who have demanded appraisal of their shares and with whom agreements as to the value of their shares have not been reached. After notice to the

 

96


Table of Contents

stockholders as required by the Delaware Court, the Delaware Court is empowered to conduct a hearing on such petition to determine those stockholders who have complied with Section 262 of the DGCL and who have become entitled to appraisal rights thereunder. The Delaware Court may require the stockholders who demanded appraisal rights of our shares of Common Stock to submit their stock certificates to the Register in Chancery for notation thereon of the pendency of the appraisal proceeding; and if any stockholder fails to comply with such direction, the Delaware Court may dismiss the proceedings as to such stockholder.

After the Delaware Court determines which stockholders are entitled to appraisal, the appraisal proceeding will be conducted in accordance with the rules of the Delaware Court, including any rules specifically governing appraisal proceedings. Through such proceeding the Delaware Court will determine the fair value of the shares exclusive of any element of value arising from the accomplishment or expectation of the Merger, together with interest, if any, to be paid upon the amount determined to be the fair value. Unless the Delaware Court in its discretion determines otherwise for good cause shown, interest from the Effective Time through the date of payment of the judgment will be compounded quarterly and will accrue at 5% over the Federal Reserve discount rate (including any surcharge) as established from time to time during the period between Effective Time and the date of payment of the judgment.

Although we believe that the Merger Consideration is fair, no representation is made as to the outcome of the appraisal of fair value as determined by the Delaware Court and stockholders should recognize that such an appraisal could result in a determination of a value higher or lower than, or the same as, the Merger Consideration. Moreover, we do not anticipate offering more than the Merger Consideration to any stockholder exercising appraisal rights and reserve the right to assert, in any appraisal proceeding, that, for purposes of Section 262, the “fair value” of a share of Common Stock is less than the Merger Consideration. In determining “fair value”, the Delaware Court is required to take into account all relevant factors. In Weinberger v. UOP, Inc., the Delaware Supreme Court discussed the factors that could be considered in determining fair value in an appraisal proceeding, stating that “proof of value by any techniques or methods which are generally considered acceptable in the financial community and otherwise admissible in court” should be considered and that “[f]air price obviously requires consideration of all relevant factors involving the value of a company.” The Delaware Supreme Court has stated that in making this determination of fair value the court must consider market value, asset value, dividends, earnings prospects, the nature of the enterprise and any other facts which could be ascertained as of the date of the merger which throw any light on future prospects of the merged corporation. Section 262 provides that fair value is to be “exclusive of any element of value arising from the accomplishment or expectation of the merger.” In Cede & Co. v. Technicolor, Inc., the Delaware Supreme Court stated that such exclusion is a “narrow exclusion [that] does not encompass known elements of value,” but which rather applies only to the speculative elements of value arising from such accomplishment or expectation. In Weinberger, the Delaware Supreme Court construed Section 262 to mean that “elements of future value, including the nature of the enterprise, which are known or susceptible of proof as of the date of the merger and not the product of speculation, may be considered.”

The Delaware Court will direct the payment of the fair value of the shares of our Common Stock, together with interest, if any, to stockholders who have perfected appraisal rights. The costs of the action (which do not include attorneys’ or expert fees or expenses) may be determined by the Delaware Court and taxed upon the parties as the Delaware Court deems equitable. Each dissenting stockholder is responsible for his or her attorneys’ and expert witness expenses, although, upon application of a dissenting stockholder, the Delaware Court may also order that all or a portion of the expenses incurred by any stockholder in connection with an appraisal, including without limitation reasonable attorneys’ fees and the fees and expenses of experts utilized in the appraisal proceeding, be charged pro rata against the value of all of the shares entitled to appraisal. In the absence of such determination or assessment, each party bears its own expenses.

 

97


Table of Contents

At any time within 60 days after the Effective Time, any stockholder who has not commenced an appraisal proceeding or joined that proceeding as a named party will have the right to withdraw his or her demand for appraisal and to accept the cash payment for his or her shares pursuant to the Merger Agreement. After this period, a stockholder may withdraw his or her demand for appraisal only with our written consent. Withdrawals of a demand for appraisal may be sent to Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc., 11000 N IH 35, Austin, TX 78753, Attention: James Eliasberg, Corporate Secretary. If no petition for appraisal is filed with the Delaware Court within 120 days after the Effective Time, a stockholder’s right to appraisal will cease and he or she will be entitled to receive the cash payment for his or her shares pursuant to the Merger Agreement, as if he or she had not demanded appraisal of his or her shares. No petition timely filed in the Delaware Court demanding appraisal will be dismissed as to any stockholder without the approval of the Delaware Court, and such approval may be conditioned on such terms as the Delaware Court deems just; provided, however, that any stockholder who has not commenced an appraisal proceeding or joined that proceeding as a named party may withdraw his, her or its demand for appraisal and accept the Merger Consideration offered pursuant to the Merger Agreement within 60 days after the Effective Time.

If you properly demand appraisal of your shares of our Common Stock under Section 262 of the DGCL and you fail to perfect, or effectively withdraw or lose, your right to appraisal, as provided in the DGCL, your shares will be converted into the right to receive the consideration receivable with respect to such shares in accordance with the Merger Agreement. You will fail to perfect, or effectively lose or withdraw, your right to appraisal if, among other things, no petition for appraisal is filed within 120 days after the Effective Time, or if you properly deliver to us a written withdrawal of your demand for appraisal. Any such attempt to withdraw an appraisal demand more than 60 days after the Effective Time will require our written approval.

Any holder of shares of Common Stock who has duly demanded appraisal in compliance with Section 262 will not be entitled to vote for any purpose any shares subject to such demand or to receive payment of dividends or other distributions on such shares, except for dividends or distributions payable to stockholders of record at a date prior to the Effective Time.

If you desire to exercise your appraisal rights, you must strictly comply with the procedures set forth in Section 262 of the DGCL.

Failure to take any required step in connection with the exercise of appraisal rights may result in the loss of such rights.

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

The following table sets forth information regarding the beneficial ownership of Golfsmith’s Common Stock as of June [    ], 2012 by (a) each person known to beneficially own more than 5% of our Common Stock; (b) each current director; (c) each of our chief executive officer, chief financial officer and three most highly compensated executive officers other than our chief executive officer and chief financial officer; and (d) all of our directors and executive officers as a group. Except as otherwise indicated, each individual named has sole investment and voting power with respect to the shares owned.

 

98


Table of Contents

Name (1)

   Common Shares
Owned
    Vested Common
Share Rights (11)
    Total Common
Share Rights
    Percent of Class
Owned
 

Directors and Executive Officers

        

Robert Allen

     60,000        52,341        112,341 (9)      *   

Thomas Berglund (2)

     1,500        —          1,500        *   

Roberto Buaron (2)

     9,468,558  (6)      —          9,468,558        52.9

Glenda Flanagan

     1,000        64,084  (9)      65,084        *   

Eli Getson

     3,283        8,000        11,283        *   

Sue Gove

     75,427        166,000        241,427        *   

James Grover (2)

     2,000        —          2,000        *   

Martin Hanaka

     143,759        761,378  (10)      905,137        5.1

Thomas G. Hardy

     3,325        64,760  (9)      68,085        *   

Joseph Kester

     4,462        41,155        45,617        *   

Steve Larkin

     3,283        17,000        20,283        *   

Marvin Lesser

     3,500        64,760  (9)      68,260        *   

James Long (2)

     39,500        —          39,500        *   

Emilio Pedroni

     —          —          —          *   

All Directors & Officers as a Group (14 persons)

     9,809,597        1,239,478        11,049,075     

5% Holders

        

Atlantic Equity Partners III, L.P. (2)

     9,468,558  (8)      —          9,468,558        52.9

Austin W. Marxe and David M. Greenhouse (3)

     1,763,392        —          1,763,392        9.8

NWQ Investment Management Company, LLC (4)

     839,167        —          839,167        4.7

Paradigm Capital Management Inc. (5)

     1,273,135        —          1,273,135        7.1

Carl Paul

     1,523,140  (7)      —          1,523,140        8.5

Franklin Paul

     1,523,140  (7)      —          1,523,140        8.5

 

*

Represents less than 1%.

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and consists of either or both voting or investment power with respect to securities. Shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise

 

99


Table of Contents

of options or warrants or upon the conversion of convertible securities that are immediately exercisable or convertible or that will become exercisable or convertible within the next 60 days are deemed beneficially owned by the beneficial owner of such options, warrants or convertible securities and are deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage of shares beneficially owned by the person holding such instruments, but are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage of any other person. Except as otherwise indicated by footnote, and subject to community property laws where applicable, the persons named in the table have reported that they have sole voting and sole investment power with respect to all shares of Common Stock shown as beneficially owned by them. A total of 15,932,186 shares of Common Stock are considered to be outstanding on June [    ], 2012, pursuant to Rule 13d-3(d)(1) under the Exchange Act.

 

  (1)

Unless otherwise indicated in the footnotes, the address for the beneficial owners named above is 11000 North I-H 35, Austin, Texas 78753.

 

  (2)

The address for this beneficial owner is c/o First Atlantic Capital, Ltd., 135 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022.

 

  (3)

According to a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 13, 2012, Austin W. Marxe and David M. Greenhouse possess shared voting power and dispositive power over 1,763,392 shares. The address for this beneficial owner is 527 Madison Avenue, Suite 2600, New York, NY 10022.

 

  (4)

According to a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 14, 2012, the address for this beneficial owner is 2049 Century Park East, 16th Floor, Los Angeles, California 90067.

 

  (5)

According to a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 14, 2012, the address for this beneficial owner is Nine Elk Street, Albany, New York, 12207.

 

  (6)

Includes 7,934,418 shares owned by AEP. AEP commenced activities on September 28, 1999 with a ten-year term subject to extension for three additional one-year periods. The term of AEP has been extended for three years until September 28, 2012 and further extensions would be available with the approval of a super majority of the limited partners in AEP. These shares may be deemed to be beneficially owned by Mr. Buaron because Mr. Buaron is the sole member of Buaron Capital Corporation III, LLC, which is the managing member of Atlantic Equity Associates III, LLC. Atlantic Equity Associates III, LLC is the sole general partner of Atlantic Equity Associates III, L.P., which is the sole general partner of AEP and, as such, exercises voting and investment power over shares of capital stock owned by AEP, including shares of our Common Stock. Mr. Buaron, as the sole member of Buaron Capital Corporation III, LLC has voting and investment power over, and may be deemed to beneficially own, the shares of our Common Stock owned by AEP. Also includes 1,523,140 shares owned by Carl and Franklin Paul, which may be deemed to be beneficially owned by AEP by virtue of the stockholders agreement described in footnote (8) below. Mr. Buaron disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares owned by Carl and Franklin Paul and, except to the extent of his pecuniary interest therein, the shares held by AEP. Also includes 11,000 shares of Common Stock that Mr. Buaron directly holds.

 

100


Table of Contents
  (7)

Consists of (a) 992,206 shares owned by Carl Paul (of which 92,438 shares are directly owned by Carl Paul, 286,428 shares are directly owned by Carl Paul’s spouse and therefore may be deemed to be indirectly beneficially owned by Carl Paul, and 613,340 shares are owned by separate trusts of which Carl Paul’s children are respective beneficiaries, and therefore may be deemed to be indirectly beneficially owned by Carl Paul) and (b) 530,934 shares owned by Franklin Paul (of which 200,446 shares are directly owned by Franklin Paul, and 330,488 shares are owned by separate trusts of which Franklin Paul’s children are respective beneficiaries and Franklin Paul serves as trustee, and therefore may be deemed to be indirectly beneficially owned by Franklin Paul). Does not include 7,934,418 shares owned by AEP that are subject to the stockholders agreement described in footnote (8) below.

 

  (8)

Consists of 7,934,418 shares owned by AEP. Includes 1,523,140 shares owned by Carl and Franklin Paul that are subject to a stockholders agreement pursuant to which Carl and Franklin Paul have agreed to vote such shares in favor of nominees to the Golfsmith Board proposed by AEP. As a result of this arrangement, AEP may be deemed to be the beneficial owner of the shares held by Carl and Franklin Paul. AEP disclaims beneficial ownership of these shares except to the extent of its pecuniary interest therein. As described in footnote 6 above, Roberto Buaron, one of our directors, may be deemed to have voting and investment power over shares of our Common Stock owned by AEP.

 

  (9)

Represents Deferred Stock Units granted under Golfsmith’s Non-Employee Director Compensation Plan that are fully vested, but are exercisable only upon completion of service on the Golfsmith Board.

 

  (10)

Mr. Hanaka’s vested Common Share rights include 600,000 Company Options granted under the 2006 Incentive Compensation Plan and 161,378 Deferred Stock Units granted under the Non-Employee Director Compensation Plan that are fully vested, but are exercisable only upon completion of service on the Golfsmith Board.

 

  (11)

For Mr. Hanaka, Ms. Gove, Mr. Getson, Mr. Kester and Mr. Larkin, excludes 6,694, 8,926, 4,463, 4,463 and 4,463 shares, each representing the vested portion of the shares issued on April 4, 2012 based on Golfsmith’s achievement of EBITDA targets for fiscal 2011 pursuant to the Performance Share Award Agreements dated February 25, 2011 between Golfsmith and each executive officer listed above, respectively.

HOUSEHOLDING OF MATERIALS

Unless we have received contrary instructions, we may send a single copy of this Information Statement or our annual disclosure documents to any household at which two or more stockholders reside if we believe the stockholders are members of the same family. This process, known as “householding,” reduces the volume of duplicate information received at your household and helps to reduce our expenses. We will promptly deliver a separate copy of either document if you make a request using the contact information set forth below.

If you would like to receive your own set of our annual disclosure documents, this Information Statement or any other applicable material in the future, or if you share an address with another stockholder

 

101


Table of Contents

and together both of you would like to receive only a single set of our annual disclosure documents or any other applicable material, please contact us or your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee in accordance with the instructions below.

If your shares are registered in your own name, please contact us at Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc., 11000 N IH 35, Austin, TX 78753 or (512) 837-8810 to inform us of your request. If a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee holds your shares, please contact your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee directly.

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

You may obtain additional information about Golfsmith from documents filed with the SEC. We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You may read and copy such material at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may also obtain copies of such material from the SEC at prescribed rates by writing to the Public Reference Room of the SEC, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. You can also find Golfsmith’s SEC filings at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. You may also obtain copies of this Information Statement and any other reports or information that we file with the SEC, free of charge, by written request to Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc., 11000 N IH 35, Austin, TX 78753 or by calling (512)  837-8810.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” into this Information Statement documents we file with the SEC, meaning that we are disclosing important information to you by referring you to another document filed separately with the SEC. Information that we file later with the SEC, prior to the closing of the Merger, will automatically update and supersede the previously filed information and be incorporated by reference into this Information Statement.

This Information Statement incorporates by reference the documents set forth below that have been previously filed with the SEC, except for information furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01, including the related exhibits under Item 9.01 of our Current Reports on Form 8-K, which is not deemed to be filed and not incorporated by reference herein:

 

  (a)

Golfsmith’s 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed March 30, 2012 and Amendment No. 1 to Golfsmith’s 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K/A filed April 26, 2012;

 

  (b)

Golfsmith’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q filed May 15, 2012; and

 

  (c)

Golfsmith’s Current Reports on Form 8-K filed February 17, 2012 and May 14, 2012.

 

102


Table of Contents

Golfsmith undertakes to provide without charge to each person to whom a copy of this Information Statement has been delivered, upon request, by first class mail or other equally prompt means, a copy of any or all of the documents incorporated by reference in this Information Statement, other than the exhibits to these documents, unless the exhibits are specifically incorporated by reference into the information that this Information Statement incorporates. You may obtain documents incorporated by reference by requesting them in writing or by telephone at the following address and telephone number:

Golfsmith International Holdings, Inc.

11000 N IH 35

Austin, TX 78753

(512) 837-8810

Golfsmith’s stockholders and other persons should not rely on information other than that contained in or incorporated by reference in this Information Statement. Golfsmith has not authorized anyone to provide information that is different from that contained in this Information Statement. This Information Statement is dated [                    ], 2012. No assumption should be made that the information contained in this Information Statement is accurate as of any date other than that date, and the mailing of this Information Statement will not create any implication to the contrary. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event of any material change in any of the information previously disclosed, Golfsmith will, where relevant and if required by applicable law, update such information through a supplement to this Information Statement.

 

103


Table of Contents

ANNEX A

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

among

GOLFSMITH INTERNATIONAL HOLDINGS, INC.,

GOLF TOWN USA HOLDINGS INC.

and

MAJOR MERGER SUB, INC.

Dated as of May 11, 2012


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

ARTICLE I The Merger

     A-2   

1.1

 

The Merger

     A-2   

1.2

 

Closing

     A-2   

1.3

 

Effective Time

     A-2   

ARTICLE II The Surviving Corporation

     A-3   

2.1

 

The Certificate of Incorporation

     A-3   

2.2

 

The Bylaws

     A-3   

2.3

 

Directors

     A-3   

2.4

 

Officers

     A-3   

ARTICLE III Effect of the Merger on Capital Stock; Exchange of Certificates; Transfer of Uncertificated Shares

     A-3   

3.1

 

Effect on Capital Stock

     A-3   

3.2

 

Exchange of Certificates; Transfer of Uncertificated Shares

     A-4   

3.3

 

Treatment of Stock Plan - Treatment of Options

     A-6   

3.4

 

Adjustments to Prevent Dilution

     A-7   

ARTICLE IV Representations and Warranties

     A-7   

4.1

 

Representations and Warranties of the Company

     A-7   

4.2

 

Representations and Warranties of Purchaser and Merger Sub

     A-22   

ARTICLE V Covenants of the Company

     A-28   

5.1

 

Interim Operations

     A-28   

5.2

 

Acquisition Proposals

     A-30   

5.3

 

Financing Cooperation

     A-33   

5.4

 

Takeover Statutes

     A-34   

5.5

 

Section 16 Matters

     A-34   

ARTICLE VI Covenants of Purchaser

     A-34   

6.1

 

Conduct of Business of Purchaser

     A-34   

6.2

 

Obligations of Merger Sub

     A-34   

6.3

 

Indemnification; Directors’ and Officers’ Insurance

     A-34   

6.4

 

Employee Benefits and Compensation

     A-37   

6.5

 

Financing

     A-38   

6.6

 

Voting Agreement

     A-39   

 

-i-


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

     Page  

ARTICLE VII Covenants of the Company and Purchaser

     A-39   

7.1

 

Cooperation

     A-39   

7.2

 

Information

     A-39   

7.3

 

Antitrust Laws

     A-40   

7.4

 

Status

     A-42   

7.5

 

Access and Reports

     A-42   

7.6

 

Confidentiality

     A-43   

7.7

 

Publicity

     A-43   

7.8

 

Expenses

     A-43   

7.9

 

Approval of the Merger

     A-43   

7.10

 

Control of Operations

     A-45   

7.11

 

Stockholder Litigation

     A-45   

ARTICLE VIII Conditions

     A-45   

8.1

 

Conditions to Each Party’s Obligation to Effect the Merger

     A-45   

8.2

 

Conditions to Obligations of Purchaser and Merger Sub

     A-45   

8.3

 

Conditions to Obligation of the Company

     A-46   

8.4

 

Frustration of Closing Conditions

     A-47   

ARTICLE IX Termination

     A-47   

9.1

 

Termination by Mutual Consent

     A-47   

9.2

 

Termination by Either Purchaser or the Company

     A-47   

9.3

 

Termination by the Company

     A-47   

9.4

 

Termination by Purchaser

     A-48   

9.5

 

Effect of Termination and Abandonment

     A-48   

ARTICLE X Miscellaneous and General

     A-52   

10.1

 

Survival

     A-52   

10.2

 

Modification or Amendment

     A-52   

10.3

 

Waiver of Conditions

     A-52   

10.4

 

Counterparts

     A-52   

10.5

 

GOVERNING LAW AND VENUE; WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL

     A-52   

10.6

 

Notices

     A-53   

10.7

 

Entire Agreement

     A-55   

10.8

 

No Third Party Beneficiaries

     A-55   

10.9

 

Obligations of Purchaser and of the Company

     A-55   

10.10

 

Transfer Taxes

     A-56   

10.11

 

Severability

     A-56   

10.12

 

Interpretation; Construction

     A-56   

 

-ii-


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

     Page  

10.13

 

Assignment

     A-57   

10.14

 

Remedies

     A-58   

10.15

 

Specific Performance

     A-58   

10.16

 

Definitions

     A-59   

 

ANNEXES      

 

Annex A

  

Defined Terms

  

A-69  

Annex B   

Company Knowledge Persons

  

A-72  

Annex C   

Purchaser Knowledge Persons

  

A-73  

 

EXHIBITS

     

 

Exhibit A

  

Charter

  

A-74  

 

-iii-


Table of Contents

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER (hereinafter called this “Agreement”), dated as of May 11, 2012, among GOLFSMITH INTERNATIONAL HOLDINGS, INC., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), GOLF TOWN USA HOLDINGS INC., a Delaware corporation (“Purchaser”), and MAJOR MERGER SUB, INC., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Purchaser (“Merger Sub”). Each of the Company, Purchaser and Merger Sub are referred to herein as a “Party” and collectively as the “Parties”.

RECITALS

WHEREAS, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement, the Company, Purchaser and Merger Sub intend to effect a merger of Merger Sub with and into the Company (the “Merger”) with the Company as the Surviving Corporation, in accordance with the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (as amended, the “DGCL”);

WHEREAS, the board of directors of the Company (the “Company Board”) formed a committee of the Company Board (the members of which committee are not affiliated with Purchaser or Merger Sub) (the “Transaction Committee”) which at a meeting thereof duly called and held, unanimously adopted resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, and (ii) recommending to the Company Board to approve the Merger and this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby (the “Transaction Committee Recommendation”);

WHEREAS, the Company Board, after considering the Transaction Committee Recommendation, at a meeting thereof duly called and held, unanimously adopted resolutions (i) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, this Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, (ii) resolving that the adoption of this Agreement be submitted to the stockholders of the Company (collectively the “Stockholders” and each, a “Stockholder”) for a vote and (iii) subject to Section 5.2(b) and Section 5.2(c) of this Agreement, resolving to recommend to the Stockholders that they adopt this Agreement;

WHEREAS, the board of directors of Merger Sub has duly approved and declared advisable, and the board of directors of Purchaser has duly approved, this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the Merger, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein and Purchaser, in its capacity as sole stockholder of Merger Sub, has agreed to adopt this Agreement following its execution as provided for herein;

WHEREAS, concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, and as an inducement to the willingness of Purchaser to enter into this Agreement, Atlantic Equity Partners III, L.P., a stockholder of the Company (the “Principal Stockholder”), is entering into a Voting Agreement with Purchaser (the “Voting Agreement”), pursuant to which, among other things,

 

A-1


Table of Contents

the Principal Stockholder and certain members of the Company’s management who are Stockholders (the “Consenting Officers”) have agreed, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Voting Agreement, to execute and deliver, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth therein, a written consent in favor of the adoption of this Agreement, which consent when executed and delivered by the Principal Stockholder and the Consenting Officers will be sufficient to adopt this Agreement without any further action by any other Stockholder and take certain other actions in furtherance of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

WHEREAS, concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, and as a condition and inducement to the Company’s willingness to enter into this Agreement, OMERS Administration Corporation (the “Guarantor”), is entering into a limited guarantee in favor of the Company (the “Limited Guarantee”) with respect to certain obligations of Purchaser under this Agreement; and

WHEREAS, the Company, Purchaser and Merger Sub desire to make certain representations, warranties, covenants and agreements in connection with this Agreement.

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises, and of the representations, warranties, covenants and agreements contained herein, the Parties agree as follows:

ARTICLE I

The Merger

1.1 The Merger. On the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement, at the Effective Time, Merger Sub shall be merged with and into the Company and the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub shall thereupon cease. The Company shall be the surviving corporation of the Merger (sometimes hereinafter referred to as the “Surviving Corporation”), and the separate corporate existence of the Company, with all its rights, privileges, immunities, powers and franchises, shall continue unaffected by the Merger, except as set forth in this Article I. The Merger shall have the effects specified in the DGCL.

1.2 Closing. On the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement, the closing of the Merger (the “Closing”) shall take place (a) at the offices of White & Case LLP, 1155 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York at 9:00 A.M. on the third (3rd) Business Day following the day on which the last to be satisfied or waived of the conditions set forth in Article VIII (other than those conditions that by their terms are to be satisfied at the Closing, but subject to the satisfaction or waiver of those conditions) shall be satisfied or waived in accordance with this Agreement or (b) at such other place, date and time as the Company and Purchaser shall agree (the date on which the Closing actually occurs is hereinafter referred to as the “Closing Date”).

1.3 Effective Time. At the Closing, the Parties shall (a) cause a Certificate of Merger (the “Certificate of Merger”) to be filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware in such form as is required by, and executed in accordance with, the relevant provisions of the DGCL, and (b) make all other filings or recordings required by the DGCL to

 

A-2


Table of Contents

effectuate the Merger. The Merger shall become effective at such time as the Certificate of Merger has been duly filed with and accepted by the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware or at such later time as may be agreed by the Parties in writing and specified in the Certificate of Merger (the “Effective Time”).

ARTICLE II

The Surviving Corporation

2.1 The Certificate of Incorporation. At the Effective Time the certificate of incorporation of the Company as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time (as amended, the “Charter”) shall be amended and restated, by virtue of the Merger to read as set forth in Exhibit A hereto, until thereafter amended as provided therein or by applicable Law, and in accordance with Section 6.3(f).

2.2 The Bylaws. The Parties shall take all actions necessary so that the bylaws of the Company in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time are amended so as to read in their entirety in the form of the bylaws of Merger Sub in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time and shall be the bylaws of the Surviving Corporation (the “Bylaws”) until thereafter amended as provided therein or by applicable Law, and in accordance with Section 6.3(f).

2.3 Directors. The Parties shall take all actions necessary so that the members of the board of directors of Merger Sub at the Effective Time shall, from and after the Effective Time, be the members of the board of directors of the Surviving Corporation until their successors shall have been duly elected or appointed and qualified or until their earlier death, resignation or removal in accordance with the Charter and the Bylaws.

2.4 Officers. The Parties shall take all actions necessary so that the officers of the Company at the Effective Time shall, from and after the Effective Time, be the officers of the Surviving Corporation until their successors shall have been duly elected or appointed and qualified or until their earlier death, resignation or removal in accordance with the Charter and the Bylaws.

ARTICLE III

Effect of the Merger on Capital Stock;

Exchange of Certificates; Transfer of Uncertificated Shares

3.1 Effect on Capital Stock. At the Effective Time, as a result of the Merger and without any action on the part of any of the Parties or the holder of any shares of capital stock of Purchaser, Merger Sub or the Company:

(a) Merger Consideration. Each share of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company (the “Common Stock”) issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (each, a “Share” and collectively, the “Shares”) (other than (i) Shares owned by Purchaser or any direct or indirect Subsidiary of Purchaser, (ii) Shares owned by the Company or any direct or indirect wholly owned Subsidiary of the Company and (iii) Shares owned by any

 

A-3


Table of Contents

Stockholder who has perfected and not withdrawn a demand for or lost appraisal rights pursuant to Section 262 of the DGCL (each such Stockholder, a “Dissenting Stockholder”) (each Share referred to in clauses (i) through (iii) being an “Excluded Share” and collectively, the “Excluded Shares”)), shall be converted into the right to receive $6.10 per Share in cash, without interest (the “Per Share Merger Consideration”, and the aggregate amount for all Shares (other than Excluded Shares), the “Merger Consideration”). At the Effective Time, all of the Shares shall cease to be outstanding, shall be cancelled and shall cease to exist, and (A) each certificate (a “Certificate”) formerly representing any Share (other than any Excluded Share) and each uncertificated Share (an “Uncertificated Share”) (other than any Excluded Share) shall thereafter represent only the right to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration and (B) each Certificate formerly representing Shares or Uncertificated Shares owned by a Dissenting Stockholder shall thereafter represent only the right to receive the payment to which reference is made in Section 3.2(f).

(b) Merger Sub. At the Effective Time, each share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of Merger Sub issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be converted into one (1) share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Surviving Corporation.

3.2 Exchange of Certificates; Transfer of Uncertificated Shares. (a) Paying Agent. At the Effective Time and from time to time thereafter to the extent necessary, Purchaser shall make available or cause to be made available to a paying agent selected no later than five (5) Business Days prior to the Closing Date by Purchaser with the Company’s prior approval (the “Paying Agent”), amounts sufficient in the aggregate to provide all funds necessary for the Paying Agent to make payments of the Merger Consideration as required by Section 3.1(a) (such cash being hereinafter referred to as the “Exchange Fund”). Purchaser shall appoint the Paying Agent pursuant to and on the terms and conditions set forth in an agreement in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Company. Purchaser shall be responsible for all fees and expenses of the Paying Agent. The Exchange Fund, once deposited with the Paying Agent, shall, pending its disbursement to the Stockholders, be held in trust for the benefit of the Stockholders and shall not be used for any other purpose. The Paying Agent shall invest the Exchange Fund as directed by Purchaser; provided, that such investments shall be in obligations of or guaranteed by the United States of America or in money market funds investing solely in the foregoing. Any interest and other income resulting from any investment of the Exchange Fund as directed by Purchaser shall become a part of the Exchange Fund, and any amounts in excess of the amounts payable under Section 3.1(a) shall be promptly returned to Purchaser.

(b) Exchange Procedures. Promptly after the Effective Time (and in any event within three (3) Business Days following the Effective Time), the Surviving Corporation shall cause the Paying Agent to mail to each Stockholder of record (other than holders of Excluded Shares) (i) a letter of transmittal specifying that delivery shall be effected, and risk of loss and title to the Certificates or Uncertificated Shares, as the case may be, shall pass, only upon delivery of the Certificates (or affidavits of loss in lieu thereof as provided in Section 3.2(e)) or transfer of the Uncertificated Shares to the Paying Agent, such letter of transmittal to be in customary form and have such other provisions as Purchaser and the Company may agree, and (ii) instructions for use in effecting the surrender of the Certificates (or affidavits of loss in lieu thereof as provided in Section 3.2(e)) or transfer of the Uncertificated Shares in exchange for

 

A-4


Table of Contents

the Merger Consideration. Upon (A) surrender of a Certificate (or affidavit of loss in lieu thereof as provided in Section 3.2(e)) or (B) receipt of an “agent’s message by the Paying Agent (or such other evidence, if any, of transfer as the Paying Agent may reasonably request) in the case of a book-entry transfer of Uncertificated Shares, to the Paying Agent in accordance with the terms of such letter of transmittal, duly executed, the holder of such Certificate or transferred Uncertificated Shares shall be entitled to receive in exchange therefor a cash amount in immediately available funds (after giving effect to any required Tax withholdings as provided in Section 3.2(g)) equal to the product of (x) the number of (1) Shares represented by such Certificate (or affidavit of loss in lieu thereof as provided in Section 3.2(e)) or (2) such transferred Uncertificated Shares, multiplied by (y) the Per Share Merger Consideration, and such Certificate or Uncertificated Shares so surrendered shall forthwith be cancelled. No interest will be paid or accrued on any amount payable upon due surrender of the Certificates or transfer of Uncertificated Shares. In the event of a transfer of ownership of Shares that is not registered in the transfer records of the Company, a check for any cash to be exchanged upon due surrender of the Certificate or transfer of the Uncertificated Shares, as the case may be, representing such transferred Shares may be issued to the transferee of such Shares if the Certificate formerly representing such Shares is presented or such Uncertificated Shares are properly transferred, as the case may be, to the Paying Agent, accompanied by all documents required to evidence and effect such transfer and to evidence that any applicable stock transfer Taxes have been paid or are not applicable.

(c) Transfers. From and after the Effective Time, there shall be no transfers on the stock transfer books of the Company of Shares that were outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time. If, after the Effective Time, any Certificate or Uncertificated Share is presented to the Surviving Corporation, Purchaser or the Paying Agent for transfer, such Certificate or Uncertificated Share shall be cancelled and exchanged for the cash amount in immediately available funds to which the holder thereof is entitled pursuant to this Article III.

(d) Termination of Exchange Fund. Any portion of the Exchange Fund (including the proceeds of any investments thereof) that remains unclaimed by the Stockholders for one (1) year after the Effective Time shall be delivered to the Surviving Corporation. Any Stockholder (other than a holder of Excluded Shares) who has not theretofore complied with this Article III shall thereafter look only to the Surviving Corporation for payment of the Merger Consideration (after giving effect to any required Tax withholdings as provided in Section 3.2(g)) upon due surrender of its Certificates (or affidavits of loss in lieu thereof as provided in Section 3.2(e)), or transfer of its Uncertificated Shares, as the case may be, without any interest thereon.

(e) Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Certificates. In the event any Certificate shall have been lost, stolen or destroyed, upon the making of an affidavit of that fact by the Person claiming such Certificate to be lost, stolen or destroyed and, if required by Purchaser, the posting by such Person of a bond in reasonable amount and upon such terms as may be reasonably required by Purchaser as indemnity against any claim that may be made against it or the Surviving Corporation with respect to such Certificate, the Paying Agent will issue a check in an amount (after giving effect to any required Tax withholdings as provided in Section 3.2(g)) equal to the product of (x) the number of Shares represented by such lost, stolen or destroyed Certificate multiplied by (y) the Per Share Merger Consideration.

 

A-5


Table of Contents

(f) Appraisal Rights. No Dissenting Stockholder shall be entitled to receive the Per Share Merger Consideration with respect to the Shares owned by such Person unless and until such Person shall have effectively withdrawn or lost such Person’s right to appraisal under the DGCL. Each Dissenting Stockholder shall be entitled to receive only the payment provided by Section 262 of the DGCL with respect to Shares owned by such Dissenting Stockholder. The Company shall give Purchaser prompt notice of any written demands for appraisal, attempted withdrawals of such demands, and any other instruments served pursuant to applicable Law that are received by the Company relating to stockholders’ rights of appraisal. The Company shall not, except with the prior written consent of Purchaser, voluntarily make any payment with respect to any demands for appraisal, offer to settle or settle any such demands or approve any withdrawal of any such demands.

(g) Withholding Rights. Each of Purchaser, Merger Sub and the Surviving Corporation shall be entitled to deduct and withhold from the consideration otherwise payable pursuant to this Agreement to any Stockholder, Company Option holder or Company Award holder such amounts as it is required to deduct and withhold with respect to the making of such payment under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) or any other applicable state, local or foreign Tax Law. To the extent that amounts are so withheld by the Surviving Corporation, Merger Sub or Purchaser, as the case may be, such withheld amounts (i) shall be remitted by Purchaser, Merger Sub or the Surviving Corporation, as applicable, to the applicable Governmental Entity and (ii) shall be treated for all purposes of this Agreement as having been paid to the Stockholder, Company Option holder or Company Award holder in respect of which such deduction and withholding was made by the Surviving Corporation, Merger Sub or Purchaser, as the case may be.

(h) No Liability. Notwithstanding the foregoing, none of the Company, the Surviving Corporation, Purchaser, the Paying Agent or any other Person shall be liable to any other Person in respect of any Per Share Merger Consideration delivered to a public official pursuant to applicable abandoned property, escheat or similar Laws.

3.3 Treatment of Stock Plan - Treatment of Options. (a) Prior to the Effective Time, the Company shall take or cause to be taken all action reasonably necessary to ensure that, at the Effective Time, each outstanding option to purchase Shares granted under the Stock Plan (vested or unvested) (each, a “Company Option”), shall be cancelled and shall only entitle the holder thereof to receive, as soon as reasonably practicable (but not later than five (5) Business Days) after the Effective Time and in accordance with applicable law, the Stock Plan and the applicable award agreement(s), from Purchaser or the Surviving Corporation, solely an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the total number of Shares subject to such Company Option multiplied by (y) the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over the exercise price per Share under such Company Option (the aggregate amount of such cash payable to the holders of all Company Options, the “Option Consideration”) less applicable Taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment as provided in Section 3.2(g).

(b) Treatment of Company Awards. Prior to the Effective Time, the Company shall take or cause to be taken all action reasonably necessary to ensure that, at the occurrence of the Effective Time, (i) each outstanding deferred stock unit issued pursuant to a Deferred Stock Unit Award Agreement (a “DSU Award Agreement”), (ii) each performance

 

A-6


Table of Contents

share award issued pursuant to a Performance Share Award Agreement (a “Performance Share Award Agreement”) and (iii) each outstanding restricted stock unit award issued pursuant to a Restricted Stock Award Agreement (“RSU Award Agreement”), in each case under the Stock Plan (each, a “Company Award” and collectively, the “Company Awards”), shall be cancelled and shall entitle the holder thereof to receive, as soon as reasonably practicable (but not later than five (5) Business Days) after the Effective Time and in accordance with applicable Law, the Stock Plan and the applicable award agreement(s), from Purchaser or the Surviving Corporation, solely an amount in cash equal to the product of (x) the number of Shares subject to such Company Award immediately prior to the Effective Time (for this purpose, the number of Shares subject to Company Awards under Performance Share Award Agreements shall be the number of Earned Performance Shares within the meaning of Section 4(a) of each of the Performance Share Award Agreements (as determined by the Company Board in accordance with the Stock Plan prior to the Effective Time based on the most recently available relevant Company financial information at the time of such determination), multiplied by (y) the Per Share Merger Consideration (or, if such Company Award contemplates the payment of a specified exercise price, the excess, if any, of the Per Share Merger Consideration over such exercise price) (the aggregate amount of such cash payable to the holders of all Company Awards, the “Company Award Consideration”), less applicable Taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payment as provided in Section 3.2(g).

(c) Corporate Actions. At or prior to the Effective Time, Purchaser, Merger Sub and the Company shall cooperate in taking all actions reasonably necessary or advisable to effectuate the provisions of Section 3.3(a) and Section 3.3(b) (without expenditure of funds). The Company shall take actions (without expenditure of funds) necessary to ensure that from and after the Effective Time neither Purchaser nor the Surviving Corporation will be required pursuant to any Company Award to deliver Shares of Common Stock or other capital stock of the Company to any Person and that the Stock Plan and any other Share based plan, agreement or arrangement is terminated and of no force or effect.

3.4 Adjustments to Prevent Dilution. If the Company changes the number of Shares or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for Shares, issued and outstanding prior to the Effective Time as a result of a reclassification, stock split (including a reverse stock split), stock dividend or distribution, recapitalization, merger, issuer tender or exchange offer, or other similar transaction, the Per Share Merger Consideration, and any other dependent items, as applicable, shall be equitably adjusted and so adjusted shall, from and after the date of such event be the Per Share Merger Consideration or other dependent item, as applicable.

ARTICLE IV

Representations and Warranties

4.1 Representations and Warranties of the Company. Except (i) as disclosed in the Company Reports filed and publicly available prior to the date hereof and only as to the extent disclosed therein (excluding, in each case, any disclosures set forth (x) under the captions “Forward-Looking Statements” or “Risk-Factors” and (y) in any other section relating to forward-looking statements or risk factors, in each case referred to in clauses (x) and (y) to the

 

A-7


Table of Contents

extent such disclosures are non-specific and are primarily cautionary or predictive in nature) but only to the extent the relevance of any such disclosure as an exception or qualification to a representation and warranty in this Section 4.1 is reasonably apparent on the face of such disclosure; or (ii) as set forth in the corresponding section or subsection of the disclosure letter delivered by the Company to Purchaser on the date hereof (the “Company Disclosure Letter”), the Company hereby represents and warrants to Purchaser and Merger Sub as set forth in this Section 4.1; provided, that any disclosure in any section of the Company Disclosure Letter shall only qualify (A) the representation or warranty made in the corresponding Section of this Section 4.1 and (B) other representations and warranties in this Section 4.1 to the extent the relevance of such disclosure to such other representations and warranties is reasonably apparent on its face; provided, further that the exceptions referenced in clause (i) above shall be deemed not to apply with respect to the representations and warranties of the Company in Section 4.1(b), Section 4.1(c), Section 4.1(l) and Section 4.1(r).

(a) Organization, Good Standing and Qualification. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries is a legal entity duly organized, validly existing and (to the extent such concept is applicable) in good standing under the Laws of its respective jurisdiction of organization and has all requisite corporate or similar power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and assets and to carry on its business as presently conducted and is qualified to do business and is in good standing as a foreign corporation or other legal entity in each jurisdiction where the ownership, leasing or operation of its assets or properties or conduct of its business requires such qualification, except where the failure to be so organized, qualified or in good standing, or have such power or authority, has not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect. The “Project Green” on-line data site maintained by “IntraLinks” and established by the Company for purposes of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement to the extent the materials made available therein as of 11:59 PM on the date prior to the date hereof (the “Data Room”), contains a complete and correct copy of the certificates of incorporation and bylaws or equivalent organizational documents of the Company and its “Significant Subsidiaries” (as defined in Rule 1.02(w) of Regulation S-X promulgated pursuant to the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (such act, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, the “Exchange Act”), each as amended to date) and neither the Company nor any such Significant Subsidiary is in violation of any material provision of such organizational documents. Section 4.1(a) of the Company Disclosure Letter accurately and completely lists each jurisdiction where the Company and its Subsidiaries are organized and qualified to do business. Except for any Liens under the Revolving Credit Facility, each of the outstanding shares of capital stock or other securities of each of the Company’s Subsidiaries is duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable and owned by the Company or by a direct or indirect wholly owned Subsidiary of the Company, free and clear of any lien, charge, pledge, security interest, claim or other encumbrance (each, a “Lien”).

(b) Capital Structure. (i) The authorized capital stock of the Company consists of (x) 25,000,000 Shares, of which 15,927,536 Shares were outstanding as of the close of business on May 11, 2012, and (y) 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, of which no shares were outstanding as of the close of business on May 11, 2012. All of the outstanding Shares have been duly authorized and are validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

 

A-8


Table of Contents

(ii) As of the close of business on May 11, 2012 no Shares were held in Treasury or by Subsidiaries of the Company. The Company has no Shares reserved for issuance except (A) that, as of May 11, 2012, there were 3,167,774 Shares reserved for issuance pursuant to outstanding Company Options and Company Awards granted under the Stock Plan and (B) 483,660 Shares reserved for future grants under the Stock Plan. Section 4.1(b)(ii) of the Company Disclosure Letter accurately and completely lists, as of the date specified therein, each outstanding Company Option and each outstanding Company Award, including the holder, date of grant, date of expiration, number of Shares subject thereto, the terms of vesting (if any), and the exercise price (if applicable).

(iii) Except pursuant to the outstanding Company Options and Company Awards, there are no preemptive or other outstanding rights, options, warrants, phantom stock, conversion, stock appreciation, redemption, or repurchase agreements, arrangements, calls, commitments, rights or awards of any kind that obligate the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to issue or sell any shares of capital stock or other securities of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any securities or obligations convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for, or giving any Person a right to subscribe for or acquire, any securities of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, and no securities or obligations evidencing such rights are authorized, issued or outstanding.

(iv) Upon any issuance of any Shares in accordance with the terms of the Stock Plan, such Shares will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. The Company does not have outstanding any bonds, debentures, notes or other obligations the holders of which have the right to vote (or convertible into or exercisable for securities having the right to vote) with the Stockholders on any matter. Except for the Voting Agreement, there are no irrevocable proxies and no voting agreements with respect to any capital stock of, or other equity or voting interests in, the Company.

(c) Corporate Authority and Approval. (i) The Company has all requisite corporate power and authority and has taken all corporate action necessary to execute, deliver and perform its obligations under this Agreement subject only to adoption of this Agreement by the holders of a majority of the Shares entitled to vote on such matter at a stockholders meeting duly called and held for such purpose or acting by written consent in lieu of a stockholders meeting (the “Company Stockholder Approval”), if required by applicable Law. This Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by the Company and constitutes a valid and binding agreement of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent conveyance, reorganization, moratorium and similar Laws of general applicability relating to or affecting creditors’ rights and to general equity principles (the “Bankruptcy and Equity Exception”).

(ii) As of the date hereof, at a meeting duly called and held, the Company Board has (A) considered the recommendations of the Transaction Committee with respect to the Merger and this Agreement, (B) adopted resolutions: (x) approving and declaring advisable the Merger, this Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, (y) resolving that the adoption of this Agreement be submitted to the Stockholders for a vote and (z) subject to Section 5.2(b) and Section 5.2(c), resolving to recommend to the Stockholders that they adopt this Agreement (clauses (x)-(z), the “Company Recommendation”), and (C) subject to Section 5.2(b) and Section 5.2(c), directed that this Agreement be submitted to the Stockholders for their adoption.

 

A-9


Table of Contents

(iii) When so executed and delivered in accordance with the Voting Agreement, the Written Consent shall constitute a valid and effective Company Stockholder Approval in compliance with applicable Law and the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of the Company, and no other vote or action of any Stockholder will be necessary under applicable Law, such certificate of incorporation or bylaws or otherwise to adopt this Agreement.

(d) Governmental Filings; No Violations; Certain Contracts. (i) Other than the filings and/or notices (A) pursuant to Section 1.3, (B) under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended (the “HSR Act”), (C) under the Exchange Act, (D) to comply with state securities or “blue-sky” Laws, (E) required to be made with the Nasdaq Stock Market, and (F) that are required and customary pursuant to any state environmental transfer statutes, no notices, reports or other filings are required to be made by the Company with, nor are any consents, registrations, approvals, permits or authorizations required to be obtained by the Company from, any domestic or foreign governmental or regulatory authority, agency, commission, body, court or other legislative, executive or judicial governmental entity (each, a “Governmental Entity”), in connection with the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the Voting Agreement by the Company and the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, except those that the failure to make or obtain would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect.

(ii) The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the Voting Agreement by the Company do not, and the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated hereby and thereby will not, constitute or result in (A) a breach or violation of, or a default under, the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of the Company or the comparable governing documents of any of its Subsidiaries or, (B) with or without notice, lapse of time or both, a breach or violation of, a termination (or right of termination) or default under, the creation or acceleration of any obligations under, the loss or impairment of any right to own or use or the creation of a Lien on any of the assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to any agreement, lease, license, contract, note, mortgage, indenture, arrangement or other obligation (each, a “Contract”) binding the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or, assuming compliance with the matters referred to in Section 4.1(d)(i), any Law to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is subject except, in the case of clause (B) above, for any such breach, violation, termination, default, creation, acceleration or loss of right which has not had, and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect.

(e) Company Reports; Financial Statements. (i) The Company has filed or furnished all forms, statements, certifications, reports and documents required to be filed or furnished by it with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) pursuant to the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (the “Securities Act”) since December 31, 2011 (the “Applicable Date”) (the forms, statements, reports and documents filed or furnished since the Applicable Date and prior to the date hereof, including any amendments thereto, the “Company Reports”).

 

A-10


Table of Contents

Each of the Company Reports, as of its respective date, or if amended, as of the date of such amendment, complied as to form in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the Securities Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, and with the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, as the case may be, each as in effect on the date so filed. As of its filing date, none of the Company Reports contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements made therein, in light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading, except to the extent that the information in such Company Report has been amended or superseded by a later Company Report filed prior to the date hereof. As of the date hereof, there are no material outstanding or unresolved comments received by the Company from the SEC with respect to any of the Company Reports.

(ii) The Company is in compliance in all material respects with the applicable listing and corporate governance rules and regulations of the Nasdaq Stock Market (the “NASDAQ”).

(iii) The Company is in compliance in all material respects with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”) and any rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

(iv) Each of the consolidated financial statements included in or incorporated by reference into the Company Reports filed since December 31, 2011 and prior to the date hereof (including the related notes) fairly present in all material respects the consolidated financial position of the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries as of their date and the consolidated results of their operations and cash flows for the respective periods then ended (except, in the case of any unaudited quarterly financial statements, as permitted by Form 10-Q of the SEC or other rules and regulations of the SEC, and subject to year-end or period-end audit adjustments), in each case in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) consistently applied during the periods involved, except as may be noted therein. No Subsidiary of the Company is subject to periodic reporting requirements of the Exchange Act.

(v) The Company has established and maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15 or 15d-15 of the Exchange Act) that are reasonably designed to ensure that material information relating to the Company, including its consolidated Subsidiaries, required to be included in reports filed under the Exchange Act (A) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and (B) is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

(vi) The Company’s system of internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15 or 15d-15 under the Exchange Act) is reasonably sufficient in all material respects to provide reasonable assurance to the Company’s management and the Company Board regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of published financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP.

 

A-11


Table of Contents

(vii) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has entered into any Affiliate Transaction that has not been disclosed in the Company Reports.

(f) Absence of Certain Changes or Events. Except for this Agreement and the Voting Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Voting Agreement, since January 1, 2012 (i) through the date of this Agreement, (A) the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries has been conducted in the ordinary course consistent with past practices, and (B) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has taken any action, or authorized, announced an intention to take or committed or agreed in writing or otherwise to take any action that, if taken between the date of this Agreement and the Closing Date, would constitute a breach of Section 5.1(a), 5.1(b), 5.1(c), 5.1(f), 5.1(j), 5.1(l) or 5.1(m) and (ii) no event, circumstance, development, state of facts, occurrence, change or effect has occurred which has had or would reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect.

(g) Litigation and Liabilities. (i) There is no action, suit, proceeding, claim, arbitration or investigation pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or their respective properties or assets that (A) would have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect or (B) as of the date hereof, would prevent or materially impair or delay the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement. There are no material judgments, orders, decrees, injunctions, awards, or settlements, whether civil, criminal or administrative, outstanding against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(ii) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any obligations or liabilities, except for (A) obligations or liabilities set forth in the consolidated financial statements included in or incorporated by reference into the Company Reports or disclosed in any footnotes thereto, (B) obligations or liabilities incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice since December 31, 2011, (C) obligations or liabilities that have not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect and (D) liabilities or obligations incurred pursuant to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(h) Employee Benefits.

(i) All material benefit and compensation plans, Contracts, policies or arrangements which provide for ongoing or future obligations of the Company or its Subsidiaries covering current or former employees, directors, or individual consultants of the Company and its Subsidiaries (the “Employees”), including, without limitation, “employee benefit plans” within the meaning of Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), and deferred compensation, severance, stock option, stock purchase, stock appreciation rights, stock based incentive, bonus, change in control, employment, retention, termination, sick leave, vacation pay, salary continuation for disability, hospitalization, medical insurance, life insurance, scholarship and all other material compensation or employee benefit plans, policies, agreements, or arrangements (the “Benefit Plans”) are listed in Section 4.1(h) of the Company Disclosure Letter. True and complete copies of all Benefit Plans and, if applicable with respect to any Benefit Plans, any trust instruments, insurance contracts or other funding mechanism, most recent determination or opinion letters, summary plan descriptions and Form 5500s for the two (2) most recent years are contained in folder 4.2.2 in the Data Room.

 

A-12


Table of Contents

(ii) Each Benefit Plan that is intended to be “qualified” within the meaning of Section 401(a) of the Code, has received, or has timely requested, a favorable determination letter or opinion letter from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) and no event has occurred and no condition exists that would reasonably be expected to result in the revocation of, or failure to issue, any such determination letter or opinion letter or which would reasonably be expected to cause the loss of qualification under Section 401(a) of the Code or exemption from federal income taxation under Section 501 of the Code or, except for liabilities, penalties and taxes that have not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect, the imposition of any liability, penalty or tax under ERISA or the Code. Neither the Company, nor any of its Subsidiaries and any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) which is or has ever been under common control, or which is or has ever been treated as a single employer, with any of them under Section 414(b), (c), (m) or (o) of the Code (“ERISA Affiliate”) has in the last six (6) years contributed or has been obligated to contribute to any “employer pension plan” as defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA, covered by Title IV of ERISA or subject to Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA.

(iii) (A) Each Benefit Plan is in material compliance with applicable Law and has been administered and operated in all material respects in accordance with its terms; (B) all payments and contributions (including all employer contributions and employee salary reduction contributions) required to have been made under any Benefit Plan to any participant (or their beneficiaries) or under funds or trusts established under such Benefit Plan or by applicable Law have been made by the due date thereof (including any valid extension), and all payments and contributions for any period ending on or before the Closing Date which are not yet due will have been paid or accrued for in the financial statements included in or incorporated by reference in the Company Reports or accrued for in the books and records of the Company since the latest Company Reports in accordance with past practice, in each case on or prior to the Closing Date, and, with respect to each Benefit Plan, all reports, returns, notices and other documentation that are required to have been filed with or furnished to the IRS, the Department of Labor or any other Governmental Entity, or to the participants or beneficiaries of such Benefit Plan, have been filed or furnished on a timely basis, except, in each such case, as would not reasonably be expected to result in a material liability of the Company; (C) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries, nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any other “disqualified person” or “party in interest” (as defined in Section 4975(e)(2) of the Code and Section 3(14) of ERISA, respectively) has engaged in any transactions in connection with any Benefit Plan that would reasonably be expected to result in the imposition on the Company of a material penalty pursuant to Section 502 of ERISA, material damages pursuant to Section 409 of ERISA or a material Tax pursuant to Section 4975 of the Code; (D) no Benefit Plan provides for post-employment or retiree welfare benefits, except as required by applicable Law; (E) no liability, claim, action, litigation, suit, audit or, to the knowledge of the Company, inquiry by any Governmental Entity, proceeding or lawsuit has been made, commenced or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened with respect to any Benefit Plan, the assets of any of the trusts under any Benefit Plan or any Benefit Plan sponsor or administrator, or against any fiduciary of any Benefit Plan with respect to the operation of any Benefit Plan (other than routine claims for

 

A-13


Table of Contents

benefits payable in the ordinary course, and appeals of denied such claims) that would reasonably be expected to result in a material liability of the Company; (F) neither the execution of this Agreement nor the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, will, either alone or in connection with any other event(s): (u) result in any payment becoming due to any Employee under any Benefit Plan, (v) result in any excess parachute payment (within the meaning of Section 280G of the Code) under any Benefit Plan, (w) cause the acceleration of the time of payment, funding or vesting of any benefits under any Benefit Plan, (x) increase any amount payable under any Benefit Plan, (y) require any contributions or payments to fund any obligations under any Benefit Plan, or (z) limit the right to merge, amend or terminate any Benefit Plan (except any limitations imposed by any applicable Law); (G) the Company does not have any contractual obligation to make any gross-up payments as a result of the excise taxes imposed by Section 4999 of the Code or the additional income taxes imposed by Section 409A of the Code; and (H) neither the Company nor any Subsidiary of the Company maintains any Benefit Plan outside of the United States primarily for the benefit of Employees working outside the United States.

(i) Compliance with Laws; Licenses. Since the Applicable Date, the businesses of the Company and its Subsidiaries have been conducted in compliance with all federal, state, local or foreign law, statute or ordinance, common law, or any rule, regulation, judgment, order, writ, injunction, decree, arbitration award, agency requirement, license or permit of any Governmental Entity (collectively, “Laws”), except for such violations that have not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect. Except for any investigations, the outcomes of which would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect, to the knowledge of the Company, no investigation or review by any Governmental Entity with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is pending or has been threatened in writing. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has obtained and is in compliance with all permits, certifications, approvals, registrations, consents, authorizations, franchises, variances, exemptions and orders issued or granted by a Governmental Entity (“Licenses”) necessary to conduct its business as presently conducted, except those the absence of which have not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Company Material Adverse Effect. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the representations and warranties contained in this Section 4.1(i) do not apply to employee benefits plans and related matters, environmental matters, taxes, labor matters, intellectual property or the business practices addressed in Section 4.1(u), which subject matters are addressed in their entirety and exclusively in Section 4.1(h), Section 4.1(m), Section 4.1(n), Section 4.1(o), Section 4.1(p) and Section 4.1(u), respectively.

(j) Material Contracts. (i) Except for (x) this Agreement and (y) the Contracts filed as exhibits to the Company Reports, Section 4.1(j) of the Company Disclosure Letter accurately and completely lists, as of the date hereof, the following Contracts to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or by which their properties or assets are bound:

(A) any lease of real or personal property providing for annual base rentals of $250,000 or more in the current year;

 

A-14


Table of Contents

(B) any Contract that is both (x) reasonably expected to require annual payments from or to the Company and its Subsidiaries of more than $1,000,000 over the life of such Contract and (y) not cancelable by the Company or such Subsidiary without any financial or other penalty on 180 days or less notice; and

(C) other than with respect to any partnership that is directly or indirectly wholly owned by the Company or any directly or indirectly wholly owned Subsidiary of the Company, any partnership, joint venture, or arrangement relating to the formation, creation, operation, management or control of any partnership or joint venture material to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or in which the Company owns more than 15% voting or economic interest, or any interest with a book value of more than $5,000,000 without regard to percentage voting or economic interest;

(D) any Contract (other than any Contract whose only parties are the Company and/or any direct or indirect wholly owned Subsidiaries of the Company) relating to indebtedness for borrowed money owing by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than any Contract relating to indebtedness with an outstanding principal amount of less than $1,000,000 (whether incurred, assumed, guaranteed or secured by any asset);

(E) any Contract required to be filed as an exh