Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015

 

OR

 

o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from           to

 

Commission File Number:  0-16244

 


 

VEECO INSTRUMENTS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

11-2989601
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

Terminal Drive
Plainview, New York

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

11803
(Zip Code)

 

(516) 677-0200

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

x

Accelerated filer

o

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

Title of Class

 

Shares Outstanding

Common Stock

 

as of July 29, 2015

par value $0.01 per share

 

40,789,271

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

VEECO INSTRUMENTS INC.

 

INDEX

 

Safe Harbor Statement

1

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

 

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

3

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

20

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

27

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

28

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

29

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

29

Item 1A. Risk Factors

29

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

29

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

29

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

29

Item 5. Other Information

29

Item 6. Exhibits

30

 

 

SIGNATURES

31

 



Table of Contents

 

Safe Harbor Statement

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q (the “Report”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Discussions containing such forward-looking statements may be found in Part I - Items 1, 2, and 3 hereof, as well as within this Report generally. In addition, when used in this Report, the words “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “estimates,” “targets,” “plans,” “intends,” “will,” and similar expressions related to the future are intended to identify forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from projected results.

 

In addition, the preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Although these estimates and assumptions are based on knowledge of current events and planned actions to be undertaken in the future, they may ultimately differ from actual results. Operating results for the six months ended June 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2015. All estimates and assumptions are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from these estimates and assumptions.

 

The risks and uncertainties of Veeco Instruments Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “Veeco,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our,” unless the context indicates otherwise) include, without limitation, the following:

 

·             Unfavorable market conditions may adversely affect our operating results;

·             A reduction or elimination of foreign government subsidies and economic incentives may adversely affect the future order rate for our MOCVD equipment;

·             The cyclicality of the industries we serve directly affects our business;

·             We operate in industries characterized by rapid technological change;

·             We depend on a limited number of customers, located primarily in a limited number of regions, which operate in highly concentrated industries;

·             We face significant competition;

·             The timing of our orders, shipments, and revenue recognition may cause our quarterly operating results to fluctuate significantly;

·             Our sales cycle is long and unpredictable;

·             Our backlog is subject to customer cancellation or modification and such cancellation could result in decreased sales and increased provisions for excess and obsolete inventory and/or liabilities to our suppliers for products no longer needed;

·             Our failure to estimate customer demand accurately could result in excess or obsolete inventory and/or liabilities to our suppliers for products no longer needed, while manufacturing interruptions or delays could affect our ability to meet customer demand;

·             Our failure to successfully manage our outsourcing activities or failure of our outsourcing partners to perform as anticipated could adversely affect our results of operations and our ability to adapt to fluctuating order volumes;

·             We rely on a limited number of suppliers, some of whom are our sole source for particular components;

·             Our inability to attract, retain, and motivate key employees could have a material adverse effect on our business;

·             Our acquisition strategy subjects us to risks associated with evaluating and pursuing these opportunities and integrating these businesses;

·             Timing of market adoption of LED technology for general lighting is uncertain;

·             Our sales to LED, data storage and other manufacturers are highly dependent on these manufacturers’ sales for consumer electronics applications, which can experience significant volatility due to seasonal and other factors, which could materially adversely impact our future results of operations;

 

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·             Our operating results have been, and may continue to be, adversely affected by tightening credit markets;

·             We are exposed to the risks of operating a global business, including the need to obtain export licenses for certain of our shipments and political risks in the countries we operate;

·             We may be exposed to liabilities under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and any determination that we violated these or similar laws could have a material adverse effect on our business;

·             We are subject to internal control evaluations and attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and any delays or difficulty in satisfying these requirements or negative reports concerning our internal controls could adversely affect our future results of operations and our stock price;

·             Changes in accounting pronouncements or taxation rules or practices may adversely affect our financial results;

·             We may be required to take additional impairment charges for goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets or definite-lived intangible and long-lived assets;

·             The price of our common shares may be volatile and could decline significantly;

·             The enforcement and protection of our intellectual property rights may be expensive and could divert our limited resources;

·             We may be subject to claims of intellectual property infringement by others;

·             We are subject to foreign currency exchange risks;

·             If we are subject to cyber-attacks we could incur substantial costs and, if such attacks are successful, significant liabilities, reputational harm, and disruption to our operations;

·             We have adopted certain measures that may have anti-takeover effects which may make an acquisition of our Company by another company more difficult;

·             We are subject to risks of non-compliance with environmental, health, and safety regulations;

·             Regulations related to conflict minerals will force us to incur additional expenses, may make our supply chain more complex, and may result in damage to our relationships with customers; and

·             We have significant operations in locations which could be materially and adversely impacted in the event of a natural disaster or other significant disruption.

 

Consequently, such forward looking statements and estimates should be regarded solely as the current plans and beliefs of Veeco. We do not undertake any obligation to update any forward looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances after the date of such statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

313,853

 

$

270,811

 

Short-term investments

 

82,397

 

120,572

 

Restricted cash

 

 

539

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

83,098

 

60,085

 

Inventory

 

63,564

 

61,471

 

Deferred cost of sales

 

24,384

 

5,076

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

25,976

 

23,132

 

Assets held for sale

 

6,000

 

6,000

 

Deferred income taxes

 

6,479

 

7,976

 

Total current assets

 

605,751

 

555,662

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

80,002

 

78,752

 

Goodwill

 

115,256

 

114,959

 

Deferred income taxes

 

1,180

 

1,180

 

Intangible assets, net

 

143,367

 

159,308

 

Other assets

 

20,325

 

19,594

 

Total assets

 

$

965,881

 

$

929,455

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

46,159

 

$

18,111

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

39,343

 

48,418

 

Customer deposits and deferred revenue

 

128,553

 

96,004

 

Income taxes payable

 

7,750

 

5,441

 

Deferred income taxes

 

120

 

120

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

327

 

314

 

Total current liabilities

 

222,252

 

168,408

 

Deferred income taxes

 

15,779

 

16,397

 

Long-term debt

 

1,367

 

1,533

 

Other liabilities

 

6,183

 

4,185

 

Total liabilities

 

245,581

 

190,523

 

Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, 500,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 120,000,000 shares authorized; 40,789,138 and 40,360,069 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

408

 

404

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

759,004

 

750,139

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(40,576

)

(13,080

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

1,464

 

1,469

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

720,300

 

738,932

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

965,881

 

$

929,455

 

 

See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015

 

2014

 

Net sales

 

$

131,410

 

$

95,122

 

$

229,751

 

$

185,963

 

Cost of sales

 

82,341

 

64,449

 

145,545

 

121,513

 

Gross profit

 

49,069

 

30,673

 

84,206

 

64,450

 

Operating expenses, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

24,365

 

21,891

 

47,247

 

43,558

 

Research and development

 

20,119

 

21,011

 

38,704

 

40,779

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

7,979

 

2,899

 

15,941

 

5,802

 

Restructuring

 

683

 

801

 

3,040

 

1,193

 

Asset impairment

 

 

 

126

 

 

Changes in contingent consideration

 

 

 

 

(29,368

)

Other, net

 

(51

)

(158

)

(1,002

)

(370

)

Total operating expenses, net

 

53,095

 

46,444

 

104,056

 

61,594

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(4,026

)

(15,771

)

(19,850

)

2,856

 

Interest income

 

243

 

180

 

530

 

386

 

Interest expense

 

(124

)

(108

)

(250

)

(150

)

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

(3,907

)

(15,699

)

(19,570

)

3,092

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

4,479

 

(488

)

7,926

 

(857

)

Net income (loss)

 

$

(8,386

)

$

(15,211

)

$

(27,496

)

$

3,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.21

)

$

(0.39

)

$

(0.69

)

$

0.10

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.21

)

$

(0.39

)

$

(0.69

)

$

0.10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

39,693

 

39,379

 

39,666

 

39,275

 

Diluted

 

39,693

 

39,379

 

39,666

 

40,061

 

 

See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015

 

2014

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(8,386

)

$

(15,211

)

$

(27,496

)

$

3,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities

 

(7

)

71

 

26

 

121

 

Less: Reclassification adjustments for gains included in net income

 

(1

)

(45

)

(1

)

(45

)

Currency translation gain (loss)

 

(15

)

(24

)

(30

)

109

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

(23

)

2

 

(5

)

185

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

(8,409

)

$

(15,209

)

$

(27,501

)

$

4,134

 

 

See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(27,496

)

$

3,949

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

21,725

 

11,600

 

Deferred income taxes

 

879

 

(2,675

)

Asset impairment

 

126

 

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

8,919

 

9,813

 

Provision of bad debts

 

 

(1,936

)

Gain on sale of lab tools

 

(179

)

(2,435

)

Change in contingent consideration

 

 

(29,368

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

(22,709

)

(32,721

)

Inventory and deferred cost of sales

 

(21,269

)

7,062

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

(2,844

)

(1,631

)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

19,041

 

(1,214

)

Customer deposits and deferred revenue

 

31,599

 

22,826

 

Income taxes receivable and payable, net

 

2,309

 

646

 

Other, net

 

1,860

 

(692

)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

11,961

 

(16,776

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(7,530

)

(4,509

)

Proceeds from the liquidation of short-term investments

 

50,147

 

121,233

 

Payments for purchases of short-term investments

 

(11,998

)

(92,029

)

Proceeds from sale of lab tools

 

1,533

 

7,034

 

Other

 

(865

)

(685

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

31,287

 

31,044

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from stock option exercises

 

1,157

 

9,125

 

Payments of tax withholdings - restricted shares

 

(1,180

)

(1,867

)

Repayments of long-term debt

 

(153

)

(141

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(176

)

7,117

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(30

)

148

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

43,042

 

21,533

 

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period

 

270,811

 

210,799

 

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period

 

$

313,853

 

$

232,332

 

Supplemental information:

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

71

 

$

82

 

Income taxes paid

 

$

2,625

 

$

1,999

 

 

See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Note 1 - Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements of Veeco have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP as defined in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification 270 for interim financial information and with the instructions to Rule 10-01 of Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements as the interim information is an update of the information that was presented in the most recent annual financial statements. For further information, refer to Veeco’s Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 (“2014 Form 10-K”). In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. Certain amounts previously reported have been reclassified in the financial statements to conform to the current presentation.

 

Veeco reports interim quarters on a 13-week basis ending on the last Sunday of each quarter. The fourth quarter always ends on the last day of the calendar year, December 31. The 2015 interim quarters end on March 29, June 28, and September 27, and the 2014 interim quarters ended on March 30, June 29, and September 28. These interim quarters are reported as March 31, June 30 and September 30 in Veeco’s interim consolidated financial statements.

 

Revenue recognition

 

Veeco sells systems, maintenance, service, components, and spare parts. Veeco recognizes revenue when all of the following criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists with a customer; delivery of the specified products has occurred or services have been rendered; prices are contractually fixed or determinable; and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenue is recorded including shipping and handling costs and excluding applicable taxes related to sales.

 

Contracts with customers frequently contain multiple deliverables. Judgment is required to properly identify the accounting units of the multiple-element arrangements and to determine how the revenue should be allocated among the accounting units. Veeco also evaluates whether multiple transactions with the same customer or related parties should be considered part of a single, multiple-element arrangement based on an assessment of whether the contracts or agreements are negotiated or executed within a short time frame of each other or if there are indicators that the contracts are negotiated in contemplation of one another. Moreover, judgment is used in interpreting the commercial terms and determining when all criteria have been met in order to recognize revenue in the appropriate accounting period.

 

When there are separate units of accounting, Veeco allocates revenue to each element based on the following selling price hierarchy: vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) if available; third party evidence (“TPE”) if VSOE is not available; or the best estimate of selling price (“BESP”) if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. BESP is used for the majority of the elements in Veeco’s arrangements. The maximum revenue recognized on a delivered element is limited to the amount that is not contingent upon the delivery of additional items.

 

Veeco considers many facts when evaluating each of its sales arrangements to determine the timing of revenue recognition including its contractual obligations, the customer’s creditworthiness, and the nature of the customer’s post-delivery acceptance provisions. Veeco’s system sales arrangements, including certain upgrades, generally include field acceptance provisions that may include functional or mechanical test procedures. For the majority of the arrangements, a customer source inspection of the system is performed in Veeco’s facility or test data is sent to the customer documenting that the system is functioning to the agreed upon specifications prior to delivery. Historically, such source inspection or test data replicates the field acceptance provisions that are performed at the customer’s site prior to final acceptance of the system. When Veeco objectively demonstrates that the criteria specified in the contractual acceptance provisions are achieved prior to delivery, revenue is recognized upon system delivery since there is no substantive contingency remaining related to the acceptance provisions at that date, subject to the retention amount constraint described below. For new products, new applications of existing products, or for products with substantive customer acceptance provisions

 

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Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

where Veeco can not objectively demonstrate that the criteria specified in the contractual acceptance provisions have been achieved prior to delivery, revenue and the associated costs are fully deferred and recognized upon the receipt of final customer acceptance, assuming all other revenue recognition criteria have been met.

 

System sales arrangements, including certain upgrades, generally do not contain provisions for the right of return, forfeiture, refund, or other purchase price concessions. In the rare instances where such provisions are included, all revenue is deferred until such rights expire. The sales arrangements generally include installation. The installation process is not deemed essential to the functionality of the equipment since it is not complex; it does not require significant changes to the features or capabilities of the equipment or involve constructing elaborate interfaces or connections subsequent to factory acceptance. Veeco has a demonstrated history of consistently completing installations in a timely manner and can reliably estimate the costs of such activities. Most customers engage Veeco to perform the installation services, although there are other third-party providers with sufficient knowledge who could complete these services. Based on these factors, installation is deemed to be inconsequential or perfunctory relative to the system sale as a whole, and as a result, installation service is not considered a separate element of the arrangement. As such, Veeco accrues the cost of the installation at the time of revenue recognition for the system.

 

In many cases Veeco’s products are sold with a billing retention, typically 10% of the sales price which is payable by the customer when field acceptance provisions are completed. The amount of revenue recognized upon delivery of a system or upgrade, if any, is limited to the lower of i) the amount billed that is not contingent upon acceptance provisions or ii) the value of the arrangement consideration allocated to the delivered elements, if such sale is part of a multiple-element arrangement.

 

Veeco’s contractual terms with customers in Japan generally specify that title and risk and rewards of ownership transfer upon customer acceptance. As a result, for customers in Japan, revenue is recognized upon the receipt of written customer acceptance. A distributor is used for almost all product and service sales to customers in Japan. Title passes to the distributor upon shipment, however, due to customary local business practices, the risk and rewards of ownership of the system transfers to the end customers upon their acceptance. As such, Veeco recognizes revenue upon receipt of written acceptance from the end customer.

 

Veeco recognizes revenue related to maintenance and service contracts ratably over the applicable contract term. Revenue from the sales of components, spare parts, and specified service engagements is recognized at the time of delivery in accordance with the terms of the applicable sales arrangement.

 

Incremental direct costs incurred related to the acquisition of a customer contract, such as sales commissions, are expensed as incurred, even if the related revenue is deferred in accordance with the above policy.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09: Revenue from Contracts with Customers (the “Update”). The Update requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Update outlines a five-step model to make the revenue recognition determination and requires new financial statement disclosures. Publicly-traded companies are required to adopt the Update for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016; however the FASB recently approved a one-year deferral of the Update.  The FASB expects to issue its final ASU formally amending the effective date by the end of the third quarter of 2015. Currently, companies may choose among different transition alternatives. Veeco is evaluating the impact of adopting the Update on its consolidated financial statements and related financial statement disclosures and has not yet determined which method of adoption will be selected.

 

Veeco is also evaluating other pronouncements recently issued but not yet adopted. The adoption of these pronouncements is not expected to have a material impact on Veeco’s consolidated financial statements.

 

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Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

Note 2 - Income (Loss) Per Common Share

 

Basic income (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted income per common share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding during the period.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, and for the three months ended June 30, 2014, 1.1 million shares of nonvested, participating, restricted share awards and units were excluded from the computation of basic net loss per share since the securities’ holders are not obligated to fund these losses. The dilutive effect of outstanding options to purchase common stock, restricted share awards, and restricted share units is considered in diluted income per common share by application of the treasury stock method. The dilutive effect of outstanding performance share awards and units are included in income per common share when performance targets have been achieved.

 

The computations of basic and diluted income (loss) per common share are:

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(8,386

)

$

(15,211

)

$

(27,496

)

$

3,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.21

)

$

(0.39

)

$

(0.69

)

$

0.10

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.21

)

$

(0.39

)

$

(0.69

)

$

0.10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

39,693

 

39,379

 

39,666

 

39,275

 

Effect of potentially dilutive share-based awards

 

 

 

 

786

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

39,693

 

39,379

 

39,666

 

40,061

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares excluded from diluted calculation since Veeco incurred a net loss as their effect would be antidilutive

 

169

 

321

 

174

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potentially dilutive non-participating shares excluded from diluted calculation as their effect would be antidilutive

 

1,976

 

1,045

 

1,964

 

921

 

 

Note 3 - Assets

 

Investments and Assets held for sale

 

Marketable securities are generally classified as available-for-sale and reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, presented as a separate component of stockholders’ equity under the caption “Accumulated other comprehensive income.” These securities may include U.S. treasuries, government agency securities, corporate debt, and commercial paper, all with maturities of greater than three months when purchased. All realized gains and losses and unrealized losses resulting from declines in fair value that are other than temporary are included in “Other, net” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

9



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

Fair value is the price that would be received for an asset or the amount paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Veeco classifies certain assets based on the following fair value hierarchy:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;

 

Level 2: Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and

 

Level 3: Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.

 

The level used within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Veeco has evaluated the estimated fair value of financial instruments using available market information and valuations as provided by third-party sources. In determining fair value, information from pricing services is utilized to value securities based on quoted market prices in active markets and matrix pricing. Matrix pricing is a mathematical valuation technique that does not rely exclusively on quoted prices of specific investments, but on the investment’s relationship to other benchmarked quoted securities. The use of different market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies could have a significant effect on the fair value estimates. The following table presents assets (excluding cash and cash equivalent balances) that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Total

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

June 30, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. treasuries

 

$

59,740

 

$

 

$

59,740

 

Government agency securities

 

 

5,000

 

5,000

 

Corporate debt

 

 

17,657

 

17,657

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. treasuries

 

$

81,527

 

$

 

$

81,527

 

Corporate debt

 

 

39,045

 

39,045

 

 

There were no transfers between fair value measurement levels during the six months ended June 30, 2015. There were no financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value using Level 3 fair value measurements at June 30, 2015 or December 31, 2014.

 

10



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

The amortized cost and fair value of available-for-sale securities consist of:

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Estimated

 

 

 

Cost

 

Gains

 

Losses

 

Fair Value

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

June 30, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. treasuries

 

$

59,693

 

$

47

 

$

 

$

59,740

 

Government agency securities

 

5,000

 

 

 

5,000

 

Corporate debt

 

17,644

 

14

 

(1

)

17,657

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

82,337

 

$

61

 

$

(1

)

$

82,397

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. treasuries

 

$

81,506

 

$

27

 

$

(6

)

$

81,527

 

Corporate debt

 

39,031

 

20

 

(6

)

39,045

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

120,537

 

$

47

 

$

(12

)

$

120,572

 

 

Available-for-sale securities in a loss position consist of:

 

 

 

June 30, 2015

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

Estimated

 

Unrealized

 

Estimated

 

Unrealized

 

 

 

Fair Value

 

Losses

 

Fair Value

 

Losses

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

U.S. treasuries

 

$

 

$

 

$

35,001

 

$

(6

)

Corporate debt

 

2,139

 

(1

)

13,069

 

(6

)

Total available-for-sale securities in a loss position

 

$

2,139

 

$

(1

)

$

48,070

 

$

(12

)

 

At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, there were no short-term investments that had been in a continuous loss position for more than 12 months.

 

The contractual maturities of securities classified as available-for-sale are:

 

 

 

June 30, 2015

 

 

 

Amortized
cost

 

Estimated
fair value

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Due in one year or less

 

$

44,647

 

$

44,668

 

Due after one year through two years

 

37,690

 

37,729

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

82,337

 

$

82,397

 

 

Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities. Veeco may sell these securities prior to maturity based on the needs of the business. In addition, borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations prior to scheduled maturities.

 

There were minimal realized gains for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014. The cost of securities liquidated is based on specific identification.

 

Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable is presented net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $0.5 million and $0.7 million at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

 

11



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

Inventory

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market approximating actual costs using a first-in, first-out basis.

 

Inventory consists of:

 

 

 

June 30, 2015

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Materials

 

$

33,378

 

$

28,637

 

Work-in-process

 

25,091

 

26,778

 

Finished goods

 

5,095

 

6,056

 

Total inventory

 

$

63,564

 

$

61,471

 

 

Deferred cost of sales

 

For new products, new applications of existing products or for products with substantive customer acceptance provisions where Veeco can not objectively demonstrate that the criteria specified in the contractual acceptance provisions have been achieved prior to delivery, revenue and the associated costs are deferred and fully recognized upon the receipt of final customer acceptance, assuming all other revenue recognition criteria have been met.

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets primarily consist of supplier deposits, as well as prepaid value-added tax, lease deposits, prepaid insurance, and prepaid licenses.

 

Veeco outsources a majority of its manufacturing to third parties. For outsourced products, Veeco maintains a minimum level of internal manufacturing capability. Supplier deposits were $15.2 million and $12.7 million at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

 

Assets held for sale

 

Research and demonstration laboratories in Asia, as well as a vacant building and land, were designated as held for sale during 2014. The carrying value reflects Veeco’s estimate of fair value less costs to sell using the sales comparison market approach.

 

Property, plant, and equipment

 

Property, plant, and equipment consist of:

 

 

 

June 30, 2015

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Land

 

$

9,392

 

$

9,392

 

Building and improvements

 

54,118

 

51,979

 

Machinery and equipment

 

107,153

 

104,815

 

Leasehold improvements

 

5,398

 

4,356

 

Gross property, plant and equipment

 

176,061

 

170,542

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

96,059

 

91,790

 

Net property, plant, and equipment

 

$

80,002

 

$

78,752

 

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, depreciation expense was $3.0 million and $5.8 million, respectively, and $2.9 million and $5.8 million for the comparable 2014 periods.

 

12



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the carrying value of systems that had previously been used in Veeco’s laboratories as Veeco Certified Equipment was approximately $1.0 million and $1.3 million, respectively, and was included in “property, plant, and equipment” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. These held-for-sale systems are the same types of tools that Veeco sells to customers in the ordinary course of business. When these systems are sold, sales proceeds and the associated costs are included in “Net sales” and “Cost of sales” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

Goodwill

 

There were no new acquisitions or impairments during the six months ended June 30, 2015. The purchase accounting related to the $145.5 million December 4, 2014 acquisition of Solid State Equipment LLC (“SSEC”), which has been renamed Veeco Precision Surface Processing LLC (“PSP”), remains preliminary. The estimated fair value of the assets

 

acquired and liabilities assumed may be adjusted as further information becomes available during the measurement period of up to 12 months from the acquisition date. Changes in goodwill consist of:

 

 

 

Gross carrying

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

amount

 

impairment

 

Net amount

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Goodwill - December 31, 2014

 

$

238,158

 

$

123,199

 

$

114,959

 

Purchase price allocation adjustment

 

297

 

 

297

 

Goodwill - June 30, 2015

 

$

238,455

 

$

123,199

 

$

115,256

 

 

Intangible assets

 

There were no new acquisitions or impairments during the six months ended June 30, 2015. The components of purchased intangible assets consist of:

 

 

 

June 30, 2015

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Amortization

 

 

 

Gross

 

Amortization

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying

 

and

 

Net

 

Carrying

 

and

 

Net

 

 

 

Amount

 

Impairment

 

Amount

 

Amount

 

Impairment

 

Amount

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Technology

 

$

222,358

 

$

113,419

 

$

108,939

 

$

222,358

 

$

106,342

 

$

116,016

 

Customer relationships

 

47,885

 

18,685

 

29,200

 

47,885

 

14,918

 

32,967

 

Trademarks and tradenames

 

3,050

 

1,717

 

1,333

 

3,050

 

1,096

 

1,954

 

Indefinite-lived trademark

 

2,900

 

 

2,900

 

2,900

 

 

2,900

 

Other

 

6,320

 

5,325

 

995

 

6,320

 

849

 

5,471

 

Total

 

$

282,513

 

$

139,146

 

$

143,367

 

$

282,513

 

$

123,205

 

$

159,308

 

 

Other intangible assets consist of patents, licenses, customer backlog, and non-compete agreements.

 

Other assets

 

Veeco has an ownership interest of less than 20% in a non-marketable investment. Veeco does not exert significant influence over the investee, and therefore the investment is carried at cost. An additional investment of $0.8 million was made during the three months ended June 30, 2015, increasing the carrying value of the investment from $19.4 million at December 31, 2014 to $20.2 million at June 30, 2015. Subsequent to June 30, 2015, Veeco participated in a new round of financing by investing an additional $0.8 million. Veeco’s ownership interest and participating rights have not changed. Therefore, Veeco continues to carry the investment at cost. The investment is subject to a periodic impairment review; as there are no open-market valuations, the impairment analysis requires significant judgment. The analysis includes

 

13



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

assessments of the investee’s financial condition, the business outlook for its products and technology, its projected results and cash flow, business valuation indications from recent rounds of financing, the likelihood of obtaining subsequent rounds of financing, and the impact of equity preferences held by Veeco or other investors. Fair value of the investment is not estimated unless there are identified events or changes in circumstances that could have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of the investment. No such events or circumstances are present.

 

Note 4 - Liabilities

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

The components of accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of:

 

 

 

June 30, 2015

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Payroll and related benefits

 

$

21,634

 

$

28,938

 

Warranty

 

5,593

 

5,411

 

Installation

 

2,912

 

2,861

 

Sales, use, and other taxes

 

2,568

 

1,776

 

Professional fees

 

1,989

 

2,752

 

Restructuring liability

 

822

 

1,428

 

Other

 

3,825

 

5,252

 

Total accrued liabilities

 

$

39,343

 

$

48,418

 

 

Other liabilities include accruals for costs related to customer training, royalties, and travel.

 

Warranty reserves

 

Warranties are typically valid for one year from the date of system final acceptance. Estimated warranty costs are determined by analyzing specific product and historical configuration statistics and regional warranty support costs. The estimate is affected by product failure rates, material usage, and labor costs incurred in correcting product failures during the warranty period. Unforeseen component failures or exceptional component performance can impact warranty costs. Changes in product warranty reserves include:

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Warranty reserves - December 31, 2014

 

$

5,411

 

Warranties issued

 

3,085

 

Settlements made

 

(1,932

)

Changes in estimate

 

(971

)

Warranty reserves - June 30, 2015

 

$

5,593

 

 

14



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

Restructuring accruals

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, additional accruals were recognized and payments made related to the 2014 closing of Veeco’s Ft. Collins, Colorado and Camarillo, California facilities. Business activities formerly conducted at these sites have been transferred to the Plainview, New York facility. In addition, Veeco is closing the Hyeongok-ri, South Korea facility. Veeco has accrued and paid for restructuring activities during the six months ended June 30, 2015. Additional restructuring costs to be accrued for these activities are not expected to be significant.

 

 

 

Personnel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severance and

 

Facility

 

 

 

 

 

Related Costs

 

Closing Costs

 

Total

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Restructuring accrual - December 31, 2014

 

$

1,428

 

$

 

$

1,428

 

Provision

 

2,085

 

955

 

3,040

 

Payments

 

(2,930

)

(716

)

(3,646

)

Restructuring accrual - June 30, 2015

 

$

583

 

$

239

 

$

822

 

 

Customer deposits and deferred revenue

 

Customer deposits totaled $57.0 million and $73.0 million at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The remainder of the balance relates to deferred revenue consisting of billings associated with customer contracts for which all revenue recognition criteria have not yet been met.

 

Long-term debt

 

Debt consists of a mortgage note payable with a carrying value of $1.7 million at June 30, 2015 and $1.8 million at December 31, 2014. The annual interest rate on the mortgage is 7.91%, and the final payment is due on January 1, 2020. The mortgage note payable is secured by certain land and buildings. The property associated with the mortgage is currently held for sale. A discounted cash flow model was used to calculate a level 3 fair value estimate of $1.8 million at June 30, 2015 and $2.0 million at December 31, 2014.

 

Note 5 - Commitments and Contingencies

 

Minimum lease commitments

 

At June 30, 2015, Veeco’s total future minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases have not changed significantly from the footnote disclosure in the 2014 Form 10-K.

 

Purchase commitments

 

Veeco has purchase commitments under certain contractual arrangements to make future payments for goods and services. These contractual arrangements secure the rights to various assets and services to be used in the future in the normal course of business. Veeco has purchase commitments of $123.4 million at June 30, 2015, substantially all of which become due within one year.

 

Bank guarantees and letters of credit

 

Veeco has bank guarantees and letters of credit issued by a financial institution on its behalf as needed to cover performance bonds required by customers. At June 30, 2015, outstanding bank guarantees and letters of credit totaled $36.2 million, and unused letters of credit of $30.9 million were available to be drawn upon.

 

15



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

Legal proceedings

 

Veeco and certain other parties were named as defendants in a lawsuit filed on April 25, 2013 in the Superior Court of California, County of Sonoma. The plaintiff in the lawsuit, Patrick Colbus, seeks unspecified damages and asserts claims that he suffered burns and other injuries while he was cleaning a molecular beam epitaxy system alleged to have been manufactured by Veeco. The lawsuit alleges, among other things, that the molecular beam epitaxy system was defective and that Veeco failed to adequately warn of the potential risks of the system. Veeco believes this lawsuit is without merit and intends to defend vigorously against the claims. Veeco is unable to predict the outcome of this action or to reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss, if any, arising from the claims asserted therein. Veeco believes that, in the event of any recovery by the plaintiff from Veeco, such recovery would be fully covered by insurance.

 

Veeco is involved in other legal proceedings arising in the normal course of business. The resolution of these matters is not expected to have a material adverse effect on Veeco’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

Note 6 - Equity

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”)

 

The following table presents the changes in the balances of each component of AOCI, net of tax:

 

 

 

Currency
translation
gain (loss)

 

Minimum Pension
Liability

 

Unrealized Gains on
Available-for-sale
Securities

 

Total

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Balance at December 31, 2014

 

$

2,333

 

$

(881

)

$

17

 

$

1,469

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

 

(30

)

 

26

 

(4

)

Amounts reclassified from AOCI

 

 

 

(1

)

(1

)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(30

)

 

25

 

(5

)

Balance at June 30, 2015

 

$

2,303

 

$

(881

)

$

42

 

$

1,464

 

 

Veeco did not allocate tax expense to other comprehensive income for the six months ended June 30, 2015 as Veeco is in a full valuation allowance position such that a deferred tax asset related to amounts recognized in other comprehensive income is not regarded as realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis.

 

Note 7 - Share-based compensation

 

Restricted share awards are issued to employees that are subject to specified restrictions and a risk of forfeiture. The restrictions typically lapse over one to five years and entitle holders to both dividends and voting rights. Other types of share-based compensation include performance share awards, performance share units, and restricted share units (collectively with restricted share awards, “restricted shares”), as well as options to purchase common stock. Share-based compensation expense was recognized in the following line items in the Consolidated Statements of Operations:

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cost of sales

 

$

713

 

$

620

 

$

1,314

 

$

1,180

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

3,112

 

3,324

 

5,910

 

6,425

 

Research and development

 

1,096

 

1,147

 

1,695

 

2,208

 

Total share-based compensation expense

 

$

4,921

 

$

5,091

 

$

8,919

 

$

9,813

 

 

16



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

Equity activity related to restricted shares:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average
Grant Date

 

 

 

Number of Shares

 

Fair Value

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Restricted shares outstanding - December 31, 2014

 

1,237

 

$

34.27

 

Granted

 

597

 

31.32

 

Vested

 

(125

)

40.70

 

Forfeited

 

(59

)

35.92

 

Restricted shares outstanding - June 30, 2015

 

1,650

 

$

32.66

 

 

Equity activity related to stock options:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

Number of Shares

 

Exercise Price

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Stock options outstanding - December 31, 2014

 

2,391

 

$

31.65

 

Granted

 

17

 

30.22

 

Exercised

 

(74

)

19.07

 

Expired or forfeited

 

(119

)

38.62

 

Stock options outstanding - June 30, 2015

 

2,215

 

$

31.69

 

 

Note 8 - Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are estimated for each of the jurisdictions in which Veeco operates. Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effect of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes, as well as the tax effect of carry forwards. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. Realization of net deferred tax assets is dependent on future taxable income.

 

At the end of each interim reporting period, the effective tax rate is aligned to expectations for the full year. This estimate is used to determine the income tax provision or benefit on a year-to-date basis and may change in subsequent interim periods.

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

$

(3,907

)

$

(15,699

)

$

(19,570

)

$

3,092

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

$

4,479

 

$

(488

)

$

7,926

 

$

(857

)

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, the net expense for income taxes included a $3.3 million provision relating to Veeco’s domestic operations and a $1.2 million provision relating to foreign operations. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, the net expense for income taxes included a $5.3 million provision relating to domestic operations and a $2.6 million provision relating to foreign operations. Although there was a domestic pre-tax loss for the period, Veeco did not provide a current tax benefit on such losses as the amounts are not realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis. In addition, Veeco provided withholding taxes and a domestic provision relating to certain deferred tax liabilities that could not be offset against its deferred tax assets. Veeco’s foreign operations are profitable. As such, taxes were provided at rates which approximate the statutory rates of those foreign jurisdictions.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, the effective tax rate was different than the statutory tax rate primarily due to the recognition of only a portion of Veeco’s U.S. deferred tax assets on a more-likely-than-not basis with respect to 2014 domestic pre-tax losses. In addition, for the six months ended June 30, 2014, the effective tax rate was also impacted

 

17



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

because a tax provision was not provided on the gain from the settlement of the contingent consideration related to the Synos acquisition.

 

Note 9 - Segment Reporting and Geographic Information

 

Veeco operates and measures its results in one operating segment and therefore has one reportable segment: the design, development, manufacture, and support of thin film process equipment primarily sold to make electronic devices.

 

Veeco categorizes its sales into the following four markets:

 

Lighting, Display & Power Electronics (“Energy Conservation”)

 

Lighting refers to Light Emitting Diode (“LED”); semiconductor illumination sources used in various applications including backlights, general lighting, automotive running lights, and head lamps. Display refers to LED displays and Organic Light Emitting Diode (“OLED”) displays. Power Electronics refers to semiconductor devices such as rectifiers, inverters, and converters for the control and conversion of electric power.

 

Advanced Packaging, MEMS & RF (“Mobility”)

 

Advanced Packaging includes a portfolio of wafer-level assembly technologies that enable the miniaturization and performance improvement of electronic products, such as smartphones, smartwatches, tablets, and laptops. Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems (“MEMS”) includes tiny mechanical devices such as sensors, switches, mirrors, and actuators embedded in semiconductor chips used in vehicles, smartphones, tablets, and games. Radio Frequency (“RF”) includes semiconductor devices that make use of radio waves (RF fields) for wireless broadcasting and/or communications.

 

Scientific & Industrial

 

Scientific refers to university research institutions, industry research institutions, industry consortiums, and government research agencies. Industrial refers to large-scale product manufacturing including optical coatings: thin layers of material deposited on a lens or mirror that alters how light reflects and transmits; photomask: an opaque plate that allows light to shine through in a defined pattern for use in photolithography; and front end semiconductor: early steps in the process of integrated circuit fabrication where the microchips are created but still remain on the silicon wafer.

 

Data Storage

 

The Data Storage market refers to the archiving of data in electromagnetic or other forms for use by a computer or device, including hard disk drives used in large capacity storage applications.

 

Revenue by market:

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Lighting, Display & Power Electronics

 

$

82,122

 

$

66,221

 

$

146,450

 

$

130,112

 

Advanced Packaging, MEMS & RF

 

13,840

 

1,836

 

27,005

 

2,635

 

Scientific & Industrial

 

17,960

 

14,082

 

31,595

 

22,567

 

Data Storage

 

17,488

 

12,983

 

24,701

 

30,649

 

Total Sales

 

$

131,410

 

$

95,122

 

$

229,751

 

$

185,963

 

 

Significant operations outside the United States include sales and service offices in the Asia-Pacific and Europe regions. For geographic reporting, revenues are attributed to the location in which the customer facility is located as follows:

 

18



Table of Contents

 

Veeco Instruments Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - continued

(unaudited)

 

Revenue by geography:

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

United States

 

$

19,632

 

$

13,466

 

$

47,601

 

$

20,943

 

China

 

66,437

 

51,088

 

110,718

 

83,926

 

EMEA(1)

 

21,990

 

6,908

 

30,314

 

17,254

 

Rest of World

 

23,351

 

23,660

 

41,118

 

63,840

 

Total Sales

 

$

131,410

 

$

95,122

 

$

229,751

 

$

185,963

 

 


(1) EMEA consists of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa

 

19



Table of Contents

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward Looking Statements

 

Our discussion below constitutes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. When used in this Report, the words “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “estimates,” “targets,” “plans,” “intends,” “will,” and similar expressions related to the future are intended to identify forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from projected results. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the dates they are made.

 

Executive Summary

 

We design, manufacture, and market thin film process equipment aligned to meet the demands of global “megatrends” such as energy conservation, mobility, and the ‘internet of things.’ Our equipment is primarily sold to make components for electronic devices including LEDs, displays, power electronics, wireless devices, smartphones, and hard disk drives. We develop highly differentiated equipment for critical performance steps in thin film processing. Our products feature leading technology, low cost-of-ownership, and high volume productivity. Core competencies in advanced thin film technologies, patent protection, and decades of specialized process know-how help us stay at the forefront of these rapidly advancing markets.

 

Our portfolio of technology solutions sell into four key market areas: Lighting, Display & Power Electronics; Advanced Packaging, MEMS & RF; Scientific and Industrial, and Data Storage.

 

A majority of our sales in Lighting, Display & Power Electronics were derived from customers who manufacture LEDs.  Demand for the equipment used to manufacture LEDs has been increasing as the commercial and residential penetration of LED lighting expands. While demand for our equipment can fluctuate from quarter-to-quarter, we believe LED lighting adoption has started to accelerate and will require additional capacity purchases over the next several years. Our metal organic chemical vapor deposition (“MOCVD”) architecture has been developed to support the most significant industry trends, including developing mid-power LEDs, utilizing larger wafer sizes, and optimizing cost-of-ownership. Our latest generation MOCVD system, the TurboDisc® EPIK™ 700, is performing well against our expectations. We have now successfully demonstrated the tool’s capabilities across multiple customers, which enabled us to begin recognizing revenue upon shipment towards the end of the second quarter.

 

Veeco Precision Surface Processing (“PSP”) is performing ahead of our target plans since we acquired the business in December 2014. PSP provides single wafer wet etch, clean, and surface preparation equipment targeting multiple high growth markets in advanced packaging, RF devices, MEMS, and compound semiconductors. Our core business for mobility applications continues to drive sales in Europe and the United States. Our sales team is opening up new opportunities for PSP products in Asia, and the business is seeing positive momentum in advanced packaging for 3D TSV (thru silicon via) and WLFO (wafer level fan out) applications.

 

The Data Storage market is mature and facing softening demand for personal computers in the near term. In the longer term, the industry appears to be shifting from hard disk drives to solid state drives. Accordingly, hard disk drive industry customers are not expected to make significant investments in new capacity. Future demand for our Data Storage products remains unclear and orders are expected to fluctuate from quarter to quarter.

 

We continue to execute to achieve our financial targets and drive growth, anticipating an improvement in overall business levels for the second half of 2015 driven primarily by growth in Lighting, Display & Power Electronics.

 

20



Table of Contents

 

Results of Operations

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

 

The following table presents operating results as a percentage of net sales, as well as period-over-period dollar and percentage changes for those line items. Our results of operations are reported as one business segment.

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Change

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

Period to Period

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Net sales

 

$

131,410

 

100

%

$

95,122

 

100

%

$

36,288

 

38

%

Cost of sales

 

82,341

 

63

%

64,449

 

68

%

17,892

 

28

%

Gross profit

 

49,069

 

37

%

30,673

 

32

%

18,396

 

60

%

Operating expenses, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

24,365

 

19

%

21,891

 

23

%

2,474

 

11

%

Research and development

 

20,119

 

15

%

21,011

 

22

%

(892

)

-4

%

Amortization

 

7,979

 

6

%

2,899

 

3

%

5,080

 

175

%

Restructuring

 

683

 

1

%

801

 

1

%

(118

)

-15

%

Other, net

 

(51

)

0

%

(158

)

0

%

107

 

-68

%

Total operating expenses, net

 

53,095

 

40

%

46,444

 

49

%

6,651

 

14

%

Operating income (loss)

 

(4,026

)

-3

%

(15,771

)

-17

%

11,745

 

-74

%

Interest income, net

 

119

 

0

%

72

 

0

%

47

 

66

%

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

(3,907

)

-3

%

(15,699

)

-17

%

11,792

 

-75

%

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

4,479

 

3

%

(488

)

-1

%

4,967

 

NM

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(8,386

)

-6

%

$

(15,211

)

-16

%

$

6,825

 

-45

%

 

NM - Not meaningful

 

Net sales

 

The following is an analysis of sales by market:

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Change

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

Period to Period

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Lighting, Display & Power Electronics

 

$

82,122

 

62

%

$

66,221

 

69

%

$

15,901

 

24

%

Advanced Packaging, MEMS & RF

 

13,840

 

11

%

1,836

 

2

%

12,004

 

654

%

Scientific & Industrial

 

17,960

 

14

%

14,082

 

15

%

3,878

 

28

%

Data Storage

 

17,488

 

13

%

12,983

 

14

%

4,505

 

35

%

Total Sales

 

$

131,410

 

100

%

$

95,122

 

100

%

$

36,288

 

38

%

 

The following is an analysis of sales by region:

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Change

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

Period to Period

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

United States

 

$

19,632

 

15

%

$

13,466

 

14

%

$

6,166

 

46

%

China

 

66,437

 

50

%

51,088

 

54

%

15,349

 

30

%

EMEA

 

21,990

 

17

%

6,908

 

7

%

15,082

 

218

%

Rest of World

 

23,351

 

18

%

23,660

 

25

%

(309

)

-1

%

Total Sales

 

$

131,410

 

100

%

$

95,122

 

100

%

$

36,288

 

38

%

 

21



Table of Contents

 

Total sales increased across all markets, primarily attributed to sales in the Lighting, Display & Power Electronics market as well as the Advanced Packaging, MEMS & RF market. The sales increases are specifically attributed to the PSP business recently acquired in December 2014 as well as sales of our EPIK 700 systems. Pricing was not a significant driver of the change in total sales.

 

China and EMEA sales increased specifically as a result of our MOCVD product portfolio. United States sales increases were across all markets primarily due to our acquisition of PSP in December 2014. We expect that there will continue to be variations in the geographic distribution of sales in the future.

 

Bookings were $123.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and were $104.0 million for the comparable prior year period. One of the performance measures we use as a leading indicator of the business is the book-to-bill ratio. The ratio is defined as orders recorded in a given period divided by revenue recognized in the same period. For the three months ended June 30, 2015, the ratio was slightly lower than 1.0. Our backlog at June 30, 2015 of $278.8 million reflects a minor decline as compared to last quarter’s March 31, 2015 balance of $288.9 million.

 

Gross profit

 

The increase in gross profit for the three months ended June 30, 2015 was driven by sales volume increases in both the Lighting, Display & Power Electronics and Data Storage markets. The increase was also attributable to the acquisition of PSP in December 2014 which provided additional gross profit that was not in Veeco’s 2014 results as well as certain deposits that were forfeited by customers of $1.1 million that were recognized into sales.

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased primarily due to the December 2014 acquisition of PSP. Partially offsetting this increase was a reduction in third party professional fees.

 

Research and development

 

Research and development expenses decreased due to reductions in our personnel-related expenses particularly related to the ALD restructuring efforts, which was partially offset by an increase in spending due to the December 2014 acquisition of PSP. We continue to focus our research and development expenses on projects in areas we anticipate to be high-growth.

 

Amortization

 

The increase in amortization expense is related to the $79.8 million in amortizable intangible assets acquired as part of our acquisition of PSP in December 2014.

 

Restructuring

 

Restructuring efforts are continuing according to plan and relate to the closure of our Ft. Collins, Colorado; Camarillo, California; and Hyeongok-ri, South Korea facilities.

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

At the end of each interim reporting period, we estimate the effective income tax rate expected to be applicable for the full year. This estimate is used to determine the income tax provision or benefit on a year-to-date basis and may change in subsequent interim periods.

 

Our tax provision for the three months ended June 30, 2015 was $4.5 million compared to a benefit of $0.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014. The 2015 tax expense included a $3.3 million provision relating to our domestic operations and a $1.2 million provision relating to foreign operations. Although there was a domestic pre-tax loss for the period, we did not provide a current tax benefit on such losses as the amounts are not realizable on a more-likely-than-not

 

22



Table of Contents

 

basis. In addition, we provided withholding taxes and a domestic provision relating to certain deferred tax liabilities that could not be offset against our deferred tax assets. This differs from 2014 when we were able to recognize part of our domestic pre-tax losses on a more-likely-than-not basis. Our foreign operations are profitable. As such, taxes were provided at rates which approximate the statutory rates of those foreign jurisdictions.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

 

The following table presents operating results as a percentage of net sales, as well as period-over-period dollar and percentage changes for those line items. Our results of operations are reported as one business segment.

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

Change

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

Period to Period

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Net sales

 

$

229,751

 

100

%

$

185,963

 

100

%

$

43,788

 

24

%

Cost of sales

 

145,545

 

63

%

121,513

 

65

%

24,032

 

20

%

Gross profit

 

84,206

 

37

%

64,450

 

35

%

19,756

 

31

%

Operating expenses, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

47,247

 

21

%

43,558

 

23

%

3,689

 

8

%

Research and development

 

38,704

 

17

%

40,779

 

22

%

(2,075

)

-5

%

Amortization

 

15,941

 

7

%

5,802

 

3

%

10,139

 

175

%

Restructuring

 

3,040

 

1

%

1,193

 

1

%

1,847

 

155

%

Asset impairment

 

126

 

0

%

 

0

%

126

 

100

%

Changes in contingent consideration

 

 

0

%

(29,368

)

-16

%

29,368

 

-100

%

Other, net

 

(1,002

)

0

%

(370

)

0

%

(632

)

171

%

Total operating expenses, net

 

104,056

 

45

%

61,594

 

33

%

42,462

 

69

%

Operating income (loss)

 

(19,850

)

-9

%

2,856

 

2

%

(22,706

)

NM

 

Interest income, net

 

280

 

0

%

236

 

0

%

44

 

19

%

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

(19,570

)

-9

%

3,092

 

2

%

(22,662

)

NM

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

7,926

 

3

%

(857

)

0

%

8,783

 

NM

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(27,496

)

-12

%

$

3,949

 

2

%

$

(31,445

)

NM

 

 

NM - Not meaningful

 

Net sales

 

The following is an analysis of sales by market:

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

Change

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

Period to Period

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Lighting, Display & Power Electronics

 

$

146,450

 

63

%

$

130,112

 

70

%

$

16,338

 

13

%

Advanced Packaging, MEMS & RF

 

27,005

 

12

%

2,635

 

1

%

24,370

 

925

%

Scientific & Industrial

 

31,595

 

14

%

22,567

 

12

%

9,028

 

40

%

Data Storage

 

24,701

 

11

%

30,649

 

17

%

(5,948

)

-19

%

Total Sales

 

$

229,751

 

100

%

$

185,963

 

100

%

$

43,788

 

24

%

 

23



Table of Contents

 

The following is an analysis of sales by region:

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

Change

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

Period to Period

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

United States

 

$

47,601

 

21

%

$

20,943

 

11

%

$

26,658

 

127

%

China

 

110,718

 

48

%

83,926

 

45

%

26,792

 

32

%

EMEA

 

30,314

 

13

%

17,254

 

9

%

13,060

 

76

%

Rest of World

 

41,118

 

18

%

63,840

 

35

%

(22,722

)

-36

%

Total Sales

 

$

229,751

 

100

%

$

185,963

 

100

%

$

43,788

 

24

%

 

Sales increased for the six month period due to an increase in sales in the Advanced Packaging, MEMS & RF market, with additional sales increases in the Lighting, Display & Power Electronics market and the Scientific & Industrial market. The sales increases are primarily attributed to the PSP business recently acquired in December 2014 as well as sales into the RF and Lighting markets. Pricing was not a significant driver of the change in total sales. Partially offsetting sales growth was a reduction in sales into the Data Storage market. This decline was a result of relatively weak Data Storage bookings in the third quarter of 2014. The time between booking and revenue recognition for sales in the Data Storage market is typically at least six months.

 

China and EMEA sales increases were partially offset by declines in the Rest of World, specifically attributable to our MOCVD product portfolio. United States sales increased across all markets primarily due to our acquisition of PSP in December 2014. We expect that there will continue to be variations in the geographic distribution of sales in the future.

 

Bookings were $225.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and were $206.6 million for the comparable prior year period. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, the book-to-bill ratio was approximately 1.0.

 

Gross profit

 

The increase in gross profit for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was driven primarily by sales volume increases in Lighting, Display & Power Electronics markets. The increase was also attributable to the acquisition of PSP in December 2014 which provided additional gross profit which was not in Veeco’s 2014 results as well as certain deposits that were forfeited by customers of $4.1 million that were recognized into sales. This increase was partially offset by the $1.3 million inventory fair value step-up associated with the sales of systems acquired as part of the PSP acquisition.

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased primarily due to the December 2014 acquisition of PSP, partially offset by a reduction in third party professional fees.

 

Research and development

 

Research and development expenses decreased due to reductions in our personnel-related expenses particularly related to the ALD restructuring efforts, which was partially offset by an increase in spending due to the December 2014 acquisition of PSP. We continue to focus our research and development expenses on projects in areas we anticipate to be high-growth, funding these product development activities.

 

Amortization

 

The increase in amortization expense is related to the $79.8 million in amortizable intangible assets acquired as part of our acquisition of PSP in December 2014.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Restructuring

 

The increase in restructuring expense is primarily due to our plan announced during the first quarter of 2015 to lower our spending on our ALD flexible OLED technology and to refocus research and development efforts on other opportunities. We announced the closing of our Hyeongok-ri, South Korea facility and notified 23 employees of their termination from Veeco resulting in additional restructuring costs. Restructuring efforts are continuing according to plan and relate to the closure of our Ft. Collins, Colorado; Camarillo, California; and Hyeongok-ri, South Korea facilities.

 

Changes in contingent consideration

 

Included in our agreement to acquire ALD in the fourth quarter of 2013 were performance milestones that could trigger contingent payments to the original selling shareholders. During the six months ended June 30, 2014, we determined that the remaining performance milestones would not be met, reversed the fair value of the liability, and recorded a non-cash gain of $29.4 million.

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

At the end of each interim reporting period, we estimate the effective income tax rate expected to be applicable for the full year. This estimate is used to determine the income tax provision or benefit on a year-to-date basis and may change in subsequent interim periods.

 

Our tax provision for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $7.9 million compared to a benefit of $0.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014. The 2015 income tax expense included a $5.3 million provision relating to our domestic operations and a $2.6 million provision relating to foreign operations. Although there was a domestic pre-tax loss for the period, we did not provide a current tax benefit on such losses as the amounts are not realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis. In addition, we provided withholding taxes and a domestic provision relating to certain deferred tax liabilities that could not be offset against our deferred tax assets. This differs from 2014 when we were able to recognize part of our domestic pre-tax losses on a more-likely-than-not basis. Our foreign operations are profitable. As such, taxes were provided at rates which approximate the statutory rates of those foreign jurisdictions.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We believe that our projected cash flow from operations, combined with our cash and short term investments, will be sufficient to meet our projected working capital, contractual obligations, and other cash flow needs for the next twelve months.

 

Our cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and restricted cash were:

 

 

 

June 30, 2015

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

313,853

 

$

270,811

 

Short-term investments

 

82,397

 

120,572

 

Restricted cash

 

 

539

 

Total

 

$

396,250

 

$

391,922

 

 

At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, cash and cash equivalents of $246.7 million and $220.5 million, respectively, were held outside the United States. At June 30, 2015, we had $134.6 million in cash held outside the United States on which we would have to pay significant U.S. income taxes to repatriate. It is our current intention to permanently reinvest the cash and cash equivalent balances held in Singapore, China, Taiwan, South Korea, and Malaysia, and our current forecasts do not require repatriation of these funds back to the United States. Additionally, local government regulations may restrict our ability to move cash balances to meet cash needs under certain circumstances. We currently do not expect such regulations and restrictions to impact our ability to make acquisitions, pay vendors, or conduct operations throughout our global organization.

 

25



Table of Contents

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(27,496

)

$

3,949

 

Reconciling adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

21,725

 

11,600

 

Deferred income taxes

 

879

 

(2,675

)

Asset impairment

 

126

 

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

8,919

 

9,813

 

Provision of bad debts

 

 

(1,936

)

Gain on sale of lab tools

 

(179

)

(2,435

)

Change in contingent consideration

 

 

(29,368

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

7,987

 

(5,724

)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

$

11,961

 

$

(16,776

)

 

Cash provided by changes in operating assets and liabilities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 is primarily driven by a $31.6 million increase in customer deposits and deferred revenue as well as a $19.0 million increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities, partially offset by a $22.7 million increase in accounts receivable as well as a $21.3 million increase in inventory and deferred cost of sales.

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

$

(7,530

)

$

(4,509

)

Proceeds from the liquidation of short-term investments

 

50,147

 

121,233

 

Payments for purchases of short-term investments

 

(11,998

)

(92,029

)

Proceeds from sale of lab tools

 

1,533

 

7,034

 

Other

 

(865

)

(685

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

$

31,287

 

$

31,044

 

 

Cash provided by investing activities is attributed primarily to net liquidations of short-term investments, repositioning the net proceeds to cash and cash equivalents, partially offset by capital expenditures and the sale of fewer lab tools which had been included in property, plant, and equipment.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities